journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38904114/wildbase-towards-a-common-database-to-improve-wildlife-disease-surveillance-in-europe
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marieke P de Cock, Valérie O Baede, Sara R Wijburg, Sara A Burt, Robert Fna van Tiel, Kim K Wiskerke, Jens Rj van der Post, Wim Hm van der Poel, Hein Sprong, Miriam Maas
BackgroundTo be better prepared for emerging wildlife-borne zoonoses, we need to strengthen wildlife disease surveillance.AimThe aim of this study was to create a topical overview of zoonotic pathogens in wildlife species to identify knowledge gaps and opportunities for improvement of wildlife disease surveillance.MethodsWe created a database, which is based on a systematic literature review in Embase focused on zoonotic pathogens in 10 common urban wildlife mammals in Europe, namely brown rats, house mice, wood mice, common voles, red squirrels, European rabbits, European hedgehogs, European moles, stone martens and red foxes...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38904113/one-health-many-interpretations-vaccinating-risk-groups-against-h5-avian-influenza-in-finland
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hanna Nohynek, Otto Matias Helve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38904112/an-unusual-outbreak-of-parvovirus-b19-infections-france-2023-to-2024
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Camille d'Humières, Anne Fouillet, Laura Verdurme, Stevens-Boris Lakoussan, Yves Gallien, Catherine Coignard, Marie Hervo, Anne Ebel, Anaïs Soares, Benoit Visseaux, Bruno Maire, Pierre-Henry Juan, Isabelle Parent du Châtelet, Jean-Paul Guthmann, Julien Durand
From April 2023 to May 2024, an unusual epidemic of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infections occurred in France. The number of B19V IgM-positive serologies was four times higher than in the previous epidemic in 2019. Clinical data from emergency networks corroborated this observation. Morbidity and mortality consequences were observed in children through all data sources. In adults, the increase was only observed in laboratory-confirmed data. Physicians and decisionmakers should be informed in order to better prevent, diagnose and manage at-risk patients...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38904111/authors-correction-for-euro-surveill-2024-29-13
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38904110/association-between-adverse-events-after-covid-19-vaccination-and-anti-sars-cov-2-antibody-concentrations-the-netherlands-may-2021-to-november-2022-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Minke R Holwerda, Christina E Hoeve, Anne J Huiberts, Gerco den Hartog, Hester E de Melker, Susan van den Hof, Mirjam J Knol
BackgroundNon-severe adverse events (AE) including pain at injection site or fever are common after COVID-19 vaccination.AimTo describe determinants of AE after COVID-19 vaccination and investigate the association between AE and pre- and post-vaccination antibody concentrations.MethodsParticipants of an ongoing prospective cohort study (VASCO) completed a questionnaire on AE within 2 months after vaccination and provided 6 monthly serum samples during May 2021-November 2022. Logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate AE determinants after mRNA vaccination, including pre-vaccination Ig antibody concentrations against the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38904109/highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-infections-on-fur-farms-connected-to-mass-mortalities-of-black-headed-gulls-finland-july-to-october-2023
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauri Kareinen, Niina Tammiranta, Ari Kauppinen, Bianca Zecchin, Ambra Pastori, Isabella Monne, Calogero Terregino, Edoardo Giussani, Riikka Kaarto, Veera Karkamo, Tanja Lähteinen, Hanna Lounela, Tuija Kantala, Ilona Laamanen, Tiina Nokireki, Laura London, Otto Helve, Sohvi Kääriäinen, Niina Ikonen, Jari Jalava, Laura Kalin-Mänttäri, Anna Katz, Carita Savolainen-Kopra, Erika Lindh, Tarja Sironen, Essi M Korhonen, Kirsi Aaltonen, Monica Galiano, Alice Fusaro, Tuija Gadd
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) has caused widespread mortality in both wild and domestic birds in Europe 2020-2023. In July 2023, HPAI A(H5N1) was detected on 27 fur farms in Finland. In total, infections in silver and blue foxes, American minks and raccoon dogs were confirmed by RT-PCR. The pathological findings in the animals include widespread inflammatory lesions in the lungs, brain and liver, indicating efficient systemic dissemination of the virus. Phylogenetic analysis of Finnish A(H5N1) strains from fur animals and wild birds has identified three clusters (Finland I-III), and molecular analyses revealed emergence of mutations known to facilitate viral adaptation to mammals in the PB2 and NA proteins...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873799/refugees-from-ukraine-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-destination-countries-and-territories-of-the-world-health-organization-european-region-including-eu-eea-countries-february-2022-to-march-2023
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giorgi Kuchukhidze, Machiko Otani, Stela Bivol, Teymur Noori
