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Journals Journal of the Saudi Heart Ass...

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38318530/early-identification-and-management-of-heart-failure-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-call-to-action
#1
REVIEW
Firas Al Badarin, Lina Yasine, Rabih Hijazi, Susan Abu Khalaf, Wael Al Mahmeed, Yosef Manla, Feras Bader
Heart failure (HF) is a common and serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) that remains widely under-recognized. Multidisciplinary management protocols for patients with concurrent DM and HF are not widely utilized in the Middle East/Gulf region, particularly in the United Arab Emirates. Since early identification of patients with DM and HF will likely lead to initiation of therapies known to prevent adverse cardiovascular events and subsequently improve patient prognosis, we aim to highlight the importance of early recognition of HF in diabetic patients...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38260112/systolic-pulmonary-artery-pressure-thresholds-predictive-of-dyspnea-on-stress-doppler-echocardiography-in-mitral-stenosis
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saléha Lehachi, Fadila Daimellah, Saida Khelil, Zakia Bennoui, Djohar Hannoun, Youcef Laid, Rachid Mechmeche, Mohand Said Issad
BACKGROUND: On Stress Doppler Echocardiography (SDE) in mitral stenosis, the systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) threshold at peak exercise recommended by the guidelines as an indication for percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) used to be 60 mmHg. However, because of the paucity of studies, that threshold has been controversial. The Europeans stopped using the value in 2007, followed by the Americans in 2014. OBJECTIVE: Determine SPAP thresholds on SDE at peak exercise and post-exercise predictive of dyspnea as an indication for PMC in mitral stenosis...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38260111/retrograde-type-a-acute-aortic-dissection-with-cerebral-malperfusion-six-years-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#3
Hideki Sasaki, Yukihide Numata, Shinji Kamiya, Yoshiaki Sone, Miki Asano
A 59-year-old male with prior thoracic endovascular aortic repair presented with altered mental status. Magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebral infarction, and subsequent computed tomography revealed acute type A aortic dissection and right carotid artery occlusion. He underwent total arch replacement with right carotid artery bypass. After successful intervention, he was transferred to a rehabilitation facility for further improvement.
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38226071/characteristics-of-patients-undergoing-electrophysiologic-procedures-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdullah A Aljammaz, Meshaal K Alghanim, Ibraheem Altamimi, Mohammed A Alshwieer, Albaraa Sabbagh, Abdulrahman S Alsayed, Faisal G Al-Zahrani, Mohammad F Almanjomi, Sameer Qetab, Wael A Alqarawi
INTRODUCTION: The electrophysiology field has progressed rapidly over the last 2 decades. No study has examined the characteristics of patients and types of electrophysiology procedures performed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This is important given our distinctly different demographic composition and health system. As such, we sought to describe the characteristics of consecutive patients presenting for electrophysiology procedures in our tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Data was collected from the electrophysiology database at King Khalid University Hospital for procedures performed between April 2016 and November 2022...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38226070/epidemiological-bacteriological-and-evolutive-features-of-children-hospitalized-for-infective-endocarditis-in-a-tertiary-tunisian-pediatric-department
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Houda Ajmi, Rahma Herch, Hela ElGhali, Dalel Ben Sliman, Mohamed Ben Rejeb, Sameh Mabrouk, Fadoua Majdoub, Salsabil Nouir, Lamia Tilouche, Abdelhalim Trabelsi, Saoussan Abroug, Jalel Chemli
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis is a rare condition in childhood, and there is limited data on this disease in Tunisia. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the epidemiological profile, bacteriological data, and prognosis of infective endocarditis in children admitted to the pediatric department of a University Hospital in Tunisia. METHODS: We conducted a comparative cross-sectional study in the pediatric department of Sahloul Teaching Hospital in Sousse, a tertiary referral hospital in Tunisia...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38179411/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-malfunction
#6
REVIEW
Abdullah Saeed, Abdullah AlShafea, Monerah AlQthami, Abdulrahman Bin Saeed, Foton A AlAhmri, Norah S AlQahtani, Fatimah A Al-Muslat, Atheer AlQahtani
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) include permanent pacemakers (PPMs), implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices. They treat several cardiac issues and are dependent on batteries; however, similar to any medical equipment, they can fail. The prevalence and risk factors for CIED malfunction must be understood for earlier detection and better patient outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted through electronic bibliographic sources (PubMed and Cochrane) until January 2023 in order to identify reviews, cohort studies and case reports pertaining to CIED...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38116404/acceptance-awareness-attitude-and-practices-toward-heart-transplantation-a-saudi-based-survey
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Walid Abukhudair, Ahmad Z Hafiz, Mohammed A Alosaimi, Fares A Alaynayn, Fahad A Alosaimi, Rehab A Karam, Tamer M Abdelrahman
