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Journals Current Opinion in Clinical Nu...

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

https://read.qxmd.com/read/37555800/therapeutic-strategies-targeting-the-endothelial-glycocalyx
#61
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel R Machin, Mostafa Sabouri, Xiangyu Zheng, Anthony J Donato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will highlight recent studies that have examined the endothelial glycocalyx in a variety of health conditions, as well as potential glycocalyx-targeted therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: A degraded glycocalyx is present in individuals that consume high sodium diet or have kidney disease, diabetes, preeclampsia, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), or sepsis. Specifically, these conditions are accompanied by elevated glycocalyx components in the blood, such as syndecan-1, syndecans-4, heparin sulfate, and enhanced heparinase activity...
August 10, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37522819/composition-of-healthy-diets-for-older-persons
#62
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suey S Y Yeung, Michelle Kwan, Jean Woo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aims to review recent evidence (2022-2023) on the role of diet in promoting healthy aging in older adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Current evidence of diet and healthy aging is limited to epidemiological studies. A healthy diet is beneficial for individual domains of intrinsic capacity, that is, cognition, locomotion, vitality, psychological, and/or sensory functions, with sex-specific differences reported. Only a few studies used the multidimensional concept of intrinsic capacity as an outcome...
August 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37522804/the-use-of-commercial-wrist-worn-technology-to-track-physiological-outcomes-in-behavioral-interventions
#63
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ashley L Artese, Rahul Rawat, Anthony D Sung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the use of commercial wrist-worn mobile health devices to track and monitor physiological outcomes in behavioral interventions as well as discuss considerations for selecting the optimal device. RECENT FINDINGS: Wearable technology can enhance intervention design and implementation. The use of wrist-worn wearables provides the opportunity for tracking physiological outcomes, thus providing a unique approach for assessment and delivery of remote interventions...
July 27, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37421382/iron-regulation-and-absorption-in-athletes-contemporary-thinking-and-recommendations
#64
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Peter Peeling, Alannah McKay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines recent developments in our understanding of iron regulation/absorption around exercise, with specific attention paid towards the female athlete. RECENT FINDINGS: Building on the well accepted knowledge that hepcidin concentrations increase in the 3-6 h period following an acute bout of exercise, recent studies have shown that this links to a reduced fractional iron absorption from the gut during feedings provided 2 h postexercise...
July 7, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37421387/the-importance-of-fat-free-mass-and-constituent-tissue-organs-in-the-control-of-human-appetite
#65
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mark Hopkins, John E Blundell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Traditional models of human appetite focus on the contribution of adipose tissue and the gastrointestinal tract, both of which exert mainly inhibitory influences. The purpose of this review is to consider the biological factors that influence the drive to eat. RECENT FINDINGS: Fat-free mass is positively associated with objectively measured meal size and daily energy intake. These findings have been replicated in multiple populations across the life-course in laboratory and free-living studies...
July 6, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37278295/editorial-evidence-for-nutrition-support-in-wasting-diseases-gaps-and-opportunities
#66
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Barbara S van der Meij, Marielle P K J Engelen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37278294/effect-of-dietary-carbohydrate-restriction-on-cardiometabolic-function-in-type-2-diabetes-weight-loss-and-beyond
#67
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Faidon Magkos, Anahita Ataran, Ali Javaheri, Bettina Mittendorfer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37278293/editorial-recent-approaches-in-exploring-metabolic-inflammation
#68
EDITORIAL
Anastasia Z Kalea, Dorothy Klimis-Zacas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37278292/editorial-introductions
#69
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37265176/ketogenic-diet-in-cancer-management
#70
REVIEW
Wamidh H Talib, Anfal Al-Dalaeen, Asma Ismail Mahmod
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review presents details about types of ketogenic diet (KD), anticancer mechanisms, and the use of KD in experimental and clinical studies. Studies summarized in this review provide a solid ground for researchers to consider the use of KD to augment conventional treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: KD is a dietary pattern composed of high fat, moderate proteins, and very-low-carbohydrate. This diet was suggested to have an anticancer effect and to augment conventional anticancer therapies...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37265101/physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#71
REVIEW
