Lauren M Ostrowski, Dhinakaran M Chinappen, Sally M Stoyell, Daniel Y Song, Erin E Ross, Mark A Kramer, Britt C Emerton, Catherine J Chu
INTRODUCTION: Self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes is a transient developmental epilepsy with a seizure onset zone localized to the centrotemporal cortex that commonly impacts aspects of language function. To better understand the relationship between these anatomical findings and symptoms, we characterized the language profile and white matter microstructural and macrostructural features in a cohort of children with SeLECTS. METHODS: Children with active SeLECTS (n = 13), resolved SeLECTS (n = 12), and controls (n = 17) underwent high-resolution MRIs including diffusion tensor imaging sequences and multiple standardized neuropsychological measures of language function...
May 18, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Kei Wakabayashi, Hitoshi Osaka, Hirokazu Yamagishi, Mari Kuwajima, Takahiro Ikeda, Ayumi Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Muramatsu, Takanori Yamagata
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and retention rate of lacosamide (LCM) over 36 months as a treatment for children and adolescents with focal and generalized epilepsy based on a retrospective study. METHODS: All patients prescribed LCM as monotherapy and add-on therapy between October 2016 and September 2019 at Jichi Children's Medical Center Tochigi were included in the study. The response rate, retention rate, and adverse effects were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 126 (female, n = 73) patients of 1...
May 17, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Tasneem Banjer, Dania Attiya, Saleh Baeesa, Youssef Al Said, Fawzi Babtain
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: The impact of the timing of the last seizure (TTLS) prior to admission to the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) on epilepsy classification is unclear for which we conducted this study. METHODS: We reviewed patients with epilepsy admitted to EMU between January 2021 and April 2022 and identified TTLS before EMU admission. We considered EMU yield as whether; it confirmed epilepsy classification, added new knowledge to the classification, or failed to classify epilepsy...
May 17, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Silvia Kochen, Manuela Villanueva, Liliana Bayarres, Anilu Daza-Restrepo, Silvia Gonzalez Martinez, Silvia Oddo
Cannabidiol oil (CBD) has been approved as an anti-seizure medication for the treatment of uncommon types of epilepsy, occurring in children: Dravet syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, and Tuberous Sclerosis Complex. There are few publications in relation to use the CBD in adult patients with focal drug-resistant epilepsy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, safety, and quality of life, of adjuvant treatment with CBD, in adult patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy for at least 6 months...
May 15, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Alan Leviton, Anup D Patel, Tobias Loddenkemper
Self-management education programs have been highly successful in preparing people to manage medical conditions with recurring events. A detailed curriculum for epilepsy patients, and their caretakers, is lacking. Here we assess what is available for patients who have disorders with recurring events and offer an approach to developing a potential self-care curriculum for patients with seizures and their caregivers. Among the anticipated components are a baseline efficacy assessment and training tailored to increasing self-efficacy, medication compliance, and stress management...
May 15, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Racheal M Smetana, Prem P Batchala, Bern G Lee, Tamer Albataineh, Donna K Broshek, Nathan B Fountain, Salma Abbas, Mark Quigg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neuropsychological research on mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) often highlights material-specific memory deficits, but a lesion-focused model may not accurately reflect the underlying networks that support episodic memory in these patients. Our study evaluated the pathophysiology behind verbal learning/memory deficits as revealed by hypometabolism quantified through 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). METHODS: This retrospective study included thirty presurgical patients with intractable unilateral MTLE who underwent interictal FDG-PET and verbal memory assessment (12 females, mean age: 38...
May 14, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Irem Erkent, Fatma Ilgaz, Nese Dericioglu
BACKGROUND: Ketogenic diet therapies (KDT) are appropriate therapeutic options for pediatric and adult patients with intractable epilepsy. The application of KDT among adult patients with refractory epilepsy is limited compared to children for several reasons, including poor compliance. We present the significant reasons for the lack of adherence to KDT in our adult patients with intractable epilepsy. METHODS: This study was conducted retrospectively in adult patients with drug-resistant epilepsy who wereofferedand accepted toimplementKDT between 2014 and 2021...
