Céline Darricarrere, Emmanuelle Jacquot, Stéphanie Bricout, Caroline Louis, Marc Bénard, Neil R Poulter
Uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) and therapeutic inertia pose significant challenges in effectively managing hypertension. This study objective was to quantify levels of uncontrolled BP and therapeutic inertia among patients treated for hypertension in primary care. This retrospective cohort study used data recorded by general practitioners from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink database. Adults with primary hypertension who received a recorded prescription for any antihypertensive drug between January 2015 and June 2017 (index date) were included, with a follow-up of 18 months...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Xueting Liu, Changqiang Yang, Xin Zhang, Runyu Ye, Xinran Li, Zhipeng Zhang, Shanshan Jia, Lirong Sun, Qingtao Meng, Xiaoping Chen
Previous studies examining the association between hemoglobin concentration and hypertension have yielded inconsistent results. There is still a lack of evidence regarding the association between hemoglobin concentration and hypertension risk in native Tibetans at high altitude. We performed this cross-sectional study in Luhuo County of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (average altitude of 3500 m). In this study, we enrolled 1547 native Tibetans. The association between hemoglobin concentration and hypertension risk was examined by multivariate binary logistic regression and smooth curve fitting...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Jeffrey Hanover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Xiaoru Qin, Chaolei Chen, Jiabin Wang, Zhiqiang Nie, Yanqiu Ou, Xiaofei Jiang, Yingqing Feng
The association of blood pressure (BP) classification defined by the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline with cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM) remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate this research gap in the Chinese adults. Cross-sectional data were collected from a population-based cohort conducted in Southern China. Participants were categorized as having normal BP, elevated BP, stage 1 hypertension, and stage 2 hypertension according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Natanim Degefu, Dumessa Edessa, Melaku Getachew, Aboma Motuma, Lemma Demissie Regassa
Hypertensive crisis poses substantial cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess in-hospital mortality, length of stay (LOS), and their predictors among patients with hypertensive crisis treated at public hospitals in Harari Regional State, Eastern Ethiopia. An institutional-based retrospective cohort study was conducted from October 1 to 31, 2022. The medical records of 328 patients with hypertensive crisis treated at two public hospitals between September 1, 2017 and August 31, 2022 were reviewed...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Noelle Castilla-Ojo, Ruth-Alma Turkson-Ocran, Paul R Conlin, Lawrence J Appel, Edgar R Miller, Stephen P Juraschek
Serum urate is a risk factor for hypertension and gout. The DASH diet and losartan independently lower blood pressure (BP); however, their effects on serum urate are understudied. We performed a post-hoc analysis of the DASH-losartan trial, which randomized participants with hypertension in parallel fashion to the DASH diet or a standard American diet (control) and in crossover fashion to 4-week losartan or placebo. Serum urate was measured at baseline and after each 4-week period. Diets were designed to maintain weight constant...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hung-Chang Chen, Yun-Hsuan Tsai, Chin-Chou Huang
Elevated triglyceride glucose (TyG) index is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The current study aimed to investigate whether the TyG index was correlated with renal function decline in patients with hypertension. Han Chinese participants with essential hypertension were included. The TyG index was calculated as ln[fasting triglycerides (mg/dL) * fasting glucose (mg/dL)/2]. Renal function decline was defined as >25% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Zhaoqiang Cui, Zhaohui Qiu, Wenli Cheng, Wei Hu, Genshan Ma, Xiaojun Cai, Yafei Jin, Yi Zhao, Liqun He, Ying Li, Peili Bu, Xiaoping Chen, Ruxing Wang, Lin Chen, Peng Dong, Liuliu Feng, Xuebin Han, Mei Hong, Yinglong Hou, Minlei Liao, Mingliang Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Jianhong Xie, Yawei Xu, Zhenxing Wang, Kai Huang, Yongle Li, Dongsheng Li, Xiaojun Ji, Jing Huang, Jun Wang, Danhong Fang, Jian'an Wang, Lijiang Tang, Yingwu Liu, Guosheng Fu, Juan Du, Ling Wang, Mengqi Liu, Junbo Ge
