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Journal of the Israel Dental Association

S Moskovich, H Retzkin Kaplan, Y Arbel, I Kachtan, D Keinan
Oketz is a military special unit that operates different dog species for various missions. The dogs get routine medical and dental treatments in order to maintain their health and function. The dental treatment is based on the principles of contemporary dentistry for small animals. Furthermore, these working dogs need special care due to higher risk to trauma and attrition. The dogs go through routine dental examination and prophylactic dental cleaning. Each dental procedure is performed under general anesthesia; therefore it is well planned ahead including all the pre-operative workup needed...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
E Averbuch Zehavi, Y Arbel, R Lev, S Via
Necrotizing ulcerative diseases were prevalent in military personnel throughout history. Nowadays, its prevalence declined substantially in industrialized countries. Studies among immunocompromised patients suggest it is still a reason for concern among this population. We present two cases diagnosed and treated at our department. It seems that necrotizing ulcerative diseases are still a relevant entity in the Israeli Defense forces therefore it is of great importance to conduct proper diagnosis, treatment and follow up of the patients...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
A Sharan, D Keinan, A Shemesh, A Levin
OBJECTIVE: Determination of the incidence, types and causes of traumatic dental incidents (TDIs) among Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers. STUDY DESIGN: Dental trauma reports from all active IDF dental clinics between the years 2000-2010 were analyzed. A total of 1671 dental trauma reports were classified according to the incidence, causes and etiologies of the injuries, the number and type of traumatized teeth, and the types of dental injuries. Statistical associations between the number of trauma cases and gender, type of training of the soldier, and the month during which the injury occurred were analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
T Dvir-Levin, W Hamed, N Rudyuk, H Chweidan
Maxillofacial injuries during military service and in operations in particular, often involve soft and hard tissues, including fractures of bone and teeth. This kind of injury demands a multidisciplinary approach including specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery periodontists, endodontics, orthodontics and prosthodontics. A comprehensive therapy is achieved by a complete cooperation between the disciplines for a long-term. We present a case report of a complex oral rehabilitation of a fighter wounded in "Zuk Eitan" operation, as an example of the multidisciplinary approach in our department...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
N Protter, A Hirschhorn, R Turgeman, A Dobriyan
Israel's recent military engagements have been asymmetric in nature, defining the captivity of a solider as the enemy's' strategic achievement. Casualty care during war, is a delicate mission, requiring the collaboration of 3 distinct corps - the medical corps, chaplaincy corps and the adjutant corps. In this article, we will review the crucial role forensic odontologists play in the identification of casualties. In addition to biometric identification which is carried out through DNA analysis, fingerprint co-matching and forensic odontology, the forensic battalion of the medical corps investigates the cause of death, delivering crucial information to different branches of the military...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
Y Findler-Meir, M Joachim, M Findler, M Findler
The military dentists who serve in the navy, treat divers, among other patients. Divers are being exposed to a changing, unique environment on a regular basis. The aim of this article is to review latest literature on the different effects of scuba diving on the diver's head, face and oral regions and to emphasize methods of disease prevention, diagnostic tools and treatment guidelines. The review focuses on diving barotrauma (pressure- induced injury related to an air space) as well as scuba diving mouthpiece-related oral conditions, which include facial, jaw pain and headaches, decompression sickness and mouthpiece-related herpes infection...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
B Kamran, I Nakdimon, Y Zadik
The aim of this article is to introduce the concepts of military aviation dentistry, including facial barotraumas (external otitic barotrauma, barosinusitis and barotitis- media), dental barotrauma, barodontalgia, and dental care for aircrews. Special considerations have to be made when planning restorative, endodontic, prosthodontic and surgical treatment to an aircrew patient. The article supplies the military dental officer with diagnostic and treatment guidelines, and the principles of prevention, periodic examination, and dental-related flight restriction...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
G Almoznino
Knowledge about the extent of dental and oral diseases and needs in Israel is very limited with no official governmental body responsible for data collection. The aim of the "Dental Oral Scale (DOS) project is to measure the extent of dental and oral diseases, their risk factors, and their association with demographics and various systemic conditions. The DOS project includes demographic, dental and medical records of all patients attending IDF dental clinics in 2014, as well as a control group of patients...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
A Gotlieb, N Proter, I Shavit, A Dobriyan
The combat soldiers of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) get comprehensive dental care. The service of a combat soldier in the IDF can be divided into two periods: the period of training that includes basic training and advanced training lasting six to eight months, followed by a period of operational activity within the framework of the battalions. Throughout his service, the combat soldier is exposed to dental disease including dental caries, periodontal disease and dental trauma attributed to his terms of service with low availability to maintain adequate oral hygiene in high intensity training...
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
M Wojakowski, B Reinstein, I Shavit
The article reviews selected studies conducted in the Dental branch of the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps in the topics of dental caries, prosthodontics, periodontics, dental trauma and maxillofacial injuries, aviation dentistry and diving dentistry, dental managing and health economics, decision making in military dentistry, dental anxiety, oral medicine in military population, temporomandibular disorders, and dental-related lifestyle and health behavior.
