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Evidence-based Mental Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30692143/reply-to-leon-et-al
#1
LETTER
Samuele Cortese, David Coghill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30679196/reasoning-under-uncertainty
#2
Colin Aitken, Dimitris Mavridis
INTRODUCTION: It is difficult to reason correctly when the information available is uncertain. Reasoning under uncertainty is also known as probabilistic reasoning. METHODS: We discuss probabilistic reasoning in the context of a medical diagnosis or prognosis. The information available are symptoms for the diagnosis or diagnosis for the prognosis. We show how probabilities of events are updated in the light of new evidence (conditional probabilities/Bayes' theorem)...
January 24, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665992/adjunctive-minocycline-in-schizophrenia-what-one-well-conducted-study-can-tell-us-and-what-it-can-t
#3
Marco Solmi, Christoph U Correll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665991/cbt-medication-and-the-combination-are-effective-for-childhood-anxiety
#4
Lynn M Hana, Elizabeth McIngvale, Michelle Davis, Eric A Storch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665990/shedding-light-on-the-onset-of-psychiatric-illness-looking-through-a-developmental-lens
#5
Sarah Margaret Goodday, Anne Duffy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665989/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-the-probability-of-responding-to-placebo-in-antidepressant-trials-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#6
Kiyomi Shinohara, Shiro Tanaka, Hissei Imai, Hisashi Noma, Kazushi Maruo, Andrea Cipriani, Shigeto Yamawaki, Toshi A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Identifying potential placebo responders among apparent drug responders is critical to dissect drug-specific and nonspecific effects in depression. OBJECTIVE: This project aimed to develop and test a prediction model for the probability of responding to placebo in antidepressant trials. Such a model will allow us to estimate the probability of placebo response among drug responders in antidepressants trials. METHODS: We identified all placebo-controlled, double-blind randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of second generation antidepressants for major depressive disorder conducted in Japan and requested their individual patient data (IPD) to pharmaceutical companies...
January 21, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665988/attention-deficit-hyperactive-disorder-missing-the-bull-s-eye
#7
LETTER
Chaithanya Leon, Ratna Sharma, Simran Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665987/providing-the-most-appropriate-care-to-our-individual-patients
#8
EDITORIAL
Andrea Cipriani, Anneka Tomlinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665986/what-is-the-evidence-for-the-use-of-simulation-training-to-teach-communication-skills-in-psychiatry
#9
REVIEW
Josephine Neale
Training in communication skills is a vital part of medical education worldwide and essential for psychiatrists, with poor communication often cited as a key contributing factor in healthcare complaints. Simulation training is a rapidly developing educational modality, and educationalists need to be aware of its possible uses and pitfalls in teaching communications skills in psychiatry. By exploring the advantages and disadvantages of the use of simulation training as a method of teaching communication skills in psychiatry, this article demonstrates a clear consensus in the literature that, while there are a number of difficulties to be overcome in simulation training, these are outweighed by the clear educational gains...
January 21, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30635262/understanding-the-quality-effectiveness-and-attributes-of-top-rated-smartphone-health-apps
#10
Hannah Wisniewski, Gang Liu, Philip Henson, Aditya Vaidyam, Narissa Karima Hajratalli, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, John Torous
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand the attributes of popular apps for mental health and comorbid medical conditions, and how these qualities relate to consumer ratings, app quality and classification by the WHO health app classification framework. METHODS: We selected the 10 apps from the Apple iTunes store and the US Android Google Play store on 20 July 2018 from six disease states: depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, addiction, diabetes and hypertension...
January 11, 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30580254/implementation-of-a-smoke-free-policy-appears-to-reduce-physical-violence-in-inpatient-settings
#11
Emily Hedges, Emma Facer-Irwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559332/digital-technology-for-health-promotion-opportunities-to-address-excess-mortality-in-persons-living-with-severe-mental-disorders
#12
REVIEW
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner
Persons with severe mental disorders (SMDs) experience dramatically reduced life expectancy compared with the general population. We consider the role of digital technologies for addressing this serious public health concern. In this clinical review, we apply the multilevel risk model recently introduced by the WHO to conceptualise how digital technology can support efforts to reduce excess mortality risk at the individual, health system and social determinants of health levels. In particular, digital technologies show promise for targeting preventable physical health conditions in persons with SMDs...
