Sanyu Ge, Ling Zha, Tomotaka Sobue, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Hiroyasu Iso, Junko Ishihara, Kumiko Kito, Motoki Iwasaki, Manami Inoue, Taiki Yamaji, Shoichiro Tsugane, Norie Sawada
BACKGROUND: Some studies have investigated the relation between dairy products and mortality, but with inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between the consumption of dairy products and the risk of all-cause, cancer-related, and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related mortality. METHODS: From the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective (JPHC) study, 43,117 males and 50,193 females with no history of cancer or CVD finished the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and were included in the study...
March 21, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Farhad Vahid, Axelle Hoge, James R Hébert, Torsten Bohn
PURPOSE: Diet quality is a critical modifiable factor related to health, including the risk of cardiometabolic complications. Rather than assessing the intake of individual food items, it is more meaningful to examine overall dietary patterns. This study investigated the adherence to common dietary indices and their association with serum/metabolic parameters of disease risk. METHODS: Dietary intakes of the general adult population (n = 1404, 25-79 years) were assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire (174 items)...
March 14, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Annick P M van Soest, Ondine van de Rest, Renger F Witkamp, Nathalie van der Velde, Lisette C P G M de Groot
PURPOSE: While the benefits of adopting a more plant-based diet for sustainability and animal welfare are clear, its long-term health impacts, including the impact on cognitive ageing, are limited studied. Therefore, we investigated the associations between plant-based diet adherence and cognitive ageing. METHODS: Data from a previous intervention study involving community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 65 years were analysed at baseline (n = 658) and after 2-year follow-up (n = 314)...
March 11, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Khawlah Alateeq, Erin I Walsh, Nicolas Cherbuin
PURPOSE: To examine the association between dietary magnesium (Mg) intake and brain volumes and white matter lesions (WMLs) in middle to early old age. METHODS: Participants (aged 40-73 years) from UK Biobank (n = 6001) were included and stratified by sex. Dietary Mg was measured using an online computerised 24 h recall questionnaire to estimate daily Mg intake. Latent class analysis and hierarchical linear regression models were performed to investigate the association between baseline dietary Mg, Mg trajectories, and brain volumes and WMLs...
March 10, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Catriona Reddin, John Ferguson, Robert Murphy, Aoibhin Clarke, Conor Judge, Vincent Griffith, Alberto Alvarez, Andrew Smyth, Andrew Mente, Salim Yusuf, Martin J O'Donnell
PURPOSE: Increasing potassium intake, especially in populations with low potassium intake and high sodium intake, has emerged as an important population-level intervention to reduce cardiovascular events. Current guideline recommendations, such as those made by the World Health Organisation, recommend a potassium intake of  > 3.5 g/day. We sought to determine summary estimates for mean potassium intake and sodium/potassium (Na/K) ratio in different regions of the world...
March 8, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Yosuke Saito, Toyoaki Sagae
PURPOSE: Bile acid (BA) metabolism by intestinal bacteria is associated with the risk of gastrointestinal diseases; additionally, its control has become a modern strategy for treating metabolic diseases. This cross-sectional study investigated the influence of defecation status, intestinal microbiota, and habitual diet on fecal BA composition in 67 community-dwelling young participants. METHODS: Feces were collected for intestinal microbiota and BA analyses; data about defecation status and dietary habits were collected using the Bristol stool form scales and a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire, respectively...
March 7, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Elham Moslemi, Parvin Dehghan, Mousa Khalafi
PURPOSE: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is one of the most effective protocols, even though acute HIIT causes inflammatory and oxidative damage. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of date seeds powder (DSP) during HIIT sessions on inflammation markers, oxidants and antioxidants, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), exercise-induced muscle damage, and body composition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six recreational runners (men and women), aged 18-35 years, were randomly assigned to consume 26 g/day of DSP or wheat bran powder during HIIT workouts for a period of 14 days...
March 7, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Pia Scheufele, Anja Rappl, Marjolein Visser, Eva Kiesswetter, Dorothee Volkert
PURPOSE: A poor appetite affects up to 27% of community-dwelling older adults in Europe and is an early predictor of malnutrition. Little is known about the factors associated with poor appetite. The present study, therefore, aims to characterise older adults with poor appetite. METHODS: As part of the European JPI project APPETITE, data from 850 participants, aged ≥ 70 years of the Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam (LASA) from 2015/16 were analysed...
March 4, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Mariem Hajji-Louati, Amandine Gelot, Pauline Frenoy, Nasser Laouali, Pascal Guénel, Francesca Romana Mancini
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is implicated in breast cancer development, and diet is one of the modifiable risk factors involved in the regulation of chronic inflammation. Previous studies on the association between breast cancer risk and Dietary Inflammatory Indexes (DII) derived from food frequency questionnaires and data on inflammatory potential of dietary components have reported inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the DII and the risk of breast cancer using data from a large population-based cohort study...
March 4, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Francisco M Gutierrez-Mariscal, Juan F Alcalá-Diaz, Gracia M Quintana-Navarro, Silvia de la Cruz-Ares, José D Torres-Peña, Magdalena P Cardelo, Antonio P Arenas-Larriva, María M Malagón, Juan L Romero-Cabrera, José M Ordovás, Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Javier Delgado-Lista, Elena M Yubero-Serrano, José Lopez-Miranda
PURPOSE: Diabetes remission is a phenomenon described in the context of drastic weight loss due to bariatric surgery or low-calorie diets. Evidence suggests that increasing the intake of plant protein could reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. We sought for association between changes in plant protein intake in the context of 2 healthy diets without weight loss nor glucose-lowering medication, and diabetes remission in coronary heart disease patients from the CORDIOPREV study. METHODS: Newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes participants without glucose-lowering treatment were randomized to consume a Mediterranean or a low-fat diet...
