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Public Health Nutrition

Serena C Houghton, JoAnn E Manson, Brian W Whitcomb, Susan E Hankinson, Lisa M Troy, Carol Bigelow, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between protein intake and the risk of incident premenstrual syndrome (PMS). DESIGN: Nested case-control study. FFQ were completed every 4 years during follow-up. Our main analysis assessed protein intake 2-4 years before PMS diagnosis (for cases) or reference year (for controls). Baseline (1991) protein intake was also assessed. SETTING: Nurses' Health Study II (NHS2), a large prospective cohort study of registered female nurses in the USA...
February 18, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Lindsey Turner, Nicole O'Reilly, Katherine Ralston, Joanne F Guthrie
OBJECTIVE: The US Department of Agriculture's Summer Food Service Program and Seamless Summer Option (summer nutrition programmes (SNP)) aim to relieve food insecurity for children and teens during summer months. More needs to be known about when and where SNP are available, and how availability varies by community characteristics, particularly in rural areas where food insecurity and reduced food access are more prevalent. DESIGN: The present study examined the geographic availability of SNP and summer meal uptake rates in 2016, using state-wide administrative claims data...
February 18, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Jaeeun Myung, Kyung Yoon Jung, Tae Hyun Kim, Euna Han
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare selected obesity indicators with comprehensive health status. DESIGN: The study employed a pooled cross-sectional design. SETTING: BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body fat percentage were considered as indirect obesity indicators. The Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS) was used as a composite indicator to comprehensively reflect obesity-related co-morbidities...
February 18, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Rhonda S Sebastian, Cecilia Wilkinson Enns, Joseph D Goldman, M Katherine Hoy, Alanna J Moshfegh
OBJECTIVE: To verify the previously untested assumption that eating more salad enhances vegetable intake and determine if salad consumption is in fact associated with higher vegetable intake and greater adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommendations. DESIGN: Individuals were classified as salad reporters or non-reporters based upon whether they consumed a salad composed primarily of raw vegetables on the intake day. Regression analyses were applied to calculate adjusted estimates of food group intakes and assess the likelihood of meeting Healthy US-Style Food Pattern recommendations by salad reporting status...
February 15, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Natalia Petrenya, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Marita Melhus, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad, Magritt Brustad
OBJECTIVE: To investigate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25(OH)D) concentration in a multi-ethnic population of northern Norway and determine predictors of S-25(OH)D, including Sami ethnicity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the second survey of the Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations (the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey, 2012-2014). S-25(OH)D was measured by the IDS-iSYS 25-Hydroxy Vitamin Dˢ assay. Daily dietary intake was assessed using an FFQ...
February 15, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Jang Ho Kim, Woo Chang Kim, Jihye Kim
OBJECTIVE: We analysed optimal nutrient levels using linear programming (LP) to reveal nutritional shortcomings of Korean dine-out meals and to stress the importance of fruits and dairy products for maintaining a healthy diet. DESIGN: LP models that minimize deviation from recommended nutrient values were formulated to analyse deficiency or excess of nutrients under the best situation. SETTING: Korean dine-out menus and nutritional information were taken from the nutrient composition tables for dine-out menus developed by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety and the nutrient database from Computerized Analysis Program...
February 15, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Lilia V Castro-Porras, Mario E Rojas-Russell, Javier Villanueva-Sánchez, Malaquías López-Cervantes
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new predictive equation for fat mass percentage (%FM) based on anthropometric measurements and to assess its ability to discriminate between obese and non-obese individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Mexican adults.ParticipantsAdults (n 275; 181 women) aged 20-63 years with BMI between 17·4 and 42·4 kg/m2. RESULTS: Thirty-seven per cent of our sample was obese using %FM measured by air-displacement plethysmography (BOD POD®; Life Measurement Instruments)...
February 15, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children exposed to a greater variety of acts of parent-to-child physical and psychological maltreatment will be at greater risk of consuming obesogenic foods at a higher frequency. DESIGN: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design. SETTING: In-home interviews with primary caregivers in twenty large US cities.ParticipantsA national sample of at-risk children and their families who participated in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS)...
February 15, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
SuJin Song, Jae Eun Shim, Won O Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends in total fat and fatty acid intakes and chronic health conditions among Korean adults over nine years between 2007 and 2015. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study using a stratified, multistage probability sampling design at a national level. Intakes of total fat and fatty acids were estimated from 24 h dietary recalls by sex and age groups. Trends of total fat and fatty acid intakes were determined by multiple linear regression after adjusting for covariates...
February 15, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Kaiseree Dias, James White, Chris Metcalfe, Ruth Kipping, Angeliki Papadaki, Russell Jago
OBJECTIVE: To determine the acceptability, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of self-efficacy, motivation and knowledge scales relating to pre-school children's nutrition, oral health and physical activity. DESIGN: An online questionnaire was completed twice with an interval of 7-11d. SETTING: Online questionnaires were sent to participants via email from nursery managers. The parent questionnaire was also available on the parenting website www...
