journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142245/a-practice-survey-of-airway-management-in-australian-and-new-zealand-intensive-care-units
#1
Michael Toolis, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, John Botha, Cameron Green, Ashwin Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: To characterise intubation practices in Australian and New Zealand intensive care units (ICUs) and investigate clinician support for establishing airway management guidelines in Australian and New Zealand ICUs. DESIGN: An online survey was designed, piloted and distributed to members of the mailing list of the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS), with medical members invited to participate. Respondents were excluded if their primary practice was in paediatric ICUs...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142244/haemodynamic-response-to-fluid-boluses-in-children-after-cardiac-surgery-a-technical-report
#2
Ben Gelbart, Laurent Bitker, Ahuva Segal, Adrian Hutchinson, Norman Soh, Tim Maybury
OBJECTIVE: To describe the haemodynamic response to fluid boluses (FB) in children after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective observational pilot study. SETTING: Single-centre, paediatric cardiac intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: Children after cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: FB of 0.9% saline, 4% albumin or modified ultrafiltrate blood administered in less than 30 minutes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Heart rate, arterial blood pressure, central venous pressure, oesophageal temperature, and end-tidal carbon dioxide were measured continuously and reported minutely from 5 minutes before and 30 minutes after FB...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142243/assessment-of-the-college-of-intensive-care-medicine-s-capacity-to-train-a-survey-of-trainees-and-directors
#3
Balasubramanian Venkatesh, Michael Ashbolt, Philip Hart, Raymond Raper
BACKGROUND: In Australia and New Zealand, the numbers of intensive care medicine trainees have increased significantly over the past 15 years. This has implications for supervision, clinical and procedural experience, and availability of rotations. The College of Intensive Care Medicine of Australia and New Zealand (CICM) decided to estimate the current training resources using several domains. METHODS: An online survey was sent to all CICM trainees ( n = 528) and all directors of intensive care units (ICUs) ( n = 106), using the SurveyMonkey tool...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142242/vitamin-c-hydrocortisone-and-thiamine-in-patients-with-septic-shock-vitamins-trial-study-protocol-and-statistical-analysis-plan
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tomoko Fujii, Andrew A Udy, Adam M Deane, Nora Luethi, Michael Bailey, Glenn M Eastwood, Daniel Frei, Craig French, Neil Orford, Yahya Shehabi, Paul J Young, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Septic shock is associated with poor outcomes. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a cellular antioxidant and has anti-inflammatory properties. Whether the combination therapy of vitamin C, thiamine and hydrocortisone reduces vasopressor dependency in septic shock is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To describe the protocol and statistical analysis plan of a multicentre, open-label, prospective, phase 2 randomised clinical trial evaluating the effects of vitamin C, thiamine and hydrocortisone when compared with hydrocortisone monotherapy on the duration of vasopressor administration in critically ill patients with septic shock...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142241/persistent-critical-illness-baseline-characteristics-intensive-care-course-and-cause-of-death
#5
Jai N Darvall, Tristan Boonstra, Jen Norman, Donal Murphy, Michael Bailey, Theodore J Iwashyna, Sean M Bagshaw, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVES: Persistent critical illness (PerCI) is associated with high mortality and discharge to institutional care. Little is known about factors involved in its progression, complications and cause of death. We aimed to identify such factors and the time when the original illness was no longer the reason for intensive care unit (ICU) stay. DESIGN: Retrospective matched case-control study using an accepted PerCI definition (> 10 days in ICU). SETTING: Single-centre tertiary metropolitan ICU...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142240/perceived-discomfort-in-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-detect-discomfort-1-a-prospective-observational-study
#6
Theresa Jacques, Anil Ramnani, Kush Deshpande, Pierre Kalfon
BACKGROUND: Discomfort experienced by patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) is an important indicator of the quality of care provided, but few studies have evaluated the incidence and magnitude of discomfort in critically ill patients. The IPREA (Inconforts des Patients de REAnimation) discomfort questionnaire is a tool developed by French intensivists and validated in the French language with good internal consistency (Cronbach's α, 0.78). OBJECTIVES: To translate and validate in English the IPREA discomfort questionnaire, to evaluate discomfort perceived by patients in intensive care, and to identify predictors of discomfort...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142239/prevalence-of-low-normal-body-temperatures-and-use-of-active-warming-in-emergency-department-patients-presenting-with-severe-infection
#7
Oliver T Gouldthorpe, David V Pilcher, Rinaldo Bellomo, Andrew A Udy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of low-normal body temperatures in emergency department (ED) patients presenting with severe infection, and to determine whether active warming is used in this setting. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed a singlecentre retrospective cohort study in ED patients with community-acquired infection who required admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). Temperatures recorded from presentation up until 24 hours in the ICU were extracted from the patients' clinical records...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142238/sepsis-uncouples-serum-c-peptide-and-insulin-levels-in-critically-ill-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Laurent Bitker, Salvatore L Cutuli, Luca Cioccari, Eduardo A Osawa, Lisa Toh, Nora Luethi, Helen Young, Leah Peck, Glenn M Eastwood, Johan Mårtensson, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of sepsis and exogenous insulin on C-peptide levels and C-peptide to insulin ratios in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In this prospective, observational, single-centre study, we enrolled 31 ICU-admitted adults with T2DM. We measured serum C-peptide and insulin levels during the first 3 days of ICU stay and recorded characteristics of exogenous insulin therapy...
