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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758434/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-smoking-risk-perception-in-adolescents-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#1
Gabriela A Wagner, Zila M Sanchez, Thiago M Fidalgo, Sheila C Caetano, Hannah Carliner, Silvia S Martins
OBJECTIVE: We examined the sociodemographic factors associated with smoking risk perceptions (SRP) in youth living in two very different neighborhoods in the city of São Paulo, Brazil: a middle-class central area (Vila Mariana) and a poor outer-city area (Capão Redondo). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 180 public school-attending youth (all aged 12 years) and their parents. SRP was evaluated through self-reports. Weighted multinomial logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with SRP...
February 7, 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758433/sociodemographic-behavioral-and-health-related-risk-factors-for-depression-among-men-and-women-in-a-southern-brazilian-city
#2
Marina X Carpena, Samuel C Dumith, Christian Loret de Mola, Lucas Neiva-Silva
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of depression and sociodemographic, behavioral, and health-related risk factors therefor in a southern Brazilian city. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study of adults from Rio Grande, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Individuals (n=1,295) were selected using a multistage sampling procedure. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to screen for major depressive episodes (MDEs). We used a conceptual causal framework to organize and assess risk factors for MDE and calculated prevalence ratios (PR) using regression models...
February 7, 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758432/investigating-the-spectra-constellations-of-the-hierarchical-taxonomy-of-psychopathology-hitop-model-for-personality-disorders-based-on-empirical-data-from-a-community-sample
#3
Giselle Pianowski, Lucas de F Carvalho, Fabiano K Miguel
OBJECTIVE: The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) posits that psychopathology is hierarchically structured. For personality disorder (PD) traits, there are five spectra: internalizing, thought disorder, disinhibited externalizing, antagonistic externalizing, and detachment. Empirical findings suggest a sixth group, compulsivity. In this research, we tried to recover the five HiTOP spectra, plus compulsivity, specifically for PD traits. METHODS: The sample was composed of 4,868 Brazilians (54...
February 7, 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672968/global-mental-health-and-psychiatric-nosology-dsm-5-icd-11-and-rdoc
#4
EDITORIAL
Dan J Stein, Geoffrey M Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672967/does-cyberbullying-occur-simultaneously-with-other-types-of-violence-exposure
#5
Marlene A Vieira, John A Rønning, Jair de J Mari, Isabel A Bordin
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to verify whether cyberbullying victimization among adolescents occurs concomitantly with other forms of violence exposure (at home, at school and in the community). METHODS: A collaborative longitudinal study by Norwegian and Brazilian researchers was conducted in Itaboraí, a low-income city in southeast Brazil. At baseline, trained interviewers applied a semi-structured questionnaire to a population-based sample of 669 in-school adolescents (11-15 years old)...
January 17, 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540029/from-anatomy-to-function-the-role-of-the-somatosensory-cortex-in-emotional-regulation
#6
Erika Kropf, Sabrina K Syan, Luciano Minuzzi, Benicio N Frey
Since the pioneering work of Penfield and his colleagues in the 1930s, the somatosensory cortex, which is located on the postcentral gyrus, has been known for its central role in processing sensory information from various parts of the body. More recently, a converging body of literature has shown that the somatosensory cortex also plays an important role in each stage of emotional processing, including identification of emotional significance in a stimulus, generation of emotional states, and regulation of emotion...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540028/brazilian-guidelines-for-the-management-of-psychomotor-agitation-part-1-non-pharmacological-approach
#7
Leonardo Baldaçara, Flávia Ismael, Verônica Leite, Lucas A Pereira, Roberto M Dos Santos, Vicente de P Gomes Júnior, Elie L B Calfat, Alexandre P Diaz, Cintia A M Périco, Deisy M Porto, Carlos E Zacharias, Quirino Cordeiro, Antônio Geraldo da Silva, Teng C Tung
OBJECTIVE: To present the essential guidelines for non-pharmacological management of patients with psychomotor agitation in Brazil. METHODS: These guidelines were developed based on a systematic review of articles published from 1997 to 2017, retrieved from MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, and SciELO. Other relevant articles identified by searching the reference lists of included studies were also used to develop these guidelines. The search strategy used structured questions formulated using the PICO model, as recommended by the Guidelines Project of the Brazilian Medical Association...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540027/prevalence-of-self-reported-trauma-in-a-sample-of-iranian-children-is-low-and-unrelated-to-parents-education-or-current-employment-status
#8
Morteza Shamohammadi, Maryam Salmanian, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
OBJECTIVE: In Western countries, the prevalence of childhood trauma (CT) ranges from 15 to 25%. CT might be indirectly associated with lower parental socioeconomic status and educational attainments. The aims of this cross-sectional study were fourfold: to assess prevalence of CT in a large sample of Iranian children; to compare the Iranian prevalence rates with those of Western countries; to explore gender-specific patterns; and to explore possible socioeconomic predictors. METHOD: The sample comprised 608 children (mean age 11...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540026/no-evidence-of-attentional-bias-toward-angry-faces-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Michele Skinazi, Maria A de Mathis, Tatiana Cohab, Marina de Marco E Souza, Roseli G Shavitt, Euripedes C Miguel, Marcelo Q Hoexter, Marcelo C Batistuzzo
