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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

Ida Drejer Djurhuus, Aida Bikic
BACKGROUND & AIM: This study investigates the effectiveness of the Cool Kids programme in two outpatient psychiatric clinics for children with anxiety. Efficacy studies find that 60-80% of programme completers improve. It is unclear if the intervention is as effective in real-life clinical treatment, as only one previous Danish effectiveness study has ever been conducted. The goal of all evidence-based interventions is the successful transition from research environments to standard care clinical practice, but there can be substantial differences in the environment, therapists' education and patient population in the two settings...
February 15, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Lars-Petter Bakker, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Jon Gerhard Reichelt, Christer Lunde Gjerstad, Lars Weisaeth, Pål Herlof Herlofsen, Ellen Karine Grov
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep quality problems are a core feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aims of this study were to describe and evaluate possible differences regarding sleep quality problems and hyperarousal symptoms between exposed and unexposed survivors after an avalanche. Further, we wanted to describe any association between avalanche exposure and survivors' self-reported sleep quality problems and posttraumatic stress (disorder) symptoms with and without hyperarousal symptoms...
January 21, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Lena Thunander Sundbom, Kerstin Hedborg
BACKGROUND: People with depression are prescribed more drugs than people in general, partly due to comorbidity with other conditions. However, little research has been done on depression-related drug use from a gender perspective. AIM: Examine the association between antidepressants, other types of prescribed drugs, and polypharmacy, by gender. METHODS: Data on drugs dispensed October to December 2016 to all Swedish citizens aged 18-84 years were collected from the Swedish prescribed drug register...
January 19, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Kristin Howlid Weisser, Trond H Diseth, Birgitte Boye, Ann Faerden, Øivind Ekeberg
AIM: Patients admitted to somatic departments may face psychiatric challenges, such as suicidal behavior, substance abuse, crisis reactions, or somatoform disorders. Mental disorders can complicate the diagnosis and treatment of a somatic disorder. The Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry Service (CLP) can provide advice and guidance to attending staff in somatic departments. CLP in Norwegian hospitals was last reviewed in 1997. There is insufficient awareness of the service as it currently stands...
January 19, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Edgaras Dlugauskas, Robertas Strumila, Aiste Lengvenyte, Laima Ambrozaityte, Evelina Dagyte, Alma Molyte, Alvydas Navickas, Algirdas Utkus
BACKGROUND: CYP450 system gene CYP2D6 polymorphisms have been associated with an altered response to psychotropic drugs. While there exists interindividual and interethnic differences of clinical significance, there is no data concerning the Lithuanian population. AIMS: To determine the distribution of CYP2D6 alleles and predicted phenotype in the Lithuanian population, compare it to other Europeans and find the differences between patients with affective disorders and the healthy population...
January 19, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Maria Skibinska, Pawel Kapelski, Aleksandra Rajewska-Rager, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Beata Narozna, Joanna Duda, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz, Joanna Twarowska-Hauser, Joanna Pawlak
BACKGROUND: Neurotrophin-3 (NTF3) and neurotrophin-4 (NTF4) play a crucial role in the neurodevelopment, differentiation, survival, and protection of neurons in different brain regions. Schizophrenia and depression are highly associated with metabolic abnormalities. Longitudinal and cross-sectional comparisons of NTF3 and NTF4 levels, as well as clinical and metabolic parameters, were studied in schizophrenia, first-episode depression, and control groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum NTF3 and NTF4 levels, body mass index (BMI), fasting serum glucose and lipid profile: cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) were measured at baseline and week 8 in 133 women: 55 patients with schizophrenia (19 with first-episode and 36 chronic), 30 patients with a first-episode depression and 48 healthy controls...
January 17, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Lotte Veddum, Heine Lund Pedersen, Anna-Sofie Lose Landert, Vibeke Bliksted
OBJECTIVE: There is substantial evidence that both patients with schizophrenia and patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have impaired social cognition including theory of mind (ToM) deficits. However, it remains unclear if both verbal (explicit) and non-verbal (implicit) ToM as well as social perception are similarly affected in both disorders. METHODS: Twenty-one patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 11 patients diagnosed with ASD were matched one-to-one to healthy controls based on gender, age, and educational level...
January 14, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Mette Marie Kristensen, Ida Nielsen Sølvhøj, Amalie Oxholm Kusier, Anna Paldam Folker
BACKGROUND: Continuity of mental health care is central to improve the conditions of people with enduring mental disorders. In Denmark, several government-funded projects on the improvement of continuity of mental health care have been initiated since 2009. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate how national intervention projects on continuity of mental health care have addressed major barriers for continuity of care and extract general learning points from the projects on the improvement of continuity of care...
January 14, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Martin Svensson, Thomas Nilsson, Håkan Johansson, Gardar Viborg, Sean Perrin, Rolf Sandell
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia (PDA or PD, respectively), is a major public health problem. After having established a PD diagnosis based on the DSM or the ICD systems, the Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is the most widely used interview-based instrument for assessing disorder severity. There is also a self-report version of the instrument (PDSS-SR); both exist in a Swedish translation but their psychometric properties remain untested. METHODS: We studied 221 patients with PD/PDA recruited to a randomized controlled preference trial of cognitive-behavioral and brief panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy...