Angela Yee-Moon Wang, Daniel S March, James O Burton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lifestyle intervention is considered a cornerstone in chronic kidney disease management and has been recommended in different international or regional clinical practice guidelines in chronic kidney disease. However, evidence was largely based on the general population. Here we summarized the latest evidence supporting lifestyle intervention in chronic kidney disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Both observational cohort studies as well as randomized controlled trials have demonstrated health benefits with more physical activity in chronic kidney disease...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37265093/cancer-cachexia-adopting-a-systems-wide-approach
#72
REVIEW
Judith Sayers, Richard Je Skipworth, Barry Ja Laird
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer cachexia results in the death of approximately 2 million people worldwide annually. Despite the impact of this devastating condition, there is limited therapy and no standard of care. Although multiple definitions exist, confusion remains as a true understanding of the biology has not yet been achieved and distinct phases of cachexia have not been examined. Research has mainly focused on weight loss and muscle wasting, but cachexia is increasingly recognized as a multiorgan disorder involving adipose tissue, liver, brain, gut and heart, with systemic inflammation a central unifying feature...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37249917/new-metrics-of-dietary-carbohydrate-quality
#73
REVIEW
Denise Tan, Adam Drewnowski, Kim-Anne Lê
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to introduce novel metrics of dietary carbohydrates quality relevant for products and diets. RECENT FINDINGS: Carbohydrate quality has long been associated with a low glycemic index. More recently, novel metrics of carbohydrate quality featuring variations of total carbohydrates-fibers-free sugars ratios have been applied to carbohydrate-rich foods, including grains, beans, vegetables, and fruit. High scoring products had higher levels of health-promoting nutrients (protein, dietary fiber, iron, magnesium, zinc, potassium, selenium, and various B-vitamins) and lower levels of nutrients of public health concern (total sugar, added/free sugars, and fat profile)...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37144465/carbohydrates-for-glycemic-control-functional-and-microbiome-aspects
#74
REVIEW
Fabiana A Hoffmann Sarda, Eliana Bistriche Giuntini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Glycemia goals are used as indicators of control and progression in prediabetes and diabetes. Adopting healthy eating habits is essential. It is worth considering the quality of carbohydrates to help with dietary glycemic control. The present article aims to review recent meta-analyses published in the years 2021-2022 on the effects of dietary fiber and low glycemic index/load (LGI/LGL) foods on glycemic control and how gut microbiome modulation contributes to glycemic control...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37144461/micronutrients-genetics-and-covid-19
#75
REVIEW
Nikola Kotur, Biljana Stankovic, Sonja Pavlovic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Marked inter-individual differences in the clinical manifestation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has initiated studies in the field of genetics. This review evaluates recent genetic evidence (predominantly in the last 18 months) related to micronutrients (vitamins and trace elements) and COVID-19. RECENT FINDINGS: In patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), altered circulating levels of micronutrients may serve as prognostic markers of disease severity...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37144460/ketogenic-diets-exercise-performance-and-training-adaptations
#76
REVIEW
Fernando Klitzke Borszcz, Mariana Papini Gabiatti, Ricardo Dantas de Lucas, Fernanda Hansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The ketogenic diet has been proposed as a nutritional strategy in sports. This review was undertaken to provide an overview of the recent literature concerning the effects of ketogenic diet on exercise performance and training adaptations. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent literature on the ketogenic diet and exercise performance showed no beneficial effects, especially for trained individuals. During a period of intensified training, performance was clearly impaired during the ketogenic intervention, while a diet with high carbohydrates maintained physical performance...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37144457/the-role-of-glucose-in-cardiac-physiology-and-pathophysiology
#77
REVIEW
Nikolaos Mylonas, Konstantinos Drosatos, Sobuj Mia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heart failure is one of the major causes of death worldwide and continues to increase despite therapeutics and pharmacology advances. Fatty acids and glucose are used as ATP-producing fuels in heart to meet its energy demands. However, dysregulation of metabolites' use plays a pivotal role in cardiac diseases. How glucose becomes toxic or drives cardiac dysfunction is incompletely understood. In the present review, we summarize the recent findings on cardiac cellular and molecular events that are driven by glucose during pathologic conditions and potential therapeutic strategies to tackle hyperglycemia-mediated cardiac dysfunction...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37097996/interaction-of-exercise-and-meal-timing-on-blood-glucose-concentrations
#78
REVIEW
Normand G Boulé, Jordan L Rees
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exercise and diet are among the most studied behaviors that can affect blood glucose concentrations. Despite multiple studies examining these interventions in different populations and contexts, inconsistencies across studies have led to variable