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Journal of Clinical Hypertension

Jean-Baptiste de Freminville, Louis-Marie Vernier, Jérome Roumy, Frédéric Patat, Philippe Gatault, Bénédicte Sautenet, Elodie Bailly, Eloi Chevallier, Christelle Barbet, Hélène Longuet, Elodie Merieau, Christophe Baron, Matthias Buchler, Jean-Michel Halimi
High renal resistive index (RI) is observed in diabetes and is associated with poor patient survival, but whether it is primarily due to renal vascular resistance or systemic vascular alterations is unclear. The respective impact of kidney transplant from diabetic donors or to diabetic recipients on RI would shed some light on this issue. The objective of the study was to analyze the impact of donor and recipient diabetes on RI in order to understand the respective impact of the kidney and the vascular environment...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Joakim Olbers, Ellen Jacobson, Fredrik Viberg, Nils Witt, Petter Ljungman, Mårten Rosenqvist, Jan Östergren
Direct current (DC) cardioversion is used to convert persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm (SR), but there is limited knowledge about how blood pressure (BP) is affected by conversion to SR. We sought to evaluate how BP changed in AF patients who converted to SR, compared to patients still in AF. In this retrospective registry analysis, we included a total of 487 patients, treated with DC cardioversion for persistent AF. We obtained data regarding medical history, medication, BP, and electrocardiogram the day before and 7 days after cardioversion...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Cesare Cuspidi, Marijana Tadic, Guido Grassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Yusuke Ishiyama, Satoshi Hoshide, Hiroyuki Mizuno, Kazuomi Kario
Constipation is associated with cardiovascular events. Changes to the intestinal microbiota by constipation can induce atherosclerosis, blood pressure rise, and cardiovascular events. Constipation increases with age and often coexists with cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, strain at stool causes blood pressure rise, which can trigger cardiovascular events such as congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, acute coronary disease, and aortic dissection. However, because cardiovascular medical research often focuses on more dramatic interventions, the risk from constipation can be overlooked...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hui Zheng, Juan Li, Ying Li, Ling Zhao, Xi Wu, Jie Chen, Xiang Li, Yin-Lan Huang, Xiao-Rong Chang, Mi Liu, Jin Cui, Rui-Hui Wang, Xu Du, Jing Shi, Tai-Pin Guo, Fan-Rong Liang
Acupuncture may be beneficial for patients with mild hypertension, but the evidence is not convincing. We aimed to examine the effect of acupuncture on blood pressure (BP) reduction in patients with mild hypertension. We conducted a multicenter, single-blind, sham-controlled, randomized trial in eleven hospitals in China. The trial included 428 patients with systolic blood pressure (SBP) from 140 to 159 mm Hg and/or with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) from 90 to 99 mm Hg. The patients were randomly assigned to receive 18 sessions of affected meridian acupuncture (n = 107) or non-affected meridian acupuncture (n = 107) or sham acupuncture (n = 107) during 6 weeks, or to stay in a waiting-list control (n = 107)...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Michal Shani, Alex Lustman, Shlomo Vinker
Good medication adherence is a key factor in chronic disease management. Poor adherence is associated with adverse outcomes and high costs. We aimed to explore adherence rates among oral antihypertensive medications. The study included members of the Central District of Clalit Health Services in Israel aged between 40 and 75 years, who were diagnosed with hypertension before 2012 and who filled at least one prescription per year during 2012-2014, for the following medications: hydrochlorothiazide, nifedipine, amlodipine, lercanidipine hydrochloride, atenolol, bisoprolol, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), and statins...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Yan Xuan, Weiliang Wang, Hong Zhang, Isabella Tan, Mark Butlin, Alberto Avolio, Junli Zuo
Although the association of arterial stiffness and osteoporosis has been reported, the relation of arterial stiffness with risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture is not established. The authors investigated the correlation between arterial stiffness (brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity [baPWV]), including a cutoff value, and risk of osteoporosis as assessed by the Osteoporosis Self-assessment Tool for Asia (OSTA) index in 129 elderly Chinese community-dwelling individuals (age 83.2 ± 12.8 years, 63 females)...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Luigi Taranto Montemurro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Wilson Tam, Susanna S Ng, Kin-Wang To, Fanny W Ko, David S Hui
