Jun-Kun Zhu, Feng-Feng Wu, Rui-Feng Yang, Fen-Fen Xu, Ya-Li Lin, Miao-Fang Ye
PURPOSE: Static progressive stretch (SPS) can be applied to treat chronic joint stiffness. However, the impacts of subacute application of SPS to the distal lower limbs, where deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is common, on venous thromboembolism remain unclear. This study aims to explore the risk of venous thromboembolism events following subacute application of SPS. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients diagnosed with DVT following a lower extremity orthopedic surgery before being transferred to the rehabilitation ward from May 2017 to May 2022...
March 5, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Nina D Fisher, Ekenedilichukwu Nwakoby, Hunter Hernandez, Toni M McLaurin
PURPOSE: Electric scooters (e-scooters) have become an increasingly popular mode of public transportation in recent years. As the incidence of related injuries rises, it is important to understand specific fracture patterns unique to e-scooters and electric bikes (e-bikes) to help guide management. The purpose of this study was to review the prevalence and describe specific fracture patterns of e-scooter and e-bike related injuries at the busiest level 1 trauma center in the borough of Manhattan...
February 24, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Sourabh Shankar Chakraborty, Anjana Malhotra, Urvi Ashok Shah, Shylesh Ramesh Babu, Puja Bhaurao Dandekar, Doddi Avinash Kumar, Chindarkar Himanshu Prakash
Free flap procedure provides an overall success rate of 97%, which decreases to 85% in hypercoagulable states. COVID-19, as a pro-thrombotic disorder, therefore seems detrimental to free flap survival. We encountered a case of unique pattern of free flap partial failure in a young male who underwent extremity reconstruction. The patient was diagnosed as COVID-19 positive on the 3rd day post-reconstruction. The flap survived well for the first 7 days post-operatively, but gradually the skin got necrosed and the subcutaneous fat layer was preserved when debriding...
February 21, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Diego A Abelleyra Lastoria, Clerin K Benny, Caroline B Hing
PURPOSE: Scar assessment tools can be utilized during the post-operative period to monitor scar progress. The primary aim of this systematic review was to evaluate current subjective scar assessment scales utilized in orthopaedic surgery. The secondary aim was to identify determinants of patients' satisfaction with their scars and evaluate current measurement scales. METHODS: The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses checklist was followed...
February 9, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Koushik Narayan Subramanyam, Abhishek Vasant Mundargi, Milind Vittal Prabhu, K U Gopakumar, D S Ankush Gowda, Devagiri Raviteja Reddy
PURPOSE: The study aimed to identify the risk factors of recurrence in chronic osteomyelitis (COM) and to document the microbiological patterns pre- and intra-operatively and at recurrence, if any. METHODS: We performed retrospective review on COM patients treated with surgical debridement and a six-week course of antibiotics. The patients with symptoms of osteomyelitis for at least six weeks, present or past episodes of discharging sinus, documentation of bone sequestration in operative notes or preoperative images were included in the study...
January 31, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Glen Purnomo, Aditya Fuad Robby Triangga, Satrio Nugroho Magetsari, Jansen Lee, Jeffry Andrianus
A cruciate ligament avulsion is a much less common form of injury than a cruciate ligament tear. Simultaneous tibial avulsion fractures of both cruciate ligaments occur even more rarely. Over the last decades, many studies have described arthroscopic fixation of acute cruciate tibial avulsion fractures, but arthroscopic treatment in a late presenting patient has not been reported in the literature. This case report presents a 32-year-old female with a chronic tibial avulsion fracture of both anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament...
January 14, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Mahnaz Yadollahi, Mehrdad Karajizadeh, Najmeh Bordbar, Zahra Ghahramani
PURPOSE: Spine injury is one of the leading causes of death and mortality worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, pattern and outcome of trauma patients with spine injury referred to the largest trauma center in southern Iran during the last three years. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted between 2018 and 2021 in the largest trauma center in the southern Iran. The data collection form included the age, sex, injury location (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar), canuse of injury (traffic accidents, falls, and assaults), length of hospital stay, injured segment of spine injury, severity of injury, and outcome...
