journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33769773/utility-of-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-in-management-of-hpv-associated-cutaneous-lesions
#41
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jane Gay, Nathan Johnson, Varun Kavuru, Mariana Phillips
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced cutaneous disease is a common complaint for patients presenting for dermatology evaluation. Infection by HPV is the major etiologic factor in the development of cutaneous warts, epidermodysplasia verruciformis, and possibly a subset of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Carcinoma of the genitourinary tract, most notably cervical carcinoma, is the most severe manifestation of infection with specific serotypes of HPV. For this reason, the HPV immunization (Gardasil) was developed in 2006 and upgraded in 2018 to a nonavalent formulation that includes serotypes 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, 58...
March 2021: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33769772/certolizumab-pegol-in-plaque-psoriasis-considerations-for-pregnancy
#42
REVIEW
Jeremy Strain, Maria Leis, Kyle O Lee, Patrick Fleming
Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated skin condition which commonly affects women of childbearing age. Certolizumab pegol (CZP) is an anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNFα) agent that has demonstrated long-term safety and efficacy in treating moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Previously, there has been limited safety data surrounding its use in pregnancy. The objective of this article is to review pivotal clinical trial data for CZP and explore safety considerations for this agent in pregnancy. This review demonstrates that CZP offers a safe and effective treatment option for women during childbearing years based on pharmacokinetics and available safety data...
March 2021: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33539062/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-once-daily-efinaconazole-10-topical-solution-jublia-for-dermatophyte-toenail-onychomycosis-an-interim-analysis
#43
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aditya K Gupta, Elizabeth A Cooper
Onychomycosis, a difficult-to-treat fungal nail infection, is more prevalent in the elderly. Efinaconazole 10% topical solution is a firstline therapy for onychomycosis, based on phase III trials of 12-month treatment; the slow growth of onychomycotic nails suggests a longer treatment period may increase efficacy. This is the first efficacy and safety data for a 24-month duration of efinaconazole 10% topical solution treatment for onychomycosis. Enrolled patients (N = 101) with mild to moderate distal lateral subungual onychomycosis applied efinaconazole to all affected toenails once daily for 18-24 months...
January 2021: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33539061/crisaborole-2-ointment-for-mild-to-moderate-atopic-dermatitis
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aryan Riahi, Joseph M Lam
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory condition marked by pruritus and traditionally treated with topical corticosteroids (TCS) and topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCI). Crisaborole 2% ointment (a topical phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor) is a newer topical agent for the treatment of AD. Crisaborole is indicated for treating mild-to-moderate AD and evidence from phase 3 and phase 4 trials show that crisaborole is an effective agent with a well-tolerated side effect profile for children >2 years of age...
January 2021: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33196157/nicotinamide-an-update-and-review-of-safety-differences-from-niacin
#45
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Reed Huber, Aaron Wong
Nicotinamide (or niacinamide), a form of vitamin B3 that is often confused with its precursor nicotinic acid (or niacin), is a low-cost, evidence-based oral treatment option for actinic keratosis, squamous cell carcinomas, basal cell carcinomas, and bullous pemphigoid. Despite its favorable safety profile and affordability, the integration of nicotinamide into clinical practice is an ongoing process, and like many over-the-counter supplements it has faced some barriers. The purpose of this article is to address some of those barriers by reviewing its efficacy, safety profile, and emphasizing the difference between nicotinamide and niacin...
November 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33196156/pediatric-psoriasis-comorbidities
#46
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicole W Kittler, Kelly M Cordoro
While the association between psoriasis and various comorbidities is well documented in adults, questions remain as to whether the same relationships exist in the pediatric population. However, psoriasis develops in childhood or adolescence in approximately 40% of patients, suggesting that the risk of comorbidities may also begin early in life. This presents an opportunity for prevention, early detection and intervention for children who may suffer from, or be at risk of, comorbidities. The pediatric psoriasis Comorbidity Screening Initiative, a multidisciplinary panel, devised and published consensus-based screening recommendations for pediatric psoriasis patients in 2017...
November 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33017108/dermatologic-applications-and-safety-considerations-of-janus-kinase-inhibitors
#47
REVIEW
Steven A Svoboda, Nathan Johnson, Mariana Phillips
Janus kinase inhibitors, also known as JAK inhibitors or jakinibs, represent a new class of medication that have broad potential to treat dermatologic disease. Currently, the only FDA-approved dermatologic indication for this class of medications is psoriatic arthritis; however, their utility in treating other immune-mediated skin conditions including atopic dermatitis, vitiligo, alopecia areata, and systemic and cutaneous lupus is actively being investigated. Overall, these drugs appear to be well-tolerated and have a safety profile similar to that of other biologics commonly used in dermatologic practice, although an increased risk of thromboembolism has been associated...
