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Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647521/nipah-virus-south-india-in-panic-mode
#1
Jasmine Shanthi Kamath, Shruthi Hegde, Vidya Ajila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647520/a-comparative-study-of-byssinosis-in-jute-industries
#2
Asim Saha, Anirban Das, Bhaskar Prasad Chattopadhyay, Jane Alam, Tilak Kanti Dasgupta
Background: Byssinosis is an acute respiratory difficulty that is caused usually following exposure to cotton and hemp dust. Occurrence of such similar acute symptoms had been reported following exposure to jute dust/fiber also. With passage of time, Jute industries have modernized themselves for increased quality and productivity, which has lessened workforce and thereby provided more working space. However, occupational health benefit due to such changes has rarely been explored. This study was initiated to understand whether this modernization can protect the health of workers...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647519/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-postural-stress-of-the-women-cultivators-engaged-in-uprooting-job-of-rice-cultivation
#3
Amitava Pal, Prakash C Dhara
Aims: A large number of workers including women are involved in the informal sector in India. A majority of them are engaged in agricultural sectors. The agricultural workers have to perform their jobs by putting manual labor and are exposed to different occupational stresses. The present study was aimed to evaluate postural stress and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) of women cultivators engaged in uprooting job of rice cultivation. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 166 women cultivators from different districts of West Bengal state, India...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647518/impact-of-school-air-quality-on-children-s-respiratory-health
#4
Peter Fsadni, Frank Bezzina, Claudia Fsadni, Stephen Montefort
Background: Asthma is common in children with indoor pollutants influencing the development of the disease. Since children spend most of their time outside their homes within the school environment, school indoor air quality can directly influence their respiratory health. Aims: This study aims to analyze the indoor and outdoor air quality of Maltese schools and if an association exists between indoor pollutants and respiratory health in children. Settings and Design: Five primary schools were selected with 9- to 11-year-old students participating...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647517/the-exposure-to-pollutants-of-the-auto-repair-workers-monitoring-their-oxidative-stress
#5
Roberto Menicagli, O Marotta, L Menicagli
Background and Aim: Auto repair workers are exposed to multiple pollutants, each of them potentially risks, dangerous for several target organs. The aim of this study is to identify their possible overall effect, by monitoring the concentration of salivary malondialdehyde, index of oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: Malondialdehyde of 25 male workers, smokers and non-smokers, further divided into two subgroups relatively to the amplitude of their working place, was monitored, in the saliva, with the Thiobarbituric acid method...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647516/effects-of-occupational-heat-exposure-on-traffic-police-workers-in-ahmedabad-gujarat
#6
Amee Raval, Priya Dutta, Abhiyant Tiwari, P S Ganguly, L M Sathish, Dileep Mavalankar, Jeremy Hess
One of the most concerning environmental effects of climate change is rising levels of extreme heat, which already poses serious risks in many parts of the world. In June and July 2015, we collected weekly heat exposure data using area and personal temperature monitoring in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The study was conducted at four different traffic junctions with a cohort of 16 traffic police. For information on health effects, we administered a baseline survey at the start of the study and prospectively followed up with the officers on prevalence of heat-related symptoms...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647515/upper-extremity-muscular-strength-in-push-pull-tasks-model-approach-towards-task-design
#7
Joydeep Majumder, Sanjay M Kotadiya, Lokesh Kumar Sharma, Sunil Kumar
Background: Pushing and pulling in workplaces are common actions. Repetitive forceful exertions in long-duration works lead to increased risk of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. Aim: To investigate the upper extremity strength in generic push-pull modes while using hand tools and forecasting the limits of the workers while frequent or continuous operation. Settings and Design: The study was conducted among men workers in Ahmedabad city, India, and the design was cross-sectional study...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647514/occupational-and-environmental-exposure-to-lead-and-reproductive-health-impairment-an-overview
#8
REVIEW
Sunil Kumar
Lead is a heavy metal. It is used in lead-acid battery, as a coloring agent, paints, and metal alloyed as shielding materials, smelters, printing press, and so on. It is a toxic metal affecting various organs, and developing fetus and young children are more vulnerable to toxicity of lead. This overview is based on the information of toxic potential of lead to human reproduction and reproductive outcome. Exposure to lead may affect libido, semen quality by declining sperm count, motility, viability, integrity, elevation in morphological abnormalities, and sperm DNA integrity...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647513/the-untold-story-of-fluoridation-revisiting-the-changing-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Maitreyee P Unde, Raju Umaji Patil, Persis P Dastoor
The discovery of fluoride in dentistry has revolutionized treatment modalities with a new aspect of prevention and conservation of tooth structure coming into foreplay. Since then, there has been a lot of research on both topical and systemic fluoridation in an overzealous attempt to control the most debilitating dental problem of caries. Although topical fluoride is still being widely used as a preventive measure for dental caries, systemic administration of the same has gained major criticism worldwide due to the low margin of safety of fluoride and no control over the amount of individual intake when administered on a community level...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647512/occupational-health-surveillance
#10
EDITORIAL
