Journals Current Neurology and Neurosci...

Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
John Y Rhee, Sumita Strander, Alyx Podgurski, Daniel Chiu, Kate Brizzi, Deborah A Forst
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While the benefits of palliative care for patients with cancer are well established, palliative care in neuro-oncology is still in its early stages. However, in recent years, there has been increasing attention drawn to the need for better palliative care for patients with brain tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a growing body of literature demonstrating the high symptom burden and significant supportive care and information needs of these patients and their caregivers...
September 26, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Gabriele Miceli, Antea Caccia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To investigate the neurofunctional correlates of pure auditory agnosia and its varieties (global, verbal, and nonverbal), based on 116 anatomoclinical reports published between 1893 and 2022, with emphasis on hemispheric lateralization, intrahemispheric lesion site, underlying cognitive impairments. RECENT FINDINGS: Pure auditory agnosia is rare, and observations accumulate slowly. Recent patient reports and neuroimaging studies on neurotypical subjects offer insights into the putative mechanisms underlying auditory agnosia, while challenging traditional accounts...
September 25, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Meagan Watson, Jared Woodward, Laura A Strom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional neurological disorder (FND) is a common and severely debilitating condition lacking clinical ownership, existing between neurology and psychiatry. This article reports the findings of recent research investigating the economic costs of FND diagnosis and management. We define what the costs are, why they exist, and suggest actionable steps to reduce them. RECENT FINDINGS: The financial burden of FND exists across the globe characterized by high healthcare utilization resulting in exorbitant direct and indirect costs for the patient, healthcare system, and society...
September 11, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Aslan Lashkarivand, Per Kristian Eide
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Brain sagging dementia (BSD) is a rare but devastating form of early-onset dementia characterized by intracranial hypotension and behavioral changes resembling behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of BSD, highlighting its pathomechanism, diagnostic tools, and available treatment options. RECENT FINDINGS: BSD exhibits a complex clinical manifestation with insidious onset and gradual progression of behavioral disinhibition, apathy, inertia, and speech alterations...
September 7, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Laura Pérez-Carbonell, Alex Iranzo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the current evidence on the associations between autoimmune neurological diseases (e.g., multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis) and sleep disturbances (e.g., insomnia, parasomnias), as well as to review the main characteristics of sleep disorders with an immune-related pathophysiology (e.g., narcolepsy, anti-IgLON5 disease). RECENT FINDINGS: An immune-mediated damage of the areas in the central nervous system that control sleep and wake functions (e...
September 6, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Laura Gómez-Dabó, Laura Melgarejo-Martínez, Edoardo Caronna, Patricia Pozo-Rosich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms of the acute and post-acute phase of COVID-19. Specific epidemiology, clinical features, risk factors, pathophysiology, and treatment have been reported in these two scenarios. With this narrative review of the literature, we aim to provide updated knowledge on headache in the COVID-19 setting and give clinicians a practical approach on this topic to guide them in their clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Headache mechanisms in COVID-19 are still poorly understood...
September 4, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Debasish Roy, Ambar Chakravarty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To critically review recent literature in understanding the pathological consequences of transtentorial brain herniation resulting from unilateral expanding supratentorial mass lesions. RECENT FINDINGS: Modern neuroimaging assists in understanding the consequences of transtentorial brain herniation with the development of the Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon. MRI studies in post-operative patients undergoing craniotomy and removal of expanding unilateral hemispheric mass lesions (usually an extradural or subdural hematoma) have shown striking findings in the contralateral crus cerebri suggestive of damage as a result of impact against the free margin of the opposite tentorium as suggested by Kernohan and Woltman nearly a century back in autopsy studies...
August 23, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Alice Mariottini, Eleonora De Matteis, Maria Teresa Cencioni, Paolo A Muraro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is increasingly considered a treatment option for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune demyelinating and degenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS). AHSCT persistently suppresses inflammation and improves the disease course in large proportions of patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS. Aim of this article is to review the relevant new knowledge published during the last 3 years...
August 17, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Marcela Romero-Reyes, Gary Klasser, Simon Akerman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview and highlight recent updates in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and their comorbidity with headache disorders regarding pathophysiology and management. RECENT FINDINGS: In the last decade, there have been great advancements in the understanding of TMDs and their relationship with neurovascular pains such as headaches. Understanding of TMDs is necessary for the context of its comorbidity with primary headache disorders...
August 15, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Irina A Skylar-Scott, Sharon J Sha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lewy body dementia (LBD) encompasses dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD). This article will emphasize potential disease-modifying therapies as well as investigative symptomatic treatments for non-motor symptoms including cognitive impairment and psychosis that can present a tremendous burden to patients with LBD and their caregivers. RECENT FINDINGS: We review 11 prospective disease-modifying therapies (DMT) including four with phase 2 data (neflamapimod, nilotinib, bosutinib, and E2027); four with some limited data in symptomatic populations including phase 1, open-label, registry, or cohort data (vodabatinib, ambroxol, clenbuterol, and terazosin); and three with phase 1 data in healthy populations (Anle138b, fosgonimeton, and CT1812)...
