Sabrine Sediri, Yosra Zgueb, Sami Ouanes, Uta Ouali, Soumaya Bourgou, Rabaa Jomli, Fethi Nacef
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic created a situation of general distress. Although the focus has been initially more on the physical health during the pandemic, mental health concerns linked to the lockdown have quickly risen. This study aims to assess the effect of the COVID-19-related lockdown on Tunisian women's mental health and gender-based violence. An online survey was conducted, using the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21) and the Facebook Bergen Addiction Scale (FBAS). We chose a female-exclusive social group on Facebook and used the snowball sampling method...
October 17, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf, Theresia Pichler, Anna-Sophia Welte, Christine M Hoertnagl, Caroline C Klasen, Georg Kemmler, Christian M Siedentopf, Alex Hofer
The emerging adulthood represents a vulnerable and critical turning point for the beginning of mental illnesses and is therefore of particular interest for the study of risk and resilience. The present survey investigated the impact of sex on the associations between resilience and the perception of social support and stress in students. The Resilience Scale was used to assess resilience. Stress perception and social support perception were measured using the Perceived Stress Scale and the Social Support Questionnaire FSozU k-22, respectively...
October 14, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Anita Riecher-Rössler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Gali Pariente, Orit Wissotzky Broder, Eyal Sheiner, Talya Lanxner Battat, Elad Mazor, Shimrit Yaniv Salem, Tamar Kosef, Tamar Wainstock
The aim of the current study was to assess the risk for post-partum depression among women delivering during the COVID-19 pandemic as compared to the risk among women delivering before the COVID-19 pandemic. A cohort study was performed among women delivering singletons at term which were recruited in the maternity wards of the Soroka University Medical Center. Recruitment was done during the COVID-19 strict isolation period (March 18 and April 29, 2020). Women delivering during the COVID-19 pandemic completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the results were compared to women delivering at the same medical center before the COVID-19 pandemic...
October 12, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Inbal Reuveni, Maia Lauria, Catherine Monk, Elizabeth Werner
Women who have experienced childhood trauma (CT) are at increased risk for depression during pregnancy and postpartum, pregnancy complications, and adverse child outcomes. There are effective psychotherapeutic interventions to treat depression during pregnancy and postpartum, yet there is a paucity of literature on the impact of CT on treatment outcomes. This review aims to determine whether and how maternal CT history affects the outcomes of psychological interventions for depression during pregnancy and postpartum...
October 10, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Cristina Alomar-Dominguez, L Dostal, J Thaler, G Putz, C Humpel, W Lederer
To evaluate changes in concentrations of selected biomarkers, neurotrophic factors, and growth factors in the cerebrospinal fluid during pregnancy. A prospective observational study was conducted in 32 pregnant women undergoing gynecological and obstetrical surgery under spinal anesthesia in a university hospital. Beta-amyloid(1-42) and beta-amyloid(1-40) peptides, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor were analyzed in cerebrospinal fluid using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
October 2, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Parisa Rahmanian, Khadeeja Munawar, Firdaus Mukhtar, Fahad Riaz Choudhry
While some studies suggest different mental health outcomes among women in polygamous versus monogamous marriages, no published systematic review or meta-analysis has analyzed the relevant research literature. This article aims to review the evidence of marriage types (i.e., polygamous and monogamous marriages) and differences in the prevalence of mental health issues. Eleven electronic databases, along with further identified references lists, were searched. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria. They included 3166 participants, and 986 women were in a polygamous marriage...
October 1, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Rebecca Grekin, Michael W O'Hara, Rebecca L Brock
Existing research suggests that childbirth may be a significant trigger of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). The current study examined whether subjective birthing experiences and objective childbirth characteristics mediated the association between predisposing psychosocial factors measured during pregnancy (e.g., fear of childbirth, history of trauma, and social support) and PTSS during the postpartum period. Women were recruited during pregnancy from a large Midwestern hospital. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and depression, as well as PTSS-related risk factors, including social support, lifetime trauma exposure, fear of childbirth, subjective perceptions, and objective characteristics of childbirth, were measured during pregnancy and 4, 8, and 12 weeks postpartum...
September 30, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Hyunseuk Kim, Jungwon Choi, Yunhye Oh
The impact of maternal personality traits on offspring behavioral problems has not been well established. In our study, the association between maternal personality traits and behavioral problems in preschool-aged children was investigated. A total of 192 preschoolers with their mothers, who were part of a population-based panel study in South Korea, were included in the present study. Maternal personality traits were assessed by the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) when the children were 1 year old...
September 29, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Cheryl A Moyer, Sarah D Compton, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Maria Muzik
The aim of this study is to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pregnant women's anxiety and identify factors most strongly associated with greater changes in anxiety. An anonymous, online, survey of pregnant women (distributed April 3-24, 2020) included a modified pregnancy-related anxiety scale (PRAS) reflecting respondents' perception of pregnancy anxiety before COVID-19 and a current assessment of pregnancy-related anxiety. The difference between these scores was used as the outcome variable...
