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Current Psychiatry Reports

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734100/identification-and-management-of-domestic-and-sexual-violence-in-primary-care-in-the-metoo-era-an-update
#1
REVIEW
Kelsey Hegarty, Laura Tarzia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We discuss recent evidence around the identification and response to domestic and sexual violence in primary care for perpetrators and victims, in the context of feminist social media movements such as #MeToo. RECENT FINDINGS: There is no recent research on identification and response to perpetrators in health settings. There is some limited recent evidence for how health settings can address domestic and sexual violence for female victims and their children...
February 8, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734097/treatments-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-civilian-populations
#2
REVIEW
Lana Ruvolo Grasser, Arash Javanbakht
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Posttraumatic stress disorder is a chronic, heterogeneous disorder for which a multitude of psychotherapies, pharmaceuticals, and immerging treatment programs are available. Majority of efficacy studies focus on Caucasian male military populations, which may be a reason why not all patients respond to treatment with long-term positive outcomes. Additionally, effects of treatment on symptom clusters have been neglected. This work reviews treatment of PTSD and its symptom clusters exclusively in civilian populations, which have been historically under-examined in the literature...
February 8, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729361/does-prenatal-maternal-distress-contribute-to-sex-differences-in-child-psychopathology
#3
REVIEW
Laurel M Hicks, Danielle A Swales, Sarah E Garcia, Camille Driver, Elysia Poggi Davis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prenatal maternal psychological distress is an established risk factor for the development of psychopathology in offspring. The purpose of this review is to evaluate whether sex differences in fetal responses to maternal distress contribute to sex differences in subsequent psychopathology. RECENT FINDINGS: Male and female fetuses respond differently to stress signals. We review recent evidence that demonstrates a sex-specific pattern of association between prenatal maternal distress and pathways associated with risk for psychopathology including offspring hypothalamic pituitary adrenocortical (HPA) axis regulation, brain development, and negative emotionality...
February 7, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729328/links-between-stress-sleep-and-inflammation-are-there-sex-differences
#4
REVIEW
Michael R Dolsen, Alexandra D Crosswell, Aric A Prather
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inflammation has emerged as an important biological process in the development of many age-related diseases that occur at different frequencies in men and women. The aim of this review was to examine the current evidence linking stress and sleep with inflammation with a focus on sex differences. RECENT FINDINGS: Psychosocial stress that occurs either acutely or chronically is associated with elevated levels of systemic inflammation. While not as robust, insufficient sleep, particularly sleep disturbances, appears to be associated with higher levels of inflammatory activity as well...
February 7, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729325/parenting-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-sequelae-for-the-offspring-and-approaches-to-treatment-and-prevention
#5
REVIEW
Julian G Florange, Sabine C Herpertz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recent findings concerning the implications of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on parenting behaviors, the parent-child relationships, and parental and child outcomes. We focus on self-report and interview data characterizing parents with BPD and their children as well as on observational paradigms investigating parent-child relationships and the quality of dyadic interactions. Novel treatment approaches are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Parents with BPD suffer from increased parenting stress and display characteristic behavioral patterns towards their children, impeding the formation of a healthy parent-child relationship and disrupting offspring emotional development...
February 7, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729322/global-burden-of-disease-and-the-impact-of-mental-and-addictive-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Jürgen Rehm, Kevin D Shield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This contribution reviews the newest empirical evidence regarding the burden of mental and addictive disorders and weighs their importance for global health in the first decades of the twenty-first century. RECENT FINDINGS: Mental and addictive disorders affected more than 1 billion people globally in 2016. They caused 7% of all global burden of disease as measured in DALYs and 19% of all years lived with disability. Depression was associated with most DALYs for both sexes, with higher rates in women as all other internalizing disorders, whereas other disorders such as substance use disorders had higher rates in men...