OBJECTIVE: Although attentional bias (AB) toward angry faces is well established in patients with anxiety disorders, it is still poorly studied in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We investigated whether OCD patients present AB toward angry faces, whether AB is related to symptom severity and whether AB scores are associated with specific OCD symptom dimensions. METHOD: Forty-eight OCD patients were assessed in clinical evaluations, intelligence testing and a dot-probe AB paradigm that used neutral and angry faces as stimuli...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540025/smaller-left-anterior-cingulate-cortex-in-non-bipolar-relatives-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#10
Marsal Sanches, Edilberto Amorim, Benson Mwangi, Giovana B Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is highly heritable. The present study aimed at identifying brain morphometric features that could represent markers of BD vulnerability in non-bipolar relatives of bipolar patients. METHODS: In the present study, structural magnetic resonance imaging brain scans were acquired from a total of 93 subjects, including 31 patients with BD, 31 non-bipolar relatives of BD patients, and 31 healthy controls. Volumetric measurements of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), lateral ventricles, amygdala, and hippocampus were completed using the automated software FreeSurfer...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540024/child-and-adolescent-psychosocial-care-center-service-use-profile-in-brazil-2008-to-2012
#11
Grey Y Ceballos, Cristiane S Paula, Edith L Ribeiro, Darci N Santos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the service use profile of Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Care Centers (Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infanto-Juvenil [CAPSi]) in Brazil regarding diagnostic categories, sociodemographic aspects, and care modalities between 2008 and 2012. METHODS: A descriptive, ecological study was performed using data from the Unified Health System regarding high-complexity procedure authorizations (Autorização de Procedimentos de Alta Complexidade [APAC]) for the period from 2008-2012...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540023/early-childhood-maltreatment-experience-and-later-sexual-behavior-in-brazilian-adults-undergoing-treatment-for-substance-dependence
#12
Alessandra Diehl, Jales Clemente, Sandra C Pillon, Paulo R H Santana, Claudio J da Silva, Jair de J Mari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of early childhood maltreatment and associations with later sexual behavior among adult substance users. METHODS: A cross-sectional study enrolled 134 substance dependents who sought outpatient care in São Paulo, Brazil. Childhood trauma prevalence was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The Sexual Addiction Screening Test (SAST), drug of choice (DOC), and sexual behavior were also investigated. RESULTS: The sample was composed predominantly of single adult males (76...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540022/topography-of-11c-pittsburgh-compound-b-uptake-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-voxel-based-investigation-of-cortical-and-white-matter-regions
#13
Daniele de P Faria, Fabio L Duran, Paula Squarzoni, Artur M Coutinho, Alexandre T Garcez, Pedro P Santos, Sonia M Brucki, Maira O de Oliveira, Eduardo S Trés, Orestes V Forlenza, Ricardo Nitrini, Carlos A Buchpiguel, Geraldo Busatto Filho
OBJECTIVE: To compare results of positron emission tomography (PET) with carbon-11-labeled Pittsburgh compound B (11C-PIB) obtained with cerebellar or global brain uptake for voxel intensity normalization, describe the cortical sites with highest tracer uptake in subjects with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD), and explore possible group differences in 11C-PIB binding to white matter. METHODS: 11C-PIB PET scans were acquired from subjects with AD (n=17) and healthy elderly controls (n=19)...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758465/corruption-the-culture-of-a-society-and-or-personality-factors
#14
LETTER
Antonio de Pádua Serafim, Daniel Martins de Barros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758464/mosaic-15q-duplication-syndrome-tetrasomy-15q11-1-q13-2-in-a-child-with-behavior-disorders-case-report
#15
LETTER
Maurício A Rodrigues, Laura de F Dias, Renata V Moreira, Patrícia D Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758463/the-clinician-administered-ptsd-scale-caps-5-adaptation-to-brazilian-portuguese
#16
LETTER
Thauana T Oliveira-Watanabe, Luis F Ramos-Lima, Roberta C Santos, Marcelo F Mello, Andrea F Mello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758462/new-onset-psychiatric-symptoms-following-intracranial-meningioma-in-a-patient-with-schizophrenia-a-case-study
#17
LETTER
Alisson P Trevizol, Raphael de O Cerqueira, Elisa Brietzke, Quirino Cordeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758461/benefits-of-using-the-psychiatric-risk-assessment-checklist-pre-cl-to-assess-risk-in-general-hospital-inpatients
#18
LETTER
Ana L L S Camargo, Jair J Mari, Elisa A A Reis, Vanessa A Citero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758460/celebrating-the-80th-anniversary-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#19
EDITORIAL
Salih Selek, João Quevedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758459/genetics-and-epigenetics-as-tools-to-inform-the-pathophysiology-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#20
EDITORIAL
Gabriel Rodrigo Fries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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