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Joanna Depciuch, Idalia Kasprzyk, Elzbieta Drzymała, Magdalena Parlinska-Wojtan
In this study, the morphology and chemical composition of pollen grains of six birch species ( Betula utilis Doorenbos , B. dahurica , B. maximowicziana, B. pendula , B. pubescens and B. humilis ) were examined to verify which of these features allow distinguishing them in a more unambiguous way. For this purpose, scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy, as well as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and curve-fitting analysis of amide I profile, were performed. The microscopy images show that the pollen grains of B...
2018: Aerobiologia
Katarzyna Dąbrowska-Zapart, Kazimiera Chłopek, Tadeusz Niedźwiedź
The aim of the work was to compare the alder pollen seasons in the years 1997-2017 in Sosnowiec. The measurements of pollen concentration were taken with the volumetric method using Burkard's apparatus. The impact of atmospheric conditions on the daily alder pollen grain concentration, the annual totals, and the duration of pollen seasons were studied. The dependency between each meteorological condition and different features of the alder pollen season was determined by using Pearson's correlation coefficients, variance analysis with multiple comparison tests, and the linear regression model using backward elimination...
2018: Aerobiologia
Ewa Brągoszewska, Józef S Pastuszka
Numerous studies have focused on occupational and indoor environments because people spend more than 90% of their time in them. Nevertheless, air is the main source of bacteria in indoors, and outdoor exposure is also crucial. Worldwide studies have indicated that bacterial concentrations vary among different types of outdoor environments, with considerable seasonal variations as well. Conducting comprehensive monitoring of atmospheric aerosol concentrations is very important not only for environmental management but also for the assessment of the health impacts of air pollution...
2018: Aerobiologia
Elżbieta Gębarowska, Wojciech Pusz, Jolanta Kucińska, Włodzimierz Kita
The aim of this work was to determine the genera or species composition and the number of colony forming units of airborne bacteria and fungi, respectively, in two salt mines in Poland "Wieliczka" (Lesser Poland) and "Polkowice-Sieroszowice" (Lower Silesia). Both of them are working environments characterized by extreme conditions, and additionally "Wieliczka," officially placed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites' list, plays a role of tourist attraction. There are also some curative chambers located in this mine...
2018: Aerobiologia
Wojciech Pusz, Maria Król, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica
We report on the determination of the spore concentration and the species composition of the airborne fungi in selected caves of the Tatra Mountains, Poland. The following caves were surveyed: Mylna, Obłazkowa, Mroźna, Zimna and Naciekowa. The sampling was carried out in July 2015 and in January 2016. The aeromycological analyses were performed with the impact method, using the Air Ideal 3P apparatus and potato dextrose agar (PDA, Biocorp) culture medium. In the course of the July 2015 analysis, 17 species of fungi were isolated and 11 species were isolated in January 2016...
2018: Aerobiologia
Agnieszka Grinn-Gofroń, Beata Bosiacka, Aleksandra Bednarz, Tomasz Wolski
Air sampling was conducted in Szczecin (Poland) throughout April-September 2013. The final data set included 177 daily and 4248 hourly samples. The total of 21 types of spores, which occurred in a number >10 in the season, were taken into account. The following meteorological parameters were analyzed: air temperature, relative humidity, precipitation and wind speed. Effects of individual weather parameters on hourly and daily concentrations of different fungal spore types were examined using Spearman's rank association test, whereas effects of complex of meteorological factors on hourly and daily compositions of spore were assessed using detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) and redundancy analysis (RDA)...
2018: Aerobiologia
Rafał Ogórek, Bartosz Kozak, Zuzana Višňovská, Dana Tančinová
This paper is the first aero-mycological report from Demänovská Ice Cave. Fungal spores were sampled from the internal and external air of the cave in June, 2014, using the impact method with a microbiological air sampler. Airborne fungi cultured on PDA medium were identified using a combination of classical phenotypic and molecular methods. Altogether, the presence of 18 different fungal spores, belonging to 3 phyla, 9 orders and 14 genera, was detected in the air of the cave. All of them were isolated from the indoor samples, and only 9 were obtained from the outdoor samples...
