Tilman Kühn, Nicole Kalotai, Anna M Amini, Julia Haardt, Andreas Lehmann, Annemarie Schmidt, Anette E Buyken, Sarah Egert, Sabine Ellinger, Anja Kroke, Stefan Lorkowski, Sandrine Louis, Matthias B Schulze, Lukas Schwingshackl, Roswitha Siener, Gabriele I Stangl, Bernhard Watzl, Armin Zittermann, Katharina Nimptsch
PURPOSE: It has been proposed that a higher habitual protein intake may increase cancer risk, possibly via upregulated insulin-like growth factor signalling. Since a systematic evaluation of human studies on protein intake and cancer risk based on a standardised assessment of systematic reviews (SRs) is lacking, we carried out an umbrella review of SRs on protein intake in relation to risks of different types of cancer. METHODS: Following a pre-specified protocol (PROSPERO: CRD42018082395), we retrieved SRs on protein intake and cancer risk published before January 22th 2024, and assessed the methodological quality and outcome-specific certainty of the evidence using a modified version of AMSTAR 2 and NutriGrade, respectively...
April 21, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Maki Igarashi, Motoki Iwasaki, Ryoko Katagiri, Shoichiro Tsugane, Nozomu Kobayashi, Taiki Yamaji
PURPOSE: Dietary fiber is a possible nutritional component which aids in the prevention of visceral fat accumulation. We examined the association between dietary fiber intake and visceral fat volume (VFV) by sex, and further analysed the association by major food sources of dietary fiber. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we measured VFV in 2779 Japanese (1564 men and 1215 women) aged 40-89 who underwent positron emission tomography/computed tomography for cancer screening between 2004 and 2005...
April 20, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Adriana da Silva Lockmann, Estela Lopes Scariot, Caroline Buss
INTRODUCTION: The Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is a comprehensive measure to assess diet quality. Because of the various factors that influence the nutritional status of older adults, there is a need to adapt an index that assesses the quality of the diet considering the dietary requirements of aging and health promotion. This study aimed to adapt the HEI for older adults, considering their needs for healthy eating. METHODS: Food consumption data was collected by means of three non-consecutive 24-hour food recalls (R24h)...
April 18, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Nicholas A Koemel, Sanam Shah, Alistair M Senior, Gianluca Severi, Francesca R Mancini, Timothy P Gill, Stephen J Simpson, David Raubenheimer, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Nasser Laouali, Michael R Skilton
PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests that plant-based diets may reduce the risk of breast cancer (BC). However, the macronutrient composition of plant-based diets and its potential impact on BC risk has not been well explored. This analysis investigated the association of macronutrient composition with BC risk across a spectrum of plant-based diet indexes using a multidimensional approach. DESIGN: This study followed 64,655 participants from the Etude Epidémiologique auprès de femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale (E3N) cohort from 1993 to 2014...
April 18, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Eva Warensjö Lemming, Liisa Byberg, Jonas Höijer, John A Baron, Alicja Wolk, Karl Michaëlsson
PURPOSE: To study the association between meat intake (predominantly red and processed meats) and the risk of hip fracture, as well as the association between meat intake and biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress, bone turnover, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS: Data from the Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish men (n = 83,603, 54% men) with repeated investigations and their respective clinical sub-cohorts was utilised...
