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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772260/the-effect-of-two-doses-of-fentanyl-on-chest-wall-rigidity-at-equipotent-doses-of-isoflurane-in-dogs
#1
João Hn Soares, Natalia Henao-Guerrero, Noah D Pavlisko, Allan Williamson, Antonio Giannella-Neto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two doses of fentanyl upon chest wall rigidity of dogs anesthetized at equipotent doses of isoflurane [1.3 minimum alveolar concentration (MACISO ) of each dose of fentanyl]. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective crossover randomized study. ANIMALS: A group of eight male Beagle dogs, approximately 1 year old and weighing 12.1 ± 1.6 kg (mean ± standard deviation). METHODS: The dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane and instrumented for the measurement of esophageal pressure (PESO ), flow (V˙) and volume (V)...
January 21, 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745222/can-we-see-fade-a-survey-of-anesthesia-providers-and-our-ability-to-detect-partial-neuromuscular-block-in-dogs
#2
Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Chia T Tseng, Robin D Gleed, Luis Campoy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability to visually detect fade during train-of-four (TOF) or double burst stimulation (DBS) in anesthetized dogs recovering from nondepolarizing neuromuscular block. STUDY DESIGN: Online anonymous survey. POPULATION: Data from 112 participants. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 12 videos of the response to ulnar nerve stimulation with TOF and 12 with DBS obtained at different levels of recovery from rocuronium-induced block was distributed to participants of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia and the Academy of Veterinary Technicians in Anesthesia and Analgesia e-mail lists...
January 21, 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744953/comparison-of-arterial-and-venous-blood-gas-values-in-anesthetized-dorset-cross-bred-lambs-ovis-aries-using-a-point-of-care-analyzer
#3
Jenelle Izer, Erin Mattern, Joy Ellwanger, Ronald Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of agreement between arterial and venous blood gases in anesthetized lambs using a point-of-care analyzer. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: A group of 12 female Dorset cross-bred lambs, weighing 37.3 ± 7.4 kg (mean ± standard deviation). METHODS: Lambs were anesthetized with isoflurane for catheterization of the jugular vein and femoral artery, and blood samples were collected simultaneously for analysis of pH, PCO2 , PO2 , base excess (BE), bicarbonate ( [Formula: see text] ), total carbon dioxide (tCO2 ), oxygen saturation (SO2 ), ionized calcium (iCa) and potassium (K+ ) using the Vet Scan i-STAT handheld analyzer...
January 21, 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737017/pain-and-analgesia-in-pet-rabbits-within-the-veterinary-environment-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Livia Benato, Nicola J Rooney, Jo C Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of pain and analgesia in rabbits with the aim of developing a more accurate understanding of these topics. To illustrate and discuss the areas that have advanced in recent years and those that still require further research. DATABASES USED: Three key subject resources were used: Web of Science, Medline and CAB Abstracts. Search terms were rabbits, lagomorphs, laboratory animals, pet, pain, surgical procedures, ovariohysterectomy, orchiectomy, castration, analgesia, opioids, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
December 14, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661828/misconceptions-surrounding-the-relationship-between-journal-impact-factor-and-citation-distribution-in-veterinary-medicine
#5
Daniel S J Pang
OBJECTIVE: To define the relationship between journal impact factor (JIF) and citation distribution in veterinary journals. Citation distribution is a summary of the number of citations of individual papers published in a defined period, and JIF is said to represent the mean number of citations received by a paper published in a given journal. JIF is criticized for promoting unimportant differences between journals, exaggerating small differences in journal citation distributions by misrepresenting a skewed citation distribution...