2018: Aerobiologia
R F Herrmann, R J Grosser, D Farrar, R B Brobst
Endotoxins are a component of Gram-negative bacteria cell walls and are known to be present in biosolids. Endotoxins have been shown to be potent stimulators of the innate immune response causing airway irritation and shortness of breath. Class B biosolids are routinely applied to agricultural lands to enhance soil properties and can be used as an alternative to chemical fertilizers. This study investigated the aerosolized endotoxin dispersed during the land application of Class B biosolids on agricultural land and a concrete surface at two sites in Colorado, USA...
September 2017: Aerobiologia
I Müller-Germann, D A Pickersgill, H Paulsen, B Alberternst, U Pöschl, J Fröhlich-Nowoisky, V R Després
Mugwort ( Artemisia vulgaris ) and ragweed ( Ambrosia artemisiifolia ) are highly allergenic Asteraceae. They often cause pollen allergies in late summer and fall. While mugwort is native to Europe, ragweed reached Europe as a neophyte from North America about 150 years ago and continued spreading ever since. To understand possible relationships between the spread of ragweed, its abundance in air, and to judge possible health risks for the public, we quantified ragweed DNA in inhalable fine as well as in coarse air particulate matter...
2017: Aerobiologia
Anna Kozajda, Karolina Jeżak, Marcin Cyprowski, Irena Szadkowska-Stańczyk
The aim of the study was to assess the levels of inhalable dust, endotoxins and (1-3)-β-d-glucans as agents harmful to the respiratory tract of workers of municipal waste sorting plants and interaction between these agents based on the measurements taken in two plants with different processing capacities. The study was conducted in summer season in two waste sorting plants (WSPs) differing in processing capacity. Samples of bioaerosol for inhalable dust (gravimetric method), endotoxins (LAL test in kinetic, chromogenic version) and (1-3)-β-d-glucans (Glucatell test in kinetic version) were collected from 42 sorting workers using individual aspirators with glass fiber filters during the work shift...
2017: Aerobiologia
Maria Grundström, Åslög Dahl, Tinghai Ou, Deliang Chen, Håkan Pleijel
Exposure to elevated air pollution levels can aggravate pollen allergy symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between airborne birch ( Betula ) pollen, urban air pollutants NO2 , O3 and PM10 and their effects on antihistamine demand in Gothenburg and Malmö, Sweden, 2006-2012. Further, the influence of large-scale weather pattern on pollen-/pollution-related risk, using Lamb weather types (LWTs), was analysed. Daily LWTs were obtained by comparing the atmospheric pressure over a 16-point grid system over southern Sweden (scale ~3000 km)...
2017: Aerobiologia
Anna Lenart-Boroń, Katarzyna Wolny-Koładka, Katarzyna Juraszek, Andrzej Kasprowicz
Bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus were isolated from air sampled from living spaces in Kraków (Poland). In total, 55 strains belonging to the genus Staphylococcus were isolated from 45 sites, and 13 species of coagulase-negative staphylococci were identified. The species composition of studied airborne microbiota contains Staphylococcus species that are rarely infectious to humans. Most commonly isolated species comprised S. hominis and S. warneri. The disk-diffusion tests showed that the collected isolates were most frequently resistant to erythromycin...
2017: Aerobiologia
Daria Bilińska, Carsten Ambelas Skjøth, Małgorzata Werner, Maciej Kryza, Małgorzata Malkiewicz, Justyna Krynicka, Anetta Drzeniecka-Osiadacz
We have investigated the relationship between the inflow of air masses and the ragweed pollen concentration in SW Poland (Wrocław) for a 10-year period of 2005-2014. The HYSPLIT trajectory model was used to verify whether episodes of high concentrations can be related to regions outside of the main known ragweed centres in Europe, like Pannonian Plain, northern Italy and Ukraine. Furthermore, we used two different meteorological data sets (the global GDAS data set and from the WRF mesoscale model; the meteorological parameters were: U and V wind components, temperature and relative humidity) into HYSPLIT to evaluate the influence of meteorological input on calculated trajectories for high concentration ragweed episodes...
