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Journal of Substance Use

Richard Saitz, Timothy C Heeren, Wenxing Zha, Ralph Hingson
Introduction: The objective of this research was to study transitions to and from at-risk alcohol use. Methods: Logistic regression analyses (done 2015-2016) assessed transitions to and from past-year at-risk drinking in a representative sample of U.S. adults surveyed twice (in 2001-2 and 2004-5). Results: Among 34,653 adults, 28% reported at-risk use at time 1. Of those, 73% had at-risk use at time 2. Of those without at-risk use at time 1, 15% reported at-risk use at time 2...
2019: Journal of Substance Use
Austin Le, Joseph J Palamar
Prevalence of cannabis use among older Americans (aged ≥ 65) appears to be rising, and emerging evidence associates cannabis use with several oral diseases. The burden of oral diseases among older Americans is great, but literature discussing potential implications of increasing rates of cannabis use and the oral health of older persons is lacking. This paper explores the latest trends in prevalence of cannabis use among older Americans and summarizes the literature on the oral health status of older adults and oral effects of cannabis use, and considers broad implications for oral health and public health policy and future research...
2019: Journal of Substance Use
Rachael A Korcha, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Jason Bond, Yu Ye, Maristela Monteiro, Patricia Chou, Guiherme Borges, Won Kim Cook, Marcia Bassier-Paltoo, Wei Hao
Background: It is estimated that up to a third of injuries requiring emergency department admission are alcohol-related. While injuries that are alcohol-related are unsurprising to emergency department staff, less is understood about the precursors to the injury event. Methods: Using data from representative emergency department injury patients in 22 countries, we examined associations between context of injury (private or public), cause of injury (fall or trip, being stuck/cut/ or burned and violence) and alcohol use...
2018: Journal of Substance Use
Stephen S Kulis, Flavio F Marsiglia, Bertha L Nuño-Gutiérrez, María Dolores Lozano, María Elena Medina-Mora
This study investigated the associations between traditional gender roles (TGRs) and substance use among early adolescents in Mexico's largest cities. The sample of seventh grade students ( n = 4,932) attended 26 public schools in Mexico City, Guadalajara, or Monterrey in 2014. Outcomes included recent alcohol, binge drinking, cigarette and marijuana use, and lifetime poly-substance use; substance-use intentions, norms, attitudes, and expectancies; and substance-use exposure (peer use, offers) and resistance (refusal confidence, refusal skills, and decision-making skills)...
2018: Journal of Substance Use
Miguel Ángel Mendoza-Meléndez, Alice Cepeda, Jessica Frankeberger, Mateo López-Macario, Avelardo Valdez
Introduction: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a pervasive problem that has been linked to numerous developmental, social, health, and substance use consequences. Nevertheless, the relationship between CSA and the consumption of psychoactive substances has not been adequately studied in Mexico. The present study aims to examine this association between history of CSA and illicit substance use and associated risk behaviors in a sample of young adult women in Mexico City. Design and Methods: The present study uses a cross-sectional design to examine sexual abuse history among women who use illicit substances...
2018: Journal of Substance Use
LaTrice Montgomery, Andrew Yockey
Background: Blunts are partially or fully hollowed-out cigars or cigarillos that are filled with marijuana. Despite the high prevalence of blunt use, very few studies assess this specific method of cannabis administration. YouTube, a popular video-sharing website, has the potential to provide insights into blunt use. Methods: The purpose of this study was to examine the content of YouTube videos that discuss blunts. A sample of 41 videos was coded for content. Results: The 41 videos had a total of 27,579,636 views...
2018: Journal of Substance Use
Ildiko Tombor, Eleni Vangeli, Robert West, Lion Shahab
BACKGROUND: Understanding how people transition between phases of not making a quit attempt to stopping smoking successfully is important in order to optimize interventions. This study aimed to explore differences in attitudes towards smoking and quitting among smokers and ex-smokers. METHODS: Adult (age 18 and over) successful (n = 8), unsuccessful (n = 8) and never quitters (n = 7) were recruited through stop-smoking services in England. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and data were analysed using framework analysis...
2018: Journal of Substance Use
Lei Hum Wee, Azlyn Azmainie Binti Ithnin, Robert West, Nihayah Mohammad, Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Siti Saadiah Hasan Nudin
Introduction: Little is known about how smokers respond cognitively and emotionally to the experience of "late" relapse after the acute withdrawal phase. This study assessed the kinds of thoughts and feelings that emerge in order to provide a basis for quantitative research assessing prevalence of different types of response and implications for future quit attempts. Methods: Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted among 14 people attending a quit smoking clinic in Malaysia who had relapsed after at least 6 weeks of abstinence...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Substance Use
Stacey A Shaw, Assel Terlikbayeva, Leila Famouri, Tim Hunt, Louisa Gilbert, Yelena Rozental, Shopan Primbetova, Mingway Chang, Xin Ma, Nabila El-Bassel
Background: Growing rates of HIV and high rates of injection drug use in Kazakhstan call for examining access to testing and treatment among people who inject drugs and their intimate partners. Objectives: We examine how access to health and drug treatment services as well as risk environment factors are associated with ever being tested for HIV and ever receiving any general HIV medical care among 728 male and female intimate partners where at least one partner injects drugs...
