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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762464/prophylactic-and-therapeutic-effects-of-twice-daily-famciclovir-administration-on-infectious-upper-respiratory-disease-in-shelter-housed-cats
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755068/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-nucleoside-analog-gs-441524-for-treatment-of-cats-with-naturally-occurring-feline-infectious-peritonitis
#2
Niels C Pedersen, Michel Perron, Michael Bannasch, Elizabeth Montgomery, Eisuke Murakami, Molly Liepnieks, Hongwei Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of the nucleoside analog GS-441524 for cats suffering from various forms of naturally acquired feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). METHODS: Cats ranged from 3.4-73 months of age (mean 13.6 months); 26 had effusive or dry-to-effusive FIP and five had non-effusive disease. Cats with severe neurological and ocular FIP were not recruited. The group was started on GS-441524 at a dosage of 2.0 mg/kg SC q24h for at least 12 weeks and increased when indicated to 4...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744475/effects-of-music-on-behavior-and-physiological-stress-response-of-domestic-cats-in-a-veterinary-clinic
#3
Amanda Hampton, Alexandra Ford, Roy E Cox, Chin-Chi Liu, Ronald Koh
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to determine if feline-specific music played in a veterinary clinical setting would promote lower cat stress scores (CSSs), lower mean handling scale scores (HSs) and reduced neutrophil:lymphocyte ratios (NLRs) in cats during physical examinations. METHODS: Cats were exposed to one of three auditory stimuli tests - silence, classical music and cat-specific music - during three physical examinations 2 weeks apart. CSSs were recorded at pre- and post-auditory tests and during the examination period...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744474/sedative-and-physiologic-effects-of-tiletamine-zolazepam-following-buccal-administration-in-cats
#4
Pablo Nejamkin, Verónica Cavilla, María Clausse, Florencia Landivar, Augusto M Lorenzutti, Sofía Martínez, María J Del Sole, Manuel Martín-Flores
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the sedative and some physiological effects of tiletamine-zolazepam following buccal administration (BA) in cats. METHODS: Seven healthy spayed European Shorthair cats (three males, four female) were studied twice in this randomized, blinded, crossover study. Each cat received two doses of tiletamine-zolazepam by BA: the low-dose (LD) consisted of 5 mg/kg of each drug, and the high dose (HD) consisted of 7.5 mg/kg of each...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735096/use-of-nalbuphine-as-a-substitute-for-butorphanol-in-combination-with-dexmedetomidine-and-tiletamine-zolazepam-a-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#5
Rachael E Kreisler, Heather N Cornell, Veronica A Smith, Samantha E Kelsey, Erik H Hofmeister
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine whether a drug combination using nalbuphine with dexmedetomidine and tiletamine/zolazepam is non-inferior to one that uses butorphanol. METHODS: All healthy cats presenting solely for gonadectomy to two trap-neuter-return mobile clinic days were randomly assigned to induction with a combination of tiletamine/zolazepam 3 mg/kg, dexmedetomidine 7.5 µg/kg and either butorphanol or nalbuphine at 0.15 mg/kg. All participants were blinded to the identity of the combinations...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724696/electrophoretic-patterns-of-proteinuria-in-feline-spontaneous-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Marco Giraldi, Saverio Paltrinieri, Paola Scarpa
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the electrophoretic patterns of proteinuria in cats at risk of and cats with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to investigate whether the presence of high-molecular-weight (HMW) and low-molecular-weight (LMW) proteins were associated with CKD, proteinuria and/or disease progression. METHODS: Healthy cats at risk of developing renal disease (n = 17) and cats affected with CKD at different stages (n = 22) were prospectively enrolled and sampled over time...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724695/fertility-parameters-and-reproductive-management-of-norwegian-forest-cats-maine-coon-persian-and-bengal-cats-raised-in-italy-a-questionnaire-based-study
#7
Stefano Romagnoli, Chiara Bensaia, Lluis Ferré-Dolcet, Hasan Besim Sontas, Calogero Stelletta
OBJECTIVES: Fertility and reproductive management were investigated, via questionnaires, in breeding establishments of Norwegian Forest Cats, Maine Coon, Persian and Bengal cats in Italy. METHODS: Six Bengal, five Maine Coon, eight Norwegian Forest Cat and seven Persian breeders responded for a total of 128 queens, 565 heats, 337 litters and 1424 kittens spanning the period 1998-2012. The mean number of queens per cattery was 4.9 ± 2.3, with primiparous queens constituting 20...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720397/a-uk-based-survey-of-cat-owners-perceptions-and-experiences-of-antibiotic-usage
#8
Jennifer Stallwood, Alex Shirlow, Angie Hibbert
