journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597427/combined-application-of-entomopathogenic-fungi-and-predatory-mites-for-biological-control-of-tetranychus-urticae-on-chrysanthemum
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vicente Hernández-Valencia, Ma Teresa Santillán-Galicia, Ariel W Guzmán-Franco, Esteban Rodríguez-Leyva, Candelario Santillán-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Most studies on efficacy of fungal pathogens and predatory mites against Tetranychus urticae have been done on individual species in the laboratory. We evaluated fungi and predatory mites separately and together against greenhouse populations of T. urticae on chrysanthemum plants. First, effectiveness of the fungal pathogens Beauveria bassiana (Bb88) and Metarhzium anisopliae (Ma129), was compared; then, effectiveness of the predatory mites Phytoseiulus persimilis and Neoseiulus californicus...
April 10, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597365/knowledge-and-perception-of-cereal-farmers-and-extension-agents-on-fungicide-use-in-northern-ghana
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James Otoo, Ramat Musah, Toto Olita, Kylie B Ireland, Ayalsew Zerihun
BACKGROUND: Agricultural pesticide use in sub-Saharan Africa has doubled over the past three decades; with a greater relative increase for fungicides. As pesticide inputs continues to rise, so does the potential for the development of resistance. Here, we report on a survey conducted to understand pesticide resistance awareness, pesticide use knowledge and practices of growers and agricultural extension officers (AEOs) in the cereals growing-belt of Northern Ghana, with emphasis on fungicides...
April 10, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587112/biological-and-physiological-effects-in-bemisia-tabaci-feeding-on-tomatoes-endophytically-colonized-by-beauveria-bassiana
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xian Wang, Qian Yuan, Liqiang He, Zhou Wang, Guangyun Li, Ziying Wang, Huai Liu
BACKGROUND: Entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) treatment of plants may affect the survival and feeding preferences of herbivorous pests. However, comprehensive studies on the fitness across their entire life cycle, feeding behavior, and physiological changes in herbivores consuming EPF-treated plants within the tripartite interactions of EPF, plants, and pests are still limited. In this study, we utilized life tables, electrical penetration graph (EPG), and metabolomics to uncover the biological and physiological characteristics of Bemisia tabaci on tomato plants inoculated with Beauveria bassiana through root irrigation...
April 8, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587094/the-proteomic-landscape-of-fall-armyworm-oral-secretion-reveals-its-role-in-plant-adaptation
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xian Zhang, Pai Li, Yin Tang, Yu-Pei Mu, Jie Liu, Mu-Yang Wang, Wei Wang, Ying-Bo Mao
BACKGROUND: The fall armyworm (FAW, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)) is a polyphagous agricultural pest with rapidly evolving adaptations to host plants. We found the oral secretion (OS) of FAW from different plants influences plant defense response differentially, suggesting its role in adapting to host plants. However, the protein expression profile of FAW OS respond to different plants is largely unknown. RESULTS: Here, from the mass spectrometry assay, we identified a total of 256 proteins in the OS of FAW fed on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L...
April 8, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587057/flowering-ocimum-gratissimum-intercropped-in-tea-plantations-attracts-and-reduces-apolygus-lucorum-populations
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoyue Lun, Jin Meina, Chen Zejun, Cao Yan, Zhang Xiangzhi, Xiuxiu Xu, Li Yusheng, Wang Hanyue, Zhengqun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Apolygus lucorum is one of the most important piercing-sucking insect pests of the tea plant. In this study, we assessed the attractiveness of basil plants to A. lucorum and the effectiveness of Ocimum gratissimum L. in the control of A. lucorum. The control efficiency of main volatile chemicals emitted from O. gratissimum flowers was also evaluated. RESULTS: Among seven basil varieties, O. gratissimum was more attractive to A. lucorum adults and was selected as a trap plant to assess its attractiveness to A...