January 14, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Orkun Aydın, Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Cumhur Taş, Pınar Ünal-Aydın, Fatma Taneli, Ayşen Esen-Danacı
BACKGROUND: It is widely acknowledged that schizophrenia patients tend to have insecure attachment styles and improper parenting. However, the biological processes related to these adversities remain unclear and that the disturbance in oxytocin system is considered as one of the strongest predictors of such adversities. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with schizophrenia and their unaffected thirty-four healthy siblings were recruited for the study and they were compared with thirty-one healthy controls...
January 14, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Aditya Hegde, Subho Chakrabarti, Sandeep Grover
BACKGROUND: Studies using the stress-appraisal-coping model to examine caregiving in schizophrenia and mood disorders are limited. AIM: This study attempted to examine psychological distress among caregivers of persons with schizophrenia and mood disorders using the framework of the stress-coping theory. The impact of illness-related stressors and caregiver-related factors on caregiver-distress was also explored. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 176 of the 238 selected outpatients with remitted schizophrenia, bipolar and recurrent depressive disorders identified over a 1-year period underwent standardized assessments of psychopathology and functioning...
January 12, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Bodil Monwell, Arne Gerdner
PROBLEM: Although efficacy studies of opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) have shown evidence of treatment benefits, there is still need for studies on its effectiveness in natural clinical processes. This study investigates the development in health, substance use and social conditions of those who applied for OMT, including those denied access or discharged. METHOD: First, persons assessed for admittance in 2005-2011 (n = 127) were categorized into four trajectory groups based on whether they were admitted or denied (n = 19), discharged (n = 31), readmitted (n = 21) or had been undergoing OMT without interruption (n = 56)...
January 12, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Lina Zhou, Gaohua Wang, Cai Nan, Huiling Wang, Zhongchun Liu, Hanping Bai
BACKGROUND: Alterations in P300 components occur in depressed patients, but the brain regions contributing to these changes remain unclear. AIMS: Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the underlying neural activation of P300 components in patients with depression to explore brain regions related to depression. METHODS: P300 components were evoked by an oddball auditory paradigm and recorded from 30 patients with current depression, as well as 30 age-, gender-, and education level-matched healthy controls...
January 12, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Rikard Tordön, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Linda Jonsson, Gisela Priebe, Gunilla Sydsjö
PURPOSE: To compare experiences for adverse events, especially sexual abuse, and mental health in a group of high school students in out-of-home care with a representative sample of peers of the same age and similar educational attainment living with their parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 5839 students in the third year of Swedish high school, corresponding to a response rate of 59.7%, answered a study specific questionnaire. Data from 41 students living in out-of-home care were compared with data from peers not in out-of-home care in a cross-sectional analyze...
December 18, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Ursula Werneke
BACKGROUND: According to estimates from the European Commission, Europe has experienced the greatest mass movement of people since the Second World War. More than one million refugees and migrants have arrived in the European Union in the past few years. Mental health and primary care professionals are more likely than ever to meet patients from different cultures and backgrounds. AIMS: To equip mental health and primary care professionals with transcultural skills to deal with patients from unfamiliar backgrounds...
December 14, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Louise Öhlund, Ingrid Lieber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Nawal Bent-Ennakhil, Marie Cécile Périer, Patrik Sobocki, Dan Gothefors, Gunnar Johansson, Dominique Milea, Jean-Philippe Empana
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and type-2-diabetes in patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: A population-based study was conducted using the Swedish national health registries. Patients were identified from the Electronic Medical Records (EMR) in 20 primary care centers and were categorized in four diagnosis cohorts according to their first psychiatric diagnosis: bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, or other mood disorder...
December 4, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Jessica Yakeley
BACKGROUND: Shame is a powerful negative emotion, associated with many mental disorders, both as an aetiological factor and as a consequence affecting symptoms, psychological defences and therapeutic outcomes. AIM: To summarise some of the findings to date regarding cultural influences on the role of shame within mental disorders. METHODS: This lecture explores the concept of shame and its impact on mental disorders from a transcultural perspective...
November 29, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Ventriglio Antonio, Bonfitto Iris, Ricci Fabiana, Cuoco Federica, Bhavsar Vishal
BACKGROUND: Religion and psychiatry may be both considered to be two different ways of explaining the unknown, of responding to questions about the meaning of life, and of bringing healing. AIMS: To discuss the border between religion and psychiatry. METHOD: This lecture explores the interface between religion and psychiatry and discusses the border between soul and mind. RESULTS: Religious beliefs may affect behaviours and may been seen on a psychopathological continuum with overvalued ideas and delusions...
November 29, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Jenny Guidi, Chiara Rafanelli, Giovanni A Fava
PURPOSE: There are several clinical areas where psychological well-being may play an important role: the assessment of the dynamic balance between ill-being and well-being; reduction of incidence, prevention of recurrence and achievement of full recovery in psychiatric disorders such as depression; patient's satisfaction and perceived change after treatment. The aim of this article is to discuss the clinical role of Well-Being Therapy (WBT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A critical review of the literature concerned with psychological well-being and its treatment was performed...
November 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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