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
Y Zadik
Oral diseases are still amongst the most common human ailments in the western world and in Israel. Acute dental illness may cause intense pain, malaise, nutrition impairment, disturbance and loss of operative activities. The article reviews the literature from the last two decades regarding dental classification of military service candidates, incidence of acute dental conditions and emergency treatment needs in military population, and dental preparation programs for military recruits.
April 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
A Mersel, N Baruch, I Tayeb, J Mann, A Zini
Continuing professional development (CpD or Continuing education is defined as a career-long process required by dentist to maintain, update and broaden their attitudes, knowledge and skills in a way that will bring the greatest benefit to their patients and improve patient care. This research is a survey among 295 dentists, members of the IDA in Jerusalem. The study was conducted, in order to examine their satisfaction of CPD programs offered by IDA Jerusalem. Results indicate that in most variables )lecturer, knowledge and comfort)the satisfaction degree was at a high level...
January 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
D Schwartz-Arad
Achieving an esthetic and functional implant supported restoration in the maxillary anterior segment can be challenging especially in a severe atrophy. The reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges using autologous Onlay Bone Grafting (AOBG) was originally reported in 1975. It's still considered as the 'gold standard' bone-grafting material, as if combines all properties required in a bone graft material; osteogenesis, osteoinduction, and osteoconduction. The use of intraoral donor sites, such as the mandibular symphysis, and ramus, offers no cutaneous scarring, minimal discomfort, and less morbidity compared with the extraoral sources...
January 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
Y Pietrokovski, A Zini, J Pietrokovski
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: After the loss of the natural teeth, the alveolar process and part of the basal bone remodels, resulting in edentulous residual jaws. In edentulous patients, the residual arches provide the vital tissues on which to place the denture bases and the artificial teeth into their selected positions. The residual arches also furnish the foundation of osseo-integrated implants for the planned restorations. PURPOSE: To examine some characteristics of the edentulous arches, the relations between the occluding jaws and their clinical importance...
January 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
A Finkelshteyn, N Yarom
Metastatic bone disease and osteoporosis have a large impact on quality of life and are associated with the development of skeletal-related events (SREs), such as fractures and spinal cord compression. Pharmacologic managing of metastatic bone disease and osteoporosis typically involves antiresorptive agents such as bisphosphonates and RANKL inhibitors. Undesired adverse effects resulting from the use of these drugs include osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). Dentoalveolar surgery, particularly tooth extraction, appears to increase the risk of ONJ...
January 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
N Barer, A Zlotogorski-Hurvitz
We present a case of a 74-year old female who complained of chronic vesicular and ulcerative lesions distributed on her gingivae. The lesions did not respond to conventional periodontal treatment. The clinical appearance was consistent - with vesiculo-bullous conditions, such as Pemphigus Vulgaris and Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid. These conditions have an auto- immune etiology, whereby pathologic auto-antibodies are generated against structures that constitute the epithelial cell-cell or cell-connective tissue attachment systems...
January 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
E Rosen, T Goldberger, S Taschieri, M Del Fabbro, I Tsesis
AIM: This study presents the use of a modern surgical endodontic technique for the treatment of altered sensation following extrusion of endodontic filling materials. CASE PRESENTATION: A patient presented with an altered sensation following a root canal treatment and extrusion of root filling material at the mandibular canine and lateral incisor. She was treated using a modern surgical technique that included removal of the extruded filling materials followed by root-end management and obturation...
January 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
M Andreasi Bassi, S Lico, C Andrisani, Z Ormanier, F Carinci
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the progression of the light through a series of translucent posts available on the market (D.T. Light-post, R.T.D.). MATERIALS & METHODS: nine D.T. Light-posts (DTLPs) were analyzed, 3 for each available measure. Each post was trans-illuminated both in vertical trans-ilumination (VTI) and oblique trans-illumination (OTI), via a light curing unit (LCU) (V.I.P., Bisco), in complete darkness conditions, and the resulting image of the post, was digitally acquired with a 1:1 ratio...
January 2017: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
M Malul, U Zilberman
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of energy application on microhardness of Glass ionomer cement (GIC), and the effect of the temperature applied on pulp temperature, in vitro. METHODS: Discs of EQUIA (GC Co. Japan) were examined for microhardness using Vickers indentations after heat application of 50 or 60°C for 30 or 60 seconds using light curing devices or a specific heating device, and compared to self setting GIG. The measurements were performed after 30, 60 minutes and after 5 days...
October 2016: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
H Tal, L Chaushu
The presence of an adequate zone of keratinized mucosa (KM) for maintaining gingival health associated with natural teeth is usually described as the presence of 1-2 mm of attached gingiva (AG). Dental implants without KM measuring 2 mm or more, exposed to high levels of bacterial plaque, have shown higher scores of plaque accumulation, peri-implant 'mucosal inflammation', bleeding on probing, peri-implantitis, alveolar bone loss and recession. In a recent study the effects of KM width on peri-implant tissue health was assessed...
October 2016: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
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