February 7, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706150/national-child-mental-health-quality-measures-adherence-rates-and-extent-of-evidence-for-clinical-validity
#7
REVIEW
Bonnie T Zima, Juliet B Edgcomb, Samantha A Shugarman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the selection process and annual updates of the child mental health measures within the Child Core Set, describe national and statewide adherence rates, and summarize findings from a systematic literature review examining measure adherence rates and whether adherence is associated with improved clinical outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Five national quality measures target child mental health care processes. On average, national adherence varied widely by state, and performance did not substantially improve during the past 5 years...
January 31, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706149/psychosocial-interventions-targeting-social-functioning-in-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Ashley A Pallathra, Lucero Cordero, Kennedy Wong, Edward S Brodkin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a perceived shortage of evidence-based treatment programs for adults on the autism spectrum. This article reviews the recent research literature on psychosocial/behavioral interventions targeting social functioning in autistic adults without intellectual disability. RECENT FINDINGS: We identified only 41 peer-reviewed studies published from 1980 to 2017 that tested intervention programs focused on one or more of the behavioral components of social functioning (i...
January 31, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661137/a-review-of-the-relationship-between-emotional-learning-and-memory-sleep-and-ptsd
#9
REVIEW
Peter J Colvonen, Laura D Straus, Dean Acheson, Philip Gehrman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The emotional memory and learning model of PTSD posits maladaptive fear conditioning, extinction learning, extinction recall, and safety learning as central mechanisms to PTSD. There is increasingly convincing support that sleep disturbance plays a mechanistic role in these processes. The current review consolidates the evidence on the relationships between emotional memory and learning, disturbed sleep, and PTSD acquisition, maintenance, and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: While disrupted sleep prior to trauma predicts PTSD onset, maladaptive fear acquisition does not seem to be the mechanism through which PTSD is acquired...
January 19, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661128/obesity-in-adolescents-with-psychiatric-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Ariana M Chao, Thomas A Wadden, Robert I Berkowitz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This narrative review synthesized recent research related to obesity in adolescents with psychiatric disorders, with a focus on epidemiology, mechanisms, and weight management approaches. The paper reviews literature on depressive and anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Depression has a bidirectional relationship with obesity. Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and their treatments, increase the risk of developing obesity...
January 19, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661126/evolving-models-of-integrated-behavioral-health-and-primary-care
#11
REVIEW
Parashar Ramanuj, Erin Ferenchik, Mary Docherty, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Harold Alan Pincus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mental and physical disorders commonly co-occur leading to higher morbidity and mortality in people with mental and substance use disorders (collectively called behavioral health disorders). Models to integrate primary and behavioral health care for this population have not yet been implemented widely across health systems, leading to efforts to adapt models for specific subpopulations and mechanisms to facilitate more widespread adoption. RECENT FINDINGS: Using examples from the UK and USA, we describe recent advances to integrate behavioral and primary care for new target populations including people with serious mental illness, people at the extremes of life, and for people with substance use disorders...
January 19, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30637488/sex-differences-in-adolescent-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-beyond-the-signs-and-symptoms
#12
REVIEW
C Alix Timko, Levi DeFilipp, Antonios Dakanalis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review research related to sex differences in eating disorders (EDs) in adolescents. Prior work has explored clinical differences; thus, we examine literature in areas identified as playing an etiological or maintenance role in EDs including: genetics, hormones, neurocognitive inefficiencies, and reward circuitry. RECENT FINDINGS: Sex steroids appear to a play role in the unmasking of genetic risk for development of EDs and puberty may be a heightened period of risk for females...
January 12, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474743/correction-to-robust-findings-from-25-years-of-ptsd-genetics-research
#13
Laramie E Duncan, Bryna N Cooper, Hanyang Shen
The original version of this article contained an error in the title. The correct title should read "Robust Findings From 25 Years of PTSD Genetics Research" as shown above. The original article has been corrected.
