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Journals Journal of the Saudi Heart Ass...

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36816796/results-of-surgical-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-rheumatic-heart-disease
#41
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Turki B Albacker, Sultan Alaamro, Abdulaziz M Alhothali, Amr A Arafat, Khaled D Algarni, Ahmed Eldemerdash, Bakir M Bakir
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence regarding the success of the Maze procedure to restore sinus rhythm in patients with rheumatic heart disease. Hence, the aim of our study was to describe the results of surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation in patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included adult patients with rheumatic heart disease who underwent surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36816795/predictors-of-neurological-complications-of-pediatric-post-cardiotomy-extracorporeal-life-support
#42
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hala M Agha, Amr Fathalla, Giuseppe Isgro, Mauro Cotza
BACKGROUND: Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was associated with significant neurological complications affecting the overall outcome. The aim of the work is to determine the incidence and the predictors of neurological events during pediatric extracorporeal life support after cardiac surgery. PATIENTS & METHODS: This is a retrospective study that encompassed all neonates, infants, and children (<18 years of age) who need extracorporeal life support following cardiac surgery between January 2015 and December 2018 at San Donato Hospital, Italy...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36816794/cardiogenic-shock-among-patients-with-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-a-middle-eastern-country-a-single-center-experience
#43
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ghada Shalaby, Azmat K Niazi, Sheeren Khaled
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic Shock (CS) remains the most common cause of death in hospitalized acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Predictors of outcomes in those patients include clinical, laboratory, radiologic variables, and management strategies. The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, predictors of cardiogenic shock and mortality among acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients in our center. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study conducted at KAMC, Makkah during 2015-2020...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36816793/validation-of-various-prediction-scores-for-cardiac-surgery-associated-acute-kidney-injury
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anwar A Alhulaibi, Abdulrahman M Alruwaili, Abdullah S Alotaibi, Fatima N Alshakhs, Habib S Alramadhan, Mohammed S Koudieh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following cardiac surgery, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a well-known complication that increases morbidity and mortality. This study was carried out to determine the factors associated with acute kidney injury and to assess the predictive value of three predictive scores for the development of AKI post-cardiac surgery in the Saudi community. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the medical records of patients aged 18 years and above who underwent cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) at Saud Albabtin Cardiac Center between January 2018 and March 2021 were reviewed...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36578770/saudi-heart-association-guidelines-on-best-practices-in-the-management-of-chronic-coronary-syndromes
#45
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Owayed AlShammeri, Shukri Al Saif, Halia Al Shehri, Mirvat Alasng, Fatema Qaddoura, Mohammad Al Shehri, Yosra Turkistani, Adel Tash, Walid Alharbi, Fahad Al Qahtani, Rafael Diaz, Wael Mahaimeed, Waleed Al Habeeb, Khalid Alfaraidy
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) and its risk factors is alarming in Saudi Arabia and only a minority of patients achieve optimal medical management. Context-specific CCS guidelines outlining best clinical practices are therefore needed to address local gaps and challenges. CONSENSUS PANEL: A panel of experts representing the Saudi Heart Association (SHA) reviewed existing evidence and formulated guidance relevant to local clinical practice considering the characteristics of the Saudi population, the Saudi healthcare system, its resources and medical expertise...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36447605/successful-long-term-anticoagulation-with-low-molecular-weight-heparin-in-a-patient-with-mechanical-mitral-valve-and-atrial-flutter
#46
Narjis Aljaziri, Meshail S Alkhaleel, Norah Alrajhi, Mohammed Alghamdi, Ahmed Aljizeeri
Mechanical heart valves are associated with high risk of thrombosis and thromboembolic complications. Vitamin K antagonist is the only approved oral medication for the anticoagulation in cases of mechanical heart valves. This poses a challenge in cases where vitamin K antagonists are contraindicated. Although temporary anticoagulation with low molecular weight heparin is common among pregnant patients with mechanical heart valves, data about long term anticoagulation with low molecular weight heparin is limited...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36447604/post-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-tavr-vascular-complications-femoral-artery-minimal-surgical-access-versus-percutaneous-approach
#47
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmed A Arifi, Mohamed Belgaith, Kamal Ayoup, Fawaz Al Mutairi, Hani N Al Kattan, Elanany Mohamed
