journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908011/reactions-to-a-nicotine-reduction-policy-among-adolescents-who-smoke-a-qualitative-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Grace L Reed, Suzanne M Colby, Jasminette DiLorenzo, Julia Totten, Jennifer W Tidey, Rachel N Cassidy
INTRODUCTION: The Biden administration is pursuing a nicotine reduction policy in the U.S. to render cigarettes less addictive. In this study, we qualitatively investigated adolescents' subjective responses to very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes, reasons for incomplete adherence to using them, and their expected responses to a nicotine reduction policy. METHODS: Adolescents who smoke cigarettes daily (ages 15-19; N=60) were enrolled in a three-week double-blind randomized clinical trial and assigned to smoke either normal nicotine content (NNC) or VLNC research cigarettes...
June 22, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908010/longitudinal-association-between-harm-perceptions-and-tobacco-behaviors-among-adults-who-smoke-cigarettes-differential-associations-across-age-groups-using-the-path-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caitlin V Weiger, Olivia A Wackowski, Michelle T Bover Manderski, Andrea C Villanti, Julia Chen-Sankey
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between e-cigarette and cigarette harm perceptions and tobacco behaviors may vary by age. We examined longitudinal associations of harm perceptions with tobacco use behaviors among adults who smoke cigarettes. METHODS: Data were from Waves 4 (2016-2018) and 5 (2018-2019) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health survey. Weighted multivariable logistic regressions identified independent associations between relative and absolute e-cigarette and cigarette harm perceptions at baseline and continued smoking, dual use, complete switching, and quit intention at follow-up, stratified by age (young adults [YAs] 18-24, middle-aged adults [MAs] 25-44, and older adults [OAs] ≥45) among U...
June 22, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38902866/unsubstantiated-claims-by-the-hookah-tobacco-industry-to-exempt-flavored-hookah-tobacco-products-from-flavor-bans
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mary Rezk-Hanna, Wasim Maziak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38894676/renal-hyperfiltration-as-a-new-mechanism-of-smoking-related-mortality
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed Smail Aissani, Leo Niskanen, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Mounir Ould Setti
INTRODUCTION: Renal hyperfiltration (RHF), an established risk factor for mortality, is prevalent among tobacco smokers. The aim of this study was to assess the mediating role of RHF in the association between smoking and mortality. AIMS AND METHODS: Data of this study were retrieved from the cohort of the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD), including 2064 males from Finland. Study participants were followed over a 35-year period. Using classic and counterfactual mediation analysis approaches, we estimated the mediative effect of RHF in the association between smoking and each of the following outcomes: All-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and non-CVD mortality...
June 19, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38894545/the-difference-of-addictive-behavior-of-freebase-nicotine-and-nicotine-salts-in-mice-base-on-an-aerosol-self-administration-model
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hao Zhang, Shulei Han, Lei Fan, Guanglin Liu, Yuan Zhang, Huan Chen, Hongwei Hou, Qingyuan Hu
INTRODUCTION: The distinctions in the biological impacts of distinct forms of nicotine have become a prominent subject of current research. However, relatively little research has been done on the addictive effects of different forms of nicotine. METHODS: The aerosol self-administration device was briefly characterized by determining aerosol concentration, particle size, and distributional diffusion of the aerosol. And the aerosol self-administration model was constructed at 1, 5, and 10 mg/mL of nicotine to select the appropriate nicotine concentration...
June 19, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38890774/the-effect-of-adult-smoking-behavior-on-children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-an-analysis-based-on-salivary-cotinine-levels-among-children-in-dhaka-and-karachi
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kamran Siddiqi, Charlie Welch, Rumana Huque, Romania Iqbal, Mona Kanaan, Masuma Pervin Mishu, Mariam Ahmad Khokhar, Sean Semple
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) risks children's health. However, biomarkers are rarely used to study SHS exposure among children in low- and middle-income countries. AIMS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data collected between March and November 2022 for a cluster-randomized controlled trial investigating a Smoke-Free Intervention in 2769 children aged 9-15 in 74 schools (34 in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and 40 in Karachi, Pakistan). Children's saliva was tested for the concentration of cotinine-a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for SHS exposure...
June 19, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38890771/public-support-for-tobacco-endgame-policies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hana Kim, Coral Gartner, Richard Edwards, Cheneal Puljević, Kylie Morphett, Dong Ha Kim, Hae-Ryoung Chun, Martin Ekdahl, Heewon Kang
INTRODUCTIONS: An increasing number of countries are adopting the tobacco endgame goal. High levels of public support can accelerate momentum towards implementing tobacco endgame policies. We aimed to conduct a systematic review of public support for tobacco endgame policies and to examine the geographical distribution of studies, support among key populations (adolescents and young adults, people who smoke), and the association between survey design and support. METHODS: We searched Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar for studies published from 2013 onwards...