April 8, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578650/bacillus-derived-consortium-enhances-ginkgo-biloba-s-health-and-resistance-to-alternaria-tenuissima
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shida Ji, Bin Liu, Jing Han, Ning Kong, Yongfeng Yang, Jianxia Zhang, Yucheng Wang, Zhihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Bacillus, as a plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria, can enhance the resistance of plants to phytopathogens. So, in our study, the excellent biocontrol Bacillus strains were screened and used to control ginkgo leaf blight (Alternaria tenuissima). RESULTS: Four biocontrol Bacillus strains-Bsa537, Bam337, Bso544, and Bsu503-were selected from 286 isolates based on their capacity to inhibit pathogens and promote plant growth. They significantly improved the resistance of ginkgo to leaf blight, especially the mixture of four Bacillus strains, which contributed to the decrease in lesion areas by more than 40%...
April 5, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578633/rhizospheric-microbiota-of-suppressive-soil-protect-plants-against-fusarium-solani-infection
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Baolong Li, Ping Yang, Yali Feng, Chenyang Du, Gaofu Qi, Xiuyun Zhao
BACKGROUND: Fusarium infection has caused huge economic losses in many crops. The study aimed to compare the microbial community of suppressive and conducive soils and relate to the reduction of Fusarium wilt. RESULTS: High-throughput sequencing and microbial network analysis were used to investigate the differences in the rhizosphere microbiota of the suppressive and conducive soils and to identify the beneficial keystone taxa. Plant pathogens were enriched in the conducive soil...
April 5, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578571/burkholderia-ambifaria-h8-as-an-effective-biocontrol-strain-against-maize-stalk-rot-via-producing-volatile-dimethyl-disulfide
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xinyu Chen, Jingrong Liu, Amanda Juan Chen, Lin Wang, Xianzhi Jiang, Andong Gong, Wende Liu, Hanxiang Wu
BACKGROUND: Maize stalk rot (MSR) caused by Fusarium graminearum is the primary factor contributing to the reduction in maize yield and quality. However, this soil-borne disease is challenging to control in agriculture through field management and the use of chemical agents. The process of screening novel biocontrol agents can aid in the creation of innovative and successful MSR control strategies. RESULTS: A total of 407 strains of bacteria were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of a resistant maize inbred line...
April 5, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578108/beyond-the-%C3%AE-amino-alcohols-framework-identification-of-novel-%C3%AE-hydroxy-pyridinium-salt-decorated-pterostilbene-derivatives-as-bacterial-virulence-factor-inhibitors
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pu-Ying Qi, Tai-Hong Zhang, Yi-Ke Yang, Hong Liang, Yu-Mei Feng, Na Wang, Zheng-Hao Ding, Hong-Mei Xiang, Xiang Zhou, Li-Wei Liu, Lin-Hong Jin, Xiang-Yang Li, Song Yang
BACKGROUND: Bacterial virulence factors are involved in various biological processes and mediate persistent bacterial infections. Focusing on virulence factors of phytopathogenic bacteria is an attractive strategy and crucial direction in pesticide discovery to prevent invasive and persistent bacterial infection. Hence, discovery and development of novel agrochemicals with high activity, low-risk, and potent anti-virulence is urgently needed to control plant bacterial diseases. RESULTS: A series of novel β-hydroxy pyridinium cation decorated pterostilbene derivatives were prepared and their antibacterial activities against Xanthomonas oryzae pv...
April 5, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567786/identification-of-odorant-binding-proteins-and-functional-analysis-of-antenna-specific-bhorobp28-in-batocera-horsfieldi-hope
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shan-Cheng Yi, Xin-Hui Chen, Yu-Hang Wu, Juan Wu, Jia-Qing Wang, Man-Qun Wang
BACKGROUND: The important wood-boring pest Batocera horsfieldi has evolved a sensitive olfactory system to locate host plants. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are thought to play key roles in olfactory recognition. Therefore exploring the physiological function of OBPs could facilitate a better understanding of insect chemical communications. RESULTS: In this research, 36 BhorOBPs genes were identified via transcriptome sequencing of adults' antennae from B. horsfieldi, and most BhorOBPs were predominantly expressed in chemosensory body parts...
