Soyoung Choi, Tracie Harrison
The study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of fatigue and the moderating effect of sleep quality on stress and depressive symptoms among people with visual impairments. A total of 155 participants completed the online survey. The Perceived Stress Scale, the Fatigue Symptom Inventory, the Centre for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Inventory (CES-D), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used. Descriptive analysis, correlations, and moderated mediation modelling were conducted using R software...
March 17, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Yohanes Andy Rias, Hsiu Ting Tsai, Ratsiri Thato, Bagus Sholeh Apriyanto, Kuei Ru Chou, Shu Chuan Ho, Chia Hsuan Sun
BACKGROUND: High-grade inflammation represents a critical contribution to the onset of depression and might be manageable by physical activity (PA). Nevertheless, no study has examined synergistic interactions of insufficient PA and high values of the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) on psychological problems. OBJECTIVE: We investigated independent and synergistic interactions of insufficient PA and high SII levels on stress, anxiety, and depression in T2DM patients...
March 9, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Samira M Moughrabi, Samer I Habib, Lorraine Evangelista
BACKGROUND: Cardiac cachexia (CC) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in persons with heart failure (HF). Compared to the biological underpinning of CC, little is known about the psychological factors. Thus, the overarching objective of this study was to determine whether depression predicts the onset of cachexia at 6 months in patients with chronic HF. METHODS: 114 participants with a mean age of 56.7 ± 13.0 years, LVEF of 33.13 ± 12...
March 7, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Fatemeh Heidari, Nasser Mohammad Rahimi, Reza Aminzadeh
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common, multifaceted disorder that directly affects diverse aspects of people's lives in terms of health, personal and social lives. A variety of pathological disorders, including low back pain, may benefit from hydrotherapy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to systematically analyze the efficacy of aquatic exercise on pain intensity, disability, and quality of life among adults with low back pain. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, and Scopus up to February 2023 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that which examined the impact of aquatic exercise...
March 6, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Sanghyuk S Shin, Miriam Bender, Delphine C Malherbe, Hannah Vasquez, Brianna M Doratt, Ilhem Messaoudi
OBJECTIVE: A 6-month longitudinal surveillance study of asymptomatic healthcare providers (HCP) was carried out at a large urban academic medical center in the United States to assess whether their job occupation with higher exposure risks to SARS-CoV-2 would equate with higher risk of contracting COVID-19 at the beginning of the pandemic before COVID-19 vaccines were available. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study design was used to collect and analyze immunological and virological monitoring data and self-report survey assessments of personal protective equipment (PPE) availability, adherence to infection control guidelines, and time spent on COVID-19 wards...
March 4, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Velda Janet Gonzalez-Mercado, Jean Lim, Bradley Aouizerat
PURPOSE: To examine if gut microbial taxa abundances and predicted functional pathways correlate with Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) classification at the end of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy (CRT) for rectal cancer. METHODS: Rectal cancer patients ( n = 39) provided s tool samples for 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Stool consistency was evaluated using the BSFS. Gut microbiome data were analyzed using QIIME2. Correlation analysis were performed in R...
March 1, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Chiyoung Lee, Se Hee Min
INTRODUCTION: We introduce moderated network analysis as an integrative approach to assess the moderation effects of race on the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and depression symptoms in older adults. This study further explores how the observed relationships differ adjusting for social relationships. METHODS: This secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (2010-2011) includes 2,880 older adults...
February 21, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Shannon L Richard, Du Feng, Jinyoung Kim, Dieu-My T Tran, Brenna N Renn
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a prognostic cluster of physiologic risk factors that may develop into cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Electrocardiogram abnormalities (ECGA) can be instrumental in identifying the early stages of disease and may be associated with MetS in Hispanic Americans. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships between MetS and major and minor ECGA in the Hispanic population (Hypothesis 1) and determine whether gender-ethnic subgroups moderate these relationships (Hypothesis 2)...
January 18, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Jeannie Rodriguez, Donghai Liang, Rachel Tchen, Irene Yang
Electronic cigarette use is highest among adults of child-bearing age. Many parents that use electronic cigarettes believe that secondhand exposure of electronic cigarette vapors for their children is not dangerous and is less harmful than secondhand exposure to traditional cigarette smoke. These beliefs may prompt excessive secondhand exposure to electronic cigarette vapors for their children. Little research has been done to document exposure in children. The traditional biological method of exposure detection is through a blood draw, which is difficult and undesirable in children...
January 13, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Sarah W Matthews, Anna Plantinga, Robert Burr, Kevin C Cain, Tor Savidge, Kendra Kamp, Margaret M Heitkemper
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder of gut-brain interaction with multifaceted pathophysiology. Prior studies have demonstrated higher rates of vitamin D deficiency in individuals with IBS compared to healthy controls (HC), as well as associations of vitamin D concentration with IBS symptoms. A systematic review of 10 mouse and 14 human studies reported a positive association between vitamin D (serum levels and supplementation) and beta diversity of gut microbiome in a variety of conditions...
January 9, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Katherine J Kissler, Teri L Hernandez, Nicole Carlson
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity and cesarean birth disproportionately affect Black parturients; thus, prevention of cesarean birth is a key modifiable factor to improve pregnancy outcomes and reduce disparities. The primary driver of unplanned cesarean birth among people with higher body mass index is prolonged labor duration. However, strategies to optimize outcomes in these situations have not been established. We aimed to evaluate the influence of oxytocin augmentation on uterine activity and labor progression in nulliparas with obesity...
January 7, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Ganime Esra Soysal, Arzu Ilce, Sanaz Lakestani, Mustafa Sit, Fatma Avcioglu
BACKGROUND: Surgical smoke can be a hazard because e it contains toxic gases with carcinogenic effects that may threaten health. This study aims to determine the effect of surgical smoke containing toxic chemicals on indoor air quality and examine employees' physical symptoms in the operating room. METHOD: The study was conducted in the operating room between June 2020 and July 2020. In the study, 45 air samples were taken before, during, and after surgery using the active sampling method...
January 7, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Therese Mathews, Shivdeep S Hayer, Danae Dinkel, Alyson Hanish, Katrina M Poppert Cordts, Heather Rasmussen, Tiffany Moore
BACKGROUND: Pathologic changes in the microbiome (dysbiosis) have been implicated in affecting the growth and neurodevelopment of infants and children. There is evidence to suggest that prenatal and postnatal stressors may be a factor in dysbiosis and there is also a growing body of evidence to suggest that interventions may reduce this negative impact. A scoping review was undertaken to identify association between maternal and/or child microbiome with child growth and neurodevelopment...
January 6, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Lisa Chang, Yoshimi Fukuoka, Bradley E Aouizerat, Li Zhang, Elena Flowers
Backgro und: Accurate prediction of risk for chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes (T2D) is challenging due to the complex underlying etiology. Integration of more complex data types from sensors and leveraging technologies for collection of -omics datasets may provide greater insights into the specific risk profile for complex diseases. Methods: We performed a literature review to identify feature selection methods and machine learning models for prediction of weight loss in a previously completed clinical trial (NCT02278939) of a behavioral intervention for weight loss in Filipinos at risk for T2D...
January 4, 2023: Biological Research for Nursing
Mitali Ray, McKenzie K Wallace, Susan C Grayson, Meredith H Cummings, Jessica A Davis, Jewel Scott, Sarah M Belcher, Tara S Davis, Yvette P Conley
Social determinants of health (SDoH) impact health and wellness. The link between SDoH and adverse health outcomes, including symptom occurrence and severity, may be explained by an individual's physiologic response to one or more SDoH. One potential mechanism underlying this physiologic response linking SDoH and symptoms is the dynamic epigenome. The purpose of this scoping review of the literature was to examine differential susceptibility for symptoms by identifying and summarizing research linking SDoH and symptoms through epigenomic mechanisms...
December 20, 2022: Biological Research for Nursing
Dillon J Dzikowicz, Mary G Carey
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction is an important propagator of cardiometabolic disease and can be measured using multiple metrics such as heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate recovery (HRR). The relationships between HRV and HRR have not been fully examined, nor have the relationships between HRV, HRR, and other physiological measures linked to cardiometabolic disease (e.g., blood pressure recovery). Evaluation of these additional relationships may provide new insights into the association between autonomic function and cardiometabolic disease especially among high-risk groups like firefighters...
November 29, 2022: Biological Research for Nursing
Thais P Prado, Carlos P Jara, Vanessa C Dias Bóbbo, Rodrigo S Carraro, Davi Sidarta-Oliveira, Guilherme R A de Mendonça, Licio A Velloso, Eliana P Araújo
BACKGROUND: Impaired wound healing is a health problem around the world, and the search for a novel product to repair wounded skin is a major topic in the field. GW9508 is a synthetic molecule described as a selective agonist of free fatty acid receptors (FFARs) 1 and 4, and there is evidence of its anti-inflammatory effects on several organs of the body. PURPOSE: Here, we aimed to evaluate the effects of topical GW9508 on wound healing in mice. RESEARCH DESIGN: First, we used bioinformatic methods to determine the expression of FFAR1 and FFAR4 mRNA in the skin from a human cell atlas assembled with single-cell transcriptomes...
November 29, 2022: Biological Research for Nursing
Pedro L Cosio, Mireia Pelaez, Joan A Cadefau, Andreu Farran-Codina
BACKGROUND: Irisin has been suggested as a helpful hormone for adverse metabolic conditions. However, the interaction between acute endurance exercises and irisin is still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the acute effect of endurance training, either continuous or interval training, on circulating irisin in healthy adults. METHODS: Literature search was conducted in Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus and CINAHL until September 2022...
November 25, 2022: Biological Research for Nursing
Karl Cristie F Figuracion, Hilaire Thompson, Christine L Mac Donald
BACKGROUND: Medical and scientific advancement worldwide has led to a longer lifespan. With the population aging comes the risk of developing cognitive decline. The incorporation of neuroimaging measures in evaluating cognitive changes is limited in nursing research. The aim of this review is to introduce nurse scientists to neuroimaging measures employed to assess the association between brain and cognitive changes. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified by searching CINAHL, Web of Science, and PubMed databases using the following keywords: "neuroimaging measures," "aging," "cognition," "qualitative scoring," "cognitive ability," "molecular," "structural," and "functional...
November 18, 2022: Biological Research for Nursing
Jenjiratchaya Thanapholsart, Ehsan Khan, Geraldine A Lee
BACKGROUND: There is a need to detect and prevent fluid overload and malnutrition in heart failure. Bioelectrical impedance analysis and bioelectrical impedance vector analysis are medical instruments that can advance heart failure management by generating values of body composition and body water, assisting clinicians to detect fluid and nutritional status. However, there is a lack of evidence to summarise how they have been used among heart failure patients. METHOD: A systematic search was conducted...
November 7, 2022: Biological Research for Nursing
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