Adnan Akif, M M A Shalahuddin Qusar, Md Rabiul Islam
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current achievement of medical advancement is noteworthy; however, the occurrence of chronic diseases is increasing day by day, with a significant percentage of affected people are suffering from a mental health crisis. This article aims to present a thorough yet brief review of methods that can be employed to build the emotional wellness of chronic patients. RECENT FINDINGS: The mental health care strategies include resilience-building, coping skills training, professional counseling, and lifestyle adaptations...
May 20, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Katarina Kikas, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Emily Upton, Jill Newby
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recent evidence on Illness Anxiety Disorder (IAD), including risk factors and precipitants, diagnostic classification, clinical characteristics of the disorder, and assessment and treatment in both children and adults. RECENT FINDINGS: IAD places a substantial burden on both individuals and society. Despite its impact, understanding of the disorder is lacking and debates remain about whether IAD should be classified as an anxiety disorder and whether it is distinct from Somatic Symptom Disorder...
May 15, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Adrián Alacreu-Crespo, Emma Sebti, Rosa María Moret, Philippe Courtet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this narrative review we wanted to describe the relationship of autonomic nervous system activity with social environment and suicidal spectrum behaviors. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with suicidal ideation/suicide attempt have higher sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and lower parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity in resting conditions and during acute stress tasks compared with patients without suicidal ideation/suicide attempt. Death by suicide and violent suicide attempt also are related to SNS hyperactivation...
May 8, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Glenn Waller, Jessica Beard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating disorders require more effective therapies than are currently available. While cognitive behavioural therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED) has the most evidence to support its effectiveness, it requires substantial improvement in order to enhance its reach and outcomes, and to reduce relapse rates. Recent years have seen a number of noteworthy developments in CBT-ED, which are summarised in this paper. RECENT FINDINGS: The key advances identified here include: improvements in the efficiency and availability of CBT-ED; expansion of applicability to younger cases across durations of eating disorder; and new methodologies...
May 8, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Alejandro Porras-Segovia, Paula Jhoana Escobedo-Aedo, Carmen Maura Carrillo de Albornoz, Margarita Guerrero-Jiménez, Laura Lis, Rosa Molina-Madueño, Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas, Adrián Alacreu-Crespo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review and meta-analysis was to explore the effectiveness of creative writing therapies for the management of depression and suicidal ideation. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty one of the 31 reviewed studies showed that creative writing significantly improved depressive symptoms, while five studies suggested improvement in other symptoms. The results of meta-analyses showed that narrative writing significantly reduced depression compared to those in neutral writing or treatment as usual condition in both post intervention and follow-up...
May 8, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Julian Baudinet, Ivan Eisler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to report on recent evidence for multi-family therapy for eating disorders (MFT) across the lifespan. It is a narrative update of recent systematic, scoping and meta-analytic reviews. RECENT FINDINGS: There has been a recent increase in published theoretical, quantitative and qualitative reports on MFT in the past few years. Recent and emerging data continues to confirm MFT can support eating disorder symptom improvement and weight gain, for those who may need to, for people across the lifespan...
May 6, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Sara E Alger, Clare Bennett, Neanne Bennett, Matthew G Huebner, Jennifer E C Lee, Heather J McCuaig Edge, Amos Simms, Amy B Adler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper was to highlight the degree to which sleep, behavioral health, and leader involvement were interrelated using data from militaries in five English-speaking countries: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK, and the United States. RECENT FINDINGS: Many service members reported sleeping fewer than the recommended 7 h/night: 34.9%, 67.2%, and 77.2% of respondents from New Zealand, Canada, and the United States, respectively...
May 3, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Kevin P Kennedy, Jeanne L Alexander, Amir Garakani, Lawrence S Gross, David L Mintz, Tapan Parikh, Janet H Pine, Calvin R Sumner, David A Baron
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vitamin B12 (B12, cobalamin) deficiency has been associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms, suggesting a role for B12 supplementation both as a treatment for psychiatric symptoms due to B12 deficiency and as an augmentation strategy for pharmacological treatments of psychiatric disorders. This critical review discusses the major causes of B12 deficiency, the range of psychiatric and non-psychiatric manifestations of B12 deficiency, the indications for testing B12 levels, and the evidence for B12 supplementation for major psychiatric disorders...
May 2, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Meron Barak, Eran Ben-Arye
In this narrative, a general practitioner and psychotherapist trained in anthroposophic medicine presents the narrative and treatment of a 60-year-old woman who experienced the horrors of the "Dark Sabbath" attack in southern Israel on October 7, 2023. The patient's story is narrated by the physician, who shares his multi-disciplinary and multi-modal anthroposophic medicine approach to address the patient's acute stress disorder-related symptoms and concerns.
April 22, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Jaclyn Schildkraut, Emily A Greene-Colozzi, Amanda B Nickerson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is widespread use of emergency preparedness drills in public K-12 schools across the US, but considerable variability exists in the types of protocols used and how these practices are conducted. This review examines research into both "lockdown drills" and "active shooter drills" as it relates to their impact on participants across different outcomes and evaluations of their procedural integrity. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of studies on lockdown drills yielded largely consistent findings about their impacts, whereas findings related to the effects of active shooter drills are less uniform...