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous transfemoral access approach for the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is still associated with significant vascular complications. Hence, evaluation of best techniques for the reduction of vascular injury via the femoral access remains a key subject of research. AIM: We report on a single centre's experience with TAVI performed via the Femoral Artery Minimal Surgical Access (MSA) and percutaneous approach (PC). The primary endpoints were to evaluate the incidents of vascular complications by comparing the MSA versus the PC approach according to the VARC-2 criteria...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36447603/st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-north-african-women-results-from-a-twenty-year-experience
#48
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ikram Chamtouri, Rania Souissi, Nesrine Amdouni, Walid Jomaa, Wajih Abdallah, Khaldoun B Hamda, Faouzi Maatouk
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease remains the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in the general population. Several studies in developed countries have reported a gender-related difference in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in terms of risk factors, clinical presentation, delays in management, therapeutic modalities, and in-hospital as well as one-year outcomes. Data from non-developed countries about women with STEMI remain rare. We therefore aimed through this study to investigate the baseline characteristics of STEMI in Tunisian women compared to men and to determine the impact of gender difference on STEMI complications, in-hospital mortality, and one-year follow-up outcomes...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36447602/the-impact-of-a-new-stemi-hotline-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-stemi-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-national-cohort-study
#49
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fawaz Bardooli, Ali Alhashli, Omar Y AlKhaja, Mohammed Faizal, Khaled Abdulmalek, Shaikha Musameh, Saad I Mallah, Mohammed AlKhayat, Abdulkarim Abdulrahman
INTRODUCTION: ST-Elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains a common and challenging clinical condition with a high risk of mortality. STEMI complications are related directly to prolonged ischemia time. Mohamad Bin Khalifa Cardiac Centre (MKCC) established a national STEMI Hotline program on January 2022, to facilitate early detection and transfer of STEMI cases in the country to a dedicated tertiary cardiac center capable of performing primary PCI. METHODS: This is an observational cohort study conducted on patients who presented to MKCC for primary PCI between August 2021 to February 2022...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36447601/role-of-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-to-predict-left-ventricular-dysfunction-post-mitral-valve-replacement-surgery-for-severe-mitral-regurgitation
#50
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Parth Shanishwara, Pooja Vyas, Hasit Joshi, Iva Patel, Gajendra Dubey, Jignesh Patel, Shubham Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite improvement in the surgical procedure and strictly following the guidelines for mitral valve replacement (MVR), left ventricular dysfunction still occurs. Novel echocardiographic indices can predict development of LV (left ventricle) dysfunction post MVR. LV-GLS (global longitudinal strain) derived from speckle tracking echocardiography, has been proposed as a novel measure to better depict latent LV dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with severe MR (mitral regurgitation) planned for MVR were included...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36237224/saudi-heart-association-position-statement-on-the-use-of-biomarkers-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#51
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Waleed AlHabeeb, Adel Abdulkader Tash, Fawaz Almutari, Kamal Al Ghalayini, Maryam Alqaseer, Mostafa Alshamiri, Suleiman Kharabsheh, Wail AlKashkari
BACKGROUND: The burden of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and heart failure (HF) remains high in Saudi Arabia. Biomarkers can greatly improve the management and outcomes of these conditions, but no official guidance is available on their use in Saudi Arabia. CONSENSUS PANEL: An expert panel of cardiologists, interventional cardiologists and cardiac surgeon reviewed available evidence and formulated recommendations relevant to clinical practice in Saudi Arabia. CONSENSUS FINDINGS: high-sensitivity cardiac troponins play a major role in the diagnosis of ACS and the exclusion of myocardial infarction in patients with HF...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36237223/the-burden-of-short-term-major-adverse-cardiac-events-and-its-determinants-after-emergency-percutaneous-coronary-revascularization-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#52
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rajesh Kumar, Jehangir A Shah, Bashir A Solangi, Ali Ammar, Mukesh Kumar, Naveedullah Khan, Jawaid A Sial, Tahir Saghir, Nadeem Qamar, Musa Karim
Objectives: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains recommended reperfusion therapy for patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and their determinants among patients who underwent primary PCI at a tertiary care cardiac center of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: A cohort of patients who underwent primary PCI were followed for the MACE. Multivariable Cox-regression analysis was performed with backward conditional variable selection and hazard ratio (HR) along with 95% confidence interval (CI) were obtained...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36237222/trapped-heart-with-overlying-chest-wall-deformity-and-sternal-defect
#53
