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Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30874946/syndemic-and-synergistic-effects-of-intimate-partner-violence-crystal-methamphetamine-and-depression-on-hiv-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-indonesia
#1
Claudia Stoicescu, Rima Ameilia, Irwanto, Ignatius Praptoraharjo, Mietta Mahanani
Women who inject drugs are disproportionately affected by co-occurring intimate partner violence (IPV), poor mental health, and substance use. Less is known about the potentially synergistic effects of these factors on women's HIV risk behavior, and no known studies in Asia examine these relationships. This study assessed the additive and interactive effects of exposure to syndemic IPV, depressive symptoms and non-injection crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) on HIV sexual risk behaviors in the largest cross-sectional sample of women who inject drugs in Indonesia...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30815776/association-between-recent-criminal-justice-involvement-and-transactional-sex-among-african-american-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-baltimore
#2
Cui Yang, Nick Zaller, Catie Clyde, Karin Tobin, Carl Latkin
Non-Hispanic Black/African American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) have been disproportionately affected by criminal justice (CJ) involvement and HIV. One potential pathway between CJ involvement and high HIV prevalence and incidence among AAMSM is through risky sexual behavior. The goal of this study was to explore the association between recent CJ involvement, i.e., having been arrested and/or in prison/jail in the past 6 months, and transactional sex in a sample of AAMSM in Baltimore. We analyzed the baseline data of 396 AAMSM from a pilot behavioral HIV intervention conducted in Baltimore, MD, between October 2012 and November 2015...
February 27, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30790124/the-socioeconomic-and-sexual-health-status-of-young-people-living-in-urban-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda
#3
Joseph Kihika Kamara, Barbara Mirembe Namugambe, Robert Egessa, Gilbert Kamanga, Andre M N Renzaho
Slum dweller youth in Kampala, Uganda, face social economic exclusion and a plethora of health risks, and their needs are poorly understood. The aim of the current study was to analyze their needs and to suggest contextual evidence-based solutions to improve their well-being sustainably. We conducted a qualitative study involving 10 focus group discussions (FGDs; N = 113) and 20 key informant (KII) interviews. Emerging themes and sub-themes were identified, defined, reviewed, and organized and narrated following the structuration theoretical framework, which enabled the examination of the inherent capacity of slum dweller youth to make choices independently and the recurrent rules and resources that influence or limit the choices and opportunities available to them...
February 21, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758792/application-of-the-public-health-exposome-framework-to-estimate-phenotypes-of-resilience-in-a-model-ohio-african-american-women-s-cohort
#4
Patricia Cifuentes, John Reichard, Wansoo Im, Sakima Smith, Cynthia Colen, Carmen Giurgescu, Karen Patricia Williams, Shannon Gillespie, Paul D Juarez, Darryl B Hood
We report integration of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) United States Environmental Justice Screen (EJSCREEN) database with our Public Health Exposome dataset to interrogate 9232 census blocks to model the complexity of relationships among environmental and socio-demographic variables toward estimating adverse pregnancy outcomes [low birth weight (LBW) and pre-term birth (PTB)] in all Ohio counties. Using a hill-climbing algorithm in R software, we derived a Bayesian network that mapped all controlled associations among all variables available by applying a mapping algorithm...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747371/beliefs-associated-with-pharmacy-based-naloxone-a-qualitative-study-of-pharmacy-based-naloxone-purchasers-and-people-at-risk-for-opioid-overdose
#5
Elizabeth Donovan, Patricia Case, Jeffrey P Bratberg, Janette Baird, Dina Burstein, Alexander Y Walley, Traci C Green
Drug overdose is the leading cause of unintentional death in the USA and the majority of deaths involve an opioid. Pharmacies are playing an increasingly important role in getting naloxone-the antidote to an opioid overdose-into the community. The aim of the current study was to understand, from the perspective of those who had obtained naloxone at the pharmacy, whose drug using status and pain patient status was not known until the interviews were conducted, as well as those who had not obtained naloxone at the pharmacy but were at risk for overdose, factors that impact the likelihood of obtaining pharmacy-based naloxone (PBN)...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747370/social-network-structures-in-african-american-churches-implications-for-health-promotion-programs
#6
Soohyun Nam, Sunyoung Jung, Robin Whittemore, Carl Latkin, Trace Kershaw, Nancy S Redeker, Sangchoon Jeon, David Vlahov
