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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30678524/role-of-employment-related-inequalities-in-young-adults-life-satisfaction-a-comparative-study-in-five-european-welfare-state-regimes
#1
Mihaela Vancea, Jennifer Shore, Mireia Utzet
AIMS: There is evidence that young people are less satisfied with their lives when they are unemployed or working in precarious conditions. This study aims to shed light on how the life satisfaction of unemployed and precariously employed young people varies across welfare states with different labour market policies and levels of social protection. METHODS: The analyses are based on representative cross-sectional survey data from five European countries (Denmark, the UK, Germany, Spain and the Czech Republic), corresponding to five different welfare state regimes...
January 25, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672396/capital-interplays-and-social-inequalities-in-health
#2
Gerry Veenstra, Thomas Abel
We explore the ramifications of applying Pierre Bourdieu's theory of capitals to epidemiological research on socioeconomic health inequalities. Capitals are resources used by individuals and groups to maintain and enhance their positions in the social order. The notion of capital interplay refers to the interconnectedness of multiple forms of capital in the production of good health. We provide definitions of economic, cultural and social capitals and describe a variety of causally distal processes-namely, capital acquisition, multiplier and transmission interplays-from which new hypotheses can be developed to guide future study of socioeconomic health inequalities in modern societies...
January 23, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672390/cyberbullying-and-traditional-bullying-among-nordic-adolescents-and-their-impact-on-life-satisfaction
#3
Arsaell Arnarsson, Jens Nygren, Maria Nyholm, Torbjorn Torsheim, Lilly Augustine, Ylva Bjereld, Ilona Markkanen, Christina W Schnohr, Mette Rasmussen, Line Nielsen, Pernille Bendtsen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cybervictimization in the six Nordic countries and to assess its overlap with traditional bullying. A further aim was to examine potential associations between life satisfaction, on the one hand, and traditional bullying and cyberbullying on the other. METHODS: Analyses were based on data from the 2013⁄2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. It included 32,210 boys and girls, aged 11, 13, and 15, living in the six Nordic countries...
January 23, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632949/illegal-substance-use-among-1-309-music-festival-attendees-an-investigation-using-oral-fluid-sample-drug-tests-breathalysers-and-questionnaires
#4
Linn Gjersing, Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen, Håvard Furuhaugen, Hallvard Gjerde
AIMS: Illegal substance use at music festivals is less documented than it is in nightlife and electronic dance music settings. This study investigated such use through questionnaires, breathalysers and oral fluid drug testing. We also examined the associations between testing positive for illegal substances and demographics, self-reported substance use and measured blood alcohol concentration levels. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,309 festival attendees from six Norwegian music festivals taking place between July and August 2016...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632917/mental-illnesses-are-not-an-ideal-type-of-disability-for-disability-income-support-perceptions-of-policymakers-in-australia-and-canada
#5
Ashley Mcallister
AIM: This article aims to explore how policymakers conceptualise a person suitable for disability income support (DIS) and how this compares across two settings - Australia and Canada. METHODS: A constructivist grounded theory approach was used; 45 policymakers in Australia and Canada were interviewed between March 2012 and September 2013. All policymakers are or were influential in the design or assessment of DIS. RESULTS: Results found that the policymakers in both jurisdictions define a suitable person as having as an 'ideal type' of disability with five features - visibility, diagnostic proof, permanency, recognition as a medical illness and perceived as externally caused...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632911/socioeconomic-differences-in-swimming-ability-among-children-in-malm%C3%A3-southern-sweden-initial-results-from-a-community-level-intervention
#6
Frida I H Pilgaard, Per-Olof Östergren, Anna Olin, Stefan Kling, Maria Albin, Jonas Björk