INTRODUCTIONS: The awareness of brain death and heart donation (HD) among the Saudi population remains limited, coupled with negative attitudes toward heart donation, resulting in a significant gap between the demand for donor hearts and the available supply. This study aimed to comprehensively understand the current perceptions, attitudes, and practices of the Saudi population regarding HD, as well as identify the obstacles. The ultimate goal was to strengthen the local donor pool. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to May 2023, employing a self-administered internet survey...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38116403/prevalence-and-predictors-of-venous-stenosis-following-first-transvenous-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-implantation
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qayoom Yousuf, Aamir Rashid, Imran Hafeez, Hilal Rather, Ishrath Syed, Altaf H Mir, Suheel A Mir, Ajaz Lone
OBJECTIVES: Very few studies have been done on Venous stenosis following the first transvenous cardiac device implantation. We aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of Venous stenosis/Occlusion following the first transvenous cardiac device implantation with venous angiography at one year of follow-up. METHODS: This study was a single-center prospective, observational study. Demographic, clinical, procedural, and device data was collected. All patients underwent a preimplant contrast and repeated venography at twelve months to look for upper limb venous anatomy, obstruction, or collaterals...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38116402/position-statement-on-in-hospital-clinic-point-of-care-coagulation-testing-for-anticoagulation-monitoring-in-saudi-arabia
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fakhr Al Ayoubi, Malak Al Mashali, Mohamed H Abdallah, Mohamed Al Sheef, Tarek Owaidah
OBJECTIVES: Hospital overload is a persistent occurrence in daily practice. Interventions such as point-of-care testing (POCT) are needed to alleviate the pressure faced by healthcare providers and administrators. METHODS: An invited panel of experts from Saudi Arabia was formed under the auspices of the Saudi Heart Association in order to discuss local treatment gaps in the management of patients receiving anticoagulation therapy. This was done in a series of meetings, which resulted in the development of official recommendations for the implementation of POCT for anticoagulation monitoring in the country...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38116401/the-interventions-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-coronary-heart-disease-patient-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Amanda Marselin, Lia Amalia, Lucia K Dinarti
OBJECTIVE: The clinical outcome and quality of life of CHD patients are greatly influenced by medication adherence. Non-adherence of CHD patients to treatment results in sub-optimal clinical outcomes and increasing costs. This study aims to describe effectiveness of the intervention to improve the medication adherence in CHD patients. METHODS: Systematic review methodology was used in this study. Scopus and PubMed were used to search the relevant article systematically...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38116400/ischemic-stroke-revealing-libman-sacks-endocarditis-a-case-report
#11
Malak A Yazidi, Fatima Z Merzouk, Hajar Rabii, Hicham Benyoussef, Ilham Bensahi, Rachida Habbal
Libman-Sacks endocarditis (LSE) is a characteristic but rare feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which can be found in association with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), exposing the patient to an increased embolism risk, particularly the occurrence of ischemic stroke. We present a case involving a 64-year-old man who was admitted for ischemic stroke accompanied by a fever. Cardiac investigation revealed mitral vegetations along with severe mitral regurgitation. The diagnosis of Libman-Sacks endocarditis associated with SLE and APS was made after a laboratory work-up showing negative blood cultures and positive antibodies...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37936896/left-ventricular-noncompaction-cardiomyopathy-and-myocardial-bridging-association-a-coincidence-or-a-usual-association
#12
Abdessamad Couissi, Saleh Obeidat, Amine M Boutaleb, Rachida Habbal
Left ventricular non compaction (LVNC) is a rare congenital disease. It occurs due to an arrest of the myocardial fibers compaction during embryogenesis. Myocardial bridge (MB) is a coronary anomaly in which the myocardium. covers segments of the coronary arteries. We report a rare case of 62-year-old women who was diagnosed with the association of LVNC and MB revealed by chest pain and dyspnea. Some similar cases were reported in the last two decades suggesting that we may be in front of a usual yet underdiagnosed association...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37881595/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-abu-dhabi-a-retrospective-investigation-of-program-delivery-participants-and-factors-associated-with-program-completion-utilizing-a-hospital-registry
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aaron H Thrush
OBJECTIVES: Investigations into the provision of cardiac rehabilitation from the Arabian Gulf countries are rare, despite suffering from an unusually high prevalence of cardiovascular disease. This study reports patient and program characteristics from an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program in Abu Dhabi, and factors associated with program completion. METHODS: Data was drawn from the institution's cardiac rehabilitation registry, populated from the electronic medical record of patients enrolled in the hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation program, from 2015 to 2022...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37881594/recognizing-a-hot-phase-of-an-arrhythmogenic-left-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#14
Margarida Cabral, Sara Fernandes, Catarina Ruivo, Hélia Martins, João Morais
