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European Journal of Nutrition

Joshua Matthews, Susan J Torres, Catherine M Milte, Indee Hopkins, Sonja Kukuljan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is associated with both lower health-related quality of life and depression in older people. We examined the independent and combined effects of a multi-component exercise program and calcium-vitamin D3 fortified milk on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and depression in older men. METHODS: In this 12-month, factorial design randomized controlled trial, 180 healthy community-dwelling men aged 50-79 years with normal to below average bone mineral density were allocated into one of four groups: exercise + fortified milk; exercise; fortified milk; or controls...
April 16, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Fred Brouns
In the original publication, the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest statement was not correct.
April 16, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Carla Bruna Pietrobon, Iala Milene Bertasso, Rosane Aparecida Ribeiro, Ana Claudia Paiva Alegre-Maller, Camila Lubaczeuski, Antonio Carlos Boschero, Allan Cezar Faria Araújo, Sandra Lucinei Balbo, Maria Lúcia Bonfleur
PURPOSE: Obesity is predominant in women of reproductive age. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most common bariatric procedure that is performed in obese women for weight loss and metabolic improvement. However, some studies suggest that this procedure negatively affects offspring. Herein, using Western diet (WD)-obese female rats, we investigated the effects of maternal RYGB on postnatal body development, glucose tolerance, insulin secretion and action in their adult male F1 offspring...
April 13, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Daisy Recchia, Amaria Baghdadli, Camille Lassale, Eric Brunner, Jean-Michel Verdier, Mika Kivimäki, Tasnime Akbaraly
PURPOSE: We examined whether long-term adherence to three diet quality scores-the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and  transformed-Mediterranean Diet Score (tMDS), Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) is associated with the risk of recurrent depressive symptoms. METHODS: Analyses were conducted on a sample of 4949 men and women from the Whitehall II study...
April 13, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Ines Perrar, Sarah Schmitting, Karen W Della Corte, Anette E Buyken, Ute Alexy
PURPOSE: To describe age and time trends in added sugar, free sugar and total sugar intake among German 3-18-year-olds. METHODS: Overall, 10,761 3-day dietary records kept between 1985 and 2016 by 1312 DONALD participants (660 boys, 652 girls) were analysed (%E) using polynomial mixed-effects regression models. RESULTS: TS intake decreased with age (♂: linear, quadratic and cubic trend all p < 0.0098; ♀: linear trend p < 0...
April 11, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Ida Heir Hovland, Ingrid Sande Leikanger, Oddbjørg Stokkeland, Kaia Hevrøy Waage, Svein A Mjøs, Karl A Brokstad, Adrian McCann, Per Magne Ueland, Rasa Slizyte, Ana Carvajal, Gunnar Mellgren, Tore Remman, Ingmar Høgøy, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen
PURPOSE: To examine whether supplementation with low doses of fish or milk proteins would affect glucose regulation and circulating lipid concentrations in overweight healthy adults. METHODS: Ninety-three overweight adults were assigned to receive 2.5 g protein/day from herring (HER), salmon (SAL), cod (COD) or milk (CAS, a casein-whey mixture as positive control) as tablets for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Seventy-seven participants were included in the analyses...
April 10, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Débora Barbosa Ronca, Carina Andriatta Blume, Felipe Vogt Cureau, Suzi Alves Camey, Vanessa Bielefeldt Leotti, Michele Drehmer, Beatriz D Schaan, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho
This study aimed to assess the dietary patterns of adolescents using a food-based diet quality index and their compliance with a healthy dietary guideline METHODS: Participants included 71,553 Brazilian adolescents (12-17 years old) from the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA), a cross-sectional school-based multicenter study.. Dietary intake was measured by one 24-h recall. A second recall was collected in a random subsample (~ 10%) to correct within-person variability. The Diet Quality Index for Adolescents adapted for Brazilians (DQIA-BR) was used to measure the overall quality of the dietary intake...