AIMS: To investigate to what extent socioeconomic differences in swimming abilities persist among children in the city of Malmö, Sweden, after a community-level swimming intervention programme in public primary schools. METHODS: A compulsory swimming education programme was launched in 2014 in second grade (at age 8) in all public primary schools in Malmö, Sweden. Data for the present study on sociodemographic conditions and self-reported swimming ability in fourth grade (age 10) were used for the last birth cohort unexposed ( n = 1695) and the first birth cohort exposed ( n = 1773) to the intervention...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632908/income-inequalities-in-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-in-northern-sweden-a-decomposition-analysis
#7
Máté Szilcz, Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson
AIMS: Increasing income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity have been reported in the relatively socially equal setting of northern Sweden. The present report seeks to contribute to the literature by exploring the contribution of different factors to the income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden. METHODS: This study was based on the 2014 Health on Equal Terms survey, distributed in the four northernmost counties of Sweden...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632905/a-follow-up-of-the-introduction-of-a-maximum-entitlement-period-for-receiving-sickness-benefits-in-sweden-a-nationwide-register-based-study
#8
Marjan Vaez, Ola Leijon, Anders Wikman, Tora Nord, Ulrik Lidwall, Michael Wiberg, Kristina Alexanderson, Lena Gonäs
In 2008, Sweden introduced a policy change to limit the number of days for sickness benefits (SB). This study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of those who reached the maximum entitlement period for receiving sickness benefits (MEPSB) and their future main source of income. METHODS: All 5,309,759 individuals, aged 20-63 and residents of Sweden in 2009 were followed from July 2008 to July 2010 regarding SB-days and date of MEPSB and then categorised into three groups: I) no SB-days, II) ongoing SB-days, and III) MEPSB...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632904/autopsy-rates-in-iceland
#9
S N Kunz, Þ Bergsdóttir, J G Jónasson
A clinical as well as forensic autopsy is a uniform medical investigation of the deceased, which mainly serves to verify the plausibility of information on the cause, mode and mechanism of death provided by the police and/or medical personnel. Despite its importance in the context of a conclusive assessment of a person's medical history and in detecting any criminal correlation or malpractice, a significant decline in autopsies is evident in Iceland. This article gives an overview on autopsy rates in Iceland and compares the situation with European countries...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632902/educational-level-and-living-arrangements-are-associated-with-dietary-intake-of-red-meat-and-fruit-vegetables-a-danish-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ulla Bach Laursen, Martin Berg Johansen, Albert Marni Joensen, Cathrine Juel Lau, Kim Overvad, Mogens Lytken Larsen
AIMS: To evaluate the association between education and living arrangements and the intake of fish, red meat and fruit and vegetables. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional and conducted in Denmark in 2013. Participants filled in questionnaires about their educational level and living arrangements (living alone or with others) and dietary intake including fish, red meat, fruit and vegetables. Regression analyses were performed to assess the associations within 85,456 randomly sampled healthy men and women who were at least 25 years old...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30486761/achieving-the-sdgs-through-interdisciplinary-research-in-global-health
#11
Sibylle L Herzig Van Wees, Mats Målqvist, Rachel Irwin
The Swedish Global Health Research Conference held in Stockholm, 18-19 April 2018, convened researchers from across Sweden's universities to foster collaboration and new research. In response to the theme of the conference, How can Sweden contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals? From research to action, many of the plenary and keynote speakers highlighted the importance of interdisciplinary research and teaching. This commentary draws upon a workshop discussing interdisciplinarity, which took place at the conference...
November 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30486752/can-a-poor-psychosocial-work-environment-and-insufficient-organizational-resources-explain-the-higher-risk-of-ill-health-and-sickness-absence-in-human-service-occupations-evidence-from-a-swedish-national-cohort
#12
Vanda Aronsson, Susanna Toivanen, Constanze Leineweber, Anna Nyberg
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in burnout, self-rated health (SRH) and sickness absence between human service occupations (HSOs) and other occupations, and whether they can be attributed to differences in psychosocial work environment and organizational resources. METHODS: Data were derived from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health, an approximately representative sample of the Swedish working population ( n = 4408)...