August 12, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Brynn K Dredla, Oscar H Del Brutto, Pablo R Castillo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The glymphatic system is hypothesized to act as the brain's filtration system to remove toxic solutes that accumulate throughout the day. Perivascular spaces (PVSs) play a fundamental role in the ability of the glymphatic system to function, and sleep influences the effectiveness of this system. This article reviews the complexity of the interplay between sleep, the glymphatic system, and PVS. RECENT FINDINGS: New imaging techniques have illuminated the structure of PVS and their associations with differing disease states...
August 12, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Ankita Ghosh, Leena Varghese, Mark J Burish, Christina L Szperka
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the available literature as well as the authors' experience on trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) and cranial neuralgias in children and adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: While TACs and cranial neuralgias are rare in children, several recent case series have been published. TACs in children share most of the clinical features of TACs in adults. However, there are many reported cases with clinical features which overlap more than one diagnosis, suggesting that TACs may be less differentiated in youth...
August 12, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Heather Y F Yong, Jodie M Burton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a rare but highly disabling disease of the central nervous system. Unlike multiple sclerosis, disability in NMOSD occurs secondary to relapses that, not uncommonly, lead to blindness, paralysis, and death. Recently, newer, targeted immunotherapies have been trialed and are now in the treatment arsenal. We have endeavoured to evaluate the current state of NMOSD therapeutics. RECENT FINDINGS: This review provides a pragmatic evaluation of recent clinical trials and post-marketing data for rituximab, inebilizumab, satralizumab, eculizumab, and ravalizumab, contrasted to older agents...
August 4, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
W Daniel Chapman, Megan C Herink, Michelle H Cameron, Dennis Bourdette
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polypharmacy, the use of ≥ 5 medications, is common in people with multiple sclerosis and is associated with negative outcomes. The use of multiple medications is common for symptom management in people with multiple sclerosis, but risks drug-drug interactions and additive side effects. Multiple sclerosis providers should therefore focus on the appropriateness and risks versus benefits of pharmacotherapy in each patient. This review describes the prevalence and risks associated with polypharmacy in people with multiple sclerosis and offers strategies to identify and mitigate inappropriate polypharmacy...
July 31, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Ezekiel Gonzalez-Fernandez, Juebin Huang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, many lasting neurological sequelae including cognitive impairment have been recognized as part of the so-called long COVID syndrome. This narrative review summarizes the cognitive aspects of COVID-19. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have consistently identified attention, memory, and executive functions as the cognitive domains most often affected by COVID-19 infection. Many studies have also reported neuroimaging, biofluid, and neurophysiological abnormalities that could potentially reflect the pathophysiological aspects of post-COVID cognitive impairment...
July 25, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Annie H Roliz, Sanjeev Kothare
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the relationship between sleep, neurodevelopment, and epilepsy and potential underlying physiological mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have advanced our understanding of the role of sleep in early brain development and epilepsy. Epileptogenesis has been proposed to occur when there is a failure of normal adaptive processes of synaptic and homeostatic plasticity. This sleep-dependent transformation may explain the cognitive impairment seen in epilepsy, especially when occurring early in life...
July 17, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Jason W Krellman, Giulia Mercuri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To critically review recent research in the development of non-pharmacological interventions to improve cognitive functioning in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or Parkinson's disease (PD). RECENT FINDINGS: Cognitive interventions can be grouped into three categories: cognitive stimulation (CS), cognitive training (CT), and cognitive rehabilitation (CR). CS confers temporary, nonspecific benefits and might slightly reduce dementia risk for neurologically healthy individuals...
July 10, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Matthew R Brier, Farris Taha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Multiple sclerosis is characterized by a diverse and complex pathology. Clinical relapses, the hallmark of the disease, are accompanied by focal white matter lesions with intense inflammatory and demyelinating activity. Prevention of these relapses has been the major focus of pharmaceutical development, and it is now possible to dramatically reduce this inflammatory activity. Unfortunately, disability accumulation persists for many people living with multiple sclerosis owing to ongoing damage within existing lesions, pathology outside of discrete lesions, and other yet unknown factors...
July 7, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Jasodhara Chaudhuri, Sagar Basu, Mrinal K Roy, Ambar Chakravarty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To report a series of patients with clinical and radiological features suggestive of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) related to diverse etiologies emphasizing its pathophysiological basis. RECENT FINDINGS: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) may present with a broad range of clinical symptoms from headache and visual disturbances to seizure and altered mentation. Typical imaging findings include posterior-circulation predominant vasogenic edema...
August 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Diana L Alsbrook, Mario Di Napoli, Kunal Bhatia, José Biller, Sasan Andalib, Archana Hinduja, Roysten Rodrigues, Miguel Rodriguez, Sara Y Sabbagh, Magdy Selim, Maryam Hosseini Farahabadi, Alibay Jafarli, Afshin A Divani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide an overview of neuroinflammation in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, including recent findings on the mechanisms and cellular players involved in the inflammatory response to brain injury. RECENT FINDINGS: Neuroinflammation is a crucial process following acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and hemorrhagic stroke (HS). In AIS, neuroinflammation is initiated within minutes of the ischemia onset and continues for several days...
July 3, 2023: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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