Christine L Hujing, Matthew M Yalch, Alytia A Levendosky
The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) is among the most commonly used broadband inventories of psychological functioning. For the purposes of assessing trauma specifically, the most relevant aspect of the PAI is the Traumatic Stress subscale of the Anxiety-Related Disorders scale (ARD-T), which measures the degree to which a person feels wounded by something in their past. Research suggests that ARD-T is associated with exposure to a variety of different traumatic stressors. However, there is little research on the degree to which traumatic stressors that entail a component of interpersonal betrayal (i...
February 22, 2024: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Michal Cohen, Ora Nakash, Yael Apter-Levy
Gender differences in the prevalence, types and outcomes of traumas have consistently been reported in the literature. Other research has documented that exposure to trauma is associated with the development and maintenance of pathological personality traits. In the current study, we examined the moderating role of gender in the association between lifetime exposure to trauma and pathological personality traits. The sample included 148 clients who sought treatment at a community mental health clinic. All participants completed online questionnaires including demographic information, the Trauma History Questionnaire (THQ), and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form (PID-5-BF) at the entry to treatment...
February 20, 2024: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Steven Yeates, Anthony Korner, Loyola McLean
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is a highly disabling diagnosis, characterized by the presence of two or more personality states which impacts global functioning, with a substantial risk of suicide. The International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation (ISSTD) published guidelines for treating DID in 2011 that noted individual Psychodynamically Informed Psychotherapy (PDIP) was a cornerstone of treatment. This paper systematically reviews the evidence base for PDIP in the treatment of adults with DID according to the 2009 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 26, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Hong Wang Fung, Ming Yu Claudia Wong, Andrew Moskowitz, Wai Tong Chien, Suet Lin Hung, Stanley Kam Ki Lam
The association and overlap between psychotic and dissociative phenomena have been increasingly recognized. Previous studies found that psychotic symptoms are closely associated with post-traumatic and dissociative symptoms and that these trauma-related phenomena may mediate the relationship between trauma and psychotic symptoms. It remained less explored which specific post-traumatic and dissociative symptom clusters are particularly associated with psychotic symptoms. This cross-sectional study used a data-driven approach (network analysis) to explore the associations among different psychotic and post-traumatic/dissociative symptom clusters in an online convenience predominantly female sample ( N  = 468)(59...
December 20, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Ruby Hamer, Niclés Bestel, Jessica L Mackelprang
The 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) introduced Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) as a sibling disorder to PTSD. Dissociative symptoms have been implicated in the severity of ICD-11 CPTSD; however, no reviews have investigated how dissociation has been measured in studies investigating CPTSD, nor the relationship between CPTSD and dissociation. This systematic review aimed to identify measures used to assess dissociative symptoms in studies that have assessed CPTSD according to ICD-11 criteria and to synthesize the relationship between these constructs...
December 19, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
C Gallagher, C Brunelle
Substance use is highly prevalent in those with trauma histories, especially in women, which may be in part explained by high rates of interpersonal trauma in this population. Research examining the potential mechanisms underlying the relationship between co-occurring interpersonal trauma histories and substance use disorders (SUDs) is in its infancy. The current study examined whether the relationship between interpersonal trauma and SUD severity could be understood via the sequential ordering of two transdiagnostic emotional vulnerability factors: 1) emotional intolerance (anxiety sensitivity, distress intolerance), and 2) emotional dysregulation (negative urgency, lack of clarity, nonacceptance, limited strategies, difficulties with goal-directed behavior)...
December 14, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Maria Morrison, Carrie Pettus, Brett Drake, Kimberly Roth, Tanya Renn
This paper aims to contribute to the knowledge base about the lives of individuals who experience incarceration in the U.S. in order to advance post-release intervention services. Research has shown that among the millions of Americans who cycle through prisons and jails each year, the majority are poor, in poor health, living in contexts of chronic violence, often with mental illness, and more than half are people of color. Of particular concern for this population are high rates of trauma exposure and PTSD, though the research in this area is underdeveloped, particularly for men...
December 11, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Soim Park, Johannes Thrul, Erin E Cooney, Kaitlyn Atkins, Luther G Kalb, Svea Closser, Kathryn M McDonald, Sarah Schneider-Firestone, Pamela J Surkan, Cynda H Rushton, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Tener G Veenema
One factor potentially driving healthcare and hospital worker (HHW)'s declining mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic is feeling betrayed by institutional leaders, coworkers, and/or others' pandemic-related responses and behaviors. We investigated whether HHWs' betrayal-based moral injury was associated with greater mental distress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms related to COVID-19. We also examined if these associations varied between clinical and non-clinical staff. From July 2020 to January 2021, cross-sectional online survey data were collected from 1,066 HHWs serving COVID-19 patients in a large urban US healthcare system...
December 4, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Susannah Colbert
In a drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA), the person's level of intoxication may result in incomplete memory. This paper describes eye movement and desensitization reprocessing (EMDR) with client-centered adaptations to address an incomplete trauma memory in a 26-year-old woman. The client was experiencing PTSD, characterized by nightmares and derealization. Therapy followed standard EMDR procedures with three minor modifications to help the client maintain current awareness. Although the memory remained incomplete, the client-centered adaptations promoted working through of the clients' trauma responses (e...