May 14, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
E Monteagudo-Gimeno, R Sánchez-González, J Raduà-Castaño, L Fortea-González, T Boget-Llucià, M Carreño-Martínez, A Donaire-Pedraza, N Bargalló-Alabart, X Setoain-Perego, J Rumià-Arboix, A Bulbena-Vilarrasa, L Pintor-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the prevalence of Interictal Dysphoric Disorder (IDD) in drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) and to describe its clinical and psychopathological profile, including personality, as well as its impact on quality of life (QOL). METHOD: A retrospective cross-sectional study from an Epilepsy Unit from January 2007 to December 2017. All patients were diagnosed with DRE. Patients underwent a battery of tests (HADS, SCL-90R, PDQ-4+, QOLIE-31) and a psychiatrist assessed the presence of Axis-I disorders and IDD...
May 14, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Jing Tu, Yanhui Sun, Dandan Tian, Xiuqing Chen, Shaoting Shi, Xiao Zhe, Shijun Zhang, Nengxin Wang, Yanchen Hui, Fei Gao
PURPOSE: This study evaluated medical students' knowledge and attitudes toward epilepsy and the influence of metacognition thereon. METHOD: Valid questionnaires were administered to medical students including undergraduate, professional postgraduate, and standardized residency training students (N = 503). The questionnaire had 4 parts: demographic information, knowledge of epilepsy, attitudes toward epilepsy, and metacognitive assessment. The Chinese Public Attitudes Toward Epilepsy scale and 30-Item Metacognition Questionnaire were used to assess attitudes and metacognition, respectively...
May 12, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Fang Zhang, Yufang Yang, Yanjie Xin, Yuting Sun, Chang Wang, Junming Zhu, Tao Tang, Jianmin Zhang, Kedi Xu
Responsive neurostimulation (RNS) has shown promising but limited efficacy in the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy. The clinical utility of RNS is hindered by the incomplete understanding of the mechanism behind its therapeutic effects. Thus, assessing the acute effects of responsive stimulation (AERS) based on intracranial EEG recordings in the temporal lobe epilepsy rat model may provide a better understanding of the potential therapeutic mechanisms underlying the antiepileptic effect of RNS. Furthermore, clarifying the correlation between AERS and seizure severity may help guide the optimization of RNS parameter settings...
May 10, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Roberto Santalucia, Evelina Carapancea, Simone Vespa, Enrique Germany Morrison, Amir Ghasemi Baroumand, Pascal Vrielynck, Alexane Fierain, Vincent Joris, Christian Raftopoulos, Thierry Duprez, Susana Ferrao Santos, Pieter van Mierlo, Riëm El Tahry
OBJECTIVE: During the presurgical evaluation, manual electrical source imaging (ESI) provides clinically useful information in one-third of the patients but it is time-consuming and requires specific expertise. This prospective study aims to assess the clinical added value of a fully automated ESI analysis in a cohort of patients with MRI-negative epilepsy and describe its diagnostic performance, by evaluating sublobar concordance with stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) results and surgical resection and outcome...
May 4, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Bercem Sinanoglu, Filiz Ozdemir
OBJECTIVE: It is known that motor skills and executive functions are interrelated in healthy children. The study aims to evaluate the functional mobility, balance and executive functions in children who are diagnosed with epilepsy and to determine whether they are related to each other. METHODS: The study included 21 children who were diagnosed with epilepsy and have no additional comorbidities and 21 healthy children who had similar age and sex to those diagnosed with epilepsy...
May 3, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Tolga İnce, Gülberat İnce, Özlem Üzüm, Adem Aydın
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) consists of various medical practices and products not recognized as a part of conventional medicine. There are few studies on CAMs used for childhood epilepsy. We aimed to determine the prevalence and socio-demographic factors affecting CAM use in children with epilepsy. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional prospective descriptive study. The study included all parents who agreed to participate and had children with epilepsy...
May 2, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Yoshiko Takebayashi, Shuichiro Neshige, Takeo Shishido, Yuki Hayashi, Akiko Segawa, Masahiro Nakamori, Tomohisa Nezu, Shiro Aoki, Yu Yamazaki, Hiroki Ueno, Tomohiko Ohshita, Koji Iida, Hirofumi Maruyama
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the incidence and risk factors for paradoxical effects (i.e., increased seizure frequency, increased seizure severity, or onset of new seizure types) of levetiracetam (LEV) in people with epilepsy (PWE) and identify the usefulness of electroencephalography (EEG) in predicting these effects. METHODS: We examined data for consecutive PWE treated with LEV. All PWE underwent EEG and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before LEV administration. We also evaluated the incidence of paradoxical LEV effects and conducted multivariate logistic regression analyses to identify the associated factors...