April 17, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Yuan Zou, Kum-Song Ro, Chentian Jiang, Deyi Yin, Li Zhao, Daihui Zhang, Lei Du, Jingli Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Magdalena Stepien, Talita Duarte-Salles, Veronika Fedirko, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Christina Bamia, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi, Gianluca Severi, Tilman Kühn, Rudolf Kaaks, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Heiner Boeing, Eleni Klinaki, Domenico Palli, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Alessio Naccarati, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Guri Skeie, Elisabete Weiderpass, Christine L Parr, José Ramón Quirós, Genevieve Buckland, Esther Molina-Montes, Pilar Amiano, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Maria Wennberg, Lena Maria Nilsson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Kathryn E Bradbury, Heather A Ward, Isabelle Romieu, Mazda Jenab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Eliseu Verly, Olivier Jolliet
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the health, economic, and environmental impacts of moderate simulated interventions on dietary intake in Brazil. METHODS: Data on food price and consumption were obtained from three nationwide surveys. Baseline dietary intake was estimated for 33,859 individuals aged 25 years and older. Counterfactual intakes were based on six hypothetical intervention scenarios, by changing the weekly frequency and serving size in low or high consumers of fruit and vegetables (FV), milk, whole grains, red and processed meats, and sugar-sweetened beverages...
April 15, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Shengzhi Wu, Yuqi Wu, Xiaodong Hu, Fei Wu, Jing Zhao, Fuzhen Pan, Xiaohui Liu, Yin Li, Yang Ao, Pan Zhuang, Jingjing Jiao, Weifang Zheng, Yu Zhang
PURPOSE: The available evidence regarding the role of fruit and vegetable consumption in the development of colorectal polyps remains inconclusive, and there is a lack of data on different histopathologic features of polyps. We aimed to evaluate the associations of fruit and vegetable consumption with the prevalence of colorectal polyps and its subtypes in a high-risk population in China. METHODS: We included 6783 Chinese participants aged 40-80 years who were at high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Lanxi Pre-colorectal Cancer Cohort (LP3C)...
April 15, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Miguel Germán Borda, Salomón Salazar-Londoño, Pablo Lafuente-Sanchis, Jonathan Patricio Baldera, Luis Carlos Venegas, Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina, Dag Aarsland, Antonio Martín-Marco, Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda
PURPOSE: Accurate height and weight measurement can be challenging in older adults and complicates nutritional status assessment. Other parameters like the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the lymphocyte count (LC) could be an option to these measurements. We aimed to test these variables as subrogates of body mass index (BMI) or calf-circumference (CC) for malnutrition screening in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis from the Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento (SABE) survey from Ecuador (2009)...
April 13, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Bianca Stutz, Bettina Krueger, Janina Goletzke, Nicole Jankovic, Ute Alexy, Christian Herder, Jutta Dierkes, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Rasmus Jakobsmeyer, Claus Reinsberger, Anette E Buyken
PURPOSE: Glycemic response to the same meal depends on daytime and alignment of consumption with the inner clock, which has not been examined by individual chronotype yet. This study examined whether the 2-h postprandial and 24-h glycemic response to a meal with high glycemic index (GI) differ when consumed early or late in the day among students with early or late chronotype. METHODS: From a screening of 327 students aged 18-25 years, those with early (n = 22) or late (n = 23) chronotype participated in a 7-day randomized controlled cross-over intervention study...
April 12, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Khawlah Alateeq, Erin I Walsh, Ananthan Ambikairajah, Nicolas Cherbuin
BACKGROUND: Consistent evidence shows that magnesium (Mg) intake is associated with lower blood pressure (BP), and that lower BP is associated with improved cerebral health. However, recent findings indicate that the positive effect of dietary Mg intake on cerebral health is not mediated by a decrease in BP. As Mg's anti-inflammatory action is a plausible alternative mechanism, the objective of this study was to investigate the associations between Mg intake and inflammation to determine whether it mediates any neuroprotective effect...
April 10, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Yu Zhou, Malina Kuerman, Qi Zhou, Baochao Hou, Baolei Li, Yang Li, Lanwei Zhang, Tongjie Liu
PURPOSE: Probiotics can serve as immunomodulators that regulate the activation of immune cells. This study aimed to screen potential probiotic strains that can enhance NK cell toxicity to improve host immunity. METHODS: In this investigation, we examined three potential probiotic strains, namely Lactiplantibacillus plantarum YZX21 (YZX21), Bifidobacterium bifidum FL-276.1 (FL-276.1) and Lacticaseibacillus casei K11 (K11), to assess their capacity in modulating NK cytotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo, while elucidating the underlying mechanisms involved...
