Xianming Yao, Gang Zhang, Qianwei Xiong, Shaoguang Feng, Xian Liu
PURPOSE: Phimosis is a common condition of the urinary system in children and often requires surgical treatment. However, the optimal method of circumcision for children has not been determined. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the safety and effectiveness of plastic clamp with conventional surgical circumcision in pediatric circumcision. METHODS: A literature search was carried out to compare the plastic clamp and conventional dissection technique in the pediatric population...
May 21, 2024: Current Urology Reports
V Gonzalez de Gor Herrera, J M Asencio Pascual, J González, F Herranz Amo, E LLedó García, A Sánchez Ochoa M, C Hernández Fernández
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Renal cell carcinoma presents a unique proclivity for vascular involvement giving rise to a peculiar form of locally advanced disease so-called tumor thrombus. To date, the only curative strategy for these cases remains surgery, which should aim to remove every vestige of macroscopic disease. Most of the preexisting literature advocates opening the vena cava to allow tumor thrombus removal and subsequent venous suture closure. However, inferior vena cava circumferential resection (cavectomy) without caval replacement is possible in the majority of cases since progressive occlusion facilitates the development of a collateral venous network aimed at maintaining cardiac preload...
May 20, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Francisco E Martins, Nicolaas Lumen, Henriette Veiby Holm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Devastating complications of the bladder outlet resulting from prostate cancer treatments are relatively uncommon. However, the combination of the high incidence of prostate cancer and patient longevity after treatment have raised awareness of adverse outcomes deteriorating patients' quality of life. This narrative review discusses the diagnostic work-up and management options for bladder outlet obstruction resulting from prostate cancer treatments, including those that require urinary diversion...
May 16, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Campbell Vogt, Neha R Malhotra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will describe current pediatric and adolescent fertility preservation methodologies and the ethical concerns surrounding these procedures, as well as highlight recent research that may pave the way for the development of new fertility preservation options. RECENT FINDINGS: Research is ongoing to allow prepubertal patients, particularly those with testes, to be able to have biologic children in the future. Studies on sperm in vitro maturation highlight the importance of supporting the spermatogonial stem cell niche for the development of mature sperm...
May 10, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Seyed Sajjad Tabei, Wesley Baas, Ayman Mahdy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a commonly observed condition in females, as well as in males who have undergone prostatectomy. Despite the significant progress made in surgical techniques, pharmacotherapy has not yielded substantial outcomes within the clinical domain. This review aims to present a comprehensive overview of the existing pharmacotherapy options for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and the emerging therapeutic targets in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: One meta-analysis demonstrated that α-adrenergic medications are more efficacious in improving rather than curing SUI symptoms...
May 10, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Joshua Heiman, William M Snead, John Michael DiBianco
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after surgical management for BPH pose a significant clinical challenge for urologists. Despite high success rates in relieving LUTS, there is a subset of patients who experience persistent symptoms after intervention. In this review article, we describe the management of patients with new or persistent LUTS after endoscopic bladder outlet surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Previously, the goal for BPH management was to remove as much adenomatous tissue as possible...
April 5, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Karen M Doersch, Kathleen A Li, Divya Ajay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The robotic approach is increasingly popular in reconstructive urology. Reconstructive surgeons have commonly used flaps and grafts for obliterating dead space including tissue interposition or as an alternative to mesh in addressing lower urinary tract dysfunction. Advantages of the robotic approach are less incisional pain, excellent visualization in the deep pelvis, and improved surgeon ergonomics. In this literature review, we describe flaps and grafts used in lower urinary tract robotic reconstructive urology, serving as an almanac for these techniques...
March 22, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Timothy W Brandt, Jacqueline M Luizzi, Ronald J Caras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Benign prostatic hyperplasia affects the quality of life of a significant number of men, especially as they age. There are continuous innovations in the surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia, but many of these innovations are studied in the core population of men 50-70 years of age. This review focuses on the outliers of men aged 18-50 and 70 and older. RECENT FINDINGS: Older populations have more comorbidities, higher rates of antithrombotic medications, and advanced symptoms...
March 12, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Vishnuvardhan Ganesan, Deepak Agarwal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to identify and summarize the current literature on the most recent therapeutic agents and combination strategies for the medical management of lower urinary tract symptoms resulting from benign prostatic hyperplasia. RECENT FINDINGS: The latest advancements in BPH therapy have been in combination strategies. Alpha blockers continue to be the mainstay of treatment, but research is exploring the synergistic benefits of combining them with 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs), phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors, and beta-3 agonists...
May 2024: Current Urology Reports
Sanjay Sinha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Uroflowmetry is widely used for initial non-invasive evaluation of lower urinary tract disorders. Current clinical use is mostly restricted to a scrutiny of the maximum flow rate and uroflow pattern recorded by a conventional flowmeter in a health care facility. There are several advancements in our understanding and in available technologies that promise to transform clinical utilization of this simple test. RECENT FINDINGS: Several aspects of the uroflow test in addition to maximum flow rate and uroflow pattern show potential diagnostic utility...
May 2024: Current Urology Reports
David C Dalton, T Max Shelton, Marcelino Rivera
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lasers have had a significant impact on the treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy. This article attempts to distill the advancements in laser technology for the treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) into key and understandable points to help make this topic more accessible to urologists. RECENT FINDINGS: The holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser, one of the most significant lasers in the field of urology, has recently been improved with pulse modulating technology (Moses™ technology)...
