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São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30569955/chlorella-induced-thrombocytopenia
#1
LETTER
Irfan Yavasoglu, Atakan Turgutkaya, Zahit Bolaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30569954/central-hemodynamic-parameters-to-predict-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-mortality-among-the-elderly-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#2
Grasiele Sausen, Tarsila Vieceli, Clarissa Garcia Rodrigues, Daniel Kipper, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Guilherme Brasil Grezzana
BACKGROUND: Central blood pressure is a factor that may predict cardiovascular events. However, its use in clinical practice is not well consolidated. Therefore, the aim of our study will be to summarize the use of central hemodynamic parameters to predict cardiovascular-related outcomes and all-cause mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: Protocol for systematic review of longitudinal observational studies conducted in healthcare institutions, as presented in the studies included...
December 13, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30365598/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-the-use-of-cannabinoids-in-clinical-practice
#3
Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Rafael Leite Pacheco, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effects of cannabinoid compounds have been the center of many investigations. This study provides a synthesis on all Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) that assessed the use of cannabinoids as a therapeutic approach. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of SRs, conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). METHODS: A broad search was conducted in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to retrieve any Cochrane SRs that assessed the efficacy and safety of cannabinoids as a therapeutic approach...
October 22, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30365597/are-surface-and-deep-learning-approaches-associated-with-study-patterns-and-choices-among-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Álvaro Henrique de Almeida Delgado, João Paulo Rodrigues Almeida, Larissa Souza Borowski Mendes, Isabella Noceli de Oliveira, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Different approaches to learning can exert considerable influence on the teaching-learning process in medical education. This study aimed to investigate the association of surface and deep learning with study patterns, preferred type of assessment, practices of cheating and quality of sleep among medical students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study on medical students enrolled in all six years of a medical school in Juiz de Fora, Brazil. METHODS: Questionnaires were applied to evaluate learning approaches (R-SPQ-2F), study patterns, sources and choices, and quality of sleep...
October 22, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30208126/fashion-braces-an-alarming-trend
#5
LETTER
Shahryar Sorooshian, Alangseri Ayubayu Kamarozaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570098/comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-between-patients-with-different-metatarsalgia-types-and-matched-healthy-controls-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, Daniel López-López, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Verónica Álvarez-Ruíz, Gemma Melero-González, César Calvo-Lobo, Ricardo Becerro-de Bengoa-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Metatarsalgia can be considered to be a common complaint in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to compare quality of life (QoL) between participants with different metatarsalgia types and matched-paired healthy controls. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional analysis on a sample of 124 participants of median age ± interquartile range of 55 ± 22 years was carried out in the University Clinic of Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Ferrol, Spain...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570097/temporal-trends-in-the-nutritional-status-of-women-and-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-ecological-study
#7
João Baptista Humbwavali, Camila Giugliani, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Bruce Bartholow Duncan
BACKGROUND: While the global prevalence of obesity is rapidly increasing, this pandemic has received less attention in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in the light of the persistent undernutrition that exists in the context of maternal and child health. We aimed to describe obesity trends among women of childbearing age over recent decades, along with trends in over and undernutrition among children under five years of age, in sub-Saharan African countries. DESIGN AND SETTING: Ecological study with temporal trend analysis in 13 sub-Saharan African countries...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570096/cross-sectional-epidemiological-investigations-of-giardia-lamblia-in-children-in-pakistan
#8
Aneeqa Naz, Zeeshan Nawaz, Muhammad Hidayat Rasool, Muhammad Asif Zahoor
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Giardia lamblia in Pakistani children is currently unknown. The aim here was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of Giardia lamblia in children exhibiting diarrhea. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at different district healthcare hospitals in Pakistan. METHODS: A total of 800 samples were collected from children aged 0-10 years. Information regarding personal data, demographic data and supposed risk factors was collected through a structured questionnaire...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570095/development-and-validation-of-a-whole-cell-elisa-for-serologically-diagnosing-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-brazilian-children-and-adults-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#9
Silvio Kazuo Ogata, Margarita Camorlinga-Ponce, Celso Francisco Hernandes Granato, Maria Rachel da Silveira Rohr, Ricardo Artigiani Neto, Elisabete Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Serological tests are practical, with low cost, but no noninvasive tests are available for diagnosing Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in Brazil. The aim here was to develop and validate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) serological tests to detect anti-H. pylori immunoglobulin G antibodies, based on cultured strains from Brazilian patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional, diagnostic accuracy study comparing a locally developed and validated ELISA and invasive tests among dyspeptic patients at two public hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570094/cost-of-a-community-mental-health-service-a-retrospective-study-on-a-psychosocial-care-center-for-alcohol-and-drug-users-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#10
Paula Becker, Denise Razzouk
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial care centers for alcohol and drug users (CAPS-ad) are reference services for treatment of drug users within the Brazilian National Health System. Knowledge of their total costs within the evidence-based decision-making process for public-resource allocation is essential. The aims here were to estimate the total costs of a CAPS-ad and the costs of packages of care (according to intensity of care); to ascertain the ratio between total CAPS-ad costs and the federal funding allocated; and to describe the methods for estimating unit costs for each CAPS-ad cost component...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570093/comparison-of-the-effects-of-albumin-and-crystalloid-on-mortality-among-patients-with-septic-shock-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#11
