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Physical Therapy in Sport

Iris Leister, Stefan Tino Kulnik, Harald Kindermann, Reinhold Ortmaier, Jürgen Barthofer, Imre Vasvary, Klaus Katzensteiner, Georg Mattiassich
OBJECTIVES: Objective return to sport (RTS) criteria after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury are lacking. Study purposes were (1) to report Limb Symmetry Index (LSI) values achieved in a test battery, (2) to detect how many subjects meet RTS criteria 12-18 months post-operative and (3) to identify whether patient-administered scores predict RTS criteria. DESIGN: Observer-blinded, cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Traumacenter Linz, Austria...
February 7, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Steve Tumilty, Divya Bharatkumar Adhia, James M Smoliga, Angela Spontelli Gisselman
OBJECTIVES: To determine normal temperatures over the Achilles tendon over nine weeks. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study with nine weeks of observation. SETTING: University's Human Biomechanics and Physiology Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Male or female competitive runners running at least 25 miles per week who did not report pain in the region of the Achilles over 9 weeks of data collection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Thermal images taken at the same time and day of the week, were used to measure the temperature of the skin over the Achilles tendon...
January 28, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Carolina Martins, Rebeca Pereira, Inês Fernandes, Joana Martins, Tiago Lopes, Luis Ramos, Joana Pacheco, Anabela G Silva
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of neural gliding and tensioning on hamstring flexibility, nerve function (heat and cold thresholds) and pain sensitivity (pain intensity and pressure pain threshold) of the mobilized and non-mobilized lower limbs at post-intervention and 24 h follow up. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel and double blinded trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight asymptomatic participants. INTERVENTION(S): Participants received neural gliding (n = 23) or tensioning (n = 25)...
January 23, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Martin B Warner, David A Wilson, Lee Herrington, Sharon Dixon, Conor Power, Richard Jones, Markus O Heller, Patrick Carden, Cara L Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there are common biomechanical parameters when analysing the single leg squat movement to compare pathological and non-pathological groups and whether these parameters are able to effectively distinguish between groups. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched using MESH terms, keywords and phrases across four constructs: squat, biomechanical measures, region of interest, study design. Studies were selected based on inclusion of a quantitative biomechanical measure, compared between a pathological and a non-pathological group, and participants performed a single leg squat movement...
January 22, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Ana F Dos Santos, Theresa H Nakagawa, Giovanna C Lessi, Bruna C Luz, Heitor T M Matsuo, Giovana Y Nakashima, Carlos D Maciel, Fábio V Serrão
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the effects of 3 gait retraining: forefoot landing (FFOOT), 10% step rate increase (SR10%) and forward trunk lean (FTL) on lower limb biomechanics and clinical measurements in patellofemoral pain (PFP) runners. DESIGN: Case series report. SETTINGS: Biomechanical laboratory and treadmill running. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen recreational PFP runners randomized in 3 groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lower limb kinematics and muscle activation were assessed at baseline and 2-week post-training...
January 18, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Aguinaldo S Garcez, Selly S Suzuki, Camilla J Storto, Karla G Cusmanich, Islam Elkenawy, Won Moon
The aim of this case report was to demonstrate the effects of the Maxillary Skeletal Expander (MSE) used to orthopedically correct a maxillary constriction, on the respiratory functions and swimming performance of a Para-athlete. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before and after MSE activation were used to demonstrate the disarticulation of midpalatal suture, and the changes involved in dental and nasomaxillary structures, nasal cavity and pharyngeal airway. Respiratory tests included: maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure, oral peak expiratory flow and inspiratory nasal flow...
January 14, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Christiane S Guerino Macedo, Felipe F Tadiello, Leonardo T Medeiros, Márcio C Antonelo, Marco A Ferreira Alves, Luciana D Mendonça
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the Physical Therapy Services delivered at the Polyclinic during the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study. SETTING: Physical Therapy Services (PTS) of the Polyclinic. PARTICIPANTS: Athletes attended for Physical Therapy treatment at the Polyclinic during Rio 2016 Paralympic Games. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The number of athletes treated, their nationalities, their sports modality, the most frequently treated regions and the interventions applied...
January 12, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Marlus Karsten, Gustavo S Ribeiro, Mateus S Esquivel, Darlan L Matte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Johanna M Hoch, Shelby E Baez, Matthew C Hoch
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between self-reported ankle and knee function, and to examine differences in ankle function between healthy and injured limbs in individuals with a history of ACL reconstruction (ACLR). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 18 adults with a history of ACLR. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants completed four patient-reported outcomes: the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome (KOOS), the Fear-Avoidance Belief Questionnaire, the modified Disablement in the Physically Active Scale, and the Quick-Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (Quick-FAAM)...
January 10, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Varavee Temprom, Chamaiporn Sangnon, Pornpan Boontham, Nitaya Viriyatharakij
OBJECTIVES: To define a standardised acromial distance (AD) in relaxed, supine position and its cut-point with sensitivity and specificity for classifying pectoralis minor (PMI) shortness. To clarify a predictive value of AD while relaxed, supine (AD2) from AD while sitting (AD1), adjusted by the effect of body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional; SETTING: Laboratory of Physical Therapy Faculties. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-five participants aged 18-38 years...