December 11, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738705/scientific-fraud-in-anaesthesiology-publications
#6
EDITORIAL
Ioannis Savvas, Kiriaki Pavlidou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559029/2018-awards-for-significant-contributions-to-veterinary-anaesthesiology
#7
EDITORIAL
Shannon M Axiak Flammer, Olivier Levionnois
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30599820/cranial-versus-caudal-thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-using-three-volumes-of-lidocaine-in-conscious-beagle-dogs
#8
Won-Gyun Son, Min Jang, Sang-Min Jo, Hyunseok Kim, Chi Won Shin, Inhyung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of epidural injection of three volumes of lidocaine injected at the third (T3) or eleventh thoracic vertebra (T11) in conscious dogs to induce thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) and to measure the epidural dispersion of iohexol under similar conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective crossover experiment. ANIMALS: A group of five Beagle dogs weighing 10.4 ± 0.5 kg (mean ± standard deviation). METHODS: Each dog was anesthetized twice, separated by 1 week, for inserting an epidural catheter at the lumbosacral space and advancing the tip to T3 (treatment TEAT3 ) or T11 (treatment TEAT11 )...
January 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30598163/journal-announcements-for-2019
#9
EDITORIAL
Cynthia M Trim, Shannon M Axiak Flammer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30554889/evaluation-of-butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine-in-captive-cheetah-acinonyx-jubatus-immobilization
#10
Aleksandr Semjonov, Jacobus P Raath, Liesel Laubscher, Toomas Orro, Silke Pfitzer, Toomas Tiirats, Peter Stewart Rogers, Vladimir Andrianov
OBJECTIVE: The butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine fixed-dose combination (BAM, respectively, 30-12-12 mg mL-1 ) with subsequent antagonism by naltrexone-atipamezole was evaluated for reversible immobilization of captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twelve cheetahs (six males and six females, weighing 37-57 kg) housed in enclosures, were immobilized at Hoedspruit Endangered Species Centre in the Republic of South Africa...
January 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30527858/comparison-of-transdermal-fentanyl-and-oral-tramadol-for-lateral-thoracotomy-in-dogs-cardiovascular-and-behavioural-data
#11
Kate Read, Mahmuda Khatun, Helen Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the analgesic efficacy and suitability of an existing oral tramadol-based protocol with a transdermal fentanyl-based protocol following lateral thoracotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: A group of 16 healthy laboratory beagle dogs. METHODS: Dogs were randomly allocated to one of two treatment groups: group F (intramuscular methadone 0.2 mg kg-1 and transdermal fentanyl 2...
January 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30503700/a-review-of-ophthalmic-local-and-regional-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#12
REVIEW
Yael Shilo-Benjamini
OBJECTIVE: Orbital and globe surgeries are commonly performed in companion animals and are considered to cause moderate to severe pain. Regional anesthesia techniques can provide complete sensory blockade, analgesia for painful procedures and improve surgical conditions. The purpose of this review is to summarize local and regional anesthesia techniques for ophthalmic surgery in dogs and cats with emphasis on veterinary publications in the past 12 years. DATABASES USED: Review of the literature was conducted using PubMed and Google Scholar...
January 2019: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30554890/effect-of-fentanyl-on-the-induction-dose-and-minimum-infusion-rate-of-alfaxalone-preventing-movement-in-dogs
#13
Katherine J Bennett, Reza Seddighi, Kaitlin A Moorhead, Kristin Messenger, Sherry K Cox, Xiaocun Sun, Kirby Pasloske, Bruno H Pypendop, Thomas J Doherty
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of fentanyl on the induction dose and minimum infusion rate of alfaxalone required to prevent movement in response to a noxious stimulus (MIRNM ) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental crossover design. ANIMALS: A group of six healthy, adult, intact female mixed-breed dogs, weighing 19.7 ± 1.3 kg. METHODS: Dogs were randomly administered one of three treatments at weekly intervals: premedication with 0...