There lacks real-world study with a large sample size assessing olmesartan medoxomil-amlodipine besylate (OM-AML) tablet. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of OM-AML tablet in patients with essential hypertension. Totally, 1341 patients from 36 medical centers with essential hypertension who took OM-AML (20/5 mg) tablet were analyzed in the current prospective, single-arm, multi-center, real-world study (SVK study). Seated systolic blood pressure (SeSBP) and seated diastolic blood pressure (SeDBP) at baseline, week (W)4 and W8 were measured...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Tingjun Wang, Xiaoqi Cai, Lingyu Zhang, Ting Yang, Chaoyi Ye, Guoyan Xu, Liangdi Xie
Even though as a gold standard for noninvasive measurement of arterial stiffness, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) is not widely used in primary healthcare institutions due to time-consuming and unavailable equipment. The aim of this study was to develop a convenient and low-cost nomogram model for arterial stiffness screening. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in the department of general practice, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University. Arterial stiffness was defined as cfPWV ≥ 10 m/s...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Eun Joo Cho, Moo Hyun Kim, Young-Hak Kim, Kiyuk Chang, Dong-Ju Choi, Woong Chol Kang, Jinho Shin, Seong Hwan Kim, Namho Lee, Jang Won Son, Joon-Hyung Doh, Woo-Shik Kim, Soon Jun Hong, Moo-Yong Rhee, Youngkeun Ahn, Sang-Wook Lim, Seung Pyo Hong, So-Yeon Choi, Min Su Hyon, Jin-Yong Hwang, Kihwan Kwon, Kwang Soo Cha, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Jae-Hwan Lee, Byung-Su Yoo, Hyo-Soo Kim
The authors evaluated the efficacy, safety, and characteristics of patients who respond well to standard dose triple combination therapy including chlorthalidone 25 mg with telmisartan 80 mg plus amlodipine 5 mg in hypertensive patients. This is a multicenter, double-blind, active-controlled, phase 3, randomized trial. Patients are randomized to triple combination (telmisartan 40 mg/amlodipine 5 mg/chlorthalidone 12.5 mg, TEL/AML/CHTD group) or dual combination (telmisartan 40 mg/amlodipine 5 mg, TEL/AML group) treatment and then dose up titration to TEL 80/AML5/CHTD25mg and TEL80/AML5, respectively...
August 23, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Siyi Li, Huachen Jiao, Jie Yang, Yan Li, Juan Zhang, Xiujuan Liu, Yitao Xue
Increasing attention has been paid to the association between lean body mass (LBM) and hypertension in recent years, but the previous findings have often been contradictory. Therefore, the authors investigated the association between LBM and hypertension through a cross-sectional study in the United States. To investigate the relationship between LBM and hypertension, the authors conducted weighted multivariable logistic regression models. The authors used the restricted cubic spline regression model to determine if there was a nonlinear correlation...
August 23, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hyo-Suk Ahn, Eun Young Cho, Keun-Sang Yum
Atherosclerosis is associated with various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Measurement of arterial stiffness using pulse wave velocity (PWV) enables assessment of atherosclerosis progression in individuals. The authors screened patients with asymptomatic atherosclerosis, based on the PWV findings, to evaluate appropriate early interventions and assess the efficacy of γ-linolenic acid, Vitis vinifera extract, and acetyl-L-carnitine triple combination therapy in atherosclerosis prevention. This retrospective study analyzed the medical records of adult patients between March 2007 and April 2019, with presenting complaints of fatigue and lethargy...
August 22, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Keke Wang, Yaqiong Jin, Mengxiao Wang, Jing Liu, Xiang Bu, Jianjun Mu, Jingchao Lu
Sodium intake shows a positive correlation with blood pressure, resulting in an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Salt reduction is a key step toward the WHO's goal of 25% reduction in mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 2025. This study aims to assess the current condition and temporal changes of the global CVD burden due to high sodium intake (HSI). We extracted data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2019. The numbers and age-standardized rates of mortality and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), stratified by location, sex, and socio-demographic Index (SDI), were used to assess the high sodium intake attributable CVD burden from 1990 to 2019...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Yawen Quan, Chang Wang, Linfeng Wang, Gang Li
This meta-analysis aimed to explore the potential relationship between senile sarcopenia and hypertension in older people. A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library, up to November 2022. Ten studies comprising 14 804 participants were enrolled. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was pooled to evaluate the correlation between sarcopenia and hypertension in older people utilizing a random-effects model. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were then carried out to explore the potential sources of heterogeneity...
