Margaret M McCarthy, Jason Fletcher, Fay Wright, Inés Del Giudice, Agnes Wong, Bradley E Aouizerat, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Gail D'Eramo Melkus
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess the levels of cardiovascular health (CVH) of Black and Latino adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and examine the association of individual and microsystem level factors with their CVH score. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional design in 60 Black and Latino Adults aged 18-40 with T2D. Data were collected on sociodemographic, individual (sociodemographic, diabetes self-management, sleep disturbance, depressive symptoms, quality of life, and the inflammatory biomarkers IL-6 and hs-CRP) and microsystem factors (family functioning), and American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 metrics of CVH...
March 6, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Ciao-Min Gong, Hui-Chuan Huang, Ju-Han Liu, Shiou-Shiun Yu, Yu-Ting Chen
Backgroun d. Constipation is a common distressing problem in patients with schizophrenia that can cause complications and impair quality of life. Objective . The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of applying auricular acupressure (AA) treatment in improving constipation in patients with schizophrenia. Metho ds. A crossover randomized controlled trial design was performed from April 2022 to December 2023 at four psychiatric rehabilitation care centers. A total of 23 patients with schizophrenia received an AA intervention or usual care according to the designated treatment sequences...
March 4, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
María Cruz-Calvente, Blanca Rueda-Medina, Rocío Gil-Gutiérrez, Irene Medina-Martínez, José L Gómez-Urquiza, María Correa-Rodríguez
We aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 infection on maternal characteristics and obstetric and neonatal outcomes in a cohort of women in labor previously vaccinated who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection, compared to aged-matched healthy controls. A retrospective case-control study was conducted among 66 women in labor. Clinical data were obtained from medical records. The attendance rates at childbirth and parenting classes, as well as the implementation of a birth plan, were significantly lower in the COVID-19 infection group (6...
March 1, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Rumeysa Lale Toraman, Vesile Eskici Ilgin
BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine the effect of virtual reality glasses application on pain, anxiety, and patient satisfaction during a transrectal prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted with pre-tests, post-tests, and a control group, using a randomized controlled experimental research design. A total of 70 patients (35 in the intervention group and 35 in the control group) were included in the study. The intervention group watched a video with virtual reality glasses during the biopsy process...
February 28, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Meng Wang, Jue Lu, Ziwei Lu, Zhong Wang, Zhuo Wang, Chao Wu
Background: Constipation is common in elderly inpatients with intracerebral hemorrhage. This study aimed to construct a model for predicting the risk of constipation in elderly inpatients with intracerebral hemorrhage and to provide reference for formulating targeted intervention measures. Methods: Elderly patients with intracerebral hemorrhage who were treated in the department of Neurosurgery of a third-class hospital in Suzhou from January 2018 to September 2023 were included. Clinical data of patients with and without constipation were compared...
February 26, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Min Yu, Yang Jiang, Xu Gong, Xuemei Gao
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between sleep duration and cognitive functions in older adults using NHANES, a national US population study dataset, and to explore the causal association with Mendelian randomization (MR) using the UK Biobank. METHODS: First, an observational study was conducted with the NHANES database with participants ≥60 years. Sleep duration was measured with accelerometers for 7 consecutive days. Participants were divided into habitual short sleep (<7 h) and long sleep (>9 h) groups...
February 1, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Pratibha Rathod, Ajesh Desai, Divya Chandel
Background: Preterm birth (PTB) poses a significant global health challenge and focused research is vital for improving maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of oxidative stress (OS) and DNA damage on PTB. Methods: There were two groups: (a) cases consisting of mothers with PTB (<37 weeks of gestation, n = 100) and (b) controls consisting of mothers with term birth (>37 weeks of gestation, n = 100). Women with vaginal infection, non-cephalic presentation, multiple gestations, fetal anomalies, Cesarean delivery, pregnancy with Mullerian anomalies, or preeclampsia were excluded from the study...
February 1, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Ya Wen Shih, Ching Wen Chang, Hui-Chen Rita Chang, Jia Ruey Tsai, Wei-Jun Wang, Hui Fen Fang, Chia Ling Lin, Yohanes Andy Rias, Hsiu Ting Tsai
Background: Both the high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and tobacco exposure are significantly associated with cervical neoplasm risk. Immune cells play important roles in carcinogenesis. However, it is still unclear whether immune cells have a mediating effect on the HR-HPV infection and tobacco exposure with cervical neoplasm development. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine how the increased white blood cell (WBC) count affects the relationship between HR-HPV DNA load and tobacco exposure in the development of cervical neoplasia...
January 25, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Changjiang Liu, Xiaoling Dong, Jia Jia, Mei Ha
Dietary astaxanthin supplementation has been demonstrated to have many beneficial and health-promoting effects. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of astaxanthin supplementation on fatigue, cognition, and exercise efficiency. A total of 11 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 346 healthy participants were included. The random effects model and pooled standardized mean difference (SMDs) were used according to Hedge's g for the meta-analysis, and a meta-regression was also conducted...
January 20, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Choa Sung, Chang Gi Park, Mark Maienschein-Cline, George Chlipala, Stefan Green, Ardith Doorenbos, Anne Fink, Ulf Bronas, Mark Lockwood
PURPOSE: The study investigated the relationship of gut microbiome features and sickness symptoms in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: Employing a prospective, longitudinal design, we collected data from 19 participants who had undergone living-donor kidney transplant at three timepoints (pre-transplant and 1 week and 3 months post-transplant). Sickness symptom data and fecal specimens were collected at each timepoint. Participants were grouped either as high or low sickness symptom severity at baseline...