Between the start of the Russian Federation's invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022 and May 2023, more than 8 million individuals have been displaced from Ukraine. Ukraine has the second-largest HIV epidemic in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region. From a humanitarian and public health perspective it is critical that Ukrainian refugees living with or at risk of HIV have access to testing, treatment and healthcare in their destination country. To gain better insight on the number of refugees from Ukraine receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in destination countries, the WHO Regional Office for Europe and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control conducted three surveys in July 2022, November 2022 and March 2023...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873798/the-impact-of-living-conditions-and-health-interventions-on-tuberculosis-denmark-1876-to-2022
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anne Christine Nordholm, Anja Joergensen, Louise Hedevang Holm, Aase Bengaard Andersen, Anders Koch, Peter Henrik Andersen, Troels Lillebaek
BackgroundDenmark possesses an exceptional historical data collection on tuberculosis (TB) from 1876 to the present, providing a unique opportunity to assess TB epidemiology over 147 years in Denmark.AimOur aim was to describe the TB disease burden in Denmark in relation to historical events, living conditions and health interventions during the past 147 years.MethodsWe performed a nationwide register-based ecological study including all persons with TB in Denmark from 1876 through 2022, correlating the TB incidence to social, economic and health indicators...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873797/hepatitis-e-virus-infections-in-german-blood-donors-results-of-8-years-of-screening-2015-to-2022
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ricarda Plümers, Jens Dreier, Cornelius Knabbe, André Gömer, Eike Steinmann, Daniel Todt, Tanja Vollmer
BackgroundAwareness of transfusion-transmitted hepatitis E raised in recent years led to the mandatory testing of blood donations in some European countries for hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA. However, little is known about the epidemiology of HEV infections.AimTo and describe and analyse the epidemiology of HEV infections in blood donors in Germany.MethodsData from routine testing of therapeutic blood products donated between January 2015 and December 2022 at the Uni.Blutspendedienst OWL were analysed at the Institute of Laboratory and Transfusion Medicine, Heart and Diabetes Centre North Rhine-Westphalia...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873796/detection-of-carbapenemase-producing-acinetobacter-baumannii-st19-from-georgia-and-ukraine-carrying-bla-oxa-23-bla-oxa-72-and-or-bla-ndm-5-december-2019-to-june-2023
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ting L Luo, Melissa J Martin, Valentyn Kovalchuk, Viacheslav Kondratiuk, Nino Trapaidze, Magda Metreveli, Christine E Hulseberg, Henry D Dao, Yoon I Kwak, Rosslyn Maybank, Thomas A Musich, Matthew R Scherer, Jason W Bennett, Patrick T Mc Gann, Francois Lebreton
In 2003-2023, amid 5,436 Acinetobacter baumannii isolates collected globally through the Multidrug-Resistant Organism Repository and Surveillance Network, 97 were ST19PAS, 34 of which carbapenem-resistant. Strains (n = 32) sampled after 2019 harboured either bla OXA-23 , bla OXA-72 , and/or bla NDM-5 . Phylogenetic analysis of the 97 isolates and 11 publicly available ST19 genomes revealed three sub-lineages of carbapenemase-producing isolates from mainly Ukraine and Georgia, including an epidemic clone carrying all three carbapenemase genes...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873795/epidemic-of-parvovirus-b19-and-disease-severity-in-pregnant-people-denmark-january-to-march-2024
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anne Christine Nordholm, Frederik Trier Møller, Signe Fischer Ravn, Lotte Flink Sørensen, Anja Moltke-Prehn, Jacob Elskær Mollerup, Tjede Funk, Lene Sperling, Ulisa Jeyaratnam, Kristina Træholt Franck, Karina Hjort-Pedersen, Christina Hjørnet Kamper, Rikke Thoft Nielsen, Pikka Jokelainen, Maria Wessman
We report an epidemic of parvovirus B19 infections in Denmark during the first quarter of 2024, with a peak incidence 3.5 times higher than during the most recent epidemic in 2017. In total, 20.1% (130/648) of laboratory-confirmed cases were pregnant. Severe adverse outcomes were observed among 12.3% (16/130) of pregnant people and included foetal anaemia, foetal hydrops and miscarriage. Parvovirus B19 infection is not systematically monitored, but a national laboratory-based surveillance system is currently being established in Denmark...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873794/increase-of-pertussis-cases-in-the-vall%C3%A3-s-region-catalonia-spain-september-2023-to-april-2024
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Violeta Poltorak, Alba Cabré-Riera, Ferran Martínez-Botías, Eva Borràs López, Laura Clotet Romero, Maria Rosa Sala Farré, Mireia Jané Checa
We describe a pertussis outbreak in the Vallès region of Catalonia, from September 2023 to April 2024. Incidence was high in children aged 10-14 years compared with previous outbreaks. Limited impact in newborns could be explained by the high vaccination coverage during pregnancy and at 11 months of age in 2022, at 85% and 94.1 %, respectively. A third booster vaccine dose during preadolescence should be considered and vaccination coverage in pregnant women be improved to control future outbreaks...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847120/dissemination-of-extensively-drug-resistant-ndm-producing-providencia-stuartii-in-europe-linked-to-patients-transferred-from-ukraine-march-2022-to-march-2023