November 26, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30402683/a-review-of-the-neurobiological-basis-of-trauma-related-dissociation-and-its-relation-to-cannabinoid-and-opioid-mediated-stress-response-a-transdiagnostic-translational-approach
#14
REVIEW
Ruth A Lanius, Jenna E Boyd, Margaret C McKinnon, Andrew A Nicholson, Paul Frewen, Eric Vermetten, Rakesh Jetly, David Spiegel
Dissociative experiences have been associated with increased disease severity, chronicity, and, in some cases, reduced treatment response across trauma-related and other psychiatric disorders. A better understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms through which dissociative experiences occur may assist in identifying novel pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches. Here, we review emerging work on the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other trauma-related disorders providing evidence for two related overarching neurobiological models of dissociation, the defense cascade model of dissociation and Mobb's threat detection model...
November 7, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30367272/diagnosis-and-management-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
David Wolinsky, Karina Drake, Jolene Bostwick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore the most recent developments in the effective diagnosis and treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). RECENT FINDINGS: The clinical diagnosis of NPS in AD is facilitated by the use of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). CT and MRI scans can be useful for detecting structural changes indicating AD. Other promising diagnostic methodologies that are less frequently used in the clinical setting include positron emission tomography (PET) scans for detecting amyloid and blood tests for detecting serum biomarkers...
October 27, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30367276/ptsd-and-physical-health
#16
REVIEW
Annie L Ryder, Patrick M Azcarate, Beth E Cohen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review evidence linking PTSD to physical health symptoms and specific disorders, highlighting areas with multiple studies and objective measures of disease states when available. We also examine evidence for biological, behavioral, and psychosocial mechanisms underlying these associations and discuss the clinical implications of recent research. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent meta-analyses have found that evidence is particularly strong for increased risk of cardiovascular, metabolic, and musculoskeletal disorders among patients with PTSD...
October 26, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350223/robust-findings-from-25-years-of-pstd-genetics-research
#17
REVIEW
Laramie E Duncan, Bryna N Cooper, Hanyang Shen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to contextualize findings from the first 25 years of PTSD genetics research, focusing on the most robust findings and interpreting results in light of principles that have emerged from modern genetics studies. RECENT FINDINGS: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) encompassing tens of thousands of participants enabled the first molecular genetic heritability and genetic correlation estimates for PTSD in 2017. In 2018, highly promising loci for PTSD were reported, including variants in and near the CAMKV, KANSL1, and TCF4 genes...
October 23, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30345456/chromosomes-to-social-contexts-sex-and-gender-differences-in-ptsd
#18
REVIEW
Rachel Kimerling, Monica C Allen, Laramie E Duncan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights recent research on sex- and gender-related factors in the prevalence, symptom expression, and treatment of PTSD. Further discoveries about the underlying mechanisms of sex and gender effects have the potential to shape innovative directions for research. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of PTSD is substantially higher among women, but women show a modest advantage with respect to treatment response. There is evidence of greater heritability among females...
October 22, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30317406/ethical-considerations-for-mental-health-clinicians-working-with-adolescents-in-the-digital-age
#19
REVIEW
Nicole Sussman, Sandra M DeJong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adolescents' use of digital technologies is constantly changing and significantly influences and reflects their mental health and development. Technology has entered the clinical space and raises new ethical dilemmas for mental health clinicians. After an update on this shifting landscape, including a brief review of important literature since 2014, this article will demonstrate how core ethical principles may be applied to clinical situations with patients, using vignettes for illustration...
October 13, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30315433/update-on-assisted-outpatient-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Stephanie N Cripps, Marvin S Swartz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) is an outpatient court-ordered treatment for people with severe mental illness (SMI) whose care needs are often unmet in the community due, in part, to treatment non-adherence. AOT is controversial, and the goal of this review is to provide an update on recent research, the status of AOT in the United States, and future directions for research and implementation. RECENT FINDINGS: Several recent studies have demonstrated that it is not just a lack of access to appropriately intensive care that prevents some individuals with SMI from engaging in and benefiting from treatment and that AOT can improve engagement and patient outcomes over and above the provision of care...
October 13, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
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