Hrayer Aprahamian, Vedat Verter, Manaf Zargoush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Greg Zaric
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Marco Boresta, Tommaso Giovannelli, Massimo Roma
This paper deals with Emergency Department (ED) fast-tracks for low-acuity patients, a strategy often adopted to reduce ED overcrowding. We focus on optimizing resource allocation in minor injuries units, which are the ED units that can treat low-acuity patients, with the aim of minimizing patient waiting times and ED operating costs. We formulate this problem as a general multiobjective simulation-based optimization problem where some of the objectives are expensive black-box functions that can only be evaluated through a time-consuming simulation...
June 10, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Chou-Chun Wu, Yiwen Cao, Sze-Chuan Suen, Eugene Lin
Forty percent of diabetics will develop chronic kidney disease (CKD) in their lifetimes. However, as many as 50% of these CKD cases may go undiagnosed. We developed screening recommendations stratified by age and previous test history for individuals with diagnosed diabetes and unknown proteinuria status by race and gender groups. To do this, we used a Partially Observed Markov Decision Process (POMDP) to identify whether a patient should be screened at every three-month interval from ages 30-85. Model inputs were drawn from nationally-representative datasets, the medical literature, and a microsimulation that integrates this information into group-specific disease progression rates...
June 5, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Jongkyung Shin, Donggi Augustine Lee, Juram Kim, Chiehyeon Lim, Byung-Kwan Choi
Long waiting time in outpatient departments is a crucial factor in patient dissatisfaction. We aim to analytically interpret the waiting times predicted by machine learning models and provide patients with an explanation of the expected waiting time. Here, underestimating waiting times can cause patient dissatisfaction, so preventing this in predictive models is necessary. To address this issue, we propose a framework considering dissatisfaction for estimating the waiting time in an outpatient department. In our framework, we leverage asymmetric loss functions to ensure robustness against underestimation...
June 1, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Xinyu Yao, Karmel S Shehadeh, Rema Padman
To mitigate outpatient care delivery inefficiencies induced by resource shortages and demand heterogeneity, this paper focuses on the problem of allocating and sequencing multiple medical resources so that patients scheduled for clinical care can experience efficient and coordinated care with minimum total waiting time. We leverage highly granular location data on people and medical resources collected via Real-Time Location System technologies to identify dominant patient care pathways. A novel two-stage Stochastic Mixed Integer Linear Programming model is proposed to determine the optimal patient sequence based on the available resources according to the care pathways that minimize patients' expected total waiting time...
May 30, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Sandra Zilker, Sven Weinzierl, Mathias Kraus, Patrick Zschech, Martin Matzner
Proactive analysis of patient pathways helps healthcare providers anticipate treatment-related risks, identify outcomes, and allocate resources. Machine learning (ML) can leverage a patient's complete health history to make informed decisions about future events. However, previous work has mostly relied on so-called black-box models, which are unintelligible to humans, making it difficult for clinicians to apply such models. Our work introduces PatWay-Net, an ML framework designed for interpretable predictions of admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) for patients with symptoms of sepsis...
May 21, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Grigory Korzhenevich, Anne Zander
We present a freely available data set of surgical case mixes and surgery process duration distributions based on processed data from the German Operating Room Benchmarking initiative. This initiative collects surgical process data from over 320 German, Austrian, and Swiss hospitals. The data exhibits high levels of quantity, quality, standardization, and multi-dimensionality, making it especially valuable for operating room planning in Operations Research. We consider detailed steps of the perioperative process and group the data with respect to the hospital's level of care, the surgery specialty, and the type of surgery patient...
May 2, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Uttam Karki, Pratik J Parikh
A patient fall is one of the adverse events in an inpatient unit of a hospital that can lead to disability and/or mortality. The medical literature suggests that increased visibility of patients by unit nurses is essential to improve patient monitoring and, in turn, reduce falls. However, such research has been descriptive in nature and does not provide an understanding of the characteristics of an optimal inpatient unit layout from a visibility-standpoint. To fill this gap, we adopt an interdisciplinary approach that combines the human field of view with facility layout design approaches...
April 30, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Jiayi Lin, Hrayer Aprahamian, George Golovko
We consider the problem of targeted mass screening of heterogeneous populations under limited testing capacity. Mass screening is an essential tool that arises in various settings, e.g., ensuring a safe supply of blood, reducing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases, and mitigating the spread of infectious disease outbreaks. The goal of mass screening is to classify whole population groups as positive or negative for an infectious disease as efficiently and accurately as possible. Under limited testing capacity, it is not possible to screen the entire population and hence administrators must reserve testing and target those among the population that are most in need or most susceptible...