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore owners' knowledge of antibiotics, experience of antibiotic use in their cats and involvement in decision-making regarding antibiotic prescriptions. METHODS: Cat owners were recruited via social media and veterinary practices to complete a survey designed to evaluate general knowledge of antibiotics, attitudes to antibiotic stewardship and experiences of antibiotic use in their own cat between November 2017 and March 2018...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720396/evaluation-of-intracavitary-carboplatin-chemotherapy-for-treatment-of-pleural-carcinomatosis-in-cats-a-retrospective-study-of-eight-cases
#9
Franck Floch, Laurie Boissy, Didier Lanore, David Sayag, François Serres
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy in cats with malignant pleural effusion of epithelial origin. METHODS: The medical records of cats with a cytological diagnosis of neoplastic pleural effusion of epithelial origin were reviewed at three referral institutions between January 2013 and June 2018. Only cats treated with intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy were enrolled. Data collection included signalment, medical history, clinical signs, pleural effusion analysis, diagnostic imaging findings, intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy protocol, adverse events, response to chemotherapy, outcome and underlying primary tumour, if possible...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720395/evaluation-of-targeted-bupivacaine-for-reducing-acute-postoperative-pain-in-cats-undergoing-routine-ovariohysterectomy
#10
James Mack Fudge, Bernie Page, Amy Mackrell, Inhyung Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine if bupivacaine targeted at specific, potentially painful sites could enhance postoperative analgesia in routine feline ovariohysterectomies. A secondary objective was to assess the utility of multiple acute pain scales for cats in a high-volume surgery setting. METHODS: Two hundred and twelve cats were included in a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Anesthesia included buprenorphine, ketamine, dexmedetomidine and isoflurane...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719951/comparison-of-the-effects-of-buprenorphine-and-methadone-in-combination-with-medetomidine-followed-by-intramuscular-alfaxalone-for-anaesthesia-of-cats-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#11
Alaleh Mahdmina, Abigail Evans, David Yates, Kate L White
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare quality of anaesthesia and analgesia between methadone and buprenorphine in combination with medetomidine after induction with intramuscular (IM) alfaxalone in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: Fifty-one female cats (American Society of Anesthesiologist's status I-II), with a median age of 12 months (range 2-60 months), weighing a mean ± SD of 2.5 ± 0.5 kg, were recruited to the study. Cats were randomly allocated to receive medetomidine (600 µg/m2 ) and buprenorphine (180 µg/m2 ) (group MB) or medetomidine (500 µg/m2 ) and methadone (5 mg/m2 ) (group MM) IM...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30694098/total-serum-magnesium-in-cats-with-chronic-kidney-disease-with-nephrolithiasis
#12
Fernanda Chicharo Chacar, Marcia Mery Kogika, Andréa C Ferreira, Khadine K Kanayama, Archivaldo Reche
OBJECTIVES: Magnesium has been 'the forgotten ion' for many years. Over the past decade, however, the role of magnesium in essential physiological functions and several illness conditions have been elucidated. Nevertheless, the investigation of magnesium in cats with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and nephrolithiasis is yet to be determined. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CKD cats with nephrolithiasis have changes in total serum magnesium concentrations, and whether magnesium disorders may be associated with other electrolyte disturbances, as well as with prognosis...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688552/prospective-crossover-clinical-trial-comparing-transdermal-with-oral-phenobarbital-administration-in-epileptic-cats
#13
Heidi L Barnes Heller, Lauren A Trepanier, Michelle Robertson, Chaoqun Mei
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare serum phenobarbital concentrations, adverse events and client satisfaction during 14 weeks of transdermal vs oral phenobarbital administration to epileptic cats. METHODS: This was a prospective, fixed-order, crossover pilot study. Nine client-owned cats with presumptive or diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy were enrolled. Oral phenobarbital (PO-PB) was administered for weeks 1-14 (median starting dosage of 3.8 mg/kg [2...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30667287/prevalence-of-iatrogenic-hypothyroidism-in-hyperthyroid-cats-treated-with-radioiodine-using-an-individualised-scoring-system
#14
Yordan Fernandez, Jordi Puig, Roger Powell, Mayank Seth