January 7, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
Annette Heijne, Frida Flodström, Philip von Rosen
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to explore if specific exercises based on the nine test screening battery (9SB) reduce short-term and seasonal injury occurrence in adolescent elite athletes. SETTING: Youth elite sports. DESIGN: Prospective intervention study over 1-year. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescent elite athletes (n = 216) in age 15-20 from seven different sports. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Seasonal/short-term injury incidence and seasonal substantial/injury prevalence was obtained via weekly surveys completed by study participants...
January 4, 2019: Physical Therapy in Sport
W Van Goeverden, R F H Langhout, M Barendrecht, I J R Tak
OBJECTIVE: To study if athletes with groin injury had less active pelvic tilt (APT) than non-injured controls. DESIGN: Case-control. SETTING: Sports physiotherapy clinics and sports clubs. PARTICIPANTS: 17 athletes (Tegner>5, age 25.1(5.2) with groin injury and 27 healthy controls (Tenger>5, age 24.4(3.6)). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Active pelvic tilt, defining the ability of an individual to actively tilt the pelvis anteriorly and posteriorly over a frontal axis, and hip range of motion (HROM) parameters...
December 26, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Hosam Alzahrani, Martin Mackey, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Marina B Pinheiro, Manuela Wicks, Debra Shirley
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of incidental (non-structured) physical activity interventions for the management of people with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. SETTING: Eligible published trials from the earliest date available to November 2017. PARTICIPANTS: People with non-specific LBP aged 18 years or over. OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain, disability and physical activity-related outcomes...
December 21, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Lech Dobija, Vivien Reynaud, Bruno Pereira, William Van Hille, Stephane Descamps, Armand Bonnin, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVES: To assess intrarater reliability, agreement and construct validity of the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency and the ability of the SEBT to distinguish between healthy and ACL-deficient individuals. METHODS: Patients with ACL deficiency and healthy matched controls performed the SEBT and the One Leg Hop for Distance test (OLHD). Three consecutive trials were analyzed. Also evaluated were isokinetic thigh muscle strength and self-reported function...
December 20, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Julie Harriss, Amina Khan, Kyeongtak Song, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Erik A Wikstrom
OBJECTIVES: To determine if overall Landing Error Scoring System-17 (LESS-17) and Fusionetics scores differ between collegiate athletes with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI). We also aimed to determine if the rate of specific movement errors during the LESS-17 and Fusionetics differed between the groups. DESIGN: Case-Control. SETTING: Clinical Sports Medicine Facility. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-nine athletes from six Division I NCAA sports were eligible for the investigation...
December 18, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Martin J Ophey, Karlijn Bosch, Fatos Z Khalfallah, Ap M M P Wijnands, Robert B van den Berg, Nol T M Bernards, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Igor J R Tak
OBJECTIVES: Patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP) experience pain while descending stairs. To date no reliable and valid performance-test exists to assess the maximum pain-free knee flexion angle (MPFFA) as outcome measure during a step-down task. Therefore, the intra- and inter-observer reliability and construct validity of the decline step-down test (DSDT) measuring the MPFFA in patients with PFP were evaluated. DESIGN: Reliability and construct validity. SETTING: Private practices in Nijmegen and Utrecht, the Netherlands...
December 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Eduard Kurz, Oliver Schmidtlein, Matthias Keller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Simon M Rosalie, James M Malone
INTRODUCTION: Here we report a case study of an experienced amateur female racing driver (age = 59) with self-reported fatigue of the muscles of the shoulder girdle post bilateral mastectomy and breast reconstruction. This case study describes how adjustment of her driving posture affected measures of muscle fatigue (sEMG) and driving performance (lap-time). METHODS: Bilateral surface electromyographic activity of sternocleidomastoid, cervical erector spinae, anterior deltoid and pectoralis major, angles of inclination of the cervical and lumbar spine in the sagittal plane and lap-times were measured at: 1) baseline, 2) after an initial adjustment of driving posture, and 3) after a readjustment of driving posture...
December 12, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Uffe Laessoe, Anne Weinreich Svendsen, Mads Norre Christensen, Jacob Rosenkrans Rasmussen, Alexander Scharf Gaml
OBJECTIVES: Ankle sprains often lead to a history of recurrent injuries and functional joint instability. This study evaluated a new method for assessing functional impairment in patients with chronic ankle instability. DESIGN: Case-control study for construct validation purpose. SETTING: The participants were tested during one-leg standing for 20 s on an instrumented wobble board and on a balance platform. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five young people with previous ankle sprain and an instability score >11 in the "Identification of Functional Ankle Instability questionnaire" and an age-matched control group of 25 healthy individuals...
December 8, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Andrea Hams, Kerrie Evans, Roger Adams, Gordon Waddington, Jeremy Witchalls
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the patterns and circumstances of shoulder injury, in both male and female sub-elite water polo players, through evaluating the injury incidence, mechanism and subsequent training time lost. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Sports institute. PARTICIPANTS: 80 sub-elite water polo players. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total injury number and incidence, mechanism of injury, lost training time and time from injury onset to seeking treatment...
December 5, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
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