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Journals Clinical & Experimental Ophtha...

Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613169/reverse-pupillary-block-in-contemporary-scleral-intraocular-lens-procedures
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Markus Schranz, Daniel Schartm├╝ller, Marcus Lisy, Adrian Reumueller, Claudette Abela-Formanek
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the frequency and anterior segment optical coherence tomography parameters of patients with scleral fixated intraocular lenses (IOL) and reverse pupillary block (RPB). METHODS: Retrospective analysis at a tertiary care centre (Department for Ophthalmology and Optometry, Medical University of Vienna, Austria). We researched our records for patients who underwent scleral fixated IOL implantation from January 2018 till February 2023. Patients were included only if there was at least one adequate post-operative scan of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) available...
April 12, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38577954/cysts-and-tumours-of-the-iris-diagnostic-tools-and-key-management-considerations-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Bia Z Kim, Joevy Z Lim, Charles N J McGhee
The iris is a unique structure, with exquisite variations in colour and form. Pathological changes, specifically including iris cysts and tumours are relatively uncommon, difficult to diagnose, and yet potentially blinding or life-threatening. Based on a comprehensive literature review, with highly illustrated key case examples, this report aims to guide the clinician in filtering the differential diagnoses of iris cysts and tumours. Evaluation is in the context of key diagnostic clinical tools and management considerations...
April 5, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38553944/imaging-assessment-of-conjunctival-goblet-cells-in-dry-eye-disease
#3
REVIEW
Yushuang Liu, Zhengyu Duan, Jin Yuan, Peng Xiao
Dry eye disease (DED) is a widespread, multifactorial, and chronic disorder of the ocular surface with disruption of tear film homeostasis as its core trait. Conjunctival goblet cells (CGCs) are specialised secretory cells found in the conjunctival epithelium that participate in tear film formation by secreting mucin. Changes in both the structure and function of CGCs are hallmarks of DED, and imaging assessment of CGCs is important for the diagnosis, classification, and severity evaluation of DED. Existing imaging methods include conjunctival biopsy, conjunctival impression cytology and in vivo confocal microscopy, which can be used to assess the morphology, distribution, and density of the CGCs...
March 30, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494451/antimicrobial-resistance-in-ocular-infection-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Maria Cabrera-Aguas, Ngozi Chidi-Egboka, Himal Kandel, Stephanie L Watson
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health threat with significant impact on treatment outcomes. The World Health Organization's Global Action Plan on AMR recommended strengthening the evidence base through surveillance programs and research. Comprehensive, timely data on AMR for organisms isolated from ocular infections are needed to guide treatment decisions and inform researchers and microbiologists of emerging trends. This article aims to provide an update on the development of AMR in ocular organisms, AMR in bacterial ocular infections and on AMR stewardship programs globally...
March 17, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38480463/data-in-aspic
#5
LETTER
Mark Walland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38471519/assessing-the-impact-of-covid-19-on-diabetic-retinopathy-in-fiji-a-5-year-review
#6
LETTER
Subash Bhatta, Nayana Pant, Telaite B Keteca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38443311/natural-history-and-biomarkers-of-kcnv2-associated-retinopathy
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dhimas H Sakti, Elisa E Cornish, Haipha Ali, Stephanie Retsas, Marium Raza, Nonna Saakova, Livia S Carvalho, Benjamin M Nash, Robyn V Jamieson, John R Grigg
BACKGROUND: KCNV2-associated retinopathy is an autosomal recessive inherited retinal disease classically named cone dystrophy with supernormal rod response (CDSRR). This study aims to identify the best biomarker for evaluating the condition. METHODS: A retrospective review of eight patients from seven families with genetically confirmed KCNV2-associated retinopathy was performed. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), full-field electroretinogram (ffERG), pattern ERG (pERG), fundus imaging: retinal photograph and fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were analysed...
March 5, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38443095/routine-placement-of-an-intraluminal-suture-should-be-considered-for-preserflo-microshunt-to-prevent-early-hypotony
#8
LETTER
Adam A Moktar, Jason Ha, Yu Xiang George Kong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38426385/management-of-iridocorneal-endothelial-syndrome-from-a-corneal-and-glaucoma-perspective
#9
LETTER
Graham A Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411314/a-novel-genomic-rearrangement-on-chr19q13-42-leads-to-prpf31-associated-retinitis-pigmentosa
#10
LETTER
Qingxiang Lu, Jingye Yang, Yu Xiong, Xiaoyan Zhu, Miao Zhang, Ding'an Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38403995/incidence-of-liquefied-after-cataract-and-interval-from-cataract-surgery-in-eyes-undergoing-laser-capsulotomy
#11
LETTER
Minh Duong, Keith Ong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38403409/five-year-changes-in-macular-thickness-in-the-elderly-population-a-cohort-study
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Samira Heydarian, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Akbar Fotouhi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the 5-year changes in macular thickness and related factors. METHODS: Data were from the second (2014) and third (2019) phases of the Shahroud Eye Cohort Study. Examinations included measurement of uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity, non-cycloplegic autorefraction, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, and funduscopy. Participants underwent Cirrus HD-OCT 4000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA). RESULTS: The 5-year changes (95% confidence interval) of central and overall macular thicknesses were - 3...
