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Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30582616/attaining-landmark-status-rumelhart-and-mcclelland-s-pdp-volumes-and-the-connectionist-paradigm
#1
Michelle Gibbons
In 1986, David Rumelhart and James McClelland published their two-volume work, Parallel distributed processing: Explorations in microcognition, Volume 1: Foundations and Volume 2: Psychological and biological models. These volumes soon become classic texts in both connectionism, specifically, and in the cognitive science field more generally. Drawing on oral histories, book reviews, translations, citation records, and close textual analysis, this paper analyzes how and why they attained landmark status. It argues that McClelland and Rumelhart's volumes became classics largely as a result of a confluence of rhetorical factors...
December 24, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30561827/the-myth-of-the-collective-unconscious
#2
Jon Mills
This essay challenges the most basic tenet of Jung's analytical psychology, namely, the existence of the collective unconscious. Despite the fact that there are purported to be universal processes and ontological features of mind throughout all psychoanalytical schools of thought, Jung's is unique in the history of psychoanalytic ideas for positing a supraordinate, autonomous transpersonal psyche that remains the source, ground, and wellspring from which all unconscious and conscious manifestations derive. This bold claim is analyzed through a close inspection of Jung's texts that questions the philosophical justification for postulating a supernatural macroanthropos or reified collective mind...
December 18, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30508292/the-moral-power-of-suggestion-a-history-of-suggestion-in-japan-1900-1930
#3
Yu-Chuan Wu
In Japan, as in the west, suggestion theory was the predominant theory of hypnosis, and suggestive therapy was one of the most important, if not the most important, form of psychotherapy in the early 20th century. While the use of suggestion was met with objections on both scientific and moral grounds in the west, it was seen in a more positive light and has had a significant influence on the development of psychotherapy in Japan. With regard to the contexts of suggestion, suggestive power, suggestibility, and the effects of suggestion, this study will examine the distinctive conceptions and practices of suggestion developed by analogy with existing ideas about interpersonal influence, particularly with the concept of kanka (assimilative transformation) in Japan...
December 3, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30508285/the-muscular-sense-in-russia-i-m-sechenov-and-materialist-realism
#4
Roger Smith
Contemporary Russian sensory physiology and psychology uses the notion of a "dark sense," referring to the background of bodily sensation, especially of the position and movement of the body. The physiologist Ivan Sechenov introduced this language in the 1860s in the context of arguing for a physiological basis for scientific psychology. The muscular sense (the term preceding modern notions of kinaesthesia and proprioception) thereafter featured in the many talks and journal articles he presented to spread scientific enlightenment...
December 3, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657184/cheiron-book-prize
#5
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657183/announcement-from-cheiron-the-international-society-for-the-history-of-behavioral-and-social-sciences-2018-cheiron-young-scholar-award
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657182/eshhs-2019-budapest-first-call-for-abstracts
#7
Anna Borgos, Júlia Gyimesi, Zsuzsanna Vajda, Csaba Pléh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657181/news-and-notes-conferences
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657180/forum-for-the-history-of-the-human-sciences
#9
Chair Laura Stark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350368/annual-meeting-of-the-european-society-for-the-history-of-the-human-sciences-july-17-20-2018-university-of-groningen
#10
Ivan Flis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350367/on-making-sense-an-exploration-of-wundt-s-apperceptionist-account-of-meaningful-speech
#11
Liesbet De Kock
In the wake of the critical reorientation in the historiography of psychology, a number of scholars challenged the one-sided structuralist and positivist interpretation of Wilhelm Wundt's work. This paper aims at contributing to these recent efforts, by providing an analysis of the way in which Wundt's apperceptionism conditioned his account of the relation between thought and speech, and by extrapolation, of disorganized thought and speech. While Wundt's pivotal role in the development of the psychology of language is relatively well-known, discussions on this part of his theorizing tend to focus exclusively on his gestural or motor account of language...
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350366/report-of-the-50th-annual-meeting-of-cheiron-the-international-society-for-the-history-of-the-behavioral-and-social-sciences-by-david-k-robinson-cheiron-executive-officer
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350365/-drawn-from-alice-in-wonderland-expert-and-public-debates-over-merit-race-and-testing-in-massachusetts-police-officer-selection-1967-1979
#13
Kimberly Probolus
This study explores the use of tests to select police officers in Massachusetts from 1967-1979. I show how a range of actors understood the construction of merit within the context of police selection in Boston during the Civil Rights movement and how these debates raised larger questions about objectivity in the social sciences and the law. I argue that when experts exposed the way seemingly objective "intelligence" tests perpetuated racial inequality, the public rejected their expertise, instead reaffirming their trust in tests as the best way to evaluate merit and by instead challenging the law's objectivity...
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350364/news-and-notes-conference-presentations
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350363/forum-for-the-history-of-the-human-sciences
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30350362/robert-owen-utopian-socialism-and-social-transformation
#16
Chris Rogers
This paper critically scrutinizes accounts of Robert Owen's life and works focusing on his purported "utopianism" and his supposedly deficient "socialism." It suggests that such positions have relied on questionable assertions about the potential of particular modes of social transformation, and a failure to acknowledge the distinction Owen makes between the practical arrangements necessary to begin the process of transformation, and those arrangements that would ultimately prevail in "the new moral world...
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29968286/contesting-the-territorial-aggression-thesis-in-environmental-psychology-ca-1965-1980
#17
Annukka Sailo
In the latter part of the 1960s, the ethologically derived idea of territoriality as an explanation for human aggression became widely debated among social scientists. The instinctual basis of human territorial aggression was promoted by so-called popular ethologists and consequently embraced by lay audiences. The article examines how the emerging field of environmental psychology adopted the notion of human territoriality from ethology and made it into a part of their own research agenda. It shows how environmental psychologists were inspired by the fashion around the claimed relevance of human territoriality for the large-scale social problems, such as aggression, war and population growth...
July 3, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29884984/a-case-of-undeclared-debt-claude-l%C3%A3-vi-strauss-ambiguities-and-paradoxes-toward-analytical-psychology
#18
Florent Serina
If his relationship to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis has been widely acknowledged, Claude Lévi-Strauss' rapport with C.G. Jung's analytical psychology remains quite obscure. While secondary commentary has been abundant, its approach has above all been intertextual, to the detriment of a rigorously historical reading. Even if certain arguments put forward by supporters of so-called "influence" deserve to be taken into account, especially because they highlight Lévi-Strauss ambiguities and paradoxes toward Jung, this paper provides proof that a precise reading of the texts, with the help of recent studies on the intellectual genesis of Lévi-Strauss, lead to reject the thesis of an unstated debt owed by the French anthropologist to the Zurich psychologist...
June 9, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29768674/social-science-and-sozialwissenschaft-categorical-and-institutional-boundaries-of-knowledge
#19
Gerhard Sonnert
This article explores how linguistic categories affect boundary work in scholarly knowledge production. Whereas the German language knows the unified concept of Wissenschaft for all branches of scholarship represented at universities, the English language separates science from the arts or humanities and does not commonly engage an overarching concept. This has had consequences for American social science, which are traced both in the discourse shaping its development and in the deployment and distribution of institutional resources...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29665057/forum-for-the-history-of-the-human-sciences
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
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