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sandra Witteveen, Jörg B Hans, Radosław Izdebski, Henrik Hasman, Ørjan Samuelsen, Laurent Dortet, Yvonne Pfeifer, Niall Delappe, Jesús Oteo-Iglesias, Dorota Żabicka, Martin Cormican, Mirco Sandfort, Felix Reichert, Anna K Pöntinen, Martin A Fischer, Nelianne Verkaik, María Pérez-Vazquez, Niels Pfennigwerth, Anette M Hammerum, Søren Hallstrøm, Marta Biedrzycka, Kati Räisänen, Cornelia Ch Wielders, Paweł Urbanowicz, Angela de Haan, Karin Westmo, Fabian Landman, Han Gj van der Heide, Simon Lansu, Romy D Zwittink, Daan W Notermans, Aneta Guzek, Viacheslav Kondratiuk, Aidyn Salmanov, Sebastian Haller, Marius Linkevicius, Sören Gatermann, Anke Kohlenberg, Marek Gniadkowski, Guido Werner, Antoni Pa Hendrickx
BackgroundThe war in Ukraine led to migration of Ukrainian people. Early 2022, several European national surveillance systems detected multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria related to Ukrainian patients.AimTo investigate the genomic epidemiology of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM)-producing Providencia stuartii from Ukrainian patients among European countries.MethodsWhole-genome sequencing of 66 isolates sampled in 2022-2023 in 10 European countries enabled whole-genome multilocus sequence typing (wgMLST), identification of resistance genes, replicons, and plasmid reconstructions...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847119/genomic-surveillance-of-sars-cov-2-evolution-by-a-centralised-pipeline-and-weekly-focused-sequencing-austria-january-2021-to-march-2023
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olga Frank, David Acitores Balboa, Maria Novatchkova, Ezgi Özkan, Marcus Martin Strobl, Ramesh Yelagandula, Tanino Guiseppe Albanese, Lukas Endler, Fabian Amman, Vera Felsenstein, Milanka Gavrilovic, Melanie Acosta, Timothej Patocka, Alexander Vogt, Ido Tamir, Julia Klikovits, Alexander Zoufaly, Tamara Seitz, Manuela Födinger, Andreas Bergthaler, Alexander Indra, Daniela Schmid, Peter Klimek, Alexander Stark, Franz Allerberger, Bernhard Benka, Katharina Reich, Luisa Cochella, Ulrich Elling
BackgroundThe COVID-19 pandemic was largely driven by genetic mutations of SARS-CoV-2, leading in some instances to enhanced infectiousness of the virus or its capacity to evade the host immune system. To closely monitor SARS-CoV-2 evolution and resulting variants at genomic-level, an innovative pipeline termed SARSeq was developed in Austria.AimWe discuss technical aspects of the SARSeq pipeline, describe its performance and present noteworthy results it enabled during the pandemic in Austria.MethodsThe SARSeq pipeline was set up as a collaboration between private and public clinical diagnostic laboratories, a public health agency, and an academic institution...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847118/pertussis-outbreak-in-neonates-and-young-infants-across-italy-january-to-may-2024-implications-for-vaccination-strategies
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marco Poeta, Cristina Moracas, Chiara Albano, Laura Petrarca, Marco Maglione, Luca Pierri, Maurizio Carta, Paolo Montaldo, Elisabetta Venturini, Maia De Luca, Danilo Buonsenso, Ilaria Brambilla, Vania Giacomet, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Eugenia Bruzzese, Fabio Midulla, Claudia Colomba, Alfredo Guarino
Since January 2024, Italy experiences a pertussis outbreak, primarily affecting neonates and unvaccinated infants at high risk of severe complications and mortality; 11 major paediatric centres noted 108 hospitalisations and three deaths by 10 May. The outbreak reflects increased circulation of Bordetella pertussis and non-adherence to immunisation recommendations during pregnancy. Public health interventions, including maternal immunisation, vaccination of infants as early as possible and post-exposure prophylaxis, are critical for reducing the burden of pertussis and preventing further mortality...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847117/surveillance-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-reveals-shift-in-dominating-clusters-from-vana-to-vanb-enterococcus-faecium-clusters-denmark-2015-to-2022
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anette M Hammerum, Kasper Thystrup Karstensen, Louise Roer, Hülya Kaya, Mikkel Lindegaard, Lone Jannok Porsbo, Anne Kjerulf, Mette Pinholt, Barbara Juliane Holzknecht, Peder Worning, Karen Leth Nielsen, Sanne Grønvall Kjær Hansen, Marianne Clausen, Turid S Søndergaard, Esad Dzajic, Claus Østergaard, Mikala Wang, Kristoffer Koch, Henrik Hasman
BackgroundVancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are increasing in Denmark and Europe. Linezolid and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (LVRE) are of concern, as treatment options are limited. Vancomycin-variable enterococci (VVE) harbour the vanA gene complex but are phenotypically vancomycin-susceptible.AimThe aim was to describe clonal shifts for VRE and VVE in Denmark between 2015 and 2022 and to investigate genotypic linezolid resistance among the VRE and VVE.MethodsFrom 2015 to 2022, 4,090 Danish clinical VRE and VVE isolates were whole genome sequenced...