April 24, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Antony Andrews, Grigorios Emvalomatis
Efficiency analysis is crucial in healthcare to optimise resource allocation and enhance patient outcomes. However, the prompt adaptation of inputs can be hindered by adjustment costs, which impact Long-Run Technical Efficiency (LRTE). To bridge this gap in healthcare literature, this research employs a Bayesian Dynamic Stochastic Frontier Model to estimate parameters and explore healthcare efficiency dynamics over time. The study reveals the LRTE for New Zealand District Health Boards (DHBs) as 0.76, indicating around 32% more input utilisation due to adjustment costs...
March 11, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Vinicius M Ton, Nathália C O da Silva, Angel Ruiz, José E Pécora, Cassius T Scarpin, Valérie Bélenger
This paper addresses the management of patients' transportation requests within a hospital, a very challenging problem where requests must be scheduled among the available porters so that patients arrive at their destination timely and the resources invested in patient transport are kept as low as possible. Transportation requests arrive during the day in an unpredictable manner, so they need to be scheduled in real-time. To ensure that the requests are scheduled in the best possible manner, one should also reconsider the decisions made on pending requests that have not yet been completed, a process that will be referred to as rescheduling...
March 6, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Dinesh R Pai, Fatma Pakdil, Nasibeh Azadeh-Fard
This study reviews scholarly publications on data envelopment analysis (DEA) studies on acute care hospital (ACH) efficiency published between 1984 and 2022 in scholarly peer-reviewed journals. We employ systematic literature review (SLR) method to identify and analyze pertinent past research using predetermined steps. The SLR offers a comprehensive resource that meticulously analyzes DEA methodology for practitioners and researchers focusing on ACH efficiency measurement. The articles reviewed in the SLR are analyzed and synthesized based on the nature of the DEA modelling process and the key findings from the DEA models...
March 4, 2024: Health Care Management Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Chun-Han Wang, Yu-Ching Lee, Ming-Ju Hsieh
Nowadays, emergency medical technicians (EMTs) decide to send a suspected stroke patient to a primary stroke center (PSC) or to an endovascular thrombectomy (EVT)-capable hospital, based on the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) and the number of symptoms a patient presents at the scene. Based on existing studies, the patient is likely to have a better functional outcome after three months if the time between the onset of symptoms and receiving EVT treatment is shorter. However, if an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patient with large vessel occlusion (LVO) is first sent to a PSC, and then needs to be transferred to an EVT-capable hospital, the time to get definitive treatment is significantly increased...
February 12, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Sandra Sülz, Andreas Fügener, Michael Becker-Peth, Bernhard Roth
Faced by a severe shortage of nurses and increasing demand for care, hospitals need to optimally determine their staffing levels. Ideally, nurses should be staffed to those shifts where they generate the highest positive value for the quality of healthcare. This paper develops an approach that identifies the incremental benefit of staffing an additional nurse depending on the patient mix. Based on the reasoning that timely fulfillment of care demand is essential for the healthcare process and its quality in the critical care setting, we propose to measure the incremental benefit of staffing an additional nurse through reductions in time until care arrives (TUCA)...
January 30, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Steffen Rickers, Florian Sahling
We present a new model formulation for a multiproduct dynamic order quantity problem with product returns and a reprocessing option. The optimization considers the limited shelf life of sterile medical devices as well as the capacity constraints of reprocessing and sterilization resources. The time-varying demand is known in advance and must be satisfied by purchasing new medical devices or by reprocessing used and expired devices. The objective is to determine a feasible procurement and reprocessing plan that minimizes the incurred costs...
January 25, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Hyeram Seo, Imjin Ahn, Hansle Gwon, Hee Jun Kang, Yunha Kim, Ha Na Cho, Heejung Choi, Minkyoung Kim, Jiye Han, Gaeun Kee, Seohyun Park, Dong-Woo Seo, Tae Joon Jun, Young-Hak Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2024: Health Care Management Science
Songul Cinaroglu
In the wake of hospital reforms introduced in 2011 in Turkey, public hospitals were grouped into associations with joint management and some shared operational and administrative functions, similar in some ways to hospital trusts in the English National Health Service. Reorganization of public hospitals effect hospital and market area characteristics and existence of hospitals. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of closure on competitive hospital performances. Using administrative data from Turkish Public Hospital Statistical Yearbooks for the years 2005 to 2007 and 2014 to 2017, we conducted a three-step efficiency analysis by incorporating data envelopment analysis (DEA) and propensity score matching techniques, followed by a difference-in-differences (DiD) regression...
December 6, 2023: Health Care Management Science
David D Cho, Kurt M Bretthauer, Jan Schoenfelder
We consider the problem of setting appropriate patient-to-nurse ratios in a hospital, an issue that is both complex and widely debated. There has been only limited effort to take advantage of the extensive empirical results from the medical literature to help construct analytical decision models for developing upper limits on patient-to-nurse ratios that are more patient- and nurse-oriented. For example, empirical studies have shown that each additional patient assigned per nurse in a hospital is associated with increases in mortality rates, length-of-stay, and nurse burnout...
November 29, 2023: Health Care Management Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.