April 2024: Current Urology Reports
Suhaib Abdulfattah, Sameer Mittal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide an in-depth exploration of the recent advancements in robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) and its evolving landscape in the context of infant pyeloplasty, complex genitourinary (GU) anatomy, recurrent ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction, cost considerations, and the learning curve. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature highlights the safety and efficacy of RALP in treating the infant population, patients with complex GU anomalies, and recurrent UPJO which were all traditionally managed using the open approach...
February 7, 2024: Current Urology Reports
Tyler Gaines, Jay Simhan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review article will examine the current literature on hypospadias-related complications in adult patients. RECENT FINDINGS: In this article, we will review the most recent studies evaluating hypospadias-related stricture disease, erectile function, fertility, and psychosexual outcomes in adult men with history of hypospadias repair in childhood. Managing hypospadias-related complications in adult patients is challenging to reconstructive urologists due to the compounded complexity of innate tissue deficiency and history of prior surgical repairs...
February 6, 2024: Current Urology Reports
J C Moreno Cortés, J González García, J Caño Velasco, J Aragón Chamizo, D Subirá Rios
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to update the information about the different types of reconstruction after partial nephrectomy, with special emphasis on the new methods of suture-free hemostasis currently available. RECENT FINDINGS: The aim of renal reconstruction is to avoid bleeding and leakage of the collecting system, but now the renorrhaphy technique used is considered one of the modifiable determinants of renal function after surgery. In an attempt to avoid the loss of renal function implicit in classic reconstruction, new techniques have been described to control hemostasis and urinary leakage, which employ fewer suture layers, different suture materials and designs, and a wide range of commercially available hemostatic materials...
February 2024: Current Urology Reports
Andrey Bazarkin, Andrey Morozov, Alexander Androsov, Harun Fajkovic, Juan Gomez Rivas, Nirmish Singla, Svetlana Koroleva, Jeremy Yuen-Chun Teoh, Andrei V Zvyagin, Shahrokh François Shariat, Bhaskar Somani, Dmitry Enikeev
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of the systematic review is to assess AI's capabilities in the genetics of prostate cancer (PCa) and bladder cancer (BCa) to evaluate target groups for such analysis as well as to assess its prospects in daily practice. RECENT FINDINGS: In total, our analysis included 27 articles: 10 articles have reported on PCa and 17 on BCa, respectively. The AI algorithms added clinical value and demonstrated promising results in several fields, including cancer detection, assessment of cancer development risk, risk stratification in terms of survival and relapse, and prediction of response to a specific therapy...
January 2024: Current Urology Reports
Kinju Adhikari, Nithesh Naik, Bm Zeeshan Hameed, S K Raghunath, Bhaskar K Somani
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: ChatGPT is programmed to generate responses based on pattern recognition. With this vast popularity and exponential growth, the question arises of moral issues, security and legitimacy. In this review article, we aim to analyze the ethical and legal implications of using ChatGPT in Urology and explore potential solutions addressing these concerns. RECENT FINDINGS: There are many potential applications of ChatGPT in urology, and the extent to which it might improve healthcare may cause a profound shift in the way we deliver our services to patients and the overall healthcare system...
January 2024: Current Urology Reports
Nithesh Naik, Ali Talyshinskii, Dasharathraj K Shetty, B M Zeeshan Hameed, Rano Zhankina, Bhaskar K Somani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Artificial intelligence (AI) can significantly improve physicians' workflow when examining patients with UTI. However, most contemporary reviews are focused on examining the usage of AI with a restricted quantity of data, analyzing only a subset of AI algorithms, or performing narrative work without analyzing all dedicated studies. Given the preceding, the goal of this work was to conduct a mini-review to determine the current state of AI-based systems as a support in UTI diagnosis...
December 19, 2023: Current Urology Reports
Allison Grant, Christina P Carpenter, Belinda Li, Soo Jeong Kim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of hydrometrocolpos, covering disease etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic and management techniques, and known outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: This narrative review presents the literature on hydrometrocolpos in the pediatric population from the past 5 years. We highlight the 69 reported cases of hydrometrocolpos and classify them based on type of obstruction or associated anomaly, discuss new diagnostic algorithms based on imaging, and present novel and underutilized surgical techniques for definitive management...
December 1, 2023: Current Urology Reports
Zhemin Lin, Zhanliang Liu, Yinong Niu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the widespread utilization of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) for managing benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), certain BPH patients exhibit unresponsiveness to 5-ARIs therapy. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the current perspectives on the mechanisms of 5-ARIs resistance in BPH patients and integrates potential biomarkers and underlying therapeutic options for 5-ARIs resistance. These findings may facilitate the development of novel or optimize more effective treatment options, and promote personalized medicine for BPH...
November 21, 2023: Current Urology Reports
Bader Alsaikhan, Faisal Abugamza, Ali Almuhanna, Mohammed Bakarmom, Saleh Alhussaini, David Hajek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this study, we describe a rare case of a male with a duplex renal collecting system with ectopic ureter insertion into the prostate who presented with sepsis and required urgent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. This study offers urologists and emergency care practitioners a great overview of the variety of manifestations, anatomic differences, and therapeutic approaches for similar patients. RECENT FINDINGS: modified reconstructive strategy could be a method of choice when addressing particular anatomies, such as incomplete duplex kidneys with ureteropelvic junction obstruction in both upper and lower poles when the obstruction is close to the confluence of the two ureters...
November 9, 2023: Current Urology Reports
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