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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

L De Dobbeleer, I Beyer, Å M Hansen, D Molbo, E L Mortensen, R Lund, I Bautmans
OBJECTIVES: Previously, we developed and validated an easy test to measure muscle fatigability during sustained maximal handgrip contraction in older persons using a Martin Vigorimeter device. This study aimed at validating the equation to estimate grip work (GW) during sustained maximal handgrip contraction, by monitoring continuously the grip strength (GS) decay using a Jamar Dynamometer-like (JD) device. DESIGN: Cross sectional, explorative study. SETTING: Data collection took place at The National Research Centre for the Working Environment in Copenhagen, Denmark...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M S Zukeran, R M Ritti-Dias, F G M Franco, M S Cendoroglo, L D N de Matos, S M Lima Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: To investigate, in elderly individuals registered at a secondary outpatient clinic, the prevalence of frailty and pre-frailty and to identify the discriminatory power of anthropometric measurements and nutritional risk in identifying these conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with data extracted from medical records. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Elderly patients (60+ years) from a geriatric outpatient clinic, located in the southeast area of São Paulo, Brazil...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Li, Z Shi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association of nut intake with cognitive function in Chinese adults aged 55 and over. DESIGN: This was a prospective open cohort study with repeated measurements of diet and cognition scores. Participants/settings: 4822 adults aged 55 and over participating in the China Health Nutrition Survey during 1991-2006. MEASUREMENTS: Global cognitive function measured repeatedly in 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2006 using a subset of modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status; poor cognitive function was defined as cognition score<7...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Maltais, P de Souto Barreto, Y Rolland, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of fat mass (FM) with brain amyloid (Aβ) load in older adults. METHODS: Data from the Multidomain Alzheimer's Preventive Trial (MAPT) for Positron emission tomography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were used. Linear regressions controlling for appendicular muscle, age, education, clinical dementia rating scale and Apolipoprotein-E were performed to explore the relationships between FM, trunk FM and Aβ-load...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
B İlhan, G Bahat, T Erdoğan, C Kılıç, M A Karan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between anorexia and sarcopenia in community dwelling older adults. METHOD: Anorexia was assessed by Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ) and sarcopenia defined by EWSGOP criteria. Study participants consisted of 442 patients from Turkish validation study of the SNAQ. Study is designed as cross-sectional in community dwelling outpatients. MEASUREMENTS: Muscle mass was determined by using bioimpedance analysis...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Zhang, Q Guo, B-L Feng, C-Y Wang, P-P Han, J Hu, X-D Sun, W-F Zeng, Z-X Zheng, H-S Li, L-B Zhou, Q Luo, L-F Jiang, H-H Ye
BACKGROUND: Several previous researches had found artery stiffness associated skeletal muscle mass, but not considering muscle strength and physical performance, which also were compositions of sarcopenia. This study aims to reveal the relationship of artery stiffness and sarcopenia using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria. METHODS: Study was performed on 1002 Chinese community dwelling participants aged ≥65 years from November 2016 to March 2017...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R S M Chan, B W M Yu, J Leung, J S W Lee, T W Auyeung, T Kwok, J Woo
INTRODUCTION: Studies examining dietary patterns and inflammageing in relation to mortality are limited. OBJECTIVE: We examined the influence of various dietary patterns on all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, taking into account demographics, lifestyle factors, and serum inflammatory markers. METHODS: We conducted multivariate Cox regression analyses using data from a cohort of community-dwelling older Chinese adults (1,406 men, 1,396 women) in Hong Kong...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y Tong, L Cai, Z Wang, Y Zhang, X Guan, F Zhan, J Liu, Q Lu
PPARγ and PPARα belong to a receptor family of ligand-activated transcription factors involved in the regulation of inflammation, cellular glucose uptake, protection against atherosclerosis and endothelial cell function. Through these effects, they might be involved with the ischemic stroke (IS). We recruited 100 IS patients diagnosed by CTs or/and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 100 normal healthy controls from Chinese Uyghur Population to assess the nature of the functional polymorphisms of PPARs and any links with IS in this unique population which has 60% European ancestry and 40% East Asian ancestry...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R McGrath, S Al Snih, K Markides, K Hackney, R Bailey, M Peterson
OBJECTIVES: Understanding the role of functional capacity on longevity is important as the population in the United States ages. The purpose of this study was to determine the burden of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and activities of daily living (ADL) disabilities for a nationally-representative sample of middle-aged and older adults in the United States. DESIGN: Longitudinal-Panel. SETTING: Core interviews were often performed in person or over the telephone...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y Yao, S Fu, N Li, F Hu, H Zhang, Q Zhu, F Luan, F Zhang, Y Zhao, Y He
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Chinese centenarians and to identify the factors associated with vitamin D deficiency. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Hainan province in the south of China. PARTICIPANTS: 943 subjects aged 100 years old and older. METHODS: Details on sociodemographics and lifestyle characteristics were collected using a structured questionnaire...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Sakamoto, Y Watanabe, A Edahiro, K Motokawa, M Shirobe, H Hirano, K Ito, Y Kanehisa, R Yamada, A Yoshihara