March 4, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Marion Salomé, François Mariotti, Alison Dussiot, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Jean-François Huneau, Hélène Fouillet
PURPOSE: We studied to what extent plant-based meat substitutes could improve the nutritional adequacy and healthiness of dietary patterns, depending on their nutrient composition. METHODS: From diets observed in French adults (INCA3, n = 1125), modeled diets were identified by allowing various dietary changes, between and within food categories, when two plant-based meat substitutes were made available: an average substitute (from 43 market substitutes) and a theoretical nutritionally designed substitute, fortified or not with zinc and iron at 30% or 50% of Nutrient Reference Values...
March 3, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Isabel Santonja, Leonie H Bogl, Jürgen Degenfellner, Gerhard Klösch, Stefan Seidel, Eva Schernhammer, Kyriaki Papantoniou
PURPOSE: This study aimed at describing meal-timing patterns using cluster analysis and explore their association with sleep and chronic diseases, before and during COVID-19 mitigation measures in Austria. METHODS: Information was collected in two surveys in 2017 (N = 1004) and 2020 (N = 1010) in representative samples of the Austrian population. Timing of main meals, nighttime fasting interval, last-meal-to-bed time, breakfast skipping and eating midpoint were calculated using self-reported information...
March 2, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Esteban Jodar, Claudia Campusano, Renate T de Jongh, Michael F Holick
BACKGROUND: In addition to the role of vitamin D in bone mineralization, calcium and phosphate homeostasis, and skeletal health, evidence suggests an association between vitamin D deficiency and a wide range of chronic conditions. This is of clinical concern given the substantial global prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency has traditionally been treated with vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) or vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol). Calcifediol (25-hydroxyvitamin D3 ) has recently become available more widely...
March 2, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Jingnan Chen, Shanyun Wu, Yuqi Wu, Pan Zhuang, Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao
PURPOSE: Previous evidence indicated anti-ageing potential of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We investigated protective effect of DHA on telomere attrition and lipid disturbance in male mice with premature ageing caused by telomerase deficiency. METHODS: Wild-type (WT) and fourth-generation telomerase-deficient (G4 Terc-/- , Terc knockout, KO) male mice (C57BL/6, 2 months old) were fed control diet (WT-C and KO-C groups) or DHA-enriched diet containing 0...
March 1, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Hitomi Kimura, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Isao Muraki, Akiko Tamakoshi, Hiroyasu Iso
PURPOSE: The association between potato intake and risk of cardiovascular diseases is unknown. This study aimed to examine the association between potatoes intake and mortality from stroke and coronary heart disease among Japanese. METHODS: The study included 74,750 participants of the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study, aged 40-79, who were initially free of cardiovascular diseases or cancer at baseline (1988-1990) and provided information on their potato intake...
March 1, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Charlotte Debeugny, Caomhan Logue, Camilla T Damsgaard, Daniele Del Rio, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Dora Bučan Nenadić, Maria P Portillo, Maria Maragkoudaki, Elena De Marco Castro, Carolina Vieira, Lucie Nieuwenhuijsen, Jelena Gudelj Rakic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Yang Liu, Kevin D Croft, Trevor A Mori, Tracey A Gaspari, Barbara K Kemp-Harper, Natalie C Ward
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Atherosclerosis is associated with a reduction in the bioavailability and/or bioactivity of endogenous nitric oxide (NO). Dietary nitrate has been proposed as an alternate source when endogenous NO production is reduced. Our previous study demonstrated a protective effect of dietary nitrate on the development of atherosclerosis in the apoE-/- mouse model. However most patients do not present clinically until well after the disease is established. The aims of this study were to determine whether chronic dietary nitrate supplementation can prevent or reverse the progression of atherosclerosis after disease is already established, as well as to explore the underlying mechanism of these cardiovascular protective effects...
February 28, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Armin Zittermann, Christian Trummer, Verena Theiler-Schwetz, Stefan Pilz
PURPOSE: The upper tolerable intake level for vitamin D in the general population has been set at 4000 international units (IU) daily, but considerable uncertainty remains. We summarized reported harmful effects of a daily vitamin D supplement of 3200-4000 IU in trials lasting ≥ 6 months. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in several databases and identified 22 trials reporting safety data...
February 28, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Rilla Tammi, Satu Männistö, Heli Reinivuo, Heli Tapanainen, Jenna Rautanen, Niina E Kaartinen
OBJECTIVES: Challenges in estimating total whole grain intake have led to the use of surrogate estimates, of which accuracy has not been assessed. We examined the suitability of five potential surrogates (dietary fiber; bread; rye bread; rye, oat and barley combined; rye) and a whole grain food definition to measure total whole grain intake in the Finnish adult population. METHODS: Our data comprised 5094 Finnish adults participating in the national FinHealth 2017 Study...
February 27, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Amy McGuire, Giles Warrington, Lorna Doyle
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests low energy availability (LEA) is prevalent in elite male Gaelic football (GF) players. Previous research in male and female team sports found LEA may negatively impact endocrine function. The aim of this study was to examine the seasonal variations in energy availability (EA) and its associations with salivary measures in elite male GF players across the competitive season. METHODS: Energy availability was assessed using field-based methods in conjunction with salivary testosterone (s-T), cortisol (s-C) and immunoglobin A (s-IgA) concentrations at pre-season (PRE), in-season (IN) and post-season (POST)...
February 26, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
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