April 8, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Jiali Zheng, Fred K Tabung, Jiajia Zhang, E Angela Murphy, Nitin Shivappa, Judith K Ockene, Bette Caan, Candyce H Kroenke, James R Hébert, Susan E Steck
PURPOSE: Dietary factors may influence colorectal cancer (CRC) survival through effects on inflammation. We examined the association between post-CRC diagnosis inflammatory potential of diet and all-cause and cancer-specific mortality in the Women's Health Initiative. METHODS: The study included 463 postmenopausal women who developed CRC during follow-up and completed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), on average 1.7 years after diagnosis. Women were followed from CRC diagnosis until death, censoring, or the end of follow-up in October 2014...
April 6, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Hong-Li Dong, Xin-Yi Tang, Yun-Yang Deng, Qing-Wei Zhong, Cheng Wang, Zhe-Qing Zhang, Yu-Ming Chen
PURPOSE: Many studies have examined the association of isoflavone intake with type 2 diabetes (T2D), and produced inconsistent results. Few studies, however, explored the association using objective biomarkers (particular for daidzein metabolite-equol) of isoflavones. We aimed to explore the association of urinary equol, daidzein and genistein concentrations with T2D and examine the mediating roles of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4). METHODS: This prospective study included 2818 subjects...
April 5, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
María Isabel Mesana Graffe, V Pala, S De Henauw, G Eiben, C Hadjigeorgiou, L Iacoviello, T Intemann, H Jilani, D Molnar, P Russo, T Veidebaum, L A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To report dietary free sugars consumption and their different types and food sources in European children. METHODS: The present study is based on the IDEFICS study, a European multicenter cohort study in children (2-9 years old) from eight countries, comprising 8308 children (51.4% males). Dietary intake of the previous 24 h was assessed using a computer-assisted 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR) and the different types of sugars were assessed using the German food composition database...
April 4, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Edyta Adamska-Patruno, Joanna Goscik, Przemyslaw Czajkowski, Katarzyna Maliszewska, Michał Ciborowski, Anna Golonko, Natalia Wawrusiewicz-Kurylonek, Anna Citko, Magdalena Waszczeniuk, Adam Kretowski, Maria Gorska
PURPOSE: The interactions between lifestyle and genetic factors play an important role in obesity development. Mutations in melanocortin-4-receptor (MC4R) gene are one of the most common cause of monogenic obesity, however, the functional effects of polymorphic variants near MC4R gene in general populations remain uncertain. The aim of our study was to analyze whether the common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of MC4R gene influence the food preferences, physical activity, body fat content and distribution, as well as fasting and postprandial energy expenditure and substrates utilization...
April 3, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Jennifer C Veilleux, Aaron R Caldwell, Evan C Johnson, Stavros Kavouras, Brendon P McDermott, Matthew S Ganio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the psychological factors (knowledge, barriers and facilitators) that can contribute to hydration-related behaviors (i.e., fluid intake) in the general population and how these relate to physical health. METHODS: A structured survey was developed to examine the links between hydration knowledge (29 items), attitudes about hydration (80 items), and fluid intake behavior (8 items) among US adults. Survey data from Phase 1 (n =301, US adults) psychometrically evaluated the items via item analysis (knowledge and fluid behavior) and factor analysis (attitudes)...
April 3, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Deborah Gibson-Smith, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Erik J Giltay, Brenda W J H Penninx
PURPOSE: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet has been associated with fewer depressive symptoms, however, it is unknown whether this is attributed to some or to all components. We examined the association between the individual food groups of the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), in isolation and in combination, with depression and anxiety (symptom severity and diagnosis). METHODS: Data from 1634 adults were available from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety...
April 3, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Katharina E Scholz-Ahrens, Frank Ahrens, Christian A Barth
PURPOSE: Modern food technology allows designing products aiming to simulate and replace traditional food. In affluent societies there is a rising tendency to consume foods derived from plants including milk imitations or plant drinks based on cereals, nuts, legumes, oil seeds or other plant families. Herein we review production and composition of such drinks, summarize consumers' motivations to change from milk to plant drinks and highlight nutritional and health implications of consuming plant drinks instead of milk, in particular if non-fortified and if consumed by infants, children, adolescents and the elderly...