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142237/is-sepsis-treatment-heating-up
#9
Paul J Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142236/fentanyl-versus-morphine-for-analgo-sedation-in-mechanically-ventilated-adult-icu-patients
#10
Andrew Casamento, Rinaldo Bellomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31142235/in-this-issue-of-ccr
#11
Rinaldo Bellomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857515/reported-practice-of-temperature-adjustment-%C3%AE-stat-v-ph-stat-for-arterial-blood-gases-measurement-among-investigators-from-two-major-cardiac-arrest-trials
#12
Glenn M Eastwood, Niklas Nielsen, Alistair D Nichol, Markus B Skrifvars, Craig French, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Two major cardiac arrest trials are evaluating different strategies that may potentially mitigate neurological injury after cardiac arrest and are allowing co-enrolment. However, one trial will target hypothermia and the other will target mild hypercapnia, in which the carbon dioxide (CO2 ) measurement may be influenced by the choice of temperature adjustment during arterial blood gases (ABGs) measurement. The trials have agreed to standardise assessment by the α-stat method...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857514/a-protocol-for-a-phase-3-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-continuous-versus-intermittent-%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotic-infusion-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis-bling-iii
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeffrey Lipman, Stephen J Brett, Jan J De Waele, Menino O Cotta, Joshua S Davis, Simon Finfer, Parisa Glass, Serena Knowles, Shay McGuinness, John Myburgh, David L Paterson, Sandra Peake, Dorrilyn Rajbhandari, Andrew Rhodes, Jason A Roberts, Charudatt Shirwadkar, Therese Starr, Colman Taylor, Laurent Billot, Joel M Dulhunty
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: β-Lactam antibiotics display a time-dependent mechanism of action, with evidence suggesting improved outcomes when administering these drugs via continuous infusion compared with standard intermittent infusion. However, there is no phase 3 randomised controlled trial (RCT) evidence to support one method of administration over another in critically ill patients with sepsis. DESIGN AND SETTING: The β-Lactam Infusion Group (BLING) III study is a prospective, multicentre, open, phase 3 RCT to compare continuous infusion with standard intermittent infusion of β-lactam antibiotics in critically ill patients with sepsis...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857513/clinical-management-practices-of-life-threatening-asthma-an-audit-of-practices-in-intensive-care
#14
Paul Secombe, Penny Stewart, Sunil Singh, Lewis Campbell, Dianne Stephens, Khoa Tran, Hayden White, Robert Sheehy, Justine Gibson, Robyn Cooke, Shane Townsend, Yogesh Apte, James Winearls, Olivia R Ferry, Rahul Pradhan, Marc Ziegenfuss, Kwun M Fong, Ian A Yang, Paul McGinnity, Jason Meyer, James Walsham, Rob Boots, Pierre Clement, Hiran Bandeshe, Christopher Gracie, Paul Jarret, Stephenie Collins, Caitlin Coulston, Melisa Ng, Valerie Howells, Indranil Chatterjee, Adam Visser, Judy Smith, Melita Trout
OBJECTIVE: Lack of management guidelines for lifethreatening asthma (LTA) risks practice variation. This study aims to elucidate management practices of LTA in the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Thirteen participating ICUs in Australia between July 2010 and June 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with the principal diagnosis of LTA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical history, ICU management, patient outcomes, ward education and discharge plans...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857512/early-electroencephalogram-does-not-reliably-differentiate-outcomes-in-post-hypoxic-myoclonus
#15
Linda J Dalic, Gerard Fennessy, Mark Edmonds, Patrick Carney, Helen Opdam, John Archer
OBJECTIVE: Prognostication in patients with post-hypoxic brain injury remains difficult; yet, clinicians are commonly asked to guide decisions regarding withdrawal of life support. We aimed to assess whether electroencephalogram (EEG) is a useful tool in predicting neurological outcome in patients with post-hypoxic myoclonus (PHM). DESIGN AND SETTING: This study was conducted as part of an internal hospital audit assessing therapeutic hypothermia in patients with hypoxic cardiac arrest...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857511/neither-vitamin-d-levels-nor-supplementation-are-associated-with-the-development-of-persistent-critical-illness-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#16