OBJECTIVES: To examine the ability of different elements of the Self-Feeding Assessment Tool for Elderly with Dementia (SFED) to predict mortality risk in nursing home residents. DESIGN AND SETTING: Data from 387 residents in five nursing homes for the elderly in Japan were obtained using a baseline survey. This measure's ability to predict mortality risk was examined over a two-year observation period. Participants and Measurement: Demographic information (sex, age, height, weight, medical history) on 387 initial participants was gathered...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
H Wakabayashi, K Maeda, S Nishioka, H Shamoto, R Momosaki
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of body mass index on activities of daily living in inpatients with acute heart failure. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A hospital-based database contains Diagnosis Procedure Combination survey data from 100 participating acute-care hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 11,301 inpatients aged 20 year or older who were admitted to the participating hospitals with a diagnosis of acute heart failure...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Oktaviana, J Zanker, S Vogrin, G Duque
BACKGROUND: Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) has been shown to be effective and superior to other types of protein supplements to attenuate loss of muscle mass, strength and function, however, its benefits in sarcopenic and frail older people remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We seek to determine the effect of HMB on muscle mass, strength and function in older people with sarcopenia or frailty by reviewing results from available randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R S Crow, M C Lohman, A J Titus, S B Cook, M L Bruce, T A Mackenzie, S J Bartels, J A Batsis
OBJECTIVES: Body composition changes with aging can increase rates of obesity, frailty and impact function. Measuring adiposity using body fat (%BF) or central adiposity using waist circumference (WC) have greater diagnostic accuracy than traditional measures such as body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: This is an observational study. SETTING: This study focused on older community-dwelling participants. PARTICIPANTS: We identified individuals age ≥ 60 years old using the 1999-2004 cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES)...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
W M W H Sipers, W de Blois, J M G A Schols, L J C van Loon, L B Verdijk
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is defined as low skeletal muscle mass with poor physical performance, representing a strong prognostic factor for mortality in older people. Although highly prevalent in hospitalized geriatric patients, it is unknown whether sarcopenia can also predict mortality in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between sarcopenia according the criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP), International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS), Special Interest Group of Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders (SIG) and Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) and 2-year mortality in acutely hospitalized geriatric patients...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Q Chen, Q Hao, Y Ding, B Dong
OBJECTIVES: The goal of the present study was to assess the relationship between sarcopenia and prealbumin levels among hospitalized patients ages 60 and older. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The geriatric wards in Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital, Guiyang. Guizhou, China. MEASUREMENTS: Sarcopenia was defined according to the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) criteria, which consist of three components: low muscle mass, assessed based on an index of appendicular skeletal mass/height2 <7...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A M Sanford, M Berg-Weger, J Lundy, J E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Ma
Frailty is a geriatric syndrome associated with adverse outcomes such as falls, disability, and mortality. Frailty is common and contributes to rising health care costs. Early screening and timely tailored intervention may effectively prevent or delay the adverse outcomes in older adults. Studies on frailty and its specific measurement tools are increasing in number, but the debate on the screening instruments remains. Currently, self-reported screening tools can identify frailty and predict the risk of adverse outcomes in older adults...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Zanker, D Scott, E M Reijnierse, S L Brennan-Olsen, R M Daly, C M Girgis, M Grossmann, A Hayes, T Henwood, V Hirani, C A Inderjeeth, S Iuliano, J W L Keogh, J R Lewis, A B Maier, J A Pasco, S Phu, K M Sanders, M Sim, R Visvanathan, D L Waters, S C Y Yu, G Duque
BACKGROUND: Globally there are several operational definitions for sarcopenia, complicating clinical and research applications. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research (ANZSSFR) Task Force on Diagnostic Criteria for Sarcopenia was to reach consensus on the operational definition of sarcopenia for regional use by clinicians and researchers. METHOD: A four-Phase modified Delphi process was undertaken in which 24 individuals with expertise or a recognised interest in sarcopenia from different fields across Australia and New Zealand were invited to be Task Force members...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
E Charbek, K Huynh, E Kim, R P Nayak
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients using the Rapid Cognitive Screen (RCS). DESIGN: Cross sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 106 men and women with COPD 50 years of age or older. SETTING: Pulmonary ambulatory clinic in a tertiary academic center in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. MEASUREMENTS: We enrolled patients with COPD who completed the RCS tool...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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