June 19, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38880491/the-potential-impact-of-oral-nicotine-pouches-on-public-health-a-scoping-review
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nargiz Travis, Kenneth E Warner, Maciej L Goniewicz, Hayoung Oh, Radhika Ranganathan, Rafael Meza, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, David T Levy
INTRODUCTION: Oral nicotine pouches (ONPs) are a new class of nicotine products. This scoping review summarizes evidence on ONPs and explores their potential public health impact. AIMS AND METHODS: We conducted a structured literature search for empirical studies across three electronic databases through January 10, 2024. Outcomes included ONP product characteristics, use patterns, beliefs and perceptions, toxicity, and marketing and sales. RESULTS: Sixty-two studies were included, 17 were industry-funded...
June 17, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38874009/polygenic-and-socioeconomic-contributions-to-nicotine-use-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-early-mid-life
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adam M Lippert, Daniel J Corsi, Rockli Kim, Robbee Wedow, Jinho Kim, Beza Taddess, S V Subramanian
INTRODUCTION: Early mid-life is marked by accumulating risks for cardiometabolic illness linked to health-risk behaviors like nicotine use. Identifying polygenic indices (PGI) has enriched scientific understanding of the cumulative genetic contributions to behavioral and cardiometabolic health, though few studies have assessed these associations alongside socioeconomic (SES) and lifestyle factors. METHODS: Drawing on data from 2,337 individuals from the United States participating in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, the current study assesses the fraction of variance in five related outcomes - use of conventional and electronic cigarettes, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and glycosylated hemoglobin (A1c) - explained by PGI, SES, and lifestyle...
June 14, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38869253/quitting-smoking-with%C3%A2-smoke-unauthorized-claims-used-by-herbal-cigarette-manufacturers
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew B Seidenberg, Emily Donovan, Mona Azadi, Rebecca Goyette, Pamela M Ling
INTRODUCTION: Herbal cigarettes are made with non-tobacco plant materials (e.g., tea leaves, hemp), are typically sold pre-rolled in packs and with filters, and are combusted and smoked like tobacco cigarettes. Herbal cigarette manufacturers have a history of making misleading health claims and at least one company has previously settled with the US Federal Trade Commission over deceptive advertising. This study examined current claims and product characteristics of herbal cigarettes sold by a popular online retailer...
June 13, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38864481/open-science-transparency-and-disclosure-of-data-is-what-srnt-should-be-about
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter, Tracy Smith, Mitch Zeller, Robin Mermelstein, Thomas J Glynn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38856040/a-quantitative-exploration-of-the-influence-of-tobacco-use-on-poverty-in-india
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rijo M John, Estelle P Dauchy
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use has a disproportionate impact on lower socioeconomic groups in India. The study quantifies the number of people who would fall under the national poverty line if the direct spending on tobacco and healthcare expenditures attributable to tobacco use were subtracted from their monthly expenditures. It also aims to estimate the extent to which tobacco use increases the probability of poverty status in India. AIMS AND METHODS: We quantify the increase in poverty by multiplying the difference between headcount ratios with and without tobacco-related spending by population size...
June 10, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850196/tobacco-images-choice-and-its-association-with-craving-and-dependence-in-people-who-smoke-cigarettes
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marcello Solinas, Claudia Chauvet, Claire Lafay-Chebassier, Paul Vanderkam, Lila Barillot, Scott J Moeller, Rita Z Goldstein, Xavier Noël, Nematollah Jaafari, Armand Chatard
INTRODUCTION: Increased salience of drug-related cues over non-drug reinforcers can drive drug use and contribute to tobacco use disorder (TUD). An important scientific and clinical goal is to effectively measure this elevated drug-seeking behavior in TUD. However, most TUD assessments rely on self-reported cravings and cigarette consumption, not providing an objective measure of the impact of drug-cues on biasing behavior towards drugs. The probabilistic image choice (PIC) task investigates the choice of viewing drug-related pictures as compared to other salient pictures (e...
June 8, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850042/evaluation-of-a-regional-tobacco-control-programme-greater-manchester-s-making-smoking-history-on-quitting-and-smoking-in-england-2014-to-2022-a-time-series-analysis
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah E Jackson, Emma Beard, Jamie Brown
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the impact of Greater Manchester's Making Smoking History programme - a region-wide smoking cessation programme launched in January 2018 - on key smoking and quitting outcomes. METHODS: Data were from a nationally-representative monthly survey, 2014-2022 (n=171,281). We used interrupted time-series analyses (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average [ARIMA] and generalised additive models [GAM]) to examine regional differences between Greater Manchester and the rest of England, before and during the programme's first five years...
