journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37948172/psychotherapy-and-artificial-intelligence
#41
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eric M Plakun
This column explores the challenges involved in providing psychotherapy through artificial intelligence. It reviews artificial intelligence's capacity across schools of therapy to address relevant issues related to privacy, the use of technical interventions, and the therapeutic relationship.
November 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37948171/personalized-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-a-patient-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-clomipramine
#42
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sheldon H Preskorn, Ryan Rode
Clomipramine (CIMI) is an effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder in patients who have failed to respond to trials of selective serotonin transport inhibitors (eg, sertraline). The case presented here illustrates how knowledge of the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of CIMI in a specific patient can be used to personalize treatment to optimize the likelihood of efficacy (ie, maximum benefit to risk ratio). The approach described in this column considered: (1) the patient's diminished ability to clear CIMI and its major metabolite, desmethlyclomipramine due to a genetic deficiency in cytochrome P450 2D6 enzyme activity, and (2) the patient's ability to extensively convert CIMI to desmethlyclomipramine...
November 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37948170/a-cardiovascular-risk-optimization-program-in-people-with-schizophrenia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#43
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Núria Riera-Molist, Montse Assens-Tauste, Pere Roura-Poch, Marta Guimerà-Gallent, Josep Manel Santos-López, Montserrat Serra-Millas, Neus Frau-Rosselló, Estefania Gallego-Peña, Quintí Foguet-Boreu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of premature death in people with schizophrenia. Some modifiable factors that have been implicated include unhealthy lifestyle, medication side effects, and physical comorbidities. The goal of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 6-month, multifactorial cardiovascular risk intervention to reduce cardiovascular risk (CVR) in people with schizophrenia. METHODS: We conducted a 2-arm, parallel, randomized clinical trial in a regional mental health center...
November 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37948169/methods-used-to-control-the-reproductive-choices-of-women-who-are-sex-trafficked-considerations-for-health-care-providers
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lindsey Limbaugh, Mollie R Gordon, Phuong Thanh Nguyen, Mayrose Porter, John Coverdale
Reproductive control or reproductive coercion has negative health consequences but has not been systematically studied within the context of sex trafficking. Our goal is to identify the range of methods used by sex traffickers and buyers to control the reproductive choices of trafficked women and to provide specific examples of these methods. We searched PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo using the terms "reproductive control" or "reproductive coercion" and "human trafficking" or "sex trafficking," including papers that contained original, specific examples of reproductive control occurring within the context of sex trafficking...
November 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37948168/the-relationship-of-self-identified-weight-status-with-perceived-mental-and-physical-health
#45
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Antonia Hamilton, Shannon R Smith, Janet A Lydecker
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether individuals with higher weight (body mass index in the overweight or obesity range) self-identified as having overweight or obesity (Ow/Ob). The study also examined whether self-identifying as having Ow/Ob was associated with perceived mental health, perceived physical health, depression, and eating disorder psychopathology. METHODS: Four study groups were created: those with Ow/Ob who self-identified as having Ow/Ob (Ow/Ob+), those with Ow/Ob who did not self-identify as having Ow/Ob (Ow/Ob-), those with core features of binge-eating disorder (BED) and Ow/Ob, and those with bulimia nervosa (BN) and Ow/Ob...
November 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37948167/confidentiality-and-the-vip
#46
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John M Oldham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37801636/the-effect-of-affective-temperament-pain-catastrophizing-and-anxiety-sensitivity-on-pain-severity-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-a-pilot-study
#47
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Özlem Kayacik Günday, Hatice Harmanci, Yiğit Şenol
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to investigate whether there was a dominant temperament type, and to assess the effect of temperament, pain catastrophizing, and anxiety sensitivity on pain severity, in female patients diagnosed with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) compared with healthy controls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 51 patients 18 to 65 years of age who were diagnosed with CPP without a history of psychiatric treatment and 97 healthy volunteer women with sociodemographic characteristics similar to those of the study group...