April 1, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Zhan-Yong Chen, Meng Liu, Li-Peng Jing, Mian-Li Xiao, Hong-Li Dong, Geng-Dong Chen, Yu-Ming Chen
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that high-dose supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may benefit patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the association of n-3 PUFAs with NAFLD among individuals with normal diets is only speculative. We investigated the cross-sectional and prospective associations between n-3 PUFAs and NAFLD in Chinese adults. METHODS: This community-based prospective study included 3049 men and women (40-75 years) in Guangzhou, China, whose participants completed an NAFLD ultrasound evaluation and erythrocyte PUFA tests...
April 1, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Khaoula El Kinany, Meimouna Mint Sidi Deoula, Zineb Hatime, Hanae Abir Boudouaya, Inge Huybrechts, Achraf El Asri, Abdelatif Benider, Mohammed Ahallat, Saïd Afqir, Nawfel Mellas, Mouna Khouchani, Karima El Rhazi
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study is to describe the association between the consumption of either traditional or modern dairy products or calcium intakes and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the adult Moroccan population. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in five Moroccan hospital centers. The study was matched on sex, age (± 5 years) and center. Data were collected using validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) taking into account different types of Moroccan dairy products...
March 30, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Andrew R Gray, Anne-Louise M Heath, Elaine L Ferguson, Tyson Edwards, Sheila A Skeaff
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of consuming iodine-fortified toddler milk for improving dietary iodine intakes and biochemical iodine status in toddlers. METHODS: In a 20-week parallel randomised controlled trial, healthy 12-20-month-old children were assigned to: Fortified Milk [n = 45; iodine-fortified (21.1 µg iodine/100 g prepared drink) cow's milk], or Non-Fortified Milk (n = 90; non-fortified cow's milk). Food and nutrient intakes were assessed with 3-day weighed food records at baseline, and weeks 4 and 20...
March 30, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
D A Hobbs, C Durrant, J Elliott, D I Givens, J A Lovegrove
PURPOSE: Previously, the nutritional contribution, environmental and financial costs of dairy products have been examined independently. Our aim was to determine the nutritional adequacy, financial cost and environmental impact of UK diets according to dairy content. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of adults (19-64 years) from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey years 1-4 (n = 1655), dietary intakes assessed from 4-day estimated food diaries were organized into quartiles (Q) total grams of dairy (milk, cheese, yogurt, dairy desserts) and analyzed using ANCOVA controlling for age, sex and energy intake with Bonferroni post hoc test for nutritional adequacy, Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010), environmental impact [greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), eutrophication and acidification potentials], financial cost, markers of health and cardio-metabolic diseases...
March 29, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Michele Navarra, Angelo Pietro Femia, Andrea Romagnoli, Katia Tortora, Cristina Luceri, Santa Cirmi, Nadia Ferlazzo, Giovanna Caderni
PURPOSE: To determine the potential of a flavonoid-rich extract from bergamot juice (BJe) to prevent colorectal carcinogenesis (CRC) in vivo. MAIN METHODS: Pirc rats (F344/NTac-Apcam1137 ), mutated in Apc, the key gene in CRC, were treated with two different doses of BJe (35 mg/kg or 70 mg/kg body weight, respectively) mixed in the diet for 12 weeks. Then, the entire intestine was surgically removed and dissected for histological, immunohistochemical and molecular analyses...
March 27, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Owais Khawaja, Howard D Sesso, Jiaying Chen, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Sohail A Hassan, John M Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequently encountered cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice. While fried food consumption is common in United States, little is known about the association between fried food consumption and incident AF. METHODS: We prospectively examined the association of fried food consumption with incident AF in 18,941 US male physicians. Fried food consumption was assessed via a self-administered food frequency questionnaire. Incident AF was ascertained through yearly follow-up questionnaires...
March 27, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
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