December 17, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30530763/preventive-cognitive-therapy-could-be-a-viable-and-effective-addition-to-antidepressant-medication-in-preventing-relapse-or-recurrence-in-major-depressive-disorder
#13
Marloes J Huijbers, Carolien Wentink, Anne E M Speckens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705039/comparative-evaluation-of-group-based-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-the-treatment-and-management-of-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Eve-Ling Khoo, Rebecca Small, Wei Cheng, Taylor Hatchard, Brittany Glynn, Danielle B Rice, Becky Skidmore, Samantha Kenny, Brian Hutton, Patricia A Poulin
QUESTION: This review compares mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) to cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in its ability to improve physical functioning and reduce pain intensity and distress in patients with chronic pain (CP), when evaluated against control conditions. STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: Ovid MEDLINE, EmbaseClassic+Embase, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify randomised controlled trials. The primary outcome measure was physical functioning...
February 2019: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30361330/what-do-we-really-know-about-prn-use-in-agitated-children-with-mental-health-conditions-a-clinical-review
#15
REVIEW
Megan Baker, Gabriellle A Carlson
What is the evidence that 'pro re nata' (PRN) medication is effective for ending agitated outbursts in children and adolescents in psychiatric emergency rooms or inpatient units? Literature search was performed for studies of PRN medication use in children and adolescents that included an outcome measure. One randomised controlled trial, three prospective studies and six retrospective studies that included some outcome measure were identified. Outcome measures were heterogeneous, and frequently did not use standardised metrics assessing agitation level to measure effectiveness...
November 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30361329/advances-in-our-understanding-of-the-genetics-of-childhood-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Joanne Doherty, Miriam Cooper, Anita Thapar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30355661/ultra-high-risk-paradigm-lessons-learnt-and-new-directions
#17
REVIEW
Patrick D McGorry, Cristina Mei
Within the embryonic early psychosis field in the early 1990s, the conceptualisation and definition of an at-risk or ultra-high-risk (UHR) mental state for psychosis was a breakthrough which transformed the clinical and research landscape in psychiatry. Twenty-five years later, we have a new evidence base that has illuminated the neurobiology of the onset phase of psychotic disorder, delivered Cochrane level 1 evidence showing that the onset of full-threshold sustained psychotic disorder can be at least delayed, and is paving the way to a new generation of transdiagnostic research...
November 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30352885/twenty-years-of-progress-in-paediatric-psychopharmacology-accomplishments-and-unmet-needs
#18
REVIEW
Benedetto Vitiello, Chiara Davico
The systematic assessment of the efficacy and safety of psychiatric medications in children and adolescents started about 20 years ago. Since then, a considerable number of randomised clinical trials have been conducted, including also a series of publicly funded comparative effectiveness studies to evaluate the therapeutic benefit of medications relative to psychosocial interventions, alone or combined with medications. On the whole, these studies have been informative of the paediatric pharmacokinetics, efficacy and safety of the most commonly used psychotropics...
November 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30352884/early-intervention-in-youth-mental-health-progress-and-future-directions
#19
REVIEW
Patrick D McGorry, Cristina Mei
Early intervention is a fundamental principle in health care and the past two decades have seen it belatedly introduced into the field of mental health. This began in psychotic disorders, arguably the least promising place to start. The steady accumulation of scientific evidence for early intervention has eventually overwhelmed the sceptics, transformed thinking in psychotic disorders and created an international wave of service reform. This paradigm shift has paved the way to a more substantial one: early intervention across the full diagnostic spectrum...
November 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30352883/pilot-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-interpersonal-counselling-for-young-people-with-depressive-symptoms-in-non-specialist-services
#20
Paul Oliver Wilkinson, Viktoria Cestaro, Ian Pinchen
BACKGROUND: The majority of young people receive treatment for depressive symptoms in the UK from staff with minimal specialist mental health/therapeutic training. There is no evidence to guide them as to what treatments are likely to be effective. Interpersonal counselling (IPC) is a reduced form of interpersonal psychotherapy and may be an appropriate treatment to use in this population. OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness and acceptability of IPC delivered by youth workers to young people with primarily depressive symptoms...
November 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
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