April 3, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563560/first-use-of-unmanned-aerial-vehicles-to-monitor-halyomorpha-halys-and-recognize-it-using-artificial-intelligence
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniele Giannetti, Niccolò Patelli, Lorenzo Palazzetti, Francesco Betti Sorbelli, Cristina M Pinotti, Lara Maistrello
BACKGROUND: Halyomorpha halys is one of the most damaging invasive agricultural pests in north America and southern Europe. It is commonly monitored using pheromone traps, which are not very effective as few bugs are caught, some escape and/or remain outside the trap on surrounding plants where they feed, increasing the damage. Other monitoring techniques are based on visual sampling, sweep netting and tree-beating. However, all these methods require several hours of human labour and are difficult to apply to large areas...
April 2, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563512/development-of-an-on-site-diagnostic-lamp-assay-for-rapid-differentiation-of-the-invasive-pest-phthorimaea-absoluta-meyrick-using-insect-tissues
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Li-Feng Yang, Ya-Ge Liu, Yun-Li Tao, Wan-Min Zhang, Jian-Yong Li, Sheng-Qi Chi, Gui-Fen Zhang, Dong Chu
BACKGROUND: The tomato leafminer, Phthorimaea absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a destructive invasive pest that originated in South America and has spread within China since 2017. A rapid method for on-site identification of P. absoluta is urgently needed for interception of this pest across China. RESULTS: We developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique to differentiate P. absoluta from L. sativae, C. horticola, and P. operculella using extracted genomic DNA, which was then refined to create an on-site LAMP diagnostic method that can be performed under field conditions without the need for laboratory equipment...
April 2, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563486/attitudes-of-clients-of-dutch-pest-controllers-towards-integrated-pest-management-ipm-and-preventive-measures-in-relation-to-rodent-nuisance
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maite van Gerwen Aam, Bas Rodenburg T, Saskia Arndt S, Bastiaan G Meerburg, Franck Meijboom Lb
BACKGROUND: Rodent management with lethal methods (e.g., rodenticides) comes with downsides for rodent welfare, the environment and non-target species. To reduce chemical use and prevent rodent nuisance, pest controllers in the Netherlands must work according to the principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). A condition for the success of IPM is that there is sufficient engagement of all parties involved, including clients of pest controllers. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the attitudes of clients regarding rodent control, IPM and the application of preventive measures...
April 2, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563464/pneumatic-spray-delivery-based-fixed-spray-system-configuration-optimization-for-efficient-agrochemical-application-in-modern-vineyards
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dattatray G Bhalekar, Ramesh K Sahni, M Jacob Schrader, Lav R Khot
BACKGROUND: The hydraulic spray delivery (HSD)-based solid set canopy delivery system (SSCDS) emitter configuration has been optimized for agrochemical applications in vertical shoot position (VSP) vineyards. It uses cost-prohibitive emitters, and their placement restricts the mechanical pruning activities. Therefore, this study focused on optimizing the spray performance of a pneumatic spray delivery (PSD)-based SSCDS variant that addresses the above issues. Three PSD-SSCDS emitter configurations (C1-C3) were designed using modified low-cost emitters (E1: modified flat fan, E2: 90° modular Flat Fan) for agrochemical applications in VSP vineyards...
April 2, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563449/larval-density-dependent-mortality-of-western-corn-rootworm-coleoptera-chrysomelidae-in-bt-and-non-bt-maize-and-implications-on-dose-calculations
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John B McCulloch, Aaron J Gassmann
BACKGROUND: Transgenic crops producing insecticidal toxins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) have been used to manage insect pests for nearly 30 years. Dose of a Bt crop is key to assessing the risk of resistance evolution because it affects the heritability of resistance traits. Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, LeConte), a major pest of maize, has evolved resistance to all commercially available Bt traits targeting it, and threatens resistance to future transgenic traits...