January 10, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Pratyusha Priyadarshini, Supreet Kaur, Komal Gupta, Abhinav Kumar, Junaid Alam, Dinesh Bagaria, Narender Choudhary, Amit Gupta, Sushma Sagar, Biplab Mishra, Subodh Kumar
PURPOSE: Outcomes of peripheral arterial injury (PAI) depend on various factors, such as warm ischemia time and concomitant injuries. Suboptimal prehospital care may lead to delayed presentation, and a lack of dedicated trauma system may lead to poorer outcome. Also, there are few reports of these outcomes. The aim of this study was to review our experience of PAI management for more than a decade, and identify the predictors of limb loss in these patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained database of trauma admissions at a level I trauma center from January 2008 to December 2019...
December 29, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Kai Wang, Yun-Xuan Deng, Kai-Wei Li, Xin-Yu Wang, Chao Yang, Wei-Wei Ding
Blunt bowel injury (BBI) is relatively rare but life-threatening when delayed in surgical repair or anastomosis. Providing enteral nutrition (EN) in BBI patients with open abdomen after damage control surgery is challenging, especially for those with discontinuity of the bowel. Here, we report a 47-year-old male driver who was involved in a motor vehicle collision and developed ascites on post-trauma day 3. Emergency exploratory laparotomy at a local hospital revealed a complete rupture of the jejunum and then primary anastomosis was performed...
December 20, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Iraj Golikhatir, Mohammad Sazgar, Fatemeh Jahanian, Seyed Jalal Mousavi Amiri, Hamed Aminiahidashti
PURPOSE: Abdominal CT scan using oral and intravenous (IV) contrast is helpful in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal injuries. However, the use of oral and IV contrast delays the process of diagnosis and increases the risk of aspiration. It has also been shown that CT scan with IV contrast alone is as helpful as CT scan with oral and IV contrast and rectal CT scan in detecting abdominal injuries. Therefore, the present study aims to prospectively compare the diagnostic value of CT scan with oral and IV contrast versus CT scan with IV contrast alone in the diagnosis of blunt abdominal traumas (BATs)...
December 16, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Atmananda Hegde, Vikrant Khanna, Prajwal Mane, Chethan Shetty, Nitin Joseph
PURPOSE: Long proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA-II) nail is a preferred implant in recent years for fixation of pertrochanteric fractures, especially in osteoporotic patients. The purpose of this study is to prospectively investigate the effect of distal locking in long PFNA-II fixation of stable intertrochanteric fractures. METHODS: A total of 58 patients with isolated stable intertrochanteric fractures and treated in our hospital during the study period of 2017-2019 by distal locked or unlocked long PFNA-II fixation were included in this study...
December 14, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Vikash Raj, Sitanshu Barik, Richa
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze if any difference exists on the type of immobilisation (above elbow vs. below elbow) in the conservative treatment of distal end radius fractures in adults. METHODS: The study was performed in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. An electronic literature search was performed up to 1st October 2021 in Medline, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane database using the search terms, "distal end radius fractures OR fracture of distal radius", "conservative treatment OR non-surgical treatment", "above elbow immobilisation" and "below elbow immobilisation"...
December 13, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Purva Vijay Sinai Khandeparker, Trishala Bhadauria Fernandes, Vikas Dhupar, Francis Akkara, Omkar Anand Shetye, Rakshit Vijay Sinai Khandeparker
PURPOSE: Trauma accounts for the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide in the present day and may rightly be called the new pandemic. The prominent nature of the face exposes it to various traumatic injuries. A timely, prompt diagnosis along with employment of correct and quick treatment greatly improves the outcome for these patients. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the characteristics of maxillofacial injuries over a decade. METHODS: The data were collected manually from the medical records of patients who reported to the tertiary centre from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2019...