February 25, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38400607/myopia-progression-following-0-01-atropine-cessation-in-australian-children-findings-from-the-western-australia-atropine-for-the-treatment-of-myopia-wa-atom-study
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samantha Sze-Yee Lee, Vinay Kumar Nilagiri, Gareth Lingham, Magdalena Blaszkowska, Paul G Sanfilippo, Maria Franchina, Antony Clark, David A Mackey
BACKGROUND: A rebound in myopia progression following cessation of atropine eyedrops has been reported, yet there is limited data on the effects of stopping 0.01% atropine compared to placebo control. This study tested the hypothesis that there is minimal rebound myopia progression after cessation of 0.01% atropine eyedrops, compared to a placebo. METHODS: Children with myopia (n = 153) were randomised to receive 0.01% atropine eyedrops or a placebo (2:1 ratio) daily at bedtime during the 2-year treatment phase of the study...
February 23, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38385625/insights-into-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-sarcoid-uveitis-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Priya D Samalia, Lyndell L Lim, Rachael L Niederer
Sarcoidosis is a leading cause of non-infectious uveitis that commonly affects middle-aged individuals and has a female preponderance. The disease demonstrates age, sex and ethnic differences in clinical manifestations. A diagnosis of sarcoidosis is made based on a compatible clinical presentation, supporting investigations and histologic evidence of non-caseating granulomas, although biopsy is not always possible. Multimodal imaging with widefield fundus photography, optical coherence tomography and angiography can help in the diagnosis of sarcoid uveitis and in the monitoring of treatment response...
February 22, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38385607/social-determinants-of-health-and-health-disparities-in-glaucoma-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Kaela Acuff, Jo-Hsuan Wu, Varsha Varkhedi, Sally L Baxter
Social determinants of health and barriers to care can significantly impact patients' access to glaucoma care and treatment, resulting in disparities within disease presentation, progression, management, and treatment outcomes. The widespread adoption of electronic health record systems has allowed researchers and clinicians to further explore these relationships, identifying factors such as race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status to be risk factors for more severe disease and lower treatment adherence. These disparities highlight potential targets for interventions to combat these disparities and improve overall patient outcomes...
February 22, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38380782/causes-and-management-of-sight-threatening-complications-of-dermal-filler-injections-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Verona E Botha, Elizabeth A Insull
Injectable dermal fillers continue to increase in popularity in aesthetic medicine. Although rare, vision loss secondary to filler injections is a devastating complication associated with a poor visual prognosis. The mechanism for vision loss is thought to be related to retrograde embolization of the dermal filler from peripheral vessels in the face into the ophthalmic arterial system. Early recognition and prompt management are essential if vision is to be salvaged. The use of retrobulbar hyaluronidase is still contentious, however when administered by a specialist, this treatment gives the best chance at visual recovery and should be considered for all cases...
February 21, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38380704/management-of-iridocorneal-endothelial-syndrome-from-a-corneal-and-glaucoma-perspective-response
#17
LETTER
Philipp K Roberts, Elsie Chan, Damien G Harkin, Mark Daniell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363022/current-understanding-of-subclinical-diabetic-retinopathy-informed-by-histology-and-high-resolution-in-vivo-imaging
#18
REVIEW
Martin Hein, Hassanain Qambari, Dong An, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam
The escalating incidence of diabetes mellitus has amplified the global impact of diabetic retinopathy. There are known structural and functional changes in the diabetic retina that precede the fundus photography abnormalities which currently are used to diagnose clinical diabetic retinopathy. Understanding these subclinical alterations is important for effective disease management. Histology and high-resolution clinical imaging reveal that the entire neurovascular unit, comprised of retinal vasculature, neurons and glial cells, is affected in subclinical disease...
February 16, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38348607/endogenous-staphylococcus-aureus-endophthalmitis-clinical-features-treatments-and-visual-outcomes
#19
LETTER
Kuan-Jen Chen, Ming-Hui Sun, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38348562/gender-differences-in-retinal-diseases-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Anne Tillmann, Lala Ceklic, Chantal Dysli, Marion R Munk
Gender medicine is a medical specialty that addresses gender differences in health and disease. Traditionally, medical research and clinical practice have often been focused on male subjects and patients. As a result, gender differences in medicine have been overlooked. Gender medicine considers the biological, psychological, and social differences between the genders and how these differences affect the development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. For ophthalmological diseases epidemiological differences are known...
February 13, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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