April 2, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554053/discovery-and-biological-characterization-of-a-novel-mesoionic-insecticide-fenmezoditiaz
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Huazhang Huang, Joachim Dickhaut, Martin Weisel, Lixin Mao, Nancy Rankl, Haruka Takeda, Lynn F Stam, Quinn M Peacock, Hans Wolfgang Höffken
BACKGROUND: Many piercing-sucking insects have developed resistance or cross resistance to many insecticides targeting insect neural nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). Here we are aiming to present the discovery of a novel mesoionic insecticide, Fenmezoditiaz, by BASF through structure-based drug design (SBDD) approaches. It has recently been added to the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee mode of classification (IRAC 4E). It is being developed for plant protection against piercing-sucking pests, especially rice hopper complex...
March 30, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554050/insecticidal-action-of-mammalian-galectin-1-transfected-arabidopsis-thaliana
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhen-Hao Liao, Hsien-Tzung Shih, Yaw-Jen Dong, Mei-Jung Tseng, Siou-Hua Wang, Shiang Jiuun Chen, Shaw-Jye Wu, Huang Rong Nan
BACKGROUND: Galectins (GALs) are a family of mammalian sugar-binding proteins specific for β-galactosides. Our previous studies have shown that the larval development of the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) is significantly disturbed when fed with recombinant mammalian galectin 1 (GAL1) derived from Escherichia coli. To further explore its applicability, two GAL1 over-expressed Arabidopsis (GAL1-Arabidopsis (whole plant) and GAL1-Arabidopsis-vas (vascular bundle-specific)) lines were established for insecticidal activity and mechanism studies...
March 30, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554028/effector-enrichment-by-candidatus-liberibacter-promotes-diaphorina-citri-feeding-via-jasmonic-acid-pathway-suppression
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hao Liu, Bin Deng, Feng-Hao Chen, Jia-Qi Suo, Ge-Cheng Ouyang, Hui-Lin Lu Da-Song Chen, Xiang Meng
BACKGROUND: Citrus huanglongbing (HLB) is a devastating disease caused by Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) that affects the citrus industry. In nature, CLas relies primarily on Diaphorina citri Kuwayama as its vector for dissemination. After D. citri ingests CLas-infected citrus, the pathogen infiltrates the insect's body, where it thrives, reproduces, and exerts regulatory control over the growth and metabolism of D. citri. Previous studies have shown that CLas alters the composition of proteins in the saliva of D...
March 30, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38529554/discovery-of-novel-acrylopimaric-acid-triazole-derivatives-as-promising-antifungal-agents
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xu Han, Renle Xu, Shihao Gu, Yue Kong, Yuhang Lou, Yanqing Gao, Shibin Shang, Zhanqian Song, Jie Song, Jian Li
BACKGROUND: To further develop potential natural fungicides, two series of new acrylopimaric acid triazole derivatives were synthesized, and their antifungal activities were tested and evaluated. RESULTS: In vitro antifungal activity results indicated that Compound 5m exhibited significant inhibitory activity against Rhizoctonia solani with an EC50 value of 1.528 mg/L. Its antifungal effect was comparable to that of the commercially available fungicide fluconazole, epoxiconazole and propiconazole (EC50 value of 1...
March 26, 2024: Pest Management Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527976/identification-of-non-canonical-antagonistic-bacteria-via-interspecies-contact-dependent-killing
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Long Lin, Min Tao, Wei-Mei He, Qian-Hua Wu, Hao-Kai Huang, Aprodisia Kavutu Murero, Xiao-Long Shao, Li-Min Wang, Guo-Liang Qian
BACKGROUND: Canonical biocontrol bacteria were considered to inhibit pathogenic bacteria mainly by secreting antibiotic metabolites or enzymes. Recent studies revealed that some biocontrol bacteria can inhibit pathogenic bacteria through contact-dependent killing (CDK) mediated by contact-dependent secretion systems. The CDK was independent of antibiotic metabolites and often ignored in normal biocontrol activity assay. RESULTS: In this study, we aimed to use a pathogen enrichment strategy to isolate non-canonical bacteria with CDK ability...
March 25, 2024: Pest Management Science
journal
journal
34832
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.