Anna Kitta, Franziska Ecker, Elisabeth Lucia Zeilinger, Lea Kum, Feroniki Adamidis, Eva Katharina Masel
BACKGROUND: Since January 2022, assisted suicide (AS) in Austria is legal under certain conditions. One of these conditions is informative consultations with two physicians, one of whom must be qualified in palliative medicine. Patients who are thinking about AS can approach palliative care institutions. This study aims to assess the availability and nature of Austrian palliative care institutions' web-based statements about AS. METHODS: In this qualitative study, the websites of all Austrian palliative care units (n = 43) and all Austrian inpatient hospices (n = 14) were searched for possible statements on AS once in February 2022 and once in August 2022 using the three search terms "suicide", "assisted", and "euthanasia"...
March 9, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Faruk Tas, Akın Ozturk, Kayhan Erturk
BACKGROUND: The prognostic impact of tumor SUVmax (t-SUVmax) in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has been questioned with controversial results, and the significance of the ratio of tumor SUVmax to primary tumor size (SUVmax/t-size) in SCLC has yet to be clarified as well. In this study, a retrospective analysis was carried out to figure out the prognostic and predictive powers of pretreatment primary t‑SUVmax and t‑SUVmax/t-size ratio in patients with SCLC. METHODS: A total of 349 SCLC patients who underwent pretreatment staging with PET/CT scan were enrolled in the study and analyzed retrospectively...
March 7, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Nader Salari, Mohammadrasool Ghasemianrad, Mojtaba Ammari-Allahyari, Shabnam Rasoulpoor, Shamarina Shohaimi, Masoud Mohammadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Constipation is one of the most common functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in older adults. To date, no systematic review or previous meta-analysis has estimated the global prevalence of constipation in older adults. The prevalence of this disorder has been reported differently in different studies; therefore, this study aims to systematically review the publications and to perform a meta-analysis of the prevalence of constipation in older adults...
February 24, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Alissia Stummer, Robin Ristl, Bernhard Kogler, Melanie Muskovich, Michael Kossmeier, Thomas M Stulnig
AIMS: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-type 9 inhibitor (PCSK9i) treatment reduces cardiovascular events when taken over a long time for secondary prevention. Data on treatment adherence are scarce and maybe affected by co-payment of patients. The aim of this study was to elucidate PCSK9i treatment adherence in a setting of full cost coverage as it is the case in a number of European countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Baseline data and prescription patterns of all 7302 patients with PCSK9i prescriptions dispensed on the account of Austrian Social Insurances between September 2015 and December 2020 were retrieved and analyzed...
February 20, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Alexander J Eckert, Andreas Fritsche, Andrea Icks, Erhard Siegel, Annabel S Mueller-Stierlin, Wolfram Karges, Joachim Rosenbauer, Marie Auzanneau, Reinhard W Holl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate common surgical procedures and admission causes in inpatient cases with diabetes in Germany between 2015 and 2019 and compare them to inpatient cases without diabetes. METHODS: Based on the German diagnosis-related groups (G-DRG) statistics, regression models stratified by age groups and gender were used to calculate hospital admissions/100,000 individuals, hospital days as well as the proportion of complications and mortality in inpatient cases ≥ 40 years with or without a documented diagnosis of diabetes (type 1 or type 2)...
February 10, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Tea Mladenić, Martina Mavrinac, Sanja Dević Pavlić, Anna Malnar, Matea Matić, Sara Mikić, Saša Ostojić, Nina Pereza
To examine the knowledge, behavior, and attitudes toward medical genetics among obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, and neurology residents and specialists, who encounter the highest number of patients with specific genetic disorders, in their everyday practice. The cross-sectional study involved 182 nongenetic residents and specialists in the Republic of Croatia, who completed a validated online questionnaire anonymously and voluntarily. The questionnaire consisted of five groups of questions: general information, knowledge, behavior in practice, attitude toward genetic testing, and additional education in medical genetics...