December 10, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Yuan-Jie Liu, Jun-Tan Li, Yu-Yang Gao, Pei-Yan Guo, Tian-Xu Dou, Xu Li
For the treatment of an intertrochanteric fracture combined with femoral head necrosis in middle-age patients, it has been controversial whether to perform fracture reduction and fixation first then total hip replacement, or direct total hip replacement. We present a rare case of 53-year-old male patient suffered from bilateral intertrochanteric fracture caused by a road traffic injury. The patient had a history of femoral head necrosis for eight years, and the Harris score was 30. We performed total hip replacement with prolonged biologic shank prostheses for primary repair...
December 7, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Nirmal Chandra Mohapatra, Udit Sourav Sahoo, Madan Mohan Sahoo
PURPOSE: Unsatisfactory results of hemiarthroplasty in Neer's 3- and 4-part proximal humerus fractures in elderly, have led to the shift towards reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). The objective of our study was to repair the tuberosities that are generally overlooked during RSA and observe its impact on the functional outcome and shoulder scores. METHODS: Elderly patients with acutely displaced or dislocated 3- or 4-part proximal humerus fractures from July 2013 to November 2019 were treated with RSA along with tuberosity repair by non-absorbable sutures and bone grafting harvested from the humeral head...
December 7, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Vivek Vijayakumar, Hemant Bansal, Kamran Farooque, Vijay Sharma
A 19-year-old man had an accidental fall from the second floor and sustained multiple injuries. On radiological evaluation, the patient had symmetrical quadruple limb involvement with bilateral humerus shaft, bilateral olecranon, bilateral femur shaft and bilateral patella fractures. The patient was actively managed using damage control orthopaedics, and a sequence of skeletal fixation was planned based on the hemodynamic stability and periodical serum lactate assessment. Symmetrical quadruple limb fractures are very rare, which could be associated with higher mortality...
December 7, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Mahla Babaie, Mohammadamin Joulani, Mohammad Hosein Ranjbar Hameghavandi, Mohammad Hossein Asgardoon, Marzieh Nojomi, Gerard M O'Reilly, Morteza Gholami, Zahra Ghodsi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: To systematically review the risk of permanent disability related to road traffic injuries (RTIs) and to determine the implications for future research regarding permanent impairment following road traffic crashes. METHODS: We conducted this systematic review according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis statement. An extended search of the literature was carried out in 4 major electronic databases for scientific research papers published from January 1980 to February 2020...
November 23, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Mahin Hosseininejad, Shima Javadifar, Saber Mohammadi, Elham Mirzamohammadi
PURPOSE: Upper limb disorders are one of the most common and important types of occupational injuries. Besides, identifying the factors influencing return to work following these injuries is essential to reduce the dimensions of the problem. In this study, we investigated the return to work and associated factors following occupational injuries leading to upper limb impairment. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, the rate of return to work and associated factors were assessed in 256 workers with work-related upper limb injury referred to a teaching hospital from March 2011 to December 2018...
November 17, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Jonathan Ko, Victor Kong, Janet Amey, Damien Ah Yen, Damian Clarke, Grant Christey
PURPOSE: Trauma centres have been proven to provide better outcomes in developed countries for overall trauma, but there is limited literature on the systematic factors that describe any discrepancies in outcomes for trauma laparotomies in these centres. This study was conducted to examine and interrogate the effect of systematic factors on patients undergoing a trauma laparotomy in a developed country, intending to identify potential discrepancies in the outcome. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all laparotomies performed for trauma at a level 1 trauma centre in New Zealand...
October 26, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Kiana Khatami, Yaser Sarikhani, Reza Fereidooni, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani, Maryam Akabri, Leila Khabir, Arash Mani, Mahsa Yaghikosh, Afsaneh Haghdel, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the possible associations between psychological disorders and risky driving behavior (RDB) in Iran. METHODS: This case-control study conducted in the drivers in Shiraz city in 2021. The case group included drivers with psychological disorders and the control group was selected from normal cases. The inclusion criteria for selecting patients were: active driving at the time of the study, being 18-65 years old, having a driving license, having a psychological disorder including depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety spectrum disorder, and psychotic disorder spectrum confirmed by a psychiatrist, and completing an informed consent form...
October 26, 2022: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
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