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Advances in Physiology Education

Shereé M Johnson, Tamara L Owens, Jahn N O'Neil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Eachempati Prashanti, Komattil Ramnarayan
In an era that is seemingly saturated with standardized tests of all hues and stripes, it is easy to forget that assessments not only measure the performance of students, but also consolidate and enhance their learning. Assessment for learning is best elucidated as a process by which the assessment information can be used by teachers to modify their teaching strategies while students adjust and alter their learning approaches. Effectively implemented, formative assessments can convert classroom culture to one that resonates with the triumph of learning...
June 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Thaís Faggioni, Natiele Carla da Silva Ferreira, Renato Matos Lopes, Antonio Augusto Fidalgo-Neto, Vinicius Cotta-de-Almeida, Luiz Anastacio Alves
The use of computers as a pedagogical resource is currently on the rise. In the case of immunology, students present difficulties in visualizing molecular phenomena. Thus the use of animations and simulations available on the internet might facilitate the learning of complex immunological concepts. In this context, it is important to map and assess the currently available resources that may be used for educational purposes. This study comprises the search and analysis of educational immunology software freely available on the internet, which can aid students and health professionals in effective learning and continuing education scenarios...
June 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Tara Slominski, Sarah Grindberg, Jennifer Momsen
Human Anatomy and Physiology (HAP) has long been recognized as a difficult course. A 2007 study (Michael J. Adv Physiol Educ 31: 34-40, 2007) sought to better understand this difficulty by asking faculty for their perceptions of why students struggle to learn in HAP. Later research built on these findings by investigating why students find physiology difficult (Sturges D, Maurer T. Internet J Allied Health Sci Pract 11: 1-10, 2013). However, without replication, these claims are limited in their generalizability...
June 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Sarah K Woodley, Peter E Freeman, Tiffany D Ricketts
To better prepare physiology students for 21st century careers, we incorporated classroom-based undergraduate research experiences and service learning/community-engaged learning (SLCE) into a college-level physiology laboratory course. The interventions were incorporated over 4 yr and assessed using validated surveys of student-reported learning gains related to attitudes toward science, the scientific process, and career paths. Students reported the greatest learning gains in those years when students did novel research oriented around a common theme of water quality...
June 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Martin Remmele, Andreas Martens
Sculpting representations of human organs out of modeling clay is an acknowledged method of teaching anatomical structures. Because of its potential to provide detailed spatial information, stereoscopic imagery can be understood to function as a suitable template for such sculpting tasks. Currently, it is unknown whether the advantages of stereoscopic images for modeling structures result from enhanced depth impression alone, or whether task performance is impacted by factors such as situational intrinsic motivation and perceived competence while sculpting a human organ using stereoscopic imagery as template...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Scott Medler
Frogs are routinely used in physiology teaching laboratories to demonstrate important physiological processes. There have been recent directives that promote the use of the anesthetic MS-222 (tricaine methanesulfonate), rather than lowering body temperature with a cold water bath to prepare reptiles and amphibians for physiological experiments or euthanasia. Indeed, the most recent edition of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals proclaims that chilling in water is not an appropriate method and advocates for the usage of MS-222 or other anesthetics...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Vicky Nicolaidou, Persoulla Nicolaou, Stella A Nicolaou
Microbial physiology is a basic course taught throughout biomedical science disciplines. Students study the structure, growth, and metabolism of microorganisms and often find it difficult to learn the information, usually because they fail to see the wider applications. The current microbiology laboratory series describes how to transform a "cookbook" undergraduate laboratory to an inquiry-based one by incorporating problem-based learning. The students use a food poisoning case study that develops over a series of seven experiments and take on the role of the microbiology technician who is responsible for coming up with the answer and submitting a report to a clinician...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Helen L Bintley, Alexander Bell, Rachel Ashworth
Evidence shows that biomedical knowledge is more effectively taught within the medical curriculum by teaching in context, to facilitate learning transfer. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of combining high-technology simulation and physiology teaching on medical student learning and experience. First-year medical students received respiratory physiology teaching in the form of lectures, problem-based learning, and practical sessions. These students were then given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and problem solve using respiratory-related clinical case scenarios in simulated patients...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Amanda M Kleiman, Jennifer F Potter, Allison J Bechtel, Katherine T Forkin, Lauren K Dunn, Stephen R Collins, Genevieve Lyons, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