February 10, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Alexandra Christ, Clement J Staud, Matthias Wielscher, Annika Resch, Maryana Teufelsbauer, Christine Radtke
INTRODUCTION: Currently, very little detailed information on the epidemiological distribution and specificities of severely burned patients during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is available. This retrospective study aims to describe and compare this specific patient population based on 114 patients who were treated between March 2019 and March 2021 at the Center for Severe Burn Injuries at the Medical University of Vienna. METHODS: To answer the research questions, a retrospective cohort study has been conducted over a period of 24 months, starting in March 2019 and ending in March 2021...
February 9, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Arno Joachim Gingele, Hesam Amin, Aniek Vaassen, Ivana Schnur, Cathy Pearl, Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca, Josiane Boyne
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a severe condition and telemedicine can improve the care of heart failure. Many patients are unable to use telemedicine applications due to visual impairment and limited health-related literacy. Avatar technology might help to overcome these limitations. METHODS: A telemedicine application was combined with a nurse avatar and offered to heart failure outpatients for 3 months. System usability and patient satisfaction were evaluated monthly by the system usability score (maximum score=100) and the patient satisfaction scale (maximum score=50)...
February 2, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Selam Woldemariam, Thomas E Dorner, Thomas Wiesinger, Katharina Viktoria Stein
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a multifactorial chronic disease that cannot be addressed by simply promoting better diets and more physical activity. To date, not a single country has successfully been able to curb the accumulating burden of obesity. One explanation for the lack of progress is that lifestyle intervention programs are traditionally implemented without a comprehensive evaluation of an individual's diagnostic biomarkers. Evidence from genome-wide association studies highlight the importance of genetic and epigenetic factors in the development of obesity and how they in turn affect the transcriptome, metabolites, microbiomes, and proteomes...
January 30, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Robert Uzel, Richard Rezar, Raphael Romano Bruno, Sarah Wernly, Christian Jung, Georg Delle Karth, Christian Datz, Friedrich Hoppichler, Bernhard Wernly
INTRODUCTION: Selection in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (MR) to identify responders to interventions is challenging. In these patients, frailty might be used as a multidimensional parameter to summarize the resilience to stressors. Our objective was to evaluate frailty as a predictor of outcome in patients with moderate to severe secondary MR. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective observational cohort study and included 239 patients with moderate to severe secondary MR aged 65 years or older between 2014 and 2020...
January 12, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Alexander Kiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Heiko Schumann, Beatrice Thielmann, Julia Botscharow, Irina Böckelmann
Control center dispatchers (CCDs) are exposed to high levels of work-related mental stress, which are exacerbated by the current severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. The aim of this study was to comparatively analyze the recovery and stress state of CCDs during the first and second waves of the SARS-CoV‑2 pandemic. A total of 490 CCDs (n = 440, t1 and n = 50, t2) with a mean age of 42.26 ± 8.79 years participated directly at the end of the first wave from June to August 2020 (t1) and during the second wave between January and February 2021 (t2) of the SARS-CoV‑2 pandemic...
January 4, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Carmen Trost, Stephan Heisinger, Philipp T Funovics, Reinhard Windhager, Gerhard M Hobusch, Tanja Stamm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and consequences of surgical treatment of patients with musculoskeletal malignancies on everyday life. METHODS: A modified form of grounded theory was used for data collection and analysis. Data collection was systematic and analyzed simultaneously and 16 interviews were conducted: 2 narrative, 11 guided and 3 expert interviews (surgeon, physical therapist, support group). Data collection and analysis alternated until no new codes could be found...
January 3, 2023: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Ipek Candemir, Pinar Ergun, Mustafa Engin Şahin, Harun Karamanli
BACKGROUND: After COVID-19 infection, persistent exercise intolerance, changes in lung function have been shown. Our aim is to investigate the correlation between impulse oscillometry (IOS) parameters and exercise capacity by using incremental and endurance shuttle walk tests (ISWT, ESWT) and investigate the factors and parameters which might have an effect on both IOS parameters and exercise capacity tests. METHOD: The patients who had a history of COVID-19 were enrolled into cross-sectional study according to inclusion criteria...