April 19, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
A Szoke, B Pignon, O Godin, A Ferchiou, R Tamouza, M Leboyer, F Schürhoff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A global study of multimorbidity in schizophrenia, especially of the association with physical conditions, might offer much needed etiological insights. RECENT FINDINGS: Our review suggests that life-style factors and medication related to schizophrenia are only part of the explanation of the increase in risk for cardiovascular, metabolic, pulmonary disorders, and some cancers. Positive associations with autoimmune disorders (with the exception of rheumatoid arthritis) and epilepsy are promising avenues of research but to date have not been fully exploited...
April 16, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Antonio Cerasa, Andrea Gaggioli, Giovanni Pioggia, Giuseppe Riva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the first pilot studies applying metaverse-related technologies in psychiatric patients and discuss the rationale for using this complex federation of technologies to treat mental diseases. Concerning previous virtual-reality applications in medical care, metaverse technologies provide the unique opportunity to define, control, and shape virtual scenarios shared by multi-users to exploit the "synchronized brains" potential exacerbated by social interactions...
April 11, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Melissa Nance, Khrystyna Stetsiv, Ian A McNamara, Ryan W Carpenter, Johanna Hepp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physical pain is an underrecognized area of dysregulation among those with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Disturbances are observed within the experience of acute, chronic, and everyday physical pain experiences for people with BPD. We aimed to synthesize research findings on multiple areas of dysregulation in BPD in order to highlight potential mechanisms underlying the association between BPD and physical pain dysregulation. RECENT FINDINGS: Potential biological mechanisms include altered neural responses to painful stimuli within cognitive-affective regions of the brain, as well as potentially low basal levels of endogenous opioids...
April 10, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Laura Jobson, Daniel McAvoy, Sayed Jafar Ahmadi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of recent literature examining psychological problems in the context of political violence among Afghan children. RECENT FINDINGS: Using recent literature (2018-2023) we identified: 1) heightened levels of psychological problems experienced by children in Afghanistan; 2) the factors associated with these psychological problems, including loss of family and community members, poverty, continuous risk of injury and death, gender, substance use, war, daily stressors, and poor access to education; 3) psychological problems have potentially worsened since the 2021 political changes; 4) conflict and poverty have resulted in violence against children being a serious issue; 5) emerging psychological interventions have been adapted to Afghan contexts; and 6) there is a desperate need for psychological assistance and further research in the region...
April 2, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Jana Hillert, Lina Sophie Haubrock, Arne Dekker, Peer Briken
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Web-based programs to prevent sexual offense perpetration could provide an opportunity that avoids many of the barriers associated with in-person treatment. The aim of this systematic review is to give an overview of the literature on web-based initiatives aimed at sexual offense perpetration prevention published during the last 10 years (2013-2023) and to report data on the efficacy as well as issues of the discussed initiatives. RECENT FINDINGS: We included 18 empirical studies discussing web-based perpetration prevention initiatives, of which six are randomized controlled trials...
March 21, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Andriy V Samokhvalov, Emily Levitt, James MacKillop
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Precision medicine prioritizes characterization of individual patient parameters to optimize care and this review evaluates measurement-based care (MBC) as a strategy for doing so in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUD). Measurement-based care refers to the systematic use of validated assessments to inform diagnosis and treatment planning, with varying frequency of assessments. Despite the seemingly obvious grounds for the use of MBC in treating SUD, systematic implementation to date has been limited...
March 15, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
R Chancel, J Lopez-Castroman, E Baca-Garcia, R Mateos Alvarez, Ph Courtet, I Conejero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Review the current evidence on biomarkers for bipolar disorder in the older adults. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases using the MeSH search terms "Biomarkers", "Bipolar Disorder", "Aged" and and "Aged, 80 and over". Studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) the mean age of the study population was 50 years old or older, (2) the study included patients with bipolar disorder, and (3) the study examined one type of biomarkers or more including genetic, neuroimaging, and biochemical biomarkers...
March 12, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Summer Mengelkoch, George M Slavich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although females are at relatively greater risk for a variety of disorders, including depression, the biological mechanisms underlying this striking health disparity remain unclear. To address this issue, we highlight sex differences in stress susceptibility as a key mechanism potentially driving this effect and describe the interacting inflammatory, hormonal, epigenomic, and social-environmental mechanisms involved. RECENT FINDINGS: Using the Social Signal Transduction Theory of Depression as a theoretical framework, women's elevated risk for depression may stem from a tight link between life stress, inflammation, and depression in women...
March 12, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
Shannen Graf, Daniel S Schechter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to outline some consequences that maternal history of trauma with and without related psychopathology, such as posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), can have on their children's development and functioning. It then addresses mechanisms through which intergenerational transmission of interpersonal violence (IPV) and related psychopathology may occur. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings include the effects of maternal IPV experience and related psychopathology on child social-emotional and biologically-based outcomes...
March 1, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
David Thornton, Gwenda M Willis, Sharon Kelley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Focusing on protective factors rather than risk factors potentially better aligns assessment with strengths-based treatment. We examine research into the assessment of protective factors to see whether it can play this role relative to sexual offending. RECENT FINDINGS: Structured asses sment of protective factors is well developed relative to violent offending but only recently studied relative to sexual offending. Nevertheless, multiple measures of protective factors have now been trialed with men who have committed sexual offenses and shown to predict reduced recidivism...
February 24, 2024: Current Psychiatry Reports
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