September 29, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sophie Duchesne, Anne-Claire Donnadieu, Patrick Chariot, Christine Louis-Sylvestre
To assess the impact of a brief training for obstetricians and midwives about screening for domestic violence during pregnancy follow-up and to identify barriers to a routine enquiry. A monocentric quasi-experimental study was performed in an obstetrics department in Paris, France. We asked patients during their pregnancy follow-up to complete a survey describing their demographic characteristics. They were also asked if a health professional had screened them for domestic violence during the current pregnancy...
September 19, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
E Osborn, J Brooks, P M S O'Brien, A Wittkowski
Previous research has identified how menstruation is an important factor in both attempted and completed suicides for women. The purpose of this review was to outline (a) the risk profile for suicidality in women who were identified to experience Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), a condition characterized by severe physical and psychological changes that occur during the luteal menstrual phase, and (b) the implications of these findings for clinical practice. A systematic literature review was conducted using five databases to identify any peer-reviewed articles published between 1989 and 2019...
September 16, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Ali Kandeğer, Ahmet Naziroğlu
Domestic violence (DV) against women is a multidimensional public health problem that has both psychologically and socially devastating consequences, especially in patriarchal societies. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of self-perception and somatoform dissociation in the relationship between DV and suicidal ideation in women living in Turkey. The sociodemographic data form, Severity of Violence Against Women Scale, Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire, Social Comparison Scale, and Suicidal Ideation Scale were administered to 102 participants...
September 15, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Erensu Baysak, Neşe Yorguner, Güler Kandemir, Işık Akyollu Denizman, Yıldız Akvardar
Early marriages (EM) adversely affect women's physical and mental health, education, and social status. The current study aimed to analyze effects of EM through the thoughts, experiences, and suggestions of women who were married under the age of eighteen in Istanbul, Turkey, and the key informants (e.g., social worker, psychologist, obstetrician) who have encountered EM. In-depth interviews were conducted with fifteen women who were married before age 18, recruited from psychiatry outpatient department and eleven key informants...
September 8, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Lianne P Hulsbosch, Myrthe G B M Boekhorst, Eva S Potharst, Victor J M Pop, Ivan Nyklíček
Women's subjective childbirth experience is a risk factor for postpartum depression and childbirth-related posttraumatic stress symptoms. Subjective childbirth experience is influenced not only by characteristics of the childbirth itself but also by maternal characteristics. A maternal characteristic that may be associated with a more positive childbirth experience is trait mindfulness. The current study aimed to assess this association and to assess whether trait mindfulness during pregnancy had a moderating role in the possible association between non-spontaneous delivery and perception of childbirth...
September 8, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Ayşe Taştekin Ouyaba, Selma İnfal Kesim
The purpose of this review is to explain how the Internet affects decision-making in pregnancy. A systematic review was carried out in accordance with the guidelines developed by the National Institute of Health Research at York University. The PubMed, EBSCOhost, Ulakbim Medical Database, Turkish Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were scanned. Three keywords in the titles, abstracts, and keywords of the articles were searched for in the Medical Subject Headings: "Pregnancy," "Decision-making," and "Internet...
September 8, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Morgan A Staver, Tiffany A Moore, Kathleen M Hanna
To synthesize literature addressing maternal distress and associated variables in response to infant hospitalization in the NICU. CINAHL, Medline, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Scopus were searched for studies addressing maternal distress during NICU hospitalization published between January 2009 and August 2019. The initial literature search yielded 862 articles. Articles were included for analysis if (a) they were peer-reviewed, (b) maternal distress was defined or measured, and (c) maternal distress occurred in the NICU...
August 27, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Michael E Silverman, Cathryn Medeiros, Laudy Burgos
To explore the mental health consequences of COVID-19-related social restrictions on pregnant women living in low socioeconomic status. Prenatal women appearing at the Mount Sinai Hospital Ambulatory Practice were screened for mood symptomatology from February 2, 2020, through June 12, 2020. An improvement in prenatal mood was observed following social restrictions compared to before the pandemic. The impact of COVID-19 remains largely unknown and may be useful towards understanding the needs of pregnant women living in poverty...
August 25, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Madhuri H Nanjundaswamy, Lakshmi Shiva, Geetha Desai, Sundarnag Ganjekar, Thomas Kishore, Uma Ram, Veena Satyanarayana, Harish Thippeswamy, Prabha S Chandra
This paper from India describes anxieties that pregnant and postpartum women reported to obstetricians during the COVID-19 pandemic. Of the 118 obstetricians who responded to an online survey, most had been contacted for concerns about hospital visits (72.65%), methods of protection (60.17%), the safety of the infant (52.14%), anxieties related to social media messages (40.68%) and contracting the infection (39.83%). Obstetricians felt the need for resources such as videos, websites and counselling skills to handle COVID-related anxiety among perinatal women...
August 25, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Trinda Penniston, Kristin Reynolds, Shayna Pierce, Patricia Furer, Carrie Lionberg
Women face a high degree of pressure to breastfeed. However, some women are not able to breastfeed, or choose not to. Few studies have examined the experiences of non-breastfeeding mothers, including their challenges, supports, and mental health sequelae. We sought to identify women's experiences with breastfeeding, specifically their reasons for not breastfeeding, challenges faced, and supports received, and the association between breastfeeding and postpartum mental health. Self-identified postpartum women (N = 70) completed a questionnaire investigating perinatal health...
August 15, 2020: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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