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of iatrogenic hypothyroidism, with or without azotaemia, based on the measurement of serum total thyroxine (T4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and creatinine concentrations, in hyperthyroid cats undergoing radioiodine (131 I) treatment where the 131 I dose was calculated using a previously described scoring system. A secondary aim of the study was to determine the positive and negative predictive values of serum T4 and TSH concentrations obtained 19 days after treatment in order to predict the development of iatrogenic hypothyroidism 6-9 months after 131 I treatment...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30667286/prognostic-factors-for-cats-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-nasal-planum-following-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy
#15
Mafalda Lino, Didier Lanore, Mathilde Lajoinie, Ana Jimenez, Franck Crouzet, Felisbina L Queiroga
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate retrospectively the prognostic impact of variables such as sex, neuter status, breed, age, number of lesions, location and size of the tumour, tumour extension beyond the nasal planum, ulceration and lymph node status, among others, in a population of cats treated with high-dose rate brachytherapy. METHODS: This study reviews the outcome of 58 cats with cytologically and/or histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal planum, treated at the Clinic Alliance (Bordeaux) with high-dose rate brachytherapy from 2010-2016...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663939/feline-chronic-gingivostomatitis-is-more-prevalent-in-shared-households-and-its-risk-correlates-with-the-number-of-cohabiting-cats
#16
Santiago Peralta, Patrick C Carney
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) is more prevalent in shared vs single-cat households, whether the number of cohabiting cats or outdoor access represent risk factors for FCGS and whether the number of cohabiting cats is a useful prognostic indicator for standard surgical treatment. METHODS: Cats diagnosed with FCGS (study group) in the past 5 years at a referral institution were identified. The number of cohabiting cats, outdoor access, number of other cohabiting cats diagnosed with FCGS, ⩾6 month surgical outcome, when applicable, and historical signs of upper respiratory disease among any of the cohabiting cats, as well as patient demographic information, were recorded...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30652935/topical-oral-1-tetradecanol-complex-in-the-treatment-of-periodontal-diseases-in-cats
#17
Fernanda Maria Lopes Kubitza, James Mudie George Anthony
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the treatment of chronic periodontal disease with an oral application of tetradecanol complex (1-TDC) in cats. METHODS: The test group (n = 9) received 1-TDC (525 mg per gel capsule/day) and the placebo group (n = 4) received olive oil (0.25 ml per gel capsule/day) for 6 weeks. RESULTS: Oral treatment with 1-TDC resulted in significant reductions in all parameters of clinical periodontal disease except tooth mobility at 6 weeks...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30571457/coagulation-parameters-in-hyperthyroid-cats-before-and-after-radioiodine-treatment-compared-with-healthy-controls
#18
Yi Cui, Katharina Heuser, Natali Bauer, Reto Neiger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe the coagulatory state of hyperthyroid cats before and after successful radioiodine therapy (RIT) compared with healthy age-matched controls, using classical coagulation parameters and thromboelastogram (TEG) as a global assessment method. The differences in coagulation activity after RIT, depending on the thyroid hormone (normal vs low total thyroxine [T4]) state, were also evaluated. METHODS: Fifteen hyperthyroid cats and 10 healthy age-matched controls were recruited...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30571454/feline-head-trauma-a-ct-analysis-of-skull-fractures-and-their-management-in-75-cats
#19
Rebekah Knight, Richard L Meeson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the configurations and management of feline skull fractures and concurrent injuries following head trauma. METHODS: Medical records and CT images were reviewed for cats with skull fractures confirmed by CT that were managed conservatively or with surgery. Details of signalment, presentation, skull fracture configuration, management, re-examination, and complications or mortality were recorded and analysed...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30565967/combined-spinal-and-general-anaesthesia-in-58-cats-undergoing-various-surgical-procedures-description-of-technique-and-retrospective-perioperative-evaluation
#20
Diego Sarotti, Andrea Cattai, Paolo Franci
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the spinal anaesthesia technique and evaluate the incidence of perioperative complications in cats. METHODS: The anaesthetic records of cats of American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status I, II and III, which received general and spinal anaesthesia (SA) for different surgeries between 2012 and 2016, were examined. SA was administered through a 25 G Quincke needle, using an isobaric solution of bupivacaine and morphine at the level of either the L7 -S1 interspaces (sternal recumbency) or the L5 -6 /L6 -7 interspaces (lateral recumbency)...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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