The prevalence of obesity among African Americans is higher than among other racial/ethnic groups. African American churches hold a central role in promoting health in the community; yet, church-based interventions have had limited impact on obesity. While recent studies have described the influence of social networks on health behaviors, obesity interventions informed by social network analysis have been limited. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 281 African American men and women from three churches in northeast urban cities in the USA...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710198/reviewers-names-for-2018
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30673932/understanding-african-american-women-s-resilience-in-the-face-of-allostatic-load
#8
EDITORIAL
Karen Patricia Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671711/allostatic-load-importance-markers-and-score-determination-in-minority-and-disparity-populations
#9
Erik J Rodriquez, Edward N Kim, Anne E Sumner, Anna M Nápoles, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
Allostatic load is a physiological measure of the cumulative burden of stress on the body assessed by markers of physiological dysregulation. It is a multisystem construct that quantifies biological risk which leads to poor health and maladaptive trajectories. In this overview, which is based on a presentation made at the Flip the Script: Understanding African American Women's Resilience in the Face of Allostatic Load meeting at Ohio State University in August 2018, we build upon previous reviews by discussing four key aspects of allostatic load, specifically its: (1) importance, (2) operationalization, (3) use in minority health and health disparities research, and (4) value in such research...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30645702/individual-and-neighborhood-factors-associated-with-undiagnosed-asthma-in-a-large-cohort-of-urban-adolescents
#10
Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Sharon Kingston, Katherine A Falletta, Emilie Bruzelius, Lusine Poghosyan
Undiagnosed asthma adds to the burden of asthma and is an especially significant public health concern among urban adolescents. While much is known about individual-level demographic and neighborhood-level factors that characterize those with diagnosed asthma, limited data exist regarding these factors and undiagnosed asthma. This observational study evaluated associations between undiagnosed asthma and individual and neighborhood factors among a large cohort of urban adolescents. We analyzed data from 10,295 New York City adolescents who reported on asthma symptoms and diagnosis; a subset (n = 6220) provided addresses that we were able to geocode into US Census tracts...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30635842/neighborhood-environment-and-dna-methylation-implications-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#11
REVIEW
Carmen Giurgescu, Alexandra L Nowak, Shannon Gillespie, Timiya S Nolan, Cindy M Anderson, Jodi L Ford, Daryl B Hood, Karen Patricia Williams
Exposure to chronic stress such as living in disadvantaged neighborhoods has been related to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Chronic stress may increase the risk for CVD by increasing levels of systemic inflammation (e.g., higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines). Differential DNA methylation of inflammation-related candidate genes is also related to higher risk for CVD. Thus, the purpose of this review was to examine the association of neighborhood disadvantage with DNA methylation. A search of literature was conducted using Scopus, CINAHL, PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30635841/increased-presence-of-fentanyl-in-cocaine-involved-fatal-overdoses-implications-for-prevention
#12
Michelle L Nolan, Sindhu Shamasunder, Cody Colon-Berezin, Hillary V Kunins, Denise Paone
After remaining stable from 2010 to 2014, the  rate of cocaine-involved overdose death increased sharply from 2015 to 2016. This study aims to determine the contribution of opioids, and fentanyl in particular, to the increase in cocaine-involved overdose death from 2015 to 2016. Using New York City death certificate data linked to medical examiner toxicology data, we identified all overdose deaths where post-mortem toxicology results were positive for cocaine from 2010 to 2016. We analyzed cocaine-involved overdose deaths by co-occurring substances...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30623291/overdose-research-15-years-later
#13
EDITORIAL
Phillip O Coffin, Josiah D Rich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30617636/social-integration-and-quality-of-social-relationships-as-protective-factors-for-inflammation-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-black-women
#14
Jodi Ford, Cindy Anderson, Shannon Gillespie, Carmen Giurgescu, Timiya Nolan, Alexandra Nowak, Karen Patricia Williams