October 9, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678372/commentary-mania-in-medically-ill-patients
#48
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amir Garakani
Patients may present with manic symptoms in medical settings such as emergency rooms and on inpatient medical floors, leading to psychiatric consultation to try to determine the etiology of the symptoms. It is crucial to clarify whether the mania is secondary to a medical illness or whether the patient's symptoms are from a primary bipolar disorder. In this issue, we publish 2 case reports of patients presenting with manic symptoms in medical settings. The first case involves polymicrogyria in the frontal lobe of the brain as a cause of secondary mania...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678371/polymicrogyria-an-unusual-case-of-secondary-mania
#49
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jacobo Chacón-González, Miguel Restrepo-Martínez, Álvaro Moreno-Avellán, Jesús Ramírez-Bermúdez
BACKGROUND: Secondary mania refers to a manic episode that arises during a medical illness other than bipolar disorder or in response to a drug or medication. As the psychopathological features of secondary mania resemble those of mania due to bipolar disorder, misdiagnosis is frequent. PURPOSE AND BASIC PROCEDURES: We present the case of a 20-year-old woman who developed a manic episode with psychotic symptoms, in whom polymicrogyria, a malformation of the cortical development with abnormal electroencephalographic activity, was documented...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678370/the-triple-s-impact-of-covid-19-nationwide-evidence-of-the-impact-of-the-stress-associated-with-restrictive-measures-on-substance-use-sleep-and-social-connectedness-in-qatar
#50
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muna Abed Alah, Sami Abdeen, Vahe Kehyayan, Iheb Bougmiza
OBJECTIVES: Countries worldwide implemented social and movement restrictions to contain the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Unfortunately, such restrictions have adversely impacted people's lifestyles. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of COVID-19-related restrictive measures on substance use, sleep, and social connectedness in Qatar's population. METHODS: A web-based survey was conducted between January 2021 and February 2021 targeting adults ≥18 years of age who were residing in Qatar between March and August 2020...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678369/incels-an-introduction-for-mental-health-clinicians
#51
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Camille A Tastenhoye, Juliette Dupré, Nina E Ross, Tanya V Bodnar, Susan Hatters Friedman
Involuntary celibates ("incels") refers to a group consisting mostly of heterosexual men that exists predominantly in online spaces. These men are united by a belief that they are victimized by a postfeminist society, leading to an inability to engage in sexual intimacy with women. Recent acts of mass violence have been linked to self-identified incels, leading to an increased need for awareness of incel worldviews, argot, and demographics among psychiatrists. Limited research exists to describe this heterogenous group, with existing data suggesting higher rates of depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation within the demographic...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678368/contending-with-polarization-in-the-expanding-scope-of-psychotherapy
#52
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jon G Allen
The author queried 32 colleagues about their sense of polarization in the field of psychotherapy, using as an example the contrast between generalists (like himself) and specialists. This query was inspired by the proliferation of brands of psychotherapy coupled with the dominance of cognitive-behavioral therapies. His key conclusions: (a) tensions in the field are associated with a multitude of polarities and individual differences; (b) it is folly to reduce polarization to any single polarity; and (c) given the field's huge diversity, we are all specialists...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678367/eight-clinical-cases-and-the-lessons-they-taught
#53
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sheldon H Preskorn
Eight different cases are presented in this column, along with the lessons and principles that can be learned from each. The lessons and principles are general in nature and hence they are applicable to patients that readers will likely encounter.