With increasing medical knowledge, procedural, and diagnostic skills to learn, it is vital for educators to make the limited amount of teaching time available to students effective and efficient. Generative retrieval is an effective and efficient learning tool, improving long-term retention through the practice of retrieval from memory. Forty medical students were randomized to learn normal cardiovascular anatomy using transthoracic echocardiography video clips in a generative retrieval (GR) or standard practice (SP) group...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Karina Pinhatti, Marina Amaro de Lima, Carolina Fortes Cirimbelli, Anna Carolina Mazeto Ercolin, Tamiris Disselli, Maria Cristina Ferrarini Nunes Soares Hage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Charity F Upson-Taboas, Ruben Montoya, Valerie Dean O'Loughlin
An understanding of human embryology is essential for students to better understand the subjects of human anatomy and physiology. However, human embryology is a challenging subject for many, since they must learn how anatomic structures and physiological processes develop over a period of time. Embryology texts typically use static, two-dimensional images to illustrate the dynamic three-dimensional developmental processes, making it difficult for a student to understand spatial relationships and sequential steps...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Chaya Gopalan
Flipped teaching (FT) has caught educators' attention due to its success in engaging students through pre- and in-class activities. To learn if FT improved student performance, scores from the quizzes and exams of a fully flipped classroom with retrieval exercises were compared with those of five semesters of traditional lecture-based [unflipped (UF)] teaching in an undergraduate sophomore-level physiology course. Student attitude surveys were also evaluated. Student performance on both the quizzes and exams was significantly higher in the FT class in general compared with that of the UF teaching...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Lauren K Goodhead, Frances M MacMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Rachel A Bergstrom
Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) continue to work to increase the diversity of the fields, yet there are still significant historical and societal hurdles to be overcome before we reach full representation throughout STEM. The concept of science identity has become a point of interest in this process; it has been suggested that development of one's identity as a scientist is critical to persistence in the field. Metaphors that are rooted in bodily experience can provide a starting point to understand abstract concepts, including science identity and how we as STEM educators respond to increasing diversity within our fields...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
André L Teixeira, Milena Samora, Lauro C Vianna
The cardiovascular responses to exercise are mediated by several interactive neural mechanisms, including central command, arterial baroreflex, and skeletal muscle mechano- and metaboreflex. In humans, muscle metaboreflex activation can be isolated via postexercise ischemia (PEI), which increases sympathetic nerve activity and partially maintains the exercise-induced increase in arterial blood pressure. Here, we describe a practical laboratory class using PEI as a simple and useful technique to teach cardiovascular physiology...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Katharine Semsar, Sara Brownell, Brian A Couch, Alison J Crowe, Michelle K Smith, Mindi M Summers, Christian D Wright, Jennifer K Knight
We describe the development of a new, freely available, online, programmatic-level assessment tool, Measuring Achievement and Progress in Science in Physiology, or Phys-MAPS ( ). Aligned with the conceptual frameworks of Core Principles of Physiology, and Vision and Change Core Concepts, Phys-MAPS can be used to evaluate student learning of core physiology concepts at multiple time points in an undergraduate physiology program, providing a valuable longitudinal tool to gain insight into student thinking and aid in the data-driven reform of physiology curricula...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Marjolein Versteeg, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Paul Steendijk
Misconceptions about physiology are a major threat to accurate scientific and clinical reasoning in medical education. Awareness is often mentioned as a prerequisite to achieve conceptual understanding; however, students are frequently unaware of their incorrect understanding. We explored the multitier approach as a tool to obtain insight into students' awareness and misconceptions regarding cardiovascular physiology. Biomedical sciences students ( N = 81) participated in a diagnostic multitier assessment on cardiovascular physiology...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
Jack A Rall
One of the most iconic images in biology is the cross-striated appearance of a skeletal muscle fiber. The repeating band pattern shows that all of the sarcomeres are the same length. All of the A bands are the same length and are located in the middle of the sarcomeres. Furthermore, all of the myofibrils are transversely aligned across the muscle fiber. It has been known for 300 yr that skeletal muscle is striated, but only in the last 40 yr has a molecular understanding of the striations emerged. In the 1950s it was discovered that the extraction of myosin from myofibrils abolished the A bands, and the myofibrils were no longer striated...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Rong Wang, Chuanyong Liu, Tian Ma
This study compared the effect of a virtual laboratory, a living tissue laboratory, and a blended laboratory on student learning about the generation and conduction of neural action potentials and perceptions about life science. Sixty-three second-year medical students were randomly assigned to one of three groups (living tissue laboratory, virtual laboratory, and blended group). The students conducted the practical activity, and then they were given a postlaboratory quiz and an attitude survey. The blended group euthanized fewer animals and spent less time to finish the animal experiment than the living tissue group did...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
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