November 14, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30316696/evaluation-and-comparison-of-postoperative-analgesic-effects-of-dexketoprofen-and-methadone-in-dogs
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Álvaro J Gutiérrez-Bautista, Juan Morgaz, María Del Mar Granados, Rafael J Gómez-Villamandos, Juan M Dominguez, José A Fernandez-Sarmiento, Daniel Aguilar-García, Rocío Navarrete-Calvo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of dexketoprofen and methadone using a noninferiority trial, during the first 24 postoperative hours in dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 38 healthy dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with dexmedetomidine [1 μg kg-1 intravenously (IV)] followed by dexketoprofen (1 mg kg-1 IV; group DK) or methadone (0...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30316695/a-comparison-of-the-effect-of-propofol-and-alfaxalone-on-laryngeal-motion-in-nonbrachycephalic-and-brachycephalic-dogs
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daisy Norgate, Gert Ter Haar, Nicola Kulendra, Kata Orsolya Veres-Nyéki
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of propofol and alfaxalone on laryngeal motion under a light plane of anaesthesia in nonbrachycephalic and brachycephalic dogs anaesthetized for nonemergency procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 48 client-owned dogs (24 nonbrachycephalic and 24 brachycephalic). METHODS: A standardized premedication of methadone (0.2 mg kg-1 ) and acepromazine (0...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30314798/a-clinical-study-to-evaluate-the-cardiopulmonary-characteristics-of-two-different-anaesthetic-protocols-for-immobilization-of-healthy-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Victoria Strong, Torsten Möller, Ann-Sofie Tillman, Stefan Träff, Louise Guevara, Mike Martin, Sharon Redrobe, Kate White
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the cardiopulmonary characteristics of two different anaesthetic protocols (tiletamine/zolazepam ± medetomidine) and their suitability for the immobilization of healthy chimpanzees undergoing cardiac assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical, longitudinal study. ANIMALS: Six chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) aged 4-16 years weighing 19.5-78.5 kg were anaesthetized on two occasions. METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced with tiletamine/zolazepam (TZ) (3-4 mg kg-1 ) or tiletamine/zolazepam (2 mg kg-1 ) and medetomidine (0...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30309716/cardiac-troponin-i-in-dogs-anaesthetized-with-propofol-and-sevoflurane-the-influence-of-medetomidine-premedication-and-inspired-oxygen-fraction
#17
Maja Vasiljević, Vanja Krstić, Sanja Stanković, Petra Zrimšek, Alenka Nemec Svete, Alenka Seliškar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentrations in dogs in which medetomidine was used for sedation or for premedication prior to anaesthesia with propofol and sevoflurane. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 66 client-owned dogs. METHODS: The dogs were sedated with medetomidine (0.04 mg kg-1 ) intravenously (IV) (group M; n = 20) and left to breath room air or anaesthetized with propofol (6...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30305232/two-point-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-injection-in-canine-cadavers-a-pilot-study
#18
Emma K Johnson, Sébastien H Bauquier, Jennifer E Carter, Ted Whittem, Thierry Beths
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the spread of a two-point transversus abdominis plane (TAP) injection in canine cadavers. Compared with previous techniques, the two-point TAP injection was developed to increase the consistency of local anaesthetic spread to the nerve segments T11, T12, L1, L2 and L3. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. ANIMALS: Five fresh canine cadavers. METHODS: Two-point TAP injections were performed under ultrasound guidance by a single trained individual in canine cadavers (15...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30301665/sedative-effect-of-intramuscular-medetomidine-with-and-without-vatinoxan-mk-467-and-its-reversal-with-atipamezole-in-sheep
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Magdy Adam, Marja R Raekallio, Outi M Vainio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the peripherally acting α2 -adrenoceptor antagonist vatinoxan (MK-467) on the sedative properties of medetomidine (MED) when injected intramuscularly (IM) in the same syringe and on reversal of this sedation with atipamezole in sheep. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, crossover experimental trial. ANIMALS: Eight healthy adult female sheep. METHODS: Sheep received MED (30 μg kg-1 IM) alone or combined in the same syringe with vatinoxan (300 μg kg-1 IM, MED+VAT) with a 2 week washout period...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30301664/metabolic-acidosis-during-general-anaesthesia-presumed-systemic-toxicity-caused-by-topical-dorzolamide-in-a-dog
#20
LETTER
William Jm McFadzean, Jo Murrell, David Donaldson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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