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muniraju Maralakunte, Arun Sharma, Neelam Dahiya, Manphool Singhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36196374/transcatheter-atrial-septal-defect-closure-before-versus-after-adulthood
#54
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed S Hafez, Mohamed I Abdelrahman El-Sayed, Maiy H El Sayed
Objectives: To evaluate the long-term outcome of patients who underwent percutaneous transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects during teenage life versus adulthood. Methods: The study included 100 patients with secundum type ASD who were treated by transcatheter closure of their defects 2-5 years before enrollment. The study population was subdivided into 2 equal groups: group 1 who underwent transcatheter closure during teenage life (13-19 years) and group 2 who underwent transcatheter closure after the age of 30 years...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36158113/persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-connected-to-the-left-atrium-via-the-left-superior-pulmonary-vein-an-unusual-cause-of-air-lock
#55
Abdelkader Boukhmis, Mohamed El Amine Nouar
The intraoperative diagnosis of a persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) that drains into the left atrium (LA) via the left superior pulmonary vein may be difficult because of its extrapericardial pathway. We report here the case of a 48-year-old man, operated for a mitro-aortic endocarditis complicating a Laubry-Pezzi syndrome. The opening of the LA was followed immediately by a sudden air lock. It was only after opening of the left pleura that we were able to find and then ligate the LSVC. The patient underwent mitral valve repair, closure of the infundibular septal defect and aortic valve replacement...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36127934/carfilzomib-induced-cardiotoxicity-an-analysis-of-the-fda-adverse-event-reporting-system-faers
#56
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Benjamin Buck, Eric Kellett, Daniel Addison, Ajay Vallakati
Background: Carfilzomib and other proteasome inhibitors (PIs) have revolutionized treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). PIs have proven to be highly effective, but are associated with significant cardiovascular adverse events (AEs). No prior study has compared the cardiotoxicity of carfilzomib against other PI's and all other classes of medications. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to characterize the cardiotoxicity of carfilzomib with respect to other PIs and all classes of medications using the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) database and to define the observed cardiotoxicity profile...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36127933/medical-autopsy-for-sudden-unexplained-death-in-saudi-arabia-a-call-to-action
#57
REVIEW
Wael Alqarawi, Abdulelah Alsaeed, Malak Alghamdi, Ahmed Hersi, Tarek Kashour, Khaldoon Aljerian
Sudden unexplained death (SUD) is a sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death in an individual older than 1 year. It is one of the most devastating and tragic events to families and the community at large, particularly when it happens at a young age. Finding the cause of SUD is extremely important in order to prevent its recurrence in the family, and to help understand the epidemiology of SUD in the community. It has been well-established that the most effective way of finding the cause of SUD is by performing a medical autopsy...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36127932/evaluation-of-ecg-repolarization-parameters-in-a-worker-cohort-working-the-night-shift
#58
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sezen B Uzunget, Kader E Sahin
Objectives: Night Shift work is an increasingly common working order that affects human well-being and it is little known about its arrhythmic role in the cardiovascular system. We aimed to investigate the effect of working at night shifts on P-wave dispersion (Pd), QT and QTc dispersions (QTd, QTcd resp) on surface electrocardiography. Methods: We included 286 foundry workers who work at night shift and 100 foundry workers who work on day time only. The night shift workers were divided into three subgroups according to the length of time they worked at night shift...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35990313/giant-left-atrial-myxoma-revealed-by-syncopal-attacks
#59
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nour El Houda Snoussi, Youssra Serroukh, Fatima-Zahra El Hattab, Mohamed Cherti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35990312/development-of-a-cardiac-anesthesia-tool-cat-to-predict-intensive-care-unit-icu-admission-for-pediatric-cardiac-patients-undergoing-non-cardiac-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#60
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmed Mounir A Metwally, Ahmed Haroun M Mahmoud, Abdulrahman A Alwakeel, Abdulrahman M Aljamous, Rayan S Aldusari, Faisal Hijji, Fouzia A Al Tuwaijri, Saad Eldin M Hassan, Mohamed Ebid, Abdullah A Alghamdi
Background and aim: of the work: Pediatric cardiac patients often undergo non-cardiac surgical procedures and many of these patients would require intensive care unit admission, but can we predict the need for ICU admission in pediatric cardiac patients undergoing non-cardiac procedures. Numerous preoperative and intraoperative variables were strongly associated with ICU admission. Given the variations in the underlying cardiac physiology and the diversity of noncardiac surgical procedures along with the scarce predictive clinical tools, we aimed to develop a simple and practical tool to predict the need for ICU admission in pediatric cardiac patients undergoing non-cardiac procedures...
2022: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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