April 9, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Qiang Jia, Shanshan Fang, Rui Yang, Yunzhi Ling, Shomaila Mehmood, Hong Ni, Qin Gao
OBJECTIVES: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a colonic immune system disorder, manifested with long duration and easy relapse. Genistein has been reported to possess various biological activities. However, it remains unclear whether genistein can ameliorate UC by modulating the homeostasis of the intestinal bacterial community. METHODS: The dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced UC mice were administrated with genistein (20 mg/kg/day) or genistein (40 mg/kg/day) for ten days...
April 9, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Niloofar Rezaie, Fatemeh Ashrafian, Fatemeh Shidvash, Shadi Aghamohammad, Mahdi Rohani
PURPOSE: Paraprobiotics are a non-viable form of probiotics that are reported to provide significant health benefits. Nevertheless, little is known about the beneficial effects of paraprobiotics on inflammatory bowel disease. Although probiotics show potential as therapeutic agents for a range of diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), there are certain risks associated with their use. These risks include toxin production, hemolytic potential, antibiotic resistance, and the need to analyze metabolic activities...
April 9, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Rachel Mazac, Matti Hyyrynen, Niina E Kaartinen, Satu Männistö, Xavier Irz, Kari Hyytiäinen, Hanna L Tuomisto, Chiara Lombardini
PURPOSE: Proposed sustainable diets often deviate dramatically from currently consumed diets, excluding or drastically reducing entire food groups. Moreover, their environmental sustainability tends to be measured only in terms of greenhouse gases emissions. The aim of this study was to overcome these limitations and identify a cluster of already adopted, relatively healthy diets with substantially lower environmental impacts than the average diet. We also aimed to estimate the reduction in multiple environmental impacts that could be achieved by shifting to this diet cluster and highlight possible tradeoffs among environmental impacts...
April 7, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Elisa Mazza, Yvelise Ferro, Samantha Maurotti, Francesca Micale, Giada Boragina, Raffaella Russo, Lidia Lascala, Angela Sciacqua, Carmine Gazzaruso, Tiziana Montalcini, Arturo Pujia
PURPOSE: Although numerous studies have investigated the impact of dietary factors on the prevention of decreased muscle mass and function, limited research has examined the relationship between dietary patterns and sarcopenia. This study aimed to assess the associations between dietary patterns, and sarcopenia, muscle strength, and mass in adults following a Mediterranean diet residing in southern Italian cities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized data from an existing database, comprising 528 individuals aged 50 years or older who underwent health-screening tests at the Clinical Nutrition Unit of the "R...
April 3, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Xiaoyun Song, Huijun Wang, Chang Su, Mei Zhang, Lei Zhang, Jun Meng, Bing Zhang
AIMS: Evidence regarding impact of protein intake distribution on skeletal muscle mass in older adults is limited and inconsistent. This study aims to investigate the relationship of evenness of dietary protein distribution and number of meals exceeding a threshold with appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) in healthy and free-living Chinese older adults. METHODS: Repeated measured data of 5689 adult participants aged ≥ 60 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) 2015 and 2018 waves were analyzed...
April 2, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Shiu-Dong Chung, Chiang-Ting Chien, Hong-Jeng Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
Guzhengyue Zheng, Shanshan Ran, Jingyi Zhang, Aaron M Qian, Junjie Hua, Chongjian Wang, Michael G Vaughn, Maya Tabet, Hualiang Lin
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of fresh fruit, dried fruit, raw vegetables, and cooked vegetables on type 2 diabetes (T2D) progression trajectory. METHODS: We included 429,886 participants in the UK Biobank who were free of diabetes and diabetes complications at baseline. Food groups were determined using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Outcomes were T2D incidence, complications, and mortality. Multi-state model was used to analyze the effects of food groups on T2D progression...
March 23, 2024: European Journal of Nutrition
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