Cynthia M Dougherty, Makayla Cordoza, Di Wang, Afnan Hamad Alsoyan, Phyllis K Stein, Robert L Burr NCT00522340.
June 16, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Xinting Min, Xiufang Kong, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hearing loss (HL). Dietary intake is a modifiable factor that could influence the oxidant and antioxidant capacity. We hypothesized that a higher composite dietary antioxidant index (CDAI) is associated with a reduced odds for HL. METHODS: Adult participants from the 2001-2012 & 2015-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Study were included in this cross-sectional study. The CDAI was calculated from vitamins A, C, E, selenium, zinc, and caretenoid through 24-h dietary recall...
June 13, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Sunita Pokhrel Bhattarai, Dillon J Dzikowicz, Mary G Carey
Introduction: Albumin plays a vital role in improving osmotic pressure and hemodynamics. A lower serum albumin level may cause pulmonary congestion and edema and contribute to myocardial dysfunction, diuresis resistance, and fluid retention in acute heart failure. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that AHF patients with normal serum albumin have shorter hospital stays. Methods: Using Electronic Medical Records, patients admitted from May 2020 through May 2021 aged >18, ICD-10, and positive Framingham Heart Failure Diagnostic Criteria were included...
June 13, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Yanan Cao, Xu Zhang, Qianping Zhang, Xiaoxiao Fan, Tianzi Zang, Jinbing Bai, Yuanyuan Wu, Wenjie Zhou, Yanqun Liu
The purpose of this study was to explore whether prenatal gut microbiota (GM) and its functions predict the development of offspring temperament. A total of 53 mothers with a 1-year-old child and 41 mothers with a 2-year-old child were included in this study using a mother-infant cohort from central China. Maternal fecal samples collected during the third trimester were analyzed using 16S rRNA V3-V4 gene sequences. Temperament of the child was measured by self-reported data according to the primary caregiver...
June 12, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Yan Li, Luxi Chen, Yang Su, Xin Zhang
Background: Many studies have reported the use of preoperative oral carbohydrates (CHO) in children, but the results are inconsistent. The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the effectiveness and safety of oral CHO administration in children prior to surgery, with the goal of offering a dependable reference for clinical nursing practices and surgical interventions. Methods: Two authors searched PubMed, Clinical trials, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang and Weipu databases for randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the effects of preoperative oral CHO in children up to April 12, 2024...
June 11, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Marliese Dion Nist, Rita H Pickler, Abigail B Shoben, Yvette P Conley
Objectives: Inflammation contributes to disparate neurodevelopmental outcomes between preterm and term-born infants. In this context, DNA methylation may contribute to inflammation by affecting gene expression. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor ( BDNF ) and nuclear factor-kappa-B-inhibitor alpha ( NFKBIA ) are important genes for targeted DNA methylation analysis. The aims of this study were to (1) identify associations between inflammatory factors and BDNF and NFKBIA methylation , and (2) identify associations between BDNF and NFKBIA methylation and early neurobehavior in preterm infants...
June 5, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Mark B Lockwood, Choa Sung, Suzanne A Alvernaz, John R Lee, Jennifer L Chin, Mehdi Nayebpour, Beatriz Peñalver Bernabé, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Hongjin Li, Mario Spaggiari, Alessandro Martinino, Chang G Park, George E Chlipala, Ardith Z Doorenbos, Stefan J Green
Many kidney transplant recipients continue to experience high symptom burden despite restoration of kidney function. High symptom burden is a significant driver of quality of life. In the post-transplant setting, high symptom burden has been linked to negative outcomes including medication non-adherence, allograft rejection, graft loss, and even mortality. Symbiotic bacteria (microbiota) in the human gastrointestinal tract critically interact with the immune, endocrine, and neurological systems to maintain homeostasis of the host...
June 5, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Lathika Mohanraj, Christiane Carter, Jinze Liu, Theresa Swift-Scanlan
Background: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for hematologic malignancies, including multiple myeloma. Biomarker investigation can guide identification of HCT recipients at-risk for poor outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs involved in the modulation and regulation of pathological processes and are emerging as prognostic and predictive biomarkers for multiple health conditions. This pilot study aimed to examine miRNA profiles associated with HCT-related risk factors and outcomes in patients undergoing autologous HCT...
May 31, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Mohammad Ali Faridi Dastjerdi, Gholamali Ghasemi, Hamed Esmaeili, Negin Ghasemi Kahrizsangi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week yoga intervention on muscle strength, proprioception, pain, concerns about falling, and quality of life in individuals diagnosed with diabetic neuropathy. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design incorporating a pretest-posttest methodology and a control group was implemented in the present study. A total of 30 patients who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and neuropathy were recruited and randomly assigned to intervention ( n = 15) or non-exercise control ( n = 15)...
May 29, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Jonathan Kong, Kelly Trinh, Kathrine Hammill, Carla Chia-Ming Chen
Objectives: To evaluate the comparability of frailty assessment tools - the electronic frailty index (eFI), retrospective electronic frailty index (reFI), and clinical frailty scale (CFS) - in older residents of care facilities. Methods: Data from 813 individuals aged 65 or older, with frailty and co-morbidities, collected between 2022 and 2023, were analysed using various statistical methods. Results: The results showed significant differences in frailty classification among the tools: 78.3% were identified as moderately to severely frail by eFI, 59...