Hypertension is one of the most common chronic cardiovascular diseases in adults while obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea. It was recently reported that the mean Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score, measuring subjective daytime sleepiness, was significantly higher in non-hypertensive subjects than the hypertensive counterparts with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. In the current study, the authors investigated the interaction between hypertension and OSA on daytime sleepiness among 280 subjects recruited from a sleep study...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Nikolaos Magkas, Costas Tsioufis, Costas Thomopoulos, Polychronis Dilaveris, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Michael Doumas, Dimitris Papadopoulos, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Orthostatic hypertension (OHT), that is, sustained increase in blood pressure after standing, is an increasingly recognized cardiovascular disorder having been examined in much fewer studies compared with orthostatic hypotension (OH). However, in both OHT and OH, dysfunction of the autonomous nervous system is considered to be the primary pathophysiological disturbance, while significant associations with essential hypertension have been observed. Although in many studies OHT has been related to subclinical or clinical target organ damage, there is also evidence denying such an association...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
John N Booth, D Edmund Anstey, Natalie A Bello, Byron C Jaeger, Daniel N Pugliese, Stephen Justin Thomas, Luqin Deng, James M Shikany, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Joseph E Schwartz, Cora E Lewis, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
Nocturnal hypertension and non-dipping blood pressure are each associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We determined differences in nocturnal hypertension and non-dipping systolic/diastolic blood pressure among black and white men and women who underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring at the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study Year 30 Exam in 2015-2016. Asleep and awake periods were determined from actigraphy complemented by sleep diaries. Nocturnal hypertension was defined as mean asleep systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥ 120/70 mm Hg...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Maeve D'Alton, Eamon Dolan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Robert H Schneider, Jeremy Z Fields, Robert D Brook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Marijana Tadic, Cesare Cuspidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Xueli Jiang, Xin Quan, Jun Yang, Xianliang Zhou, Aihua Hu, Yuqing Zhang
This article compared the performance of 18 electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular hypertrophic (LVH) criteria and four P-wave indices for the diagnosis of echocardiographic (ECHO) LVH and left atrial enlargement (LAE), including the deepest S-wave amplitude added to the S-wave amplitude of lead V4 (SD +SV4 ) and P-wave terminal force in lead V1 (PTFV1 ). A total of 152 middle-aged hypertensive patients without evident cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) were enrolled. The gold standard for the diagnosis of LVH and LAE was ECHO left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and largest left atrial volume index (LAVI)...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Allison W Peng, Lawrence J Appel, Noel T Mueller, Olive Tang, Edgar R Miller, Stephen P Juraschek
Lightheadedness after standing contributes to adverse clinical events, including falls. Recommendations for higher sodium intake to treat postural lightheadedness have not been evaluated in a trial setting. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-Sodium trial (1998-1999) tested the effects of the DASH diet and sodium reduction on blood pressure (BP). Participants were randomly assigned to DASH or a typical Western diet (control). During either diet, participants ate three sodium levels (50, 100, 150 meq/d at 2100 kcal) in random order for 30-days, separated by 5-day breaks...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Clare Farrand, Graham MacGregor, Norman R C Campbell, Jacqui Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Annelise M G Paiva, Andréa A Brandão, Audes D M Feitosa, Gabriela C A Novais, Emanuelle M Cantarelli, Maria Inês C M Gomes, Camila L D M Feitosa, Andrei C Sposito, Wilson Nadruz, Marco A Mota-Gomes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Tyler Fleming, Brice Blum, Benjamin Averkamp, James Sullivan, Thomas Nathaniel
There are concerns that specific risk factors may alter the benefits of thrombolysis in stroke patients with controlled contraindications including hypertension. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between clinical risk factors and outcomes in ischemic stroke patients that received thrombolysis therapy pretreated with antihypertensive medications. Using data obtained from a stroke registry, a non-randomized retrospective data analysis was conducted on patients with the primary diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke with hypertension pretreated with antihypertensive medications...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Xiaolong Zhao, Xinyi Li, Huajun Xu, Yingjun Qian, Fang Fang, Hongliang Yi, Jian Guan, Shan Kai Yin
Previous studies have reported the effects of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiometabolic disorders on cardiovascular disease (CVD), but associations between cardiometabolic biomarkers and two cardinal features of OSA (chronic intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentation) and their interactions on CVD in OSA populations remain unclear. A total of 1727 subjects were included in this observational study. Data on overnight polysomnography parameters, biochemical biomarkers, and anthropometric measurements were collected...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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