August 18, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
(no author information available yet)
Morisky, D.E., Ang, A., Krousel-Wood, M. and Ward, H.J. (2008), Predictive Validity of a Medication Adherence Measure in an Outpatient Setting. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 10: 348-354. The above article, published online on May 02, 2008 on Wiley Online Library (, has been retracted by agreement between the journal's Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Ji-Guang Wang, and Wiley Periodicals LLC. Following publication, concerns were raised by a third party regarding the statistical analysis presented in the article...
August 18, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hae Won Jung, Chang-Yeon Kim, Seung-Pyo Hong, Han-Joon Bae, Ji Yong Choi, Jae Kean Ryu, Jin-Bae Lee, Kyoung-Hoon Lee, Kyoo-Rok Han, Dong-Heon Yang, Chang-Gyu Park, Gheol-Woong Yu, Moo-Yong Rhee, Sung-Ji Park, Min-Su Hyon, Joon-Han Shin, Bum-Kee Hong, Han-Young Jin, Sung-Yun Lee, Sang-Hoon Seol, Sang-Rok Lee, Song-Yi Kim, Kwang-Je Lee, Eun-Joo Cho, Chang-Wook Nam, Tae-Ho Park, Ung Kim, Kee-Sik Kim
The authors performed this study to investigate the efficacy and safety of a rosuvastatin (RSV)/amlodipine (AML) polypill compared with those of atorvastatin (ATV)/AML polypill. We included 259 patients from 21 institutions in Korea. Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: RSV 10 mg/AML 5 mg, RSV 20 mg/AML 5 mg, or ATV 20 mg /AML 5 mg. The primary endpoint was the efficacy of the RSV 10.20 mg/AML 5 mg via percentage changes in LDL-C after 8 weeks of treatment, compared with the ATV 20 mg /AML 5 mg...
August 16, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Felicite Kamdem, Elysée Claude Bika Léle, Ba Hamadou, Marie Ange Prisca Obe Meyong, Jaff Fenkeu Kweban, Oumarou Moussa, Sidick Mouliom, Lade Viché, Henri Ngoté, Caroline Kenmegne, Marie Solange Ndom Ebongue, Siddikatou Djibrilla, Anastase Dzudié
Blood pressure (BP) is the main driver of mortality with 12.8% of all deaths worldwide. Adolescents are not spared, precisely in Cameroon where they constitute more than half of its population. The objective of our work was to describe the prevalence and risk factors of pre-hypertension and high blood pressure (HBP) among adolescents in Cameroonian schools. Descriptive study over 5 months; from January to May 2019. The study population consisted of students from private and public schools in the city of Douala...
August 10, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Wenkai Xiao, Xueying Long, Junyu Chen, Yu Tan, Xunjie Cheng, Li Gong, Xueting Qiu, Tianqi Ma, Yongping Bai, Chuanchang Li
The celiac ganglion (CG) is associated with the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. The characteristics of the CG in patients with hypertension remain unknown. The aim of our study was to explore the differences in celiac ganglia (CGs) characteristics between hypertensive and non-hypertensive populations using computed tomography (CT). CGs manifestations on multidetector row CT in 1003 patients with and without hypertension were retrospectively analyzed...
August 9, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Kazuomi Kario, Mitsuru Ohishi, Tomohiro Katsuya, Takashi Taguchi, Ayumi Tanabe, Kotaro Sugimoto, Tatsuo Shimosawa
The next-generation mineralocorticoid receptor blocker (MRB) esaxerenone has favorable antihypertensive effects in patients who do not respond to treatment with first-line antihypertensive agents and may be beneficial as a second-line treatment. However, MRBs are currently considered a fourth-line treatment as there is no clinical evidence comparing the efficacy of esaxerenone with other classes of antihypertensive agents. The multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group EXCITE-HT study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of esaxerenone as a second-line agent in the treatment of Japanese patients with uncontrolled essential hypertension...
August 7, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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