May 13, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Na Li, Jing Huang, You Feng, Hucheng Yan, Shihui Min, Xin Chen
Background : In order to reduce the risk of leakage of cytotoxic agents, peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are widely used in patients diagnosed with malignancy before chemotherapy. While inflammation has been demonstrated to be associated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT), the connection between systemic immune inflammation indexes and the formation of PICC-DVT remains unclear. Purpose : This study aims to evaluate the association between PICC-DVT and systemic immune inflammation indexes including platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), systemic immune-inflammatory index (SII), and systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI)...
May 7, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Mitchell R Knisely, Rita V Masese, Joacy G Mathias, Qing Yang, Daniel Hatch, Brandon M Lê, Faith Luyster, Melanie E Garrett, Paula J Tanabe, Nirmish R Shah, Allison Ashley-Koch
Objective: Sickle cell disease (SCD), the most common inherited blood disorder in the United States, is associated with severe psychoneurological symptoms. While epigenetic age acceleration has been linked to psychoneurological symptom burden in other diseases, this connection is unexplored in SCD. This study aimed to assess the association between epigenetic age acceleration and psychoneurological symptom burden in SCD. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, emotional impact, pain impact, sleep impact, social functioning, and cognitive function were assessed in 87 adults living with SCD...
April 28, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Ayşegül Yayla, Zeynep Karaman Özlü, Gülistan Uymaz Aras
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the effects of caffeine consumption and sleep on post-spinal headache after spinal anesthesia. BACKGROUND: Post-spinal headache is among the most well-known and common complications of spinal anesthesia. Although caffeine consumption is recommended to prevent headache after spinal anesthesia, caffeine does not prevent headache and causes sleep-related problems. No study in the literature found a correlation between sleep and caffeine consumption after spinal anesthesia and post-spinal headache...
April 26, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Yuwen Wan, Zhanguo Su
Background: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) presents a challenge for health organizations because of its high likelihood of morbidity and mortality. There is an increasing body of evidence exploring the efficacy of resistance training (RT) alone on glycemic control. Objective: To update the effectiveness of RT on glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting glucose in adults diagnosed with T2DM. Methods: CINAHL (EBSDCO), PubMed, MEDLINE (Ovid), and EMBASE (Ovid) databases were searched from inception to 30 January 2024...
April 16, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Stephanie Sealschott, Rita Pickler, Christine Fortney, Michael Bailey, Brett Loman
Problem: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) affecting neonates with fetal exposure to opioids, is defined by expression and severity of symptoms. The pathophysiology behind symptoms variability is lacking. The study aims were to examine (a) differences in gut microbiota of neonates with and without NAS, (b) the relationships between gut microbiota and symptom expression and NAS severity, and (c) the changes in the neonate gut microbiota diversity during the course of NAS treatment. Methods: A cross-sectional observational design was used to examine differences in microbiota and a longitudinal, repeated measures approach was used to determine relationships between gut microbiota and NAS symptoms...
March 26, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Margareta Teli, Ratsiri Thato, Faizul Hasan, Yohanes Andy Rias
BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) control is a crucial goal in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), requiring lifelong commitment and family support. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of family-based diabetes management intervention on HbA1c among adults with T2DM. METHODS: From inception up to 2022, a comprehensive literature search was conducted across PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, CORE, and the Cochrane Library. The quality of studies was evaluated using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal tools...
April 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Arghavan Niyazi, Seyed Mohammad Ali Yasrebi, Mohtaram Yazdanian, Gholam Rasul Mohammad Rahimi
Objective: This study aimed to compare the effects of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training (MICT) on glycemic control, beta-cell function, and aerobic fitness in women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Thirty-six women with T2DM were assigned equally to HIIT, MICT, and control (CON) groups. Participants in the exercise cohorts underwent a 12-week training regimen (three sessions per week), while the CON group maintained an inactive lifestyle. Glycaemia variables, beta-cell function, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ), lipid profiles, and body composition were assessed at baseline and post-intervention...
March 13, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Margaret M McCarthy, Jason Fletcher, Fay Wright, Inés Del Giudice, Agnes Wong, Bradley E Aouizerat, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Gail D'Eramo Melkus
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess the levels of cardiovascular health (CVH) of Black and Latino adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and examine the association of individual and microsystem level factors with their CVH score. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional design in 60 Black and Latino Adults aged 18-40 with T2D. Data were collected on sociodemographic, individual (sociodemographic, diabetes self-management, sleep disturbance, depressive symptoms, quality of life, and the inflammatory biomarkers IL-6 and hs-CRP) and microsystem factors (family functioning), and American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 metrics of CVH...
March 6, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
Ciao-Min Gong, Hui-Chuan Huang, Ju-Han Liu, Shiou-Shiun Yu, Yu-Ting Chen
Backgroun d. Constipation is a common distressing problem in patients with schizophrenia that can cause complications and impair quality of life. Objective . The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of applying auricular acupressure (AA) treatment in improving constipation in patients with schizophrenia. Metho ds. A crossover randomized controlled trial design was performed from April 2022 to December 2023 at four psychiatric rehabilitation care centers. A total of 23 patients with schizophrenia received an AA intervention or usual care according to the designated treatment sequences...
March 4, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
María Cruz-Calvente, Blanca Rueda-Medina, Rocío Gil-Gutiérrez, Irene Medina-Martínez, José L Gómez-Urquiza, María Correa-Rodríguez
We aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 infection on maternal characteristics and obstetric and neonatal outcomes in a cohort of women in labor previously vaccinated who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection, compared to aged-matched healthy controls. A retrospective case-control study was conducted among 66 women in labor. Clinical data were obtained from medical records. The attendance rates at childbirth and parenting classes, as well as the implementation of a birth plan, were significantly lower in the COVID-19 infection group (6...
March 1, 2024: Biological Research for Nursing
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