September 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33017107/elective-treatment-of-dermatosis-papulosa-nigra-a-review-of-treatment-modalities
#48
REVIEW
Mimi Tran, Vincent Richer
Dermatosis papulosa nigra is a benign skin lesion found most frequently on the face of patients with skin of color. Elective treatment is occasionally requested. However, in view of knowledge gaps regarding aesthetic treatments for skin of color, patients can be exposed to unnecessary risks or simply denied treatment options due to physician reservation. Cosmetic treatments should balance efficacy of lesion removal while minimizing pigmentary complications. In this review, we describe the few published treatment modalities for dermatosis papulosa nigra...
September 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32510891/management-of-primary-small-vessel-vasculitis
#49
REVIEW
Crystal E Nwannunu, Radhika Shah, Allison L Limmer
Small-vessel vasculitides (SVV) are a group of disorders that occur due to primarily systemic inflammation or as sequelae of an infection, malignancy, or other rheumatic disease. Arising in any organ including the skin, the clinical features of SVV encompass a variety of manifestations. A comprehensive diagnostic assessment should be performed as management protocols widely differ. Although rare, physicians should be familiar with the common types of SVV to ensure prompt management and prevention of severe, life-threatening end-organ damage...
May 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32510689/risankizumab-an-il-23p19-inhibitor-for-psoriasis-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#50
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julian McDonald, Khalad Maliyar, Melinda J Gooderham
Psoriasis is a common, chronic, immune-mediated, inflammatory disorder with significant skin manifestations and substantial burden on quality of life. Interleukin-23 is a key regulator of different effector cytokines and plays a cardinal role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. The monoclonal antibody, risankizumab, inhibits this key cytokine and thus prevents the downstream inflammatory cascade. This article aims to review our current understanding of risankizumab through the analysis of the various clinical trials...
May 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32196147/an-anti-wrinkle-diet-nutritional-strategies-to-combat-oxidation-inflammation-and-glycation
#51
REVIEW
Rajani Katta, Ariadna Sanchez, Evelyne Tantry
There is growing awareness of the complex link between nutrition and skin. In the last few decades, our understanding of this link has grown significantly with research findings from multiple laboratory, animal, and human studies. From the impact of diet on clinical features of aging skin, to documentation of the biochemical and histologic changes that occur, our understanding of this link continues to expand and evolve. In this paper, we review the research on the impact of diet on skin aging. A number of long-term observational population studies have documented that healthier diets are linked to fewer signs of skin aging...
March 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32196146/a-novel-topical-retinoid-for-acne-trifarotene-50-%C3%AE-g-g-cream
#52
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jerry Tan, Maegan Miklas
Trifarotene 50 μg/g cream is a fourth generation topical retinoid with retinoic acid receptor gamma selectivity. It was recently approved by the US FDA and Health Canada for the topical treatment of facial and truncal acne for those aged 9 and older based on two identically designed phase 3 trials demonstrating superiority in lesion count reduction and global acne improvement compared to vehicle. These studies and a 1 year study also demonstrated safety and tolerability with cutaneous adverse events developing in an anticipated timeframe (1 week) for the face...
March 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32023022/management-of-ichthyosis-a-brief-review
#53
REVIEW
Allison L Limmer, Crystal E Nwannunu, Ravi R Patel, Uyen N Mui, Stephen K Tyring
The ichthyoses, also termed the disorders of keratinization, are a heterogenous group of skin diseases in which a distinctive horny layer arises secondary to excessive transepidermal water loss. Although occasionally acquired, the majority of ichthyoses are inherited and can be pinpointed to characteristic genetic mutations. Management depends on disease severity and includes topical agents and lifestyle modifications with or without oral retinoids. Genetic counseling is also an important consideration. This review aims to highlight advances in our understanding of disease pathogenesis as well as the holistic approach necessary to adequately manage ichthyosis patients...