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678366/digital-collateral-information-through-electronic-and-social-media-in-psychotherapy-comparing-clinician-reported-trends-before-and-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#54
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ipsit V Vahia, Rachel N Sava, Hailey V Cray, Heejung J Kim, Rebecca A Dickinson, Kerry J Ressler, Ana F Trueba
BACKGROUND: Patient clinical collateral information is critical for providing psychiatric and psychotherapeutic care. With the shift to primarily virtual care triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, psychotherapists may have received less clinical information than they did when they were providing in-person care. This study assesses whether the shift to virtual care had an impact on therapists' use of patients' electronic and social media to augment clinical information that may inform psychotherapy...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678365/prescribing-practices-for-agitation-medication-in-obese-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department
#55
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Connie Kang, Andrew Williams, Niyati Butala
INTRODUCTION: Weight is a factor that influences the dosages of many medications, although no clinical studies have evaluated this factor in the use of agitation medications in the obese population. The objectives of this study were to assess the need for weight considerations in dosing antipsychotics and benzodiazepines for patients with agitation and to assess prescribing patterns in agitated patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared outcomes between obese and nonobese adult patients who received at least one parenteral administration of an antipsychotic or benzodiazepine for agitation in the emergency department...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678364/acute-treatment-of-adolescent-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-with-haloperidol-lorazepam-and-or-capsaicin-a-single-institution-case-series
#56
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jerry M Brown, Michael J Wilsey, Leila Dhana, Hannah Lonsdale
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS), an under-recognized and seemingly paradoxical condition, arises in some adolescents and adults who chronically use cannabis. It presents acutely with intractable nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain but standard antiemetic therapy leads to improvement for only a minority of patients. Randomized controlled trial evidence in adults indicates the superiority of haloperidol over ondansetron in alleviating the acute symptoms of CHS, but safe and effective treatment for adolescents with the disorder is currently unknown...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678363/psychedelics-with-a-focus-on-psilocybin-issues-for-the-clinician
#57
REVIEW
Amir Garakani, Jeanne L Alexander, Calvin R Sumner, Janet H Pine, Lawrence S Gross, Charles L Raison, Scott T Aaronson, David A Baron
There has been a burgeoning interest in psychedelics among the public, state legislatures, psychiatrists and other clinical providers, and within the research community. Increasing numbers of studies evaluating psychedelics for depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders have been conducted or are underway. While discussing psychedelics in general, the focus of this paper is on psilocybin and its mechanism, how it exerts a psychedelic effect, dosing, and a review of the treatment studies of psilocybin, which were primarily for treatment-resistant depression and cancer-related anxiety...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37678362/psychedelics
#58
EDITORIAL
John M Oldham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37624756/beh%C3%A3-et-disease-and-bipolar-disorder-a-case-report-and-review
#59
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rodrigo Ferreira da Mota Freitas, Ana Pestana Boavida Monteiro Guerra
Behçet disease (BD) is a rare, multifactorial condition with multiple manifestations affecting various systems. Bipolar disorder has been reported as more frequent in individuals with BD than in the general population. We report a case of BD and bipolar disorder and summarize previous findings in the literature concerning this topic. Our case illustrates the relevance of managing comorbid BD and bipolar disorder. It is crucial to manage both conditions to maximize the patient's quality of life. Clinicians should be aware of the risk of bipolar disorder in patients with BD and vice versa and an integrated model of care could be useful...
August 28, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37578418/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-clinical-profile-of-suicide-attempters-attending-the-emergency-department-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-oman-a-retrospective-study
#60
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahmood Al Khatri, Salim Al Huseini, Mandhar Almaqbali, Angie Cucchi, Al-Khatib Al Saadi, Abdulmunim Al Farsi, Sachin Jose, Nasser Al-Sibani, Samir Al-Adawi
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of individuals who attended the emergency department of a tertiary care center in Muscat, Oman following a suicide attempt. METHODS: A retrospective study (N=154) was conducted between January 2015 and June 2018. Information that was collected included sociodemographic variables (age, nationality, sex, marital status, and occupation), risk (medical comorbidities, psychiatric history, substance misuse, alcohol misuse, and previous history of suicide attempts), and precipitating factors, as well as the chosen methods for the suicide attempts...
August 14, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
journal
journal
34856
3
4
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.