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Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS

Hamid Khaneghahi Abyaneh, Atieh Dabaghian, Mohammadreza Rezaeigolestani, Davoud Amanollahi
World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) recommends member countries to comply with global standards of animal welfare. The present study was conducted to reveal the compliance of animal welfare standards in slaughterhouses in Tehran province (Iran). The following three major parameters were evaluated through direct observation, study of plant records, and interviewing slaughterhouse staff across all 14 operative animal slaughterhouses in Tehran province: (1) employing trained and committed workers; (2) appropriate environment and proper design parameter; and (3) proper construction, equipment, and tools...
February 17, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
G Morelli, G Marchesini, B Contiero, E Fusi, M Diez, R Ricci
Commercially available dog treats have become very popular and a common part of the pet's diet, yet very little is known about peoples' opinions and feeding habits; therefore, a survey was shared on a popular social network. Most of the self-selected interviewed owners (n = 1833, 83%) use treats regularly, mainly to reward their dog's behavior or during training-sports activities. Owners usually buy several types of treats, of which biscuits and dental care sticks are the most common, and usually hand out one to five pieces to their dogs every day...
February 17, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Daphne A Ketter, André Klima, Helmut Küchenhoff, Britta Dobenecker, Jörg Schmidt, Michael H Erhard, Dorothea Döring
It is increasingly required that non-human animals in laboratories are provided with adequate enrichment to promote the welfare of the animals. In a previous publication we showed that laboratory dogs intensively used the horn of calf hooves as chewing objects. In this report, we describe the effect of calf horn on selected behaviors of 62 laboratory dogs (60 beagles, two Foxhound crossbreds) in three research facilities (A, B, C). In addition, we assessed the dogs' tooth condition and fecal consistency. The selected behaviors: "aggressive behavior," "mounting," "tussle," "coprophagy," "manipulation" of the equipment and "abnormal behavior" did not change...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Kathryn L Kalafut, Rickey Kinley
A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and time-consuming. New technological advances, such as radio frequency identification (RFID) technology, may allow for data collection to be automated. RFID tags placed on the wingband of 16 little blue penguins housed at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, as well as 8 antennae placed in their habitat, continuously recorded individual penguin swimming behavior...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Jack Lewton, Paul E Rose
Social network analysis (SNA) is useful for evaluating management zoo regimes to ensure that any fitness benefits of sociality are preserved in captive-housed groups. This paper explores the association patterns of 13 giraffes housed at Longleat Safari Park, UK. Wild giraffes exhibit a fission-fusion social system with preferential bonding. As zoo-housed giraffes are common, they are excellent study subjects for using SNA to investigate key aspects of sociality within a managed social environment. Social bonds were assessed over different seasons and data from two study periods (2011 and 2015) were analyzed to see consistency of "social type" (i...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Sarah L H Ellis, Stefanie Riemer, Hannah Thompson, Oliver H P Burman
When unexpectedly switched from a preferred to a less-preferred food reward, non-human animals may decrease consumption below that when only receiving the less-preferred reward - a successive negative contrast (SNC) effect. SNC has been proposed as an animal welfare indicator, however, to be effective it should show external validity; being demonstrable outside of highly standardized laboratory settings. We therefore investigated whether the SNC effect typically shown in laboratory rats was observed in owned (pet) rats from heterogeneous non-laboratory environments...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Pakkanut Bansiddhi, Janine L Brown, Chatchote Thitaram, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Korakot Nganvongpanit
Elephant tourism in Thailand has developed into an important socio-economic factor after a logging ban initiated in 1989 resulted in thousands of out-of-work elephants. However, the welfare of captive elephants has been a topic of intense debate among tourists, scientists and stakeholders because of the range of working conditions and management practices to which they are exposed. The aim of this paper is to summarize the current state of knowledge on captive elephant welfare, with an emphasis on tourist elephants in Thailand, and highlight information gaps and recommendations for future directions...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Sonia S Guadarrama, Hublester Domínguez-Vega, Hector M Díaz-Albiter, Alejandro Quijano, Elizabeth Bastiaans, Porfirio Carrillo-Castilla, Javier Manjarrez, Yuriana Gómez-Ortíz, Victor Fajardo
Heloderma horridum is one of the few known venomous lizards in the world. Their populations are in decline due to habitat destruction and capture for the pet trade. In México, many zoos have decided to take care of this species, most of them at altitudes greater than the natural altitudinal distribution. However, we know little about the capacity of the reptiles to face high-altitude environments. The objective of this study was to compare hematological traits of H. horridum in captivity in high and low altitude environments...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Gareth Davey, Xiang Zhao
Little information has been reported about the welfare and management of free-roaming animals in Middle Eastern countries. Here we describe a case study of free-roaming cat (Felis catus) management policies in two universities in Beirut, Lebanon whereby cats are immensely valued for their presence and the benefits they bring to students and employees. Guided by concern for animal welfare, the innovative, humane approaches by the universities include arranging adoptions, discouraging pet abandonment, food provision, health monitoring, nurturing a social responsibility consciousness among young people, formal endorsement of animal rights and humane treatment in student conduct expectations, sterilization, and veterinary care...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Valeria Vitulli, Laura Zanin, Roberto Trentini, Pia Lucidi
The overpopulation of shelters and the increase of homeless dogs have become serious problems in many countries. One contributor to the number of both sheltered and homeless dogs is the abandonment and relinquishment of pet dogs by their owners for different reasons - in many cases depending on dogs' undesirable or problematic behaviors. Luckily, the behavioral characteristics of a dog are, to some extent, modifiable parameters. The aim of this study was to train the dogs housed in a garden shelter in Italy to become suitable as pets by becoming familiar to different tools and situations that they could encounter in a domestic setting through a customized educational path based on social and environmental enrichment...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Ashley L Melco, Larry Goldman, Aubrey H Fine, Jose M Peralta