Yan Zou, Ke Ma, Ji-Bin Xiong, Cai-Hua Xi, Xiao-Jun Deng
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effects on mortality of albumin and crystalloid, used for fluid resuscitation among adult patients with septic shock, through conducting a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA). DESIGN AND SETTING: Meta-analysis and TSA conducted at Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China. METHODS: Data were collected from several major databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Clinical Trials...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570092/use-of-antibiotics-by-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Jéssica Quintão Pereira, Marcus Tolentino Silva, Taís Freire Galvão
BACKGROUND: The consumption of antibiotics has been widely discussed, mainly because of antibacterial resistance, which has become a worldwide concern. In Brazil, sale of antibiotics is currently ruled by Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA) regulation RDC 20/2011, which restricts sales to those made under medical prescription. The aims of this study were to evaluate antibiotic use and associated factors among adults in the Metropolitan Region of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, and to assess the proportion of self-medication from this use...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570091/stroke-at-baseline-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#13
Fernanda Gabriela de Abreu, Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Marina Gabriela Birck, Isabela Martins Benseñor
BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention of stroke is a very important goal for achieving continuous reduction in stroke mortality rates over the next decades. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analysis on the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health -(ELSA-Brasil), with data from Salvador, Vitória, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Porto Alegre. METHODS: This descriptive analysis focused on secondary prevention of stroke among participants who self-reported a medical diagnosis of stroke at the baseline of ELSA-Brasil, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570090/accuracy-of-praxis-test-from-cambridge-cognitive-examination-camcog-for-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Juliana Francisca Cecato, Brian Alvarez Ribeiro de Melo, Gisele Correa de Moraes, José Eduardo Martinelli, José Maria Montiel
BACKGROUND: Praxis impairment may be one of the first symptoms manifested in dementia, primarily in cortical dementia. The Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG) evaluates praxis, but little is known about the accuracy of CAMCOG for diagnosing dementia. The aims here were to investigate the accuracy of praxis and its subitems in CAMCOG (constructive, ideomotor and ideational subitems) for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease (AD) among elderly patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study on community-dwelling elderly people...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570089/characteristics-of-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-among-women-with-or-without-previous-cesarean-section-retrospective-analysis
#15
Nadiye Koroglu, Berna Aslan Cetin, Gokce Turan, Gonca Yetkin Yıldırım, Aysu Akca, Ali Gedikbasi
BACKGROUND: The number of hysterectomized patients with previous cesarean sections (CSs) has increased due to increasing CS rates. A previous history of CS has been demonstrated to be an important risk factor for major complications in total laparoscopic hysterectomy. The aim here was to evaluate the major complications and safety of TLH in patients with previous CS. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis in a tertiary-level center. METHODS: The medical records of 504 total laparoscopic hysterectomy patients operated between May 2013 and May 2017 were reviewed retrospectively...
September 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30156600/dermoid-cyst-with-cerebellar-meningoencephalocele-at-different-locations-accompanied-by-posterior-fossa-abnormalities-case-report
#16
Turgut Tursem Tokmak, Ali Koc, Ozgur Karabiyik, Altan Kaya, Mustafa Gureli
CONTEXT: Dermoid cysts are well-defined cysts containing sebaceous glands and dermal structures. In the literature, dermoid cysts and associated closure defects have been described in the same locations. CASE REPORT: In this case, a dermoid cyst was found at the base of the mouth with a coexisting closure defect in the occipital calvarium. Additional abnormalities were also observed, including posterior myeloschisis, right cerebellar dysgenesis, vermian hypogenesis and posterior fusion of the second and third vertebrae...
August 23, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30304203/pediatric-wilson-s-disease-findings-in-different-presentations-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Şükrü Güngör, Mukadder Ayşe Selimoğlu, Fatma İlknur Varol, Serdal Güngör
BACKGROUND: Wilson's disease (WD) may present with different manifestations: from an asymptomatic state to liver cirrhosis. Here, we aimed to evaluate clinical presentations and laboratory findings and prognoses among WD cases. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study based on patients' records from the university hospital, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of 64 children with WD were evaluated focusing on the clinical, laboratory and liver biopsy findings in different clinical presentations...
July 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30304202/validity-and-reproducibility-of-retinal-arteriole-and-venule-diameter-measurements-elsa-brasil-study-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
William Jones Dartora, Marcelo Krieger Maestri, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Lloyd Chambless, Ronald Klein, Stacy Meuer, Vivian Cristine Luft
BACKGROUND: Investigation of alterations to retinal microvasculature may contribute towards understanding the role of such changes in the pathophysiology of several chronic non-communicable diseases. The objective here was to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of retinal arteriole and venule diameter measurements made by Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) graders. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at six teaching and research institutions...
July 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30304201/stroke-prevention-within-primary-care-management-of-atrial-fibrillation-using-oral-anticoagulation
#19
EDITORIAL
Paulo Andrade Lotufo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30133547/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-interventions-for-treating-psoriasis
#20
Rafael Leite Pacheco, Nicole Dittrich Hosni, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Samira Yarak, Rachel Riera
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by abnormal and increased growth of the cells that produce keratin and abnormal functioning of the immune system. We aimed to summarize the evidence available regarding interventions for patients with psoriasis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, developed in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
July 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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