January 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32023021/hydrogen-peroxide-topical-solution-40-w-w-for-the-treatment-of-seborrheic-keratoses-a-review
#54
REVIEW
Emily C Murphy, Adam J Friedman
HP40 (Eskata™) is a stabilized, topical solution of 40% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) packaged in an applicator pen that is US FDA-approved to treat seborrheic keratoses (SKs). By harnessing the oxidative capabilities of H2O2 , 1-2 treatments with HP40 produced a higher rate of clearance of four SKs per patient compared to vehicle in two phase 3 trials. The clearance rate was higher for the face than the trunk and extremities. Similarly, the risks of pigmentary changes and scarring from HP40 were lower for the face than other locations...
January 2020: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31801013/brief-update-on-dermatologic-uses-of-methotrexate
#55
REVIEW
Radhika A. Shah, Crystal E. Nwannunu, Allison L. Limmer, Ravi R. Patel, Uyen Ngoc Mui, Stephen K. Tyring
Methotrexate (MTX), an agent originally intended for anti-neoplastic use, has been successfully employed in the treatment of a variety of dermatologic conditions. In addition to its multiple clinical indications, variable dosing and modes of administration make it a viable option for patients of all ages and most comorbidities. MTX is a folate analog that antagonizes dihydrofolate reductase, thus inhibiting thymidylate synthesis and, ultimately, the production of pyrimidine. Depending on dosage, MTX can function as an anti-inflammatory agent, immunomodulator, or antimetabolite...
November 2019: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31801012/tildrakizumab-for-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis
#56
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Uyen Ngoc Mui, Ravi R Patel, Ramya Vangipuram, Stephen K. Tyring
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin condition associated with many comorbidities and poor quality of life. The pathogenesis of psoriasis is complex and involves numerous proinflammatory cytokines. Many biologic therapies have been developed to block the action of these proinflammatory molecules, including inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-17, IL-12, and IL-23. IL-23 is composed of two subunits, p19 and p40. The p40 subunit is shared with IL-12, and inhibitors of the p40 subunit can block both IL-12 and IL-23 signaling...
November 2019: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31584785/skin-hair-and-nail-supplements-an-evidence-based-approach
#57
REVIEW
Rajani Katta, Sophia Huang
Dermatology supplements, often marketed as “skin, hair, and nail” supplements, are becoming increasingly popular. However, many consumers lack an understanding of the science of dietary supplements or the specifics of the supplement industry. While certain supplements at the right dose in the right population may prove beneficial, the evidence is sparse for many supplements. In addition, the use of some supplements has resulted in serious adverse effects. From a regulatory standpoint, the US FDA recognizes dietary supplements as foods...
September 2019: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31584784/platelet-rich-plasma-prp-current-applications-in-dermatology
#58
REVIEW
Jason Emer
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous serum containing high concentrations of platelets and growth factors. PRP continues to evolve as an important treatment modality with many applications in dermatology, particularly in the areas of hair restoration, skin rejuvenation, acne scars, dermal augmentation, and striae distensae. Furthermore, combining PRP with laser therapies, microneedling, dermal fillers, and autologous fat grafting produces synergistic effects, leading to improved aesthetic results. Future studies should standardize PRP treatment protocols for specific indications...
September 2019: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31339679/shingrix-for-herpes-zoster-a-review
#59
REVIEW
Radhika A Shah, Allison L Limmer, Crystal E Nwannunu, Ravi R Patel, Uyen Ngoc Mui, Stephen K Tyring
Herpes zoster (HZ), also known as shingles, results from reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV), which commonly causes chickenpox in childhood. Greater than 90% of adults are infected with this virus, putting them at risk for reactivation. HZ presents as a painful, vesicular rash distributed in a unilateral and dermatomal pattern along dorsal root or cranial nerve ganglia. The rash often presents with prodromal symptoms and progresses to include clear vesicular clusters, evolving through stages of pustulation, ulceration, and crusting...
July 2019: Skin Therapy Letter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31339678/a-closer-look-at-the-data-regarding-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-in-psoriasis-patients-the-case-of-brodalumab
#60
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fabian Rodriguez-Bolanos, Melinda Gooderham, Kim Papp
The interleukin (IL)-17 inhibitors have proven to be highly effective in the treatment of psoriasis. The most recently approved agent, brodalumab, had few cases of suicidal behavior, including completed suicide, in the phase 3 clinical program leading both the US FDA and Health Canada to add a boxed warning to its label. This raises the importance of identifying the psychiatric comorbidities associated with psoriasis. It is also necessary to critically examine the data from the brodalumab clinical trial program to determine whether there is enough information to establish causality and whether other factors, other than the drug, could be playing a role...
July 2019: Skin Therapy Letter
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