February 14, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Fanny Petermann-Rocha, Anne Sillars, Rosemary Brown, Lauren Sweeney, Claudia Troncoso, Antonio García-Hermoso, Ana María Leiva, María Adela Martínez, Ximena Diaz-Martínez, Felipe Poblete-Valderrama, Alex Garrido-Mendez, Ximena Cataldo, José Iturra Gonzalez, Carlos Salas, José Lara, Stuart R Gray, Carlos Celis-Morales
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the main factors (sociodemographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and health status) associated with high Na excretion in a representative population of Chile. DESIGN: Na excretion (g/d), a valid marker of Na intake, was determined by urine analysis and Tanaka's formulas. Blood pressure was measured by trained staff and derived from the mean of three readings recorded after 15 min rest. The associations of Na excretion with blood pressure and the primary correlates of high Na excretion were determined using logistic regression...
February 14, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Anselm S Berde, Petra Bester, Iolanthé M Kruger
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to give an overall view of the pattern of high-dose vitamin A supplementation (VAS) coverage in twenty-three sub-Saharan African countries and factors associated with receipt of VAS among children aged 6-59 months. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the twenty-three Demographic and Health Surveys conducted from 2011 to 2015 in twenty-three sub-Saharan African countries were pooled. A multilevel logistic regression model was used to explore factors associated with VAS...
February 13, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Laura I González-Zapata, Sandra L Restrepo-Mesa, Juan C Aristizabal, Estela Skapino, Tatiana S Collese, Leticia B Azzaretti, Walter V Nascimento-Junior, Luis A Moreno, Augusto César F De Moraes, Heráclito B Carvalho, Alejandro Estrada-Restrepo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability and validity of body weight (BW) and body image (BI) perception reported by parents (in children) and by adolescents in a South American population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. BW perception was evaluated by the question, 'Do you think you/your child are/is: severely wasted, wasted, normal weight, overweight, obese?' BI perception was evaluated using the Gardner scale. To evaluate reliability, BW and BI perceptions were reported twice, two weeks apart...
February 13, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Laura M Bogart, Gabriela Castro, Deborah A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the range of stakeholders' perceptions of the Balance Calories Initiative (BCI), under which the American Beverage Association pledged to decrease per capita US consumption of beverage energy by 20 % by 2025. DESIGN: Semi-structured cross-sectional interviews were conducted in 2017. SETTING: Participants were recruited from communities targeted by the BCI (Montgomery, AL; North Mississippi Delta, MS; Eastern Los Angeles, CA)...
February 13, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Jahidur Rahman Khan, Raaj Kishore Biswas, Md Tuhin Sheikh, Molla Huq
OBJECTIVE: The availability of iodized salt in households remains low in Bangladesh, which calls for improving the salt iodization quality and its coverage. The present study assessed the socio-economic disparity in Bangladesh to characterize the availability of iodized salt at household level. DESIGN: Associations between different socio-economic factors and availability of iodized salt at household level were explored using Bayesian mixed-effects logistic models after adjusting the district- and cluster-level random effects...
February 13, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Laura Coats, Joshua Bernstein, Elizabeth Dodge, Lori Bechard, Basil H Aboul-Enein
OBJECTIVE: Dietary guidelines for food groups, types and portion sizes are common practice at the national level. As the relationship between nutrition and disease and the influence of cultural identity on individual behaviour become clearer, dietary guidelines necessarily evolve. Today, the Arabic-speaking region is experiencing a dual burden of undernutrition and increasing rates of overweight and obesity. Cultural congruency among dietary guidelines in the Arabic-speaking region and how they affect health education, health promotion, and nutrition programme planning or individual dietary behaviours have yet to be examined...
February 12, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Magda Aguiar, Lazaros Andronis, Miranda Pallan, Wolfgang Högler, Emma Frew
OBJECTIVE: To explore the extent to which micronutrient deficiencies (MND) affect children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL), using vitamin D deficiency (VDD) as a case study. DESIGN: Proxy valuation study to estimate the impact of VDD on the HRQoL of younger (0-4 years) and older (>4 years) children. We used the Child Health Utility 9 Dimension (CHU9D) questionnaire to estimate HRQoL for children within six VDD-related health states: 'hypocalcaemic cardiomyopathy', 'hypocalcaemic seizures', 'active rickets', 'bone deformities', 'pain and muscle weakness' and 'subclinical VDD'...
February 12, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Catherine M DuBreck, Richard C Sadler, Godwin Arku, Jamie Seabrook, Jason Gilliland
OBJECTIVE: To assess restaurant children's menus for content and nutritional quality; and to investigate the relationship between the restaurant consumer food environment for children and neighbourhood-level socio-economic characteristics within and between one Canadian city and one US city. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: London, ON, Canada and Rochester, NY, USA.ParticipantsRestaurant children's menus were assessed, scored and compared using the Children's Menu Assessment tool...
February 12, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Ayako Sezaki, Tomoko Imai, Keiko Miyamoto, Fumiya Kawase, Hiroshi Shimokata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to clarify the global relationship between Mediterranean diet score (MDS) and the incidence of IHD by country using international statistics. DESIGN: The incidence of IHD by country was derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) database. Average supplies of food (g/d per capita) and energy (kcal/d per capita) by country, excluding loss between production and household, were obtained from the FAOSTAT database. MDS was evaluated based on the total score of nine food items that characterize the Mediterranean diet...
February 12, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Kamila Tiemann Gabe, Patricia Constante Jaime
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a scale for healthy eating practices measurement according to the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population recommendations. DESIGN: Methodological study. The current Brazilian food-based dietary guideline highlights the importance of choosing foods, combining foods to create meals and modes of eating. These recommendations formed the main domains of the scale and served as a basis for the development of ninety-six items, each with a 4-point Likert response option...
February 12, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
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