November 29, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Julian D Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Peter A Maves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Sici Wang, Sisi Zheng, Xiatian Zhang, Rui Ma, Sitong Feng, Mingkang Song, Hong Zhu, Hongxiao Jia
Depersonalization-derealization disorder (DPD) is characterized by persistent or recurrent experiences of detachment from oneself and surroundings, as well as a sense of unreality. Considering the inadequacy of current research on treatment, we performed a systematic review of the available pharmacotherapies, neuromodulations, and psychotherapies for DPD. The systematic review protocol was based on PRISMA 2020 guidelines and pre-registered. The PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and ScienceDirect databases were searched from inception to June 2021...
2024: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Andreea Tamaian, Hannah Anstey, Seint Kokokyi, Bridget Klest
The aims of this study were to understand associations among mental health symptoms, ethnic discrimination, and institutional betrayal, and explore the potential role of protective factors (e.g. ethnic identity and racial regard) in attenuating the detrimental effects of discrimination and betrayal. A total of 89 racialized Canadian university students were recruited for this study. Self-report measures investigated demographics, mental health symptoms, experiences of discrimination and institutional betrayal, racial regard, and ethnic identity...
July 11, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Cherry T Y Cheung, Clement Man-Him Cheng, Vincent Wan Ping Lee, Stanley Kam Ki Lam, Kyle Langjie He, Henry Wai-Hang Ling, Kunhua Lee, Colin A Ross, Hong Wang Fung
The impacts of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been well documented. One possible consequence of ACEs is dissociation, which is a major feature of post-traumatic psychopathology and is also associated with considerable impairment and health care costs. Although ACEs are known to be associated with both psychoform and somatoform dissociation, much less is known about the mechanisms behind this relationship. Little is known about whether social and interpersonal factors such as family environments would moderate the relationship between ACEs and somatoform dissociation...
July 9, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Yen-Ling Chen, Kuan-Ju Huang, Arielle A J Scoglio, Nicholas C Borgogna, Marc N Potenza, Gretchen R Blycker, Shane W Kraus
Sexual dysfunction is associated with psychological symptoms, including depression and anxiety. Sexual dysfunctions are often attributed to dissociation symptoms in individuals who reported sexual trauma histories. This study utilized a network approach to analyze relationships between sexual and psychological symptoms and examine whether the identified network structures differed between individuals who reported a history of sexual trauma and those who did not. Sexual dysfunction, history of sexual trauma, internalizing symptoms, dissociation symptoms, sex-related shame, and negative body image were assessed in 1,937 United States college students (women = 69...
July 6, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Christine Wendler-Bödicker, Hanna Kische, Catharina Voss, Katja Beesdo-Baum
Adolescents with a history of childhood maltreatment are vulnerable to body dissatisfaction and associated psychopathology such as eating disorders. The aim of this study was to expand the understanding of the association between childhood maltreatment and body dissatisfaction in adolescents and young adults. In an epidemiological cohort study, N  = 1,001 participants aged 14-21 years from Dresden, Germany, completed self-report measures on childhood maltreatment, body image, and self-esteem...
July 5, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Rebecca Campbell, Jasmine Engleton, Katie Gregory, Rachael Goodman-Williams, McKenzie Javorka
In the United States, sexual assault survivors are advised to have a medical forensic exam and the collection of a sexual assault kit (SAK) to preserve biological evidence (e.g. semen, blood, saliva, hair) if they are considering reporting the assault to the police. Law enforcement personnel are supposed to submit the SAK (also known as a "rape kit") to a crime laboratory for forensic DNA testing, which can help identify or confirm the identity of the offender. However, police do not routinely submit SAKs for testing, and large stockpiles of untested kits have been found in police storage throughout the United States...
July 4, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Philip Hyland, Ruby Hamer, Robert Fox, Frédérique Vallières, Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Marylene Cloitre
ICD-11 Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) is a disorder of six symptom clusters including reexperiencing, avoidance, sense of threat, affective dysregulation, negative self-concept, and disturbed relationships. Unlike earlier descriptions of complex PTSD, ICD-11 CPTSD does not list dissociation as a unique symptom cluster. We tested whether the ICD-11 CPTSD symptoms can exist independently of dissociation in a nationally representative sample of adults ( N  = 1,020) who completed self-report measures...
July 4, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Paulo Ferrajão, Bárbara Tourais, Ask Elklit
The experience of several potentially traumatic events (PTE) is a risk factor for higher somatization symptoms severity among adolescents. Attachment orientations and dissociation may influence the link between exposure to PTE and somatization symptoms severity. We analyzed the associations between direct exposure to PTE and somatization symptoms in Kenyan adolescents and explored the mediating role of attachment orientations and dissociation symptoms in the associations between direct exposure to PTE with somatization symptoms severity...
July 4, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
A Vancappel, C Hingray, C Reveillere, W El-Hage
INTRODUCTION: A number of studies have investigated the relationship between mindfulness and dissociation and suggested that mindfulness-based interventions could be effective in the treatment of dissociative symptoms. A recent study in healthy volunteers found that attention and emotional acceptance mediates this relationship. However, no study has yet been performed among a clinical sample to assess this association. METHOD: We recruited 90 patients (76 women) suffering from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)...
July 4, 2023: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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