Kelli Blackwell, Michele Blackwell, Thomas Blackwell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to analyze the link between testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) and adverse cardiovascular (CV) events. RECENT FINDINGS: A few published studies suggest a link between TRT and CV events. These studies contained flaws, and many other studies reveal a reduction in CV events. Hypogonadism is associated with increased mortality in men with CVD. TRT in hypogonadal men can improve many CVD risk factors, reduce QT interval prolongation, lead to better outcomes in heart failure patients, and slow the progression of atherosclerosis...
September 21, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Adam Kurnick, Yonatan Akivis, Jacob Sabu, Sabu John
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiac masses encompass a broad range of etiologies and are often initially revealed by echocardiography. The differential may change depending on the location of the mass and patients' medical history or presentation. It is important for clinicians to be aware of subtle visual characteristics on echocardiography in order to correctly diagnose the pathology. METHODS: Patients who underwent transthoracic echocardiography and were found to have one or more cardiac masses between January 1, 2020, and May 15, 2023, were reviewed...
September 20, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Maan Malahfji, Mujtaba Saeed, William A Zoghbi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The evaluation of aortic regurgitation (AR) has advanced from physical examination and angiography towards evidence based non-invasive quantitative methods, primarily with echocardiography and more recently with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). This review highlights the guidelines and recent evidence in the diagnosis and management of AR; and outlines future areas of research. RECENT FINDINGS: Contemporary large cohorts of AR patients studied with echocardiography and CMR suggest that the left ventricular remodeling and systolic function triggers for intervention may be lower than previously recommended in the guidelines and emphasize the importance of LV volumes in risk stratification...
September 16, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Yifan Wang, Hao Jia, Jiangping Song
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article aims to review the accurate classification of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, including the methods, basis, subtype characteristics, and prognosis, especially the similarities and differences between different classifications. RECENT FINDINGS: Non-ischemic cardiomyopathy refers to a myocardial disease that excludes coronary artery disease or ischemic injury and has a variety of etiologies and high incidence. Recent studies suggest that traditional classification methods based on primary/mixed/acquired or genetic/non-genetic cannot meet the precise needs of contemporary clinical management...
September 15, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
David Meier, Mariama Akodad, Georgios Tzimas, Olivier Muller, Anson Cheung, David A Wood, Philipp Blanke, Janarthanan Sathananthan, Fabien Praz, Robert H Boone, John G Webb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mitral and tricuspid regurgitation represents a clinical challenge. They are associated with a poor prognosis, and many patients are not eligible for conventional surgery. Transcatheter therapies have been the focus of numerous studies and devices over the past decade. Here, we provide a summary of current options for transcatheter treatment of these 2 entities. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have demonstrated the benefits of edge-to-edge repair for increasing numbers of patients...
September 12, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Deepthi Gunasekaran, Jeffrey M Turner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss new and emerging technologies for blood pressure measurement and monitoring, including the limitations of current blood pressure measurement techniques, hopes for new device technologies, and the current barriers impeding change in this space. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of new cuffless devices are being developed and poised to emerge on the marketplace in coming years. There are several different types of technologies and sensors currently under study...
September 12, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Estefania Oliveros, Clara Inés Saldarriaga Giraldo, Jillian Hall, Elizabeth Tinuoye, Maria Juliana Rodriguez, Catalina Gallego, Johanna Paola Contreras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Describe disparities in diagnosis and management between men and women with advanced heart failure (HF). Our goal is to identify barriers and suggest solutions. RECENT FINDINGS: Women with advanced HF are less likely to undergo diagnostic testing and procedures (i.e., revascularization, implantable cardioverter defibrillators, cardiac resynchronization therapy, mechanical circulatory support, and orthotopic heart transplantation). Disparities related to gender create less favorable outcomes for women with advanced HF...
September 12, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Zachary J Il'Giovine, Andrew Higgins, Aniket S Rali, Ahmad A Abdul-Aziz, Ran Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Critical care cardiology (CCC) is a rapidly developing field undergoing a renaissance of interest and growth to meet the well-documented population shift in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). With this has come the emergence of novel training paradigms that seek to combine specialties with meaningful overlap. RECENT FINDINGS: The benefit of having critical care expertise in the CICU has been clearly established; however, there is no formal or uniform CCC training pathway...
September 11, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Michael P Fundora, Satoshi Kamidani, Matthew E Oster
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a known complication of SARS-CoV-2 infection. A clear benefit of COVID-19 vaccination is a reduction mortality; however, COVID-19 vaccination may also prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aim to describe CV pathology associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection and describe how COVID-19 vaccination is a strategy for CVD prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: The risks and benefits of COVID-19 vaccination have been widely studied...
September 9, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Jiun-Ruey Hu, Dae Yong Park, Nikita Agarwal, Matthew Herzig, George Ormseth, Milan Kaushik, Duc M Giao, Ruth-Alma N Turkson-Ocran, Stephen P Juraschek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Blood pressure (BP) fluctuations outside of clinic are increasingly recognized for their role in the development of cardiovascular disease, syncope, and premature death and as a promising target for tailored hypertension treatment. However, current cuff-based BP devices, including home and ambulatory devices, are unable to capture the breadth of BP variability across human activities, experiences, and contexts. RECENT FINDINGS: Cuffless, wearable BP devices offer the promise of beat-to-beat, continuous, noninvasive measurement of BP during both awake and sleep periods with minimal patient inconvenience...