Elizabeth M Viglianti, Paul Zajic, Theodore J Iwashyna, Karin Amrein
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased rates of persistent critical illness, and whether repletion of vitamin D among patients with this deficiency leads to decreased persistent critical illness. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Seven intensive care units (ICUs) at the University Medical Center of Graz, Austria, with participants recruited between July 2008 and April 2010...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857510/modifications-to-predefined-rapid-response-team-calling-criteria-prevalence-characteristics-and-associated-outcomes
#17
Anamika Ganju, Karoline Kapitola, Richard Chalwin
OBJECTIVE: Standardised rapid response team (RRT) calling criteria may not be applicable to all patients, and thus, modifications of these criteria may be reasonable to prevent unnecessary calls. Little data are available regarding the efficacy or safety of modifying RRT calling criteria; therefore, this study aimed to detail the prevalence and characteristics of modifications to RRT call triggers and explore their relationship with patient outcomes. DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: A pilot retrospective cohort study within a convenience sample of patients attended by a hospital RRT between July and December 2014; rates of repeat RRT calling and in-hospital mortality were compared between patients with and without modifications to standard calling criteria...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857509/a-novel-biometric-approach-to-estimating-tidal-volume
#18
Darragh E O'Brien, Jeffrey Kp Kam, Reuben J Slater, Antony E Tobin
BACKGROUND: Low tidal volume ventilation (LTVV) of 4-8 mL/kg of ideal body weight (IBW) reduces mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, and, more recently, it has been recommended as the default therapy for all controlled ventilation. However, adherence to LTVV is poor. Barriers to adherence include not having height measurements taken or IBW calculated during admission. The aim of our project was to develop and validate a simple one step biometric measuring tool to directly estimate tidal volume (VT ) in ventilated patients based on their demispan...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857508/-likely-overassistance-during-invasive-pressure-support-ventilation-in-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#19
Wisam Al-Bassam, Fabian Dade, Michael Bailey, Glenn Eastwood, Eduardo Osawa, Chris Eyeington, James Anesty, George Yi, Jolene Ralph, Nima Kakho, Vishnu Kurup, Elisa Licari, Emma C King, Cameron Knott, Timothy Chimunda, Julie Smith, Ashwin Subramaniam, Mallikarjuna Reddy, Cameron Green, Geoffrey Parkin, Yahya Shehabi, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of "likely overassistance" (categorised by respiratory rate [RR] ≤ 17 breaths/min or rapid shallow breathing index [RSBI] ≤ 37 breaths/min/L) during invasive pressure support ventilation (PSV), and the additional prevalence of fixed ventilator settings. DESIGN: Multicentre prospective observational study of invasive PSV practice in six general Victorian intensive care units with blinding of staff members to data collection...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857507/the-normal-cardiac-index-in-older-healthy-individuals-a-scoping-review
#20
Luca Cioccari, Nora Luethi, Neil J Glassford, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing number of older patients having major surgery, the normal resting values for the cardiac index of older patients remain unclear. We aim to derive a normative value for such patients. DESIGN: Scoping review. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL for studies reporting measured values of cardiac output or cardiac index in healthy, older humans at rest. RESULTS: We retrieved 5340 citations and assessed 412 fulltext articles for eligibility...
March 2019: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
journal
journal
34670
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"