This study evaluated the impact that participation in sessions with children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has on therapy dogs. Nine certified therapy dogs were paired for 6 sessions with groups of 3-4 children. Sessions consisted of 5 different activities. Activities 1 and 5 involved interactions solely with each dog and their owner, as a control. Activities 2-4 consisted of interactions with the dogs and the children which included social skills training, dog training, and reading in the company of dogs...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Michelle Sinclair, John Morton, Clive J C Phillips
Intentions form the basis of behavioral action to improve animal welfare; however an intention-behavior gap has been previously identified. Livestock stakeholders in China, Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand (n = 1041) involved in slaughter and transport completed a survey in which they were asked their level of intention to improve animal welfare, and their level of confidence in their ability to do this. Chinese respondents had the most confidence in their ability to improve animal welfare, and veterinarians showed more confidence than livestock team leaders...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Neely Walker, Melissa Cater, Brittany Bourg, Hannah Devall, Megan Sarver
Due to the increased awareness of animal welfare issues and sensitized attitudes throughout society, youth animal projects provide a unique opportunity to assess and impact youth understanding and attitudes regarding animal welfare. Animal ethics training is not an uncommon requirement for participants in 4-H livestock programs. However, participants in 4-H horse projects are not universally held to the same standard. The purpose of this study was to assess youth knowledge, attitudes, and confidence in understanding of equine welfare at the 4-H state horse show, as well as to determine the beliefs and observations of unethical practices, and if differences exist between those parameters in youth competitors...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Frederic Chatigny
Fish welfare is still a relatively new field. As such, regulations and protocols to ensure fish welfare are currently limited and vary considerably in different jurisdictions. This is in part because of the ongoing controversy as to whether or not fish feel pain. This controversy has persisted for several years, yet veterinarians have been mostly absent from the discussion so far. This essay aims to address this issue. Here, it is argued that while this controversy has its place, it is unlikely to be resolved in the near future...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Kelsey Myers, Fatima Mohammed, Justin W Rickard, Donald E Meyer, Aslihan D Spaulding
This paper presents the results of an investigation to determine perceptions, awareness, and knowledge of the unwanted horse population in Illinois from the viewpoint of horse owners, non-horse owners, and equine industry stakeholders. A questionnaire included items that pertained to knowledge of current legislation, equine background, current methods of controlling the unwanted horse population, and methods that respondents believe would reduce the unwanted horse population in Illinois. Results indicated that 58% of horse owners viewed horses as companion animals...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Zenithson Ng, Laura Morse, Julia Albright, Ann Viera, Marcy Souza
Currently, there has been growing attention to animal welfare in animal-assisted interventions (AAI). However, there is a lack of scrutiny regarding what steps to take to ensure animal wellbeing during AAI research. The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) reviews, monitors, and approves all research involving animal subjects in order to ensure an animal's ethical and humane treatment. However, AAI publications rarely report IACUC approval. The purpose of this critical review was to determine the frequency of IACUC approval and to report the descriptions of animal use in AAI research publications...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Matthew R Heintz, Grace A Fuller, Sarah J Woodhouse, Anna Murray, Stephanie M Allard
As nonhuman animals age, geriatric individuals require additional care and veterinary support to ensure their well being. The focus on lifelong care is a relatively newer approach when providing good welfare, and few studies have examined how veterinary care impacts behavior at different ages or how best to accommodate geriatric individuals in zoos. The objectives of this study were to (a) assess both the immediate and long-term (one year later) behavioral impacts of cataract removal for macaroni (Eudyptes chrysolophus) and southern rockhopper (Eudyptes chrysocome) penguins; (b) compare the behavior of penguins following cataract surgery to that of other conspecifics in the same habitat; and (c) monitor the impacts of cataract surgery on swimming behavior using time-depth recorders...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Krishna Prasad Acharya, Narayan Acharya, R Trevor Wilson
The small densely populated country of Nepal rises from just above sea level to more than 8800 m and encompasses many agro-ecological zones. Rich in both nature and culture, livestock are integral to household and national economies. Most Nepalese consider the cow sacred, and slaughter is forbidden. Other nonhuman animals are less esteemed, slaughter is not proscribed, and many are sacrificed during religious festivals. Limited financial and material resources, inadequate feed supplies, poor access to veterinary services, absence of appropriate legislation, and ignoring the needs of livestock as sentient beings can compromise welfare and lead to inhumane treatment...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Krzysztof Patkowski, Michał Pluta, Antoni Lipiec, Monika Greguła-Kania, Tomasz M Gruszecki
The research objective was to assess the behavior patterns of the Polish Konik horse breed and the Uhruska variety of the Polish Lowland Sheep breed under a mixed-grazing system, and their relationship with climatic factors. The observation included 4 adult horses, 27 ewes with lambs and 10 primiparous ewes. The behavior of the animals and the weather conditions were recorded at 60-min intervals. Horses and sheep displayed similarities in both species-specific behavioral patterns and timing of grazing activity, and the duration of foraging sessions was mostly influenced by time of day, lower temperature and relative humidity...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Miranda E Spindel, Matthew R Krecic, Margaret R Slater, Nicole Vigil
This cross-sectional study aimed to identify where dogs with negative antibody tests to canine parvovirus (CPV) and canine distemper virus (CDV) originated when entering a community shelter, using a commercially available ELISA antibody test and Geographic Information Systems mapping. Of 2745 canines entering during a three-month period, 1056 test results were obtained. Dogs or puppies weighing over 2 lb were eligible if they could be humanely, nonchemically restrained for phlebotomy. Age and minor health issues weren't exclusions...
October 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
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