December 30, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Mislav Radić, Dušanka Martinović Kaliterna, Damir Bonacin, Jadranka Morović Vergles, Josipa Radić, Damir Fabijanić, Vedran Kovačić
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is associated with increased activity and severity of systemic sclerosis (SSc), hence we aimed to evaluate the effect of HP eradication on various symptoms and inflammatory indices. METHODS: The SSc patients without dyspeptic symptoms were prospectively enrolled in this 18-month cross-sectional study. Patients were divided into two groups based on determination of HP infection. The infected group was treated in accordance with the current HP eradication protocol...
December 30, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Gerold R Ebenbichler, Gabriella Murakoezy, Julia Kohlmann, Richard Habenicht, Thomas Kienbacher, Peter Jaksch, Patrick Mair, Konrad Hoetzenecker
PURPOSE: There is reason to believe that the favorable measurement properties of the 6‑minute walk test (6MWT) reported for retest reliability and its capability to detect a true change in healthy individuals or persons with chronic respiratory disease may not apply to lung transplant recipients (LuTXr). We therefore investigated retest reliability of the 6MWT and, in addition, made an attempt to explore whether the 6MWT was sensitive enough to detect important changes that occur with postacute rehabilitation in LuTXr after first time LuTX...
December 28, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Caroline Schwarz, David Chromy, David Bauer, Nikki Duong, Victor Ulrich Schmidbauer, Michael Schwarz, Mattias Mandorfer, Armin Rieger, Michael Trauner, Michael Gschwantler, Thomas Reiberger
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is frequent in people living with HIV (PLWH) and may be aggravated by metabolic comorbidities and antiretroviral therapy (ART)-associated adverse effects. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed epidemiological, clinical and laboratory parameters and ART regimens at HIV diagnosis (BL) and at last follow-up (FU) in 1458 PLWH without viral hepatitis coinfection attending our HIV clinic in 2014-2016. Fibrosis was non-invasively assessed by the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS)...
December 28, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Sebastian Zeiner, Thomas Haider, Oliver Zotti, Katrin Thüringer, Petra Höbart, Oliver Kimberger, Erich Knolle
BACKGROUND: Postoperative intravenous diclofenac reduces patient opioid demand and is commonly used in surgical units. Orphenadrine is mainly used in combination with diclofenac for musculoskeletal injuries and postoperative pain control. The objective of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of diclofenac-orphenadrine, diclofenac alone and saline. METHODS: We performed a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, single-center clinical study investigating the opioid-sparing effect of a combination of diclofenac and orphenadrine versus diclofenac alone versus isotonic saline solution...
December 28, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Richard Rezar, Behrooz Mamandipoor, Clemens Seelmaier, Christian Jung, Michael Lichtenauer, Uta C Hoppe, Reinhard Kaufmann, Venet Osmani, Bernhard Wernly
Severe hyperlactatemia (>10mmol/L) or impaired lactate metabolism are known to correlate with increased mortality. The maximum lactate concentration on day 1 of 10,724 septic patients from the eICU Collaborative Research Database was analyzed and patients were divided into three groups based on maximum lactate in the first 24 h (<5mmol/l; ≥5mmol/l & <10mmol/l; ≥10mmol/l). In addition, delta lactate was calculated using the following formula: (maximum lactate day 1 minus maximum lactate day 2) divided by maximum lactate day 1...
December 28, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Michael Berger, Susanne Mayer, Judit Simon
Decision making in public health often happens against the background of scarce resources. The systematic use of economic evaluations can be a main enabler in the alignment of public health goals with budgetary constraints. However, the lack of standardized methodology in terms of costing method and perspective are a critical barrier to the implementation of economic evaluations and the international comparability of results. We present a novel set of 22 reference unit costs (RUCs) optimized for cross-sectoral economic evaluations in Austria suitable for international comparability calculated using the standardized PECUNIA RUC Template...
December 23, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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