A 35-year-old male, with a medical history of acute myocarditis, presented with palpitations. Further investigation revealed non-sustained ventricular tachycardia and a slightly reduced left ventricular systolic function. Cardiac magnetic resonance showed extended late gadolinium enhancement of the left ventricle and fat infiltration. Genetic testing was positive for a pathogenic desmoplakin mutation, fulfilling the criteria of arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy. In conclusion, the authors described a case of a mimicked acute myocarditis at a young age in a patient with an arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37881593/evaluation-of-telephone-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-performance-in-current-practice-in-saudi-arabia
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meshary Binhotan, Joanne Turnbull, Graham Petley, Nawfal Aljerian, Mohammad Altuwaijri
OBJECTIVES: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a global health problem with a low survival rate. Telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR) guidance by emergency medical services (EMS) dispatchers can improve CPR performance and, consequently, survival rates. Accordingly, the American Heart Association (AHA) has released performance standards for T-CPR in current practice to improve its quality. However, no study has examined T-CPR performance in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate T-CPR performance in the Saudi Arabian EMS system...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37790854/congenital-complete-heart-block-complicated-by-atrial-flutter-diagnosis-and-management
#16
Ali A Alakhfash, Abdulrahman Almesned, Abdullah Alqwaiee, Hashem D Alqurashi, Waleed Almanea
Seventeen-month-old child was diagnosed in utero to have congenital complete heart block. The mother has Sjogren's syndrome with high Anti Ro antibodies. The baby was delivered at term with a heart rate of 55-60 beats per minute. Echocardiography revealed a structurally normal heart with a small atrial septal defect and moderate patent ductus arteriosus. At the age of 17 months, he developed atrial flutter which was aborted using electrical cardioversion in the Cath lab. No recurrence of the atrial flutter during a one-year follow-up...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37700757/the-prevention-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-group-of-the-saudi-heart-association-recommendations-regarding-establishing-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-service
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdulhalim J Kinsara, Raghdah Aljehani, Jadwiga Wolszakiewicz, Adam Staron, Muteb A Alsulaimy
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a cornerstone in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation has obtained the highest class of recommendation and the level of evidence for the treatment of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, after myocardial revascularization, with chronic coronary syndromes, and in patients with heart failure (HF). Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation should be implemented as soon as possible, be multi-phasic, and adjusted to the individual needs of the patient...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37700756/heart-failure-burden-in-oman-as-a-mid-east-exemplar-versus-global-perspectives-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Maryam Alharrasi, Chandrani Isac, Joy K Kamanyire
Heart failure (HF), a clinical syndrome caused by a structural and functional cardiac abnormality and corroborated by elevated natriuretic peptide levels and pulmonary congestion. This study intends to investigate the state of heart failure (HF) in Oman and assess it in comparison of global trends. Ten published literatures from the past 20 years were included after a thorough search of databases (Arab World Research Source, EBSCOhost, Medline, and Google Scholar). These studies were reviewed considering the global literature...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37645374/leiomyosarcoma-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-extending-to-the-right-atrium-and-ventricle
#19
Naif S Alghasab, Mohammad Alruwayeh, Abdulaziz A AlGharras, Amin Mulji
Primary tumors originating from the inferior vena cava (IVC), namely leiomyosarcoma, present significant challenges due to their poor prognostic features, including extensive extension and a substantial tumor burden. In this case, we present a 55-year-old female patient complaining of abdominal discomfort and vague abdominal pain. Additionally, we provide a comprehensive summary encompassing key aspects related to symptomatology, diagnostic approaches, treatment, and prognostic indicators. We also discuss the complexities involved in managing primary tumors of the inferior vena cava, emphasizing the critical significance of adopting a multidisciplinary team-based approach...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37583715/utilization-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-for-cardiac-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-in-saudi-arabia-a-retrospective-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fayez Elshaer, Abdulelah H Alsaeed, Sultan N Alfehaid, Hassan M Aloraini, Turki E Alshammari, Fakhir Alayoubi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the characteristics of antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) utilization and the level of adherence of King Saud University Medical City (KSUMC) staff to the latest American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for AP for infective endocarditis (IE) in cardiac patients undergoing dental procedures. METHODS: The study was conducted as a retrospective cohort study to investigate the relationship between AP in dental procedures and cardiac patients admitted in the surgical wards of KSUMC between 2015 and 2021...
2023: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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