June 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818748/large-hospital-outbreak-caused-by-oxa-244-producing-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-38-poland-2023
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Radosław Izdebski, Marta Biedrzycka, Paweł Urbanowicz, Dorota Żabicka, Teresa Błauciak, Dorota Lechowicz, Beata Gałecka-Ziółkowska, Marek Gniadkowski
In February 2023, Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 38 producing oxacillinase 244 (OXA-244-Ec ST38) was detected from three patients in a hospital in western Poland. Overall, OXA-244-Ec ST38 was detected from 38 colonised patients in 13 wards between February and June 2023. The outbreak was investigated on site by an infection control team, and the bacterial isolates were characterised microbiologically and by whole genome sequencing. We could not identify the primary source of the outbreak or reconstruct the transmission sequence...
May 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818747/impact-and-economic-analysis-of-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-htlv-1-targeted-antenatal-screening-england-and-wales-2021
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carolina Rosadas, Milene Costa, Kátia Senna, Marisa Santos, Graham P Taylor
BackgroundHuman T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a neglected virus that can cause severe disease and be transmitted from mother to child through breastfeeding. Avoidance of breastfeeding prevents 80% of vertical transmission. The United Kingdom (UK) is currently assessing whether HTLV-1-targeted antenatal screening should be implemented.AimWe aimed to assess the impact and cost-effectiveness of a targeted programme to prevent HTLV-1 vertical transmission in England and Wales.MethodsWe estimated the number of pregnant women who have high risk of HTLV-1 infection based on their or their partner's country of birth...
May 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818746/adapting-response-to-a-measles-outbreak-in-a-context-of-high-vaccination-and-breakthrough-cases-an-example-from-vaud-switzerland-january-to-march-2024
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alessandro Cassini, Ludovico Cobuccio, Emmanouil Glampedakis, Pascal Cherpillod, Pierre Alex Crisinel, Francisco-Javier Pérez-Rodríguez, Monica Attinger, Dominique Bachelin, Marie Nahimana Tessemo, Mirjam Maeusezahl, Céline Gardiol, Karim Boubaker
A measles outbreak with 51 cases occurred in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, between January and March 2024. The outbreak was triggered by an imported case, and 37 (72.5%) subsequent cases were previously vaccinated individuals. Epidemiological investigations showed that vaccinated measles cases were symptomatic and infectious. In a highly vaccinated population, it is important to raise awareness among healthcare professionals to suspect and test for measles virus when an outbreak is declared, irrespective of the vaccination status of the patients...
May 2024: Euro Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785093/mpox-in-children-and-adolescents-and-contact-follow-up-in-school-settings-in-greater-paris-france-may-2022-to-july-2023
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laura Reques, Lilas Mercuriali, Yassoungo Silué, Emilie Chazelle, Guillaume Spaccaferri, Annie Velter, Alexandra Mailles, Pierre Frange, Arnaud Tarantola
BackgroundDuring the 2022 mpox outbreak in Europe, primarily affecting men who have sex with men, a limited number of cases among children and adolescents were identified. Paediatric cases from outbreaks in endemic countries have been associated with a higher likelihood of severe illness. Detailed clinical case descriptions and interventions in school settings before 2022 are limited.AimTo describe clinical characteristics of mpox cases among children (< 15 years) and adolescents (15-17 years) in the greater Paris area in France, and infection control measures in schools...
May 2024: Euro Surveillance
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