2017: Aerobiologia
B Sikoparija, C A Skjøth, S Celenk, C Testoni, T Abramidze, K Alm Kübler, J Belmonte, U Berger, M Bonini, A Charalampopoulos, A Damialis, B Clot, Å Dahl, L A de Weger, R Gehrig, M Hendrickx, L Hoebeke, N Ianovici, A Kofol Seliger, D Magyar, G Mányoki, S Milkovska, D Myszkowska, A Páldy, C H Pashley, K Rasmussen, O Ritenberga, V Rodinkova, O Rybníček, V Shalaboda, I Šaulienė, J Ščevková, B Stjepanović, M Thibaudon, C Verstraeten, D Vokou, R Yankova, M Smith
The European Commission Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action FA1203 "SMARTER" aims to make recommendations for the sustainable management of Ambrosia across Europe and for monitoring its efficiency and cost-effectiveness. The goal of the present study is to provide a baseline for spatial and temporal variations in airborne Ambrosia pollen in Europe that can be used for the management and evaluation of this noxious plant. The study covers the full range of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. distribution over Europe (39°N-60°N; 2°W-45°E)...
2017: Aerobiologia
M Sofiev
This discussion paper reveals the contribution of pollen transport conditions to the inter-annual variability of the seasonal pollen index (SPI). This contribution is quantified as a sensitivity of the pollen model predictions to meteorological variability and is shown to be a noticeable addition to the SPI variability caused by plant reproduction cycles. A specially designed SILAM model re-analysis of pollen seasons 1980-2014 was performed, resulting in the 35 years of the SPI predictions over Europe, which was used to compute the SPI inter-annual variability...
2017: Aerobiologia
Kazimierz Szczepanek, Dorota Myszkowska, Elżbieta Worobiec, Katarzyna Piotrowicz, Monika Ziemianin, Zuzanna Bielec-Bąkowska
High Pinaceae pollen concentrations in the air and on the surface of puddles before the main pollen season started were observed in Kraków (southern Poland) in May 2013. The paper presents the results of detailed studies of the composition and source of the "yellow rain" in 2013, and as a comparison, the Pinaceae pollen concentrations and samples collected from the ground surface in 2014 were considered. The air samples were collected using the volumetric method (Hirst-type device), while pollen grains sampled from the ground surface were processed using a modified Erdtman acetolysis method...
2017: Aerobiologia
J Depciuch, I Kasprzyk, O Sadik, M Parlińska-Wojtan
ABSTRACT: In this study, the effect of urbanization and environmental pollution on qualitative (structural) and quantitative changes of the Corylus avellana (hazel) pollen was investigated using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and curve-fitting analysis of amide I profile. The obtained spectroscopic results show significant variations in the fraction of proteins in the hazel pollen, which probably depend on various degrees of anthropopression...
2017: Aerobiologia
Danielle E Medek, Paul J Beggs, Bircan Erbas, Alison K Jaggard, Bradley C Campbell, Don Vicendese, Fay H Johnston, Ian Godwin, Alfredo R Huete, Brett J Green, Pamela K Burton, David M J S Bowman, Rewi M Newnham, Constance H Katelaris, Simon G Haberle, Ed Newbigin, Janet M Davies
Although grass pollen is widely regarded as the major outdoor aeroallergen source in Australia and New Zealand (NZ), no assemblage of airborne pollen data for the region has been previously compiled. Grass pollen count data collected at 14 urban sites in Australia and NZ over periods ranging from 1 to 17 years were acquired, assembled and compared, revealing considerable spatiotemporal variability. Although direct comparison between these data is problematic due to methodological differences between monitoring sites, the following patterns are apparent...
June 2016: Aerobiologia
Ł Grewling, P Bogawski, M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Aerobiologia
Dimphna Nneka Ezike, Catherine V Nnamani, Oluwatoyin T Ogundipe, Olushola H Adekanmbi
The ambient atmosphere is dominated with pollen and spores, which trigger allergic reactions and diseases and impact negatively on human health. A survey of pollen and fungal spores constituents of the atmosphere of Garki, Abuja (North-Central Nigeria) was carried out for 1 year (June 1, 2011-May 31, 2012). The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and abundance of pollen and fungal spores in the atmosphere and their relationship with meteorological parameters. Airborne samples were trapped using modified Tauber-like pollen trap, and the recipient solutions were subjected to acetolysis...
2016: Aerobiologia
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