January 17, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Mu-Rong Zhu, Han-Xia Hong, Jing-Ru Cheng, Jing Tang, Tong Lu, Rui Xie
BACKGROUND: Postoperative urinary tract infection is a common complication that not only significantly prolongs the hospital stay and amplifies the economic burden on patients, but also affects their quality of life and prognosis. This study aimed to investigate risk factors and distribution of pathogenic bacteria in urinary tract infections among bladder cancer patients who underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy. METHODS: A total of 137 bladder cancer patients, who underwent cutaneous ureterostomy after radical cystectomy at our hospital from November 2018 to October 2022, were enrolled in this retrospective study...
January 9, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Kathryn A Wood, Aniqa B Alam, Lin Yee Chen, Elsayed Z Soliman, Arshed A Quyyumi, Alvaro Alonso
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia affecting over 6 million people in the U.S. Fatigue is a frequent symptom of AF, yet no underlying biological mechanisms have been identified in AF-related fatigue as in other chronic conditions such as cancer or HIV fatigue (inflammation, tissue injury). We aimed to identify biomarkers and correlates of AF-fatigue in ARIC participants. METHODS: Participants with AF from ARIC visit 5 (2011-2013) were included in the study...
January 2, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Amy Jo Lisanti, Fanghong Dong, Abigail Demianczyk, Maria G Vogiatzi, Ryan Quinn, Jesse Chittams, Rebecca Hoffman, Barbara Medoff Cooper
BACKGROUND: Parents of infants born with congenital heart disease (CHD) who require open heart surgery after birth are at risk for prolonged psychological distress. Even after their infants are discharged, parents may experience anxiety, depressive, and post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms; yet, it is unclear which parents are at greater risk for ongoing symptoms. The purpose of this study was to explore whether measures of the biomarker cortisol in parents during their infants' postoperative period were associated with subsequent psychological distress symptoms at three-month post discharge...
January 2, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Özlem Selime Merter, Naime Altay
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is essential for premature infants. It contains a variety of functional and protective nutrients that help to create a suitable microenvironment for intestinal development and maturation. This prospective and observational study was planned to examine the effects of feeding premature infants with fresh or frozen breastmilk on their gut microbiota. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out with a total of 40 infants, with a gestational age of 28-326 weeks, fed fresh ( n = 20) or frozen ( n = 20) breastmilk...
January 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Wanqin Hu, Ziwei Ye, Tao Li, Zeya Shi
Introduction: To explore the relationship between the composite dietary antioxidant index (CDAI) and gout to provide support for preventing gout through dietary intervention. Methods: Eligible participants from the 2007 to 2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey aged 20 years and older were included in this cross-sectional study. The weighted chi-square test was used to compare the categorical variables difference between CDAI quartiles groups. The weighted univariate and binary logistic regression analysis were used to test the association between variables and gout...
January 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Hsuan-Man Hung, Ming-Fu Chen, Huan-Fang Lee, Hui-Ling Wang
Patients with rheumatic disease (RD) are at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading non-communicable chronic disease cause of death worldwide. Inflammatory biomarkers and psychological health status are reliable predictors of CVD in patients with RD. The primary aim of this study was to compare the inflammatory biomarkers and psychological CVD risk factors (CRFs) between a group of community-dwelling adults with RD and CRFs and a group of their peers with CRFs only. The secondary aim of this study was to analyze and compare the collected data by gender in the RD group...
January 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Vanessa Ibáñez-Del Valle, Maria Luisa Ballestar-Tarín, Mayra Alejandra Mafla-España, Omar Cauli, Rut Navarro-Martínez
Background: Poor sleep quality is prevalent in older people and impairs their quality of life. Various studies show an association between sleep disorders and altered levels of inflammatory cytokines. The cytokine IL-1β has been shown to display both somnogenic and insomnia-promoting effects in experimental animals. Objectives: to evaluate the relationship between insomnia and salivary IL-1β concentration and the role of associated factors such as the symptoms of depression, use of hypnotics, intake of caffeinated beverages, smoking, and alcohol use in older individuals...
January 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Seyedeh Maryam Ghazavi Dozin, Nasser Mohammad Rahimi, Reza Aminzadeh
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the most widespread reasons for acquired adult disability. Recent experimental studies have reported the beneficial influence of Wii Fit-based feedback on improving overall balance and gait for stroke survivors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature using the following keywords to retrieve the data: feedback, biofeedback, stroke, visual, auditory, tactile, virtual reality, videogame rehabilitation, Nintendo Wii stroke, videogame stroke, exergame stroke, Nintendo Wii rehabilitation, balance, and gait...
January 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Aiping Mu, Zhuojun Ni, Chen Ma
Background: After transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma resection patients have reduced olfactory function and quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of nasal irrigation on the nasal related quality of life in patients undergoing transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma resection. Methods: Patients undergoing transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenomas in a tertiary hospital in China were included. The patients were randomly divided into a control group and nasal irrigation group according to the random sequence generated by the SPSS22...
December 11, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Dillon J Dzikowicz
The electrocardiogram (ECG) can now be measured using mobile devices. Mobile ECG devices, which are defined as devices capable of recording and transmitting non-standard ECGs, offer numerous advantages such as cost-effectiveness and being user-friendly. Mobile ECG can also extend recording lengths (e.g., 2 days, 14 days), which is necessary to capture important intermittent events (e.g., cardiac arrhythmias) and evaluate prognostic risk markers (e.g., prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval). Some mobile ECG devices can even connect to broadband networks allowing patients to remotely transmit their ECG to a clinician...
November 29, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
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