April 30, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Yuka Shiratani, Takuji Nishida, Naotaka Usui, Katsumi Imai, Yoshiyuki Kagawa, Yukitoshi Takahashi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of low-dose titration on the tolerability and safety of perampanel. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 1065 patients who started perampanel therapy and compared the incidence of adverse events after standard titration (Group A: starting dose, 2 mg/day; titration speed, 2 mg/2 weeks or longer) and low-dose titration (Group B: starting dose, < 1 mg/day; titration speed, < 1 mg/2 weeks or longer)...
April 29, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
B Frauscher, C G Bénar, J Jr Engel, C Grova, J Jacobs, P Kahane, S Wiebe, M Zjilmans, F Dubeau
Since the discovery of the human electroencephalogram (EEG), neurophysiology techniques have become indispensable tools in our armamentarium to localize epileptic seizures. New signal analysis techniques and the prospects of artificial intelligence and big data will offer unprecedented opportunities to further advance the field in the near future, ultimately resulting in improved quality of life for many patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. This article summarizes selected presentations from Day 1 of the two-day symposium "Neurophysiology, Neuropsychology, Epilepsy, 2022: Hills We Have Climbed and the Hills Ahead"...
April 27, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Nathan Pevy, Heidi Christensen, Traci Walker, Markus Reuber
The common causes of Transient Loss of Consciousness (TLOC) are syncope, epilepsy, and functional/dissociative seizures (FDS). Simple, questionnaire-based decision-making tools for non-specialists who may have to deal with TLOC (such as clinicians working in primary or emergency care) reliably differentiate between patients who have experienced syncope and those who have had one or more seizures but are more limited in their ability to differentiate between epileptic seizures and FDS. Previous conversation analysis research has demonstrated that qualitative expert analysis of how people talk to clinicians about their seizures can help distinguish between these two TLOC causes...
April 27, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Roberto Caraballo, Gabriela Reyes, Marcos Semprino, Santiago Chacón, Santiago Galichio, Javier Adi, Adolfo Gallo, Beatriz Gamboni, Pedro Cachia, Sebastian Fortini, Alberto Espeche
PURPOSE: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of sulthiame (STM) as an add-on treatment in 49 patients with non-self-limited focal epilepsies of childhood (non-SeLFE) resistant to other antiseizure medications (ASM) and/or non-pharmacological treatment. METHODS: Patients with non-SeLFE who had failed to respond to at least five previous ASM, alone or in combination, were included in the study. All patients underwent neurological examination, brain magnetic resonance imaging repeated prolonged electroencephalography (EEG) or video-EEG studies, and neurometabolic studies...
April 27, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Nicholas S Roberts, Marcus J Handy, Yoshimasa Ito, Keisuke Hashimoto, Frances E Jensen, Delia M Talos
Early-life seizures can be refractory to conventional antiseizure medications (ASMs) and can also result in chronic epilepsy and long-term behavioral and cognitive deficits. Treatments targeting age-specific mechanisms contributing to epilepsy would be of clinical benefit. One such target is the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) subtype of excitatory glutamate receptor, which is upregulated in the developing brain. Perampanel is a non-competitive, selective AMPAR antagonist that is FDA-approved for focal onset seizures (FOS) or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (PGTC) in children and adults...
April 27, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Carolina Ramirez-Valencia, Jaime Carrizosa-Moog
INTRODUCTION: The Rebirth with Love Foundation from Medellín, Colombia has been active for four years. Several educative actions on epilepsy were carried out to promote a more inclusive society. The objective is to evaluate the impact of the activities carried out by the foundation. METHODS: Review of the minutes of activities. Quantification of the different activities carried out. RESULTS: The foundation shows its strengths in radio programs, training in first aid related to epileptic seizures, support group meetings, and awareness of the rights of people with epilepsy...
April 26, 2023: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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