November 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30486749/school-level-changes-in-factors-related-to-oral-health-inequalities-after-national-recommendation-on-sweet-selling
#13
Jaakko Anttila, Mimmi Tolvanen, Rami Kankaanpää, Satu Lahti
AIMS: In 2007, Finnish authorities gave a national recommendation that schools should not sell sweet products. This study aimed to determine the effects of the national recommendation on school-level intermediary determinants (factors related to oral health inequalities) and if the changes were different according to school-level socio-economic position (SEP). METHODS: This ecological and longitudinal study combined school-level data from two independent studies from Finnish upper comprehensive schools ( N = 970): the School Health Promotion study (SHPS) and the School Sweet Selling survey (SSSS)...
November 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30486736/induced-abortions-by-woman-s-country-of-origin-in-finland-2001-2014
#14
Anna E Heino, Mika Gissler, Maili Malin, Heini VÄisÄnen
AIMS: Understanding the differences in reproductive-health behaviours between native and migrant populations helps provide good reproductive-health services. We investigate the differences in induced abortion rates, pregnancy histories and use of contraceptives between native and migrant populations in Finland. METHODS: The Finnish Register on Induced Abortions was linked with Population Register data from years 2001-2014 to identify first- and second-generation immigrants...
November 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470169/maternal-health-still-a-long-way-to-go
#15
Mats Målqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29212432/maternity-leave-duration-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-an-international-country-level-comparison
#16
Emma Kwegyir-Afful, George Adu, Evelien R Spelten, Kimmo Räsänen, Jos Verbeek
AIM: Preterm birth and low birthweight (LBW) lead to infant morbidity and mortality. The causes are unknown. This study evaluates the association between duration of maternity leave and birth outcomes at country level. METHOD: We compiled data on duration of maternity leave for 180 countries of which 36 specified prenatal leave, 190 specified income, 183 specified preterm birth rates and 185 specified the LBW rate. Multivariate and seemingly unrelated regression analyses were done in STATA...
December 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426850/fathers-experiences-during-the-first-postnatal-week-at-home-after-early-discharge-of-mother-and-baby-from-the-maternity-unit-a-meta-synthesis
#17
Anne Brunstad, Katrine Aasekjær, Ingvild Aune, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore and describe fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit. METHODS: A meta-synthesis. INCLUSION CRITERIA: peer-reviewed qualitative single studies of fathers' experiences during the first week after early discharge (defined as less than 72 hours postpartum) from hospital after the birth of a healthy singleton baby born between weeks 37 and 40...
November 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30409081/adolescents-need-more-sleep-rethinking-the-preventive-options-of-school-environments
#18
Kirsten K Roessler, Sidsel Grove
Sleep problems in adolescence have both somatic and psychological consequences for health. Most adolescents spend a considerable amount of time in school, but there is little published research on how the school environment affects adolescent health and well-being. This commentary explores whether using a nap room in the middle of the school day can reduce perceived stress and fatigue in high school students and improve their sleep quality. We show that a short nap of 10 minutes can prevent stress-related problems...
November 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30387371/cohort-study-design-for-estimating-the-effectiveness-of-seasonal-influenza-vaccines-in-real-time-based-on-register-data-the-finnish-example
#19
Ulrike Baum, Kari Auranen, Sangita Kulathinal, Ritva Syrjänen, Hanna Nohynek, Jukka Jokinen
This paper presents the principles of implementing register-based cohort studies as currently applied for real-time estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Finland. All required information is retrieved from computerised national registers and deterministically linked via the unique personal identity code assigned to each Finnish resident. The study cohorts comprise large subpopulations eligible for a free seasonal influenza vaccination as part of the National Vaccination Programme. The primary outcome is laboratory-confirmed influenza...
November 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421646/aspher-s-european-list-of-core-competences-for-the-public-health-professional
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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