Damodar Vishnu Lele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319236/how-to-prevent-and-manage-green-tobacco-sickness
#11
Dilaram Acharya, Kwan Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319235/asbestos-and-mesothelioma-a-comment
#12
Sergei V Jargin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319234/the-question-on-the-potential-cancerous-effects-of-hair-dyes-the-monitoring-of-the-oxidative-stress-induced-by-the-hair-dyes-with-the-dosage-of-the-salivary-free-radicals
#13
Roberto Menicagli, O Marotta, Laura Menicagli
Background: Many studies indicate the difficulty on assessing the possible carcinogenic effects of hair dyes, for their high time of the latence. Objectives: Our objective is to determine their prognostic index, by monitoring the oxidative stress, produced exposed to hair dyes, in hairdressers, and in consumers, by measuring the concentration of salivary malondialdehyde. Materials and Methods: Saliva samples are provided by the hairdressers, working in private (NP) or shopping center (CC), by users of hair dyes, for at least 10 years, and by a control group...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319233/evaluation-of-training-program-basic-concepts-of-occupational-health-for-students-of-diploma-in-sanitary-inspector-course-and-way-forward
#14
Ankit Prabhubhai Viramgami, Harsiddha Gulabdas Sadhu
Background: India requires massive numbers of occupational health experts for identifying and catering to the occupational health needs of more than 400-million workforce; however, in the absence of sufficient number of experts, it is important to sensitize and educate different groups of students and workforces regarding various aspects of occupational health. In the same context, a training program for the students of Diploma in Sanitary Inspector was arranged at the National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319232/evaluation-of-heat-stress-in-construction-site-of-metro-rail-in-chennai
#15
Ajit C Kulkarni, Krishnan Srinivasan
Introduction: Tunnel boring machine (TBM) is used for constructing a tunnel. Worn out cutting tools have to be changed under difficult working conditions. Temperature is high and the work is strenuous. Work is often carried out under increased atmospheric pressure to ward off water ingress. Workers are at a very high risk. Aim: To evaluate heat stress during hyperbaric intervention on TBM during Chennai Metro Rail construction. Methodology: One hundred and eighty-eight miners after a thorough medical examination worked under increased atmospheric pressure for more than 45,000 man hours...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319231/assessment-of-silicosis-awareness-among-stone-mine-workers-of-rajasthan-state
#16
Subroto Nandi, Nishant Burnase, Anand Barapatre, Pallavi Gulhane, Sarang Dhatrak
Background: Silicosis is a known occupational lung disease prevalent among stone mine workers. It is commonly characterized by cough and shortening of breath, and is occasionally associated with tuberculosis and lung carcinogenicity. Silicosis is one of the major occupational disease all over the world and poses detrimental health effects to the workers in developing countries like India. Objective: The present study was conducted to assess the level of awareness and knowledge of silicosis among stone mine workers...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319230/impaired-pulmonary-lung-functions-in-workers-exposed-to-bagasse-is-obesity-an-added-risk
#17
Yogita S Khade, Shrilaxmi Bagali, Manjunatha Aithala
Context: Effect of obesity and dust exposure on lung functions. Aim: To assess the pulmonary functions in asymptomatic, dust-exposed sugarcane factory workers with obesity as an added risk. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in one of the reputed sugarcane factories in Karnataka. One hundred and fifty asymptomatic male workers working in sugarcane factory were included in the study...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319229/protect-the-protector-morbidity-and-health-behavior-among-police-personnel-in-national-capital-region-of-india
#18
Jitendra K Meena, Rajesh Kumar, G S Meena
Introduction: At the time of selection, police personnel undergo various health and fitness tests but subsequently health assessments are not done regularly. Unhealthy lifestyle and challenging work environment predispose them to various somatic sequelae, including cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, and psychological disorders, etc., There is limited epidemiological data on the morbidity profile among police personnel in India. Aim: To study the morbidity profile and the treatment-seeking behavior among police personnel in National Capital Region (NCR), India...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319228/work-life-balance-among-karnataka-state-road-transport-corporation-ksrtc-workers-in-anekal-town-south-india
#19
Neethu George, Pretesh Rohan Kiran, T Sulekha, Joseph S Rao, Prem Kiran
Context: Buses take up more than 90% of public transport in Indian cities and serve as a cheap and convenient mode of transport for all classes of society. However, the well-being of employees of this mode of transport is paramount in passenger and personal safety. As in any job, the person has to balance work and personal issues. Work-life balance is a concept that supports the effort from an employee in any sector to split their time and energy to balance work and personal lives. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study using a structured interview schedule was conducted among 103 Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) workers in Anekal town, Karnataka, to determine the work-life balance among them...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319227/occupational-pesticide-exposure-impaired-dna-repair-and-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Karashdeep Kaur, Rupinder Kaur
Pesticides are a mixture of chemical substances used to kill pests. Apart from their toxicity to pests, thy affect nontarget organisms. They also generate free radicals producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) which can disturb cellular pathways by inhibiting various enzymes or receptors. Pesticides also induce oxidative DNA damage, DNA adducts, and single or double strand DNA breaks. Various mechanisms of DNA repair deal with such damages and help to maintain cell integrity. Alteration in DNA repair genes modulates the individual's susceptibility towards DNA repair and various diseases...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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