2017: Journal of Substance Use
Sean D Young, Keith Heinzerling
Social media technologies are newly emerging tools that can be used to address the growing prescription drug epidemic. In this study, we sought to determine the feasibility and acceptability of using social media to reduce complications of opioid use among patients experiencing chronic pain. Specifically, we evaluated the utility of the Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE) social media intervention to reduce the risk of addiction and overdose among non-cancer pain patients receiving chronic opioid therapy...
2017: Journal of Substance Use
Abenaa B Acheampong, Catherine W Striley, Linda B Cottler
Introduction: The purpose of this analysis was to determine the intersection between prescription opioid use, illicit drug use and STIs amongst Alachua County participants. Methods: Cross-sectional data come from 2,194 Alachua County community members interviewed by Community Health Workers (CHWs) from HealthStreet, a community engagement program of the University of Florida. Demographic characteristics, health risk factors and health conditions were obtained. Results: Among participants, 9...
2017: Journal of Substance Use
LaTrice Montgomery, Danielle Ramo
Background: Marijuana and tobacco co-use is highly prevalent among African American young adults. In an effort to inform prevention and treatment interventions, the current study examined the expectancies around the co-use of marijuana and cigarettes among African American young adults. Methods: An anonymous online survey recruited African American adults ( N = 111) age 18 to 29 who reported past-month marijuana and cigarette co-use. Participants completed the 14-item Nicotine and Marijuana Interaction Expectancy (NAMIE) Questionnaire, with three scales: (1) marijuana use increases tobacco use and urges, (2) tobacco use increases marijuana use and urges and (3) smoking to cope with marijuana urges...
2017: Journal of Substance Use
Michael Fendrich, Lisa Berger, Daniel Fuhrmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Substance Use
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Thomas K Greenfield, Lauren M Kaplan
Alcohol's harms to others (AHTO) has gained increased research and policy attention, yet little information is available on different social relationships involved in such harms or consequences of harms perpetrated by various types of drinkers. Using data from the 2014-15 U.S. National Alcohol Survey (N=5,922), we present analyses comparing frequency and impacts of eight past-year harms from other drinkers. In this sample (53% female; 66% White/Caucasian, 13% Black/African American, and 15% other race; 15% Hispanic/Latino of any race; mean age=47 years), 19% reported at least one harm in the prior 12 months, 8% reported more than one harm, 4...
2017: Journal of Substance Use
Lauren M Kaplan, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Thomas K Greenfield
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how drinking in different contexts is associated with harms from someone else's drinking, including marital problems, financial problems, and assault. We examined how drinking in four different contexts was associated with alcohol's harm from others (AHFO). METHODS: We utilized the landline sample of the 2010 US National Alcohol Survey (n = 5,885) to examine associations between drinking context and AHFO using weighted binary logistic regression...
2017: Journal of Substance Use
Timea Mariann Helter, Christian Ernst Heinrich Boehler
Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) become increasingly popular to value outcomes for health economic studies and gradually gain acceptance as an input into policy decisions. Developing attributes is a key aspect for the design of DCEs, as their results may misguide decision-makers if they are based on an inappropriate set of attributes. However, the area lacks guidance, and current health-related DCE studies vary considerably in their methods of attribute development, with the consequent danger of providing an unreliable input for policy decisions...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Substance Use
Ashley L Merianos, Olivia E Gittens, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the quantity, quality, and reach of e-cigarette health effects YouTube videos, and to quantify the description of positive and negative e-cigarette health effects and promotional content in each video. METHOD: Searches for videos were conducted in 2015 using the YouTube search engine, and the top 20 search results by relevance and view count were identified. Videos were classified by educational/medical news, advertising/marketing, and personal/testimonial categories...
2016: Journal of Substance Use
Pritika C Kumar, Jennifer McNeely, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use is the third highest risk factor for HIV transmission. Injection drug users, marginalized population, continue to be at threat for several health problems, including HIV, Hepatitis B & C and drug overdose. The area of social capital and risk behaviors is understudied. The current study aims to prospectively assess the relationship between social capital and the risk behaviors associated with injection drug use. METHODS: The sample of the present study is a subset of 130 drug users who reported injection drug use (IDU) at both baseline and first follow-up wave for assessing the relationship between social capital and needle sharing in the city of Baltimore, MD...
2016: Journal of Substance Use
Tushar Singh, Sara M Kennedy, Saida S Sharapova, Gillian L Schauer, Italia V Rolle
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and marijuana use are related behaviors; therefore, it is important to identify how users consume marijuana, and how it varies with tobacco use status. We estimated the modes of ever marijuana use among current, former, and never adult tobacco users. METHODS: Weighted data were analyzed for 4181 adults from 2014 Styles , an online consumer panel survey of US adults, to estimate proportions for modes of ever marijuana use. Differences in modes of ever marijuana use between categories of tobacco use status were assessed ( p -value <0...
2016: Journal of Substance Use
Pilar M Sanjuan, James L Langenbucher, Tom Hildebrandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Substance Use
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