September 9, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Rachel Anne Xuereb, Caroline J Magri, Robert G Xuereb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality globally. Identifying patients at risk is important to initiate preventive strategies. Over the last few decades, the role of the endothelium and its impact on arterial stiffness have been recognised as playing a pivotal role in cardiovascular disease. This review will focus on the effect of arterial stiffness in different patient cohorts with regard to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, as well as its use in clinical practice...
September 7, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Adnan Ahmed, Danish Bawa, Rajesh Kabra, Naga Venkata K Pothineni, Douglas Darden, Rakesh Gopinathannair, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Jewel Scott, Stephanie Burrison, Mia Barron, Ayaba Logan, Gayenell S Magwood
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to highlight some of the strategies nurses use to engage community members in cardiovascular care. We also elaborate on opportunities for improving community engagement. RECENT FINDINGS: Community engagement occurs across a continuum of progressive levels of community involvement, impact, trust, and flow of communication. Successful community engagement has been shown to improve both patient-centered care and intervention design, implementation, and dissemination...
September 4, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Shamitha A Manohar, Rachel M Charbonnet, Tina K Reddy, Keith C Ferdinand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to describe recent literature, guidelines, and approaches to reveal and reduce hypertension burden in disadvantaged populations. Hypertension is a major global health issue and the most potent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, morbidity, and mortality. It disproportionally affects vulnerable populations, including low-, middle-, and high-income countries. Specifically, the burden of hypertension is higher in US Black adults, and addressing social determinants of health is crucial for reducing disparities among vulnerable populations worldwide...
September 2, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Parjanya Bhatt, Vaishnavi Patel, Jatin Motwani, Udit Choubey, Ramsha Mahmood, Vasu Gupta, Rohit Jain
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), driven by modern lifestyles, have increased, with atrial fibrillation (AF) being a major concern linked to heart failure and stroke. Insomnia affects a large population, especially younger individuals, males, and menopausal women, decreasing the quality of life and potentially causing autonomic disturbances and cardiac arrhythmias. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores the link between insomnia and cardiac arrhythmias, particularly AF, and its impact on cardiovascular health and emphasizes the need to address insomnia in individuals with cardiac arrhythmias by tailored strategies for sleep management to improve their overall well-being...
September 1, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Kamari Ositelu, Alexandra Trevino, Ann Tong, Ming Hui Chen, Nausheen Akhter
Cardiovascular imaging in breast cancer patients is paramount for the surveillance of cancer therapy-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD); however, it comes with specific limitations. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to describe the unique challenges faced in cardiovascular imaging of breast cancer patients, discuss evidence to support the utility of various imaging modalities, and provide solutions for improvement in imaging this unique population. RECENT FINDINGS: Updated clinical society guidelines have introduced more unifying surveillance of CTRCD, although there remains a lack of a universally accepted definition...
August 29, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Ling Xu, Ming Cui, Wei Zhao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heart failure is a serious global health problem, and coronary artery disease is one of the main causes. At present, the treatment options for ischemic heart failure (IHF) are limited. This article mainly aims to explore the evidence of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) as a non-invasive cardiac rehabilitation method in patients with IHF and to make a preliminary exploration of its mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: According to the existing evidence, the standard course of EECP is safe in patients with IHF and can significantly improve the quality of life of these patients...
August 29, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Gary S Ma, Tommy T Chiou, Michael J Wilkinson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lipoprotein(a) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We review the ongoing shifts in consensus guidelines for the testing and management of Lp(a) and provide insight into whether current evidence suggests that awareness and testing of Lp(a) is clinically actionable. RECENT FINDINGS: GWAS and Mendelian randomization studies have established causal links between elevated Lp(a) and forms of CVD, including CAD and calcific aortic valve disease...
August 26, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Katherine Pryor, Laura Tarter, Katherine Economy, Michael C Honigberg, Anne Marie Valente, Michael Garshick, Brittany Weber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pericarditis complicates pregnancy planning, pregnancy, or the postpartum period, and the management approach requires special considerations. Here, we aim to summarize the latest research, diagnostic, and treatment strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Physiologic cardiovascular (CV) adaptations occurring during pregnancy complicate diagnosis, but for most patients, an electrocardiogram (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) are sufficient to diagnosis pericarditis in the appropriate clinical context...
August 26, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
Aravdeep Jhand, Andrew M Goldsweig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has emerged as a powerful imaging tool to guide percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC). Herein, we review an imaging protocol for ICE-guided LAAC and discuss the evidence for its use. RECENT FINDINGS: Standardized imaging protocols have been proposed but have not been fully validated. ICE imaging yields similar procedural and clinical outcomes when compared to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to guide LAAC...
August 23, 2023: Current Cardiology Reports
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