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Nursing & Health Sciences

Mu-Rung Li, Hui-Ling Lai
No evidence exists in the literature concerning the prevalence of insomnia and its associated risk factors among prison inmates in Taiwan. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with insomnia among inmates in a large prison in Taiwan. A cross-sectional anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted at a prison. The participants were 1490 male inmates. Participants completed the self-reported Insomnia Severity Index-Chinese version questionnaire, and the sociodemographic and psychological distress questionnaires for the study...
February 18, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Suna Yalcin, Hulya Bilgin
This study was conducted using prospective methods to analyze predictions of the risk of physical aggression from patients with a mental illness and the variables used in these predictions. A total of 252 individuals participated in the study, all of whom were inpatients in acute psychiatric wards. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of two questions designed to determine the nature of predictions of the risk of physical aggression from mental health patients at admission and the variables used to make these predictions...
February 7, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Gülten S Dağ, Songül Bişkin, Meral Gözkaya
The aim of this study was to determine the nursing procedures carried out by emergency department nurses. This descriptive study was carried out between April and September 2015 in the emergency departments of two state hospitals and one university hospital in Turkey. The study population comprised 139 emergency nurses working for at least 1 year in the emergency department of one of the three hospitals. Data were gathered by using the Emergency Nursing Procedures Questionnaire, which is composed of three sections to reveal nursing procedures performed in emergency departments...
February 4, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
ZeQuan Wang, Xin Peng, Kun Li, Chiung-Jung Jo Wu
Cardiac rehabilitation programs consisting of core features of exercise training for patients with heart failure have demonstrated a wide range of physical and psychological benefits. In study, a meta-analysis of combined aerobic and resistance training was conducted on various outcomes in patients with heart failure. Database searches included EMBASE, PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, OVID, and CINAHL. Only randomized, controlled trials were included. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to perform the meta-analysis...
January 28, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Zhiying Shen, Feng Zheng, Zhuqing Zhong, Siqing Ding, Lu Wang
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a nurse-led telephone-based peer support program on health outcomes in patients after cardiac pacemaker implantation. Seventy six patients who received cardiac pacemaker implantation were recruited as participants and randomly assigned to either the peer support group or the usual care group. The usual care group received routine care and health education measures provided by nurses; the peer support group received telephone-based peer support. Health-related quality of life, self-care knowledge-attitudes-practice, postoperative anxiety and depression, compliance with attending scheduled follow-up visits, and the incidence of postoperative complications were evaluated at baseline and 6 months' postintervention for the two groups...
January 24, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Alvisa Palese, Luca Grassetti, Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Illarj Achil, Mark Hayter, Roger Watson
The aim of this regionally-based, retrospective study was to describe the incidence of self-feeding dependence and predictors among elderly patients admitted from 2008 to 2013 to 105 Italian nursing homes. Data reported in a regional database collected at the time of nursing home admission and every 6 months up to the resident's death were accessed. The self-feeding degree of dependence was the dependent variable; at the individual and nursing home levels, explanatory variables were those collected at nursing home admission and every 6 months...
January 21, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Irit Shahar, Irit Asher, Merav Ben Natan
Nurses working in a long-term care facility could be at risk of developing compassion fatigue due to the nature of their work. In this descriptive, cross-sectional survey, we explored the level of compassion fatigue among nurses working in a long-term care facility, as well as the associated sociodemographic and occupational factors. In total, 103 nurses employed in various departments of a long-term care facility in central Israel completed the Hebrew version of the Professional Quality of Life Scale R-IV...
January 20, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ngo X Long, Wanpen Pinyopasakul, Kanaungnit Pongthavornkamol, Rungnapa Panitrat
In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine factors influencing the health status of caregivers of stroke survivors. A total of 126 caregivers of stroke survivors were recruited from three outpatient clinics in Thai Nguyen National General Hospital, Vietnam, from November 2016 to March 2017. Data were collected through six instruments: a demographic questionnaire, the Modified Barthel Index, the Zarit Burden Interview Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Family Caregiver Conflict Scale, and the Short Form-36 Health Survey...
January 7, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Kurumi Tsuruta, Tomoko Shiomitsu, Amy Hombu, Yoshinori Fujii
The influence of social capital on happiness is attracting attention around the world. Many studies that investigated the relationship between social capital and happiness suggest that happiness correlates to a positive social environment. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital and happiness in a community with the lowest National Health Insurance expenditures in Miyazaki Prefecture (Japan). This cross-sectional study targeted 2730 residents in the community aged 40-75 years who were covered by National Health Insurance in 2015...
December 28, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ashley Kable, Amanda Baker, Dimity Pond, Erica Southgate, Alyna Turner, Christopher Levi
Many stroke patients are discharged home due to advances in treatment approaches and reduced residual disability. The aim of this study was to understand health professionals' perspectives on the discharge process and continuity of care during the transition between hospital and home for stroke survivors. In this qualitative, descriptive study, we used focus groups with 25 health professionals involved in discharge processes for transition from hospital to home in 2014, in a regional area of Australia. Discontinuity in the discharge process was affected by pressure to discharge patients, discharge medications and associated risks, inadequate or late discharge summaries, and challenges involving carers...
December 21, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Wei-Chih Chin, Hsin-Mei Li, Kuo-Yu Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang
Autism spectrum disorder has only recently been recognized as a developmental disability in Taiwan. We conducted an exploratory qualitative descriptive study with children (n = 14, mean age = 13.57 years) and their parents to understand stressors experienced by children with autism spectrum disorder in Taiwan. An analysis of face-to-face interviews revealed that children with autism spectrum disorder experienced stressors of daily living, which included environmental stimuli, academic and behavioral expectations, deviations in routine, behavioral expectations, and emotional control, and stressors of socializing, which included bullying, communication, personal interactions, conflict resolution, and difficulty understanding others' emotions...
December 11, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Lixia Ge, Reuben Ong, Chun Wei Yap, Bee Hoon Heng
Little is known about whether there is any difference in associations of chronic diseases with health-related quality of life and self-rated health across age groups. The purpose of the present study was to examine the associations of one specific and multiple chronic diseases with health-related quality of life and self-rated health (measured using the 5-level EQ-5D version) in three age groups: young (21-44 years), middle-aged (45-64 years), and older adults (≥65 years). Secondary data analysis of 1932 participants in the Population Health Index Survey was performed...
December 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Tracey McDonald, Douglas Shaw
We aimed to develop a graphical procedure for benchmarking quality of life care results using the Long-Term Care Quality of Life (LTC-QoL) scale. While clinical care quality benchmarking is now well established, similar research for quality of life (QOL) aged care benchmarking has received scant attention. Data from 10 facilities utilizing the LTC-QoL scale were analysed to establish baseline statistics for developing a graphical procedure for QOL benchmarking. Client LTC-QoL records were tested with varimax rotation factor analysis revealing three viable benchmarking themes: B1 (Self-efficacy), B2 (supporting relationships), and B3 (outlook on life) were selected for benchmark development utilizing Analysis of Means to generate graphical outputs using Minitab version 17...
December 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Youngsoo Kim, Sun Joo Jang
In this study, we investigated nurses' organizational communication satisfaction and emotional labor in an attempt to identify the factors that influence nurses' prosocial service behavior in Korea. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 nurses at two Korean tertiary hospitals in 2017. Most participants (89%) were female, and the mean age was 28.45 ± 5.50 years; data analysis was mainly based on a multiple regression. It was consequently found that nurses' organizational communication satisfaction and emotional labor positively affected their prosocial service behavior...
December 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Yu-Ling Bai, Yong-Yuan Chang, Chou-Ping Chiou, Bih-O Lee
The aim of this study was to explore how hemodialysis patients' quality of life is related to sociodemographic data and depression as predicting variables, and how it is affected by fatigue as a mediating variable. Participants were 405 patients who has been receiving hemodialysis treatment regularly. SPSS Amos path analysis was used to explore the causal relationship and the mediating effect of fatigue among the variables of sociodemographic characteristics, depression, and quality of life. Unstandardized estimates determined that while sociodemographic characteristics were a significant predictor of fatigue, they were not directly related to quality of life...
December 6, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Jing Zhao, Xiaohui Li, Hui Xiao, Naixue Cui, Liang Sun, Yuhua Xu
Nursing is a high stress job, and burnout of nurses is of particular concern. The aim of this cross-sectional survey study was to examine the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, and how the mindfulness facets vary in their associations with the different domains of burnout for Chinese nurses. A sample of registered bedside nurses working in a tertiary Chinese hospital (n = 763) was surveyed from February to June 2017 regarding mindfulness (i.e. acting with awareness, describing, and non-judging of experiences), burnout (i...
December 6, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Saowaluck Settheekul, Warunee Fongkaew, Nongkran Viseskul, Waraporn Boonchieng, Joachim G Voss
Pregnancy rates and unprotected sex among Thai adolescents continue to increase. The aim of this community-based participatory study was to identify gender differences in sexual behaviors and sexual risk factors, and to examine factors associated with sexual risk behaviors among 397 adolescents in northern Thailand. Twenty two community researchers facilitated the data collection by using smart phones or tablet computers on a privacy basis. Ordinal and logistic regressions identified predictors influencing pre-coital behaviors and sexual behaviors...
November 27, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Wipada Kunaviktikul, Sue Turale, Teresa E Stone
Globally, leadership in nursing and healthcare is vital to develop professional skills and knowledge to improve both practice and population health. Much can be learned from the leadership experiences of others, such as Professor Wipada Kunaviktikul from Thailand, a well-known nursing leader. Among her many life achievements, she is a founding member of the Editorial Board of Nursing & Health Sciences and was invited to share her life story with readers. Her life story includes experiences of leadership and capacity building in health, administration and education, across many organizations nationally and internationally...
December 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Rose McMaster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ha Dinh, Ann Bonner, Joanne Ramsbotham, Robyn Clark
Globally, the increasing prevalence of heart failure is a burden on health-care systems, especially in under-resourced countries, such as Vietnam. We describe a prospective single-site, cluster randomized controlled trial of an intervention designed to teach adult patients about heart failure and how to undertake self-care activities. The intervention, delivered by a nurse, comprises of an individual teaching session using teach-back, a heart failure booklet, weighing scales, a diary to document daily weight, and a follow-up phone call 2 weeks after hospital discharge...
December 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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