Social integration and supportive relationships protect against cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, prior studies have examined heterogeneous samples which may obscure unique relationships within groups. We investigate the association between social relationships and inflammation-a known CVD risk factor-in Black women, a population with higher rates of CVD and CVD mortality. Secondary data from wave 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were analyzed. The sample was comprised of 1829 Black women aged 24-34 years...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30617635/xiamen-call-for-action-building-the-brain-of-the-city-universal-principles-of-urban-health
#15
EDITORIAL
Charles Ebikeme, Franz Gatzweiler, Tolullah Oni, Jieling Liu, Andrea Oyuela, José Siri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613858/understanding-embodiment-in-place-health-research-approaches-limitations-and-opportunities
#16
REVIEW
Ryan Petteway, Mahasin Mujahid, Amani Allen
Research on how place affects health continues to grow. Within the place-health research field, there is increasing focus on how place becomes embodied-i.e., how place-based social and environmental experiences and exposures "get under our skin" to affect physiological functioning and health. While much has been learned, currently favored place-embodiment research approaches present limitations that inhibit continued gains in understanding. This article presents a brief summary of place-health literature related to place-embodiment, highlighting common approaches...
January 6, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30607879/health-care-utilization-of-opioid-overdose-decedents-with-no-opioid-analgesic-prescription-history
#17
Ali B Abbasi, Elizabeth Salisbury-Afshar, Dejan Jovanov, Craig Berberet, Ponni Arunkumar, Steven E Aks, Jennifer E Layden, Mai T Pho
Opioid overprescribing is a major driver of the current opioid overdose epidemic. However, annual opioid prescribing in the USA dropped from 782 to 640 morphine milligram equivalents per capita between 2010 and 2015, while opioid overdose deaths increased by 63%. To better understand the role of prescription opioids and health care utilization prior to opioid-related overdose, we analyzed the death records of decedents who died of an opioid overdose in Illinois in 2016 and linked to any existing controlled substance monitoring program (CSMP) and emergency department (ED) or hospital discharge records...
February 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30547363/the-interaction-of-race-and-gender-as-a-significant-driver-of-racial-arrest-disparities-for-african-american-men
#18
Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Hannah L F Cooper, Sharon Caslin, Anita Raj
The mass incarceration of African Americans is both a driver of racial health inequalities in the USA. Systemic social biases which associate African American men with criminality, violence, and as a particular threat to white women may partially explain their over-representation in the criminal justice system. We combined data from the Washington, DC Metro Police Department (MPD) and the American Community Survey to test whether neighborhood-level gender, race, and economic makeup were associated with elevated drug-related arrest disproportions for African American men...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30511138/alcohol-outlet-density-and-area-level-heavy-drinking-are-independent-risk-factors-for-higher-alcohol-related-complaints
#19
Yusuf Ransome, Hui Luan, Xun Shi, Dustin T Duncan, S V Subramanian
Alcohol outlet density has well-documented associations with social and health indicators such as crime and injury. However, significantly less is known about the relationships among alcohol-related complaints. Bayesian hierarchical Poisson regression with spatial autocorrelation was used to model the association between on- and off-premises alcohol outlet density and area-level prevalence of current drinkers and heavy drinking, and graffiti density-an indicator of physical disorder-in association with calls from civilians reporting illegal use, alcohol sales, and other alcohol-related activities (hereafter alcohol-related complaints)...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30511137/perceptions-of-neighborhood-environment-sense-of-community-and-self-rated-health-an-age-friendly-city-project-in-hong-kong
#20
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, Jean Woo
To examine the relationships between perceptions of neighborhood environment, sense of community, and self-rated heath, we recruited 1798 people aged 60 years and older living in Hong Kong. With reference to the checklist of the essential features of age-friendly cities developed by the World Health Organization, perceptions of neighborhood environment were assessed using a questionnaire covering physical and social environmental domains, which mapped onto "outdoor spaces and buildings," "transportation," "housing," "social participation," "respect and social inclusion," "civic participation and employment," "communication and information," and "community support and health services...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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