June 8, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850013/differential-responses-to-cigarette-package-labeling-alternatives-among-adults-who-smoke-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James F Thrasher, Emily E Hackworth, Stuart G Ferguson, Liyan Xiang, Minji Kim, Chih-Hsiang Yang, David Hammond, Yanwen Sun, James W Hardin, Jeff Niederdeppe
INTRODUCTION: Little experimental research has evaluated whether the effects of cigarette package inserts with efficacy messages and/or pictorial health warning labels (PHWLs) differ across key subgroups of adults who smoke. METHODS: Adults who reported currently smoking (n=367) were randomly assigned to one of four groups: small text-only health warning labels (HWLs) on pack sides (control); inserts with efficacy messages and small HWLs (inserts-only); PHWLs showing harms of smoking (PHWLs-only); both (inserts+PHWLs)...
June 8, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847741/healthcare-visits-by-smokers-does-cessation-treatment-differ-based-on-clinical-condition
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karen W Geletko, Katelyn Graves, Shermeeka Hogans-Mathews, Jeffrey Harman
INTRODUCTION: Persons with behavioral health conditions are disproportionally burdened by their tobacco use. Research is limited on how often this patient population is offered tobacco cessation interventions at healthcare visits. This study examines if cessation treatment offered at healthcare visits differs based on the clinical condition. METHODS: Using data from the 2015-2018 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), we examined tobacco cessation counseling and medications (bupropion, nicotine replacement therapies and varenicline) from 4,590 visits by patients with current tobacco use...
June 7, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38845464/behavioral-activation-mhealth-application-for-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jaimee L Heffner, Edit Serfozo, Kelsey Baker, Melissa Gasser, Noreen Watson, Stacey B Daughters, Elisardo Becoňa, Jennifer B McClure
BACKGROUND: Behavioral activation (BA) is an effective intervention for both depression and substance use disorders. Combining BA with a standard smoking cessation intervention may improve quit rates by addressing depressive symptoms, a key barrier to quitting. This study preliminarily evaluated the acceptability and efficacy of the BA-based Actify! mobile health application (mHealth app) for smoking cessation. METHODS: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial (n=242) comparing Actify! with the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) app for smoking cessation (QuitGuide) on acceptability (user satisfaction, app openings), smoking abstinence, and mechanisms of change (behavioral activation and depressive symptoms) at 8 weeks and 6 months post-randomization...
June 7, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38839060/the-role-of-e-cigarette-packaging-as-a-health-communications-tool-a-focus-group-study-with-adolescents-and-adults-in-england-and-scotland
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Jones, Amber Morgan, Crawford Moodie, Georgia Alexandrou, Allison Ford, Danielle Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: In the United Kingdom, e-cigarette and refill packaging must display a nicotine addiction warning. This study explored how this message is perceived, responses to alternative on-pack messages, and other options for using e-cigarette packaging to discourage youth and people who neither smoke nor use e-cigarettes while encouraging smokers to switch. AIMS AND METHODS: Between August and September 2022, 16 focus groups (n = 70) were conducted to explore these topics with adolescents (n = 31, aged 11-17 years) and adults (n = 39, nonsmokers, smokers that use e-cigarettes, smokers that do not use e-cigarettes) in England and Scotland...
June 6, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38839052/managing-fear-responses-a-qualitative-analysis-of-pictorial-warning-labels-five-years-post-plain-packaging
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ellen Ozarka, Lani Teddy, Mei-Ling Blank, Andrew Waa, Janet Hoek
INTRODUCTION: Although pictorial warning labels (PWLs) now dominate tobacco packages sold in many countries, few studies have probed how people who smoke respond to the threats presented several years post-plain packaging and larger PWLs. Understanding how people manage the fear and dissonance PWLs arouse, and the strategies they use to rationalize, diminish, and reject risk messages, could inform future PWL design. AIMS AND METHODS: We undertook 27 in-depth interviews with people aged 18 and over (16 female, 8 Māori, and 13 aged ≤35) who smoked roll-your-own tobacco and lived in Aotearoa New Zealand...
June 6, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38836838/increased-taxes-and-regulation-of-indian-cigarillos-bidi-industry-effects-on-revenue-and-years-of-life-lost
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yogesh Kumar Jain, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Nitin Kumar Joshi, Manoj Kumar Gupta, Akhil Dhanesh Goel, Prem Prakash Sharma, Pranay Lal, Shivam Kapoor, Rana Jugdeep Singh
INTRODUCTION: Indian cigarillos (bidi) are low-cost alternatives to cigarettes with only 22% imposed taxes, and turnover of upto INR 4 million per annum exempted from taxation. This paper estimates revenue implications and potential loss of life years (YLLs) averted, if bidi industry is subjected to increased regulations and taxation. METHODS: Revenue estimated at 10% increased regulation and 100% regulation were calculated, followed by estimates at taxes equivalent to cigarettes and World Health Organization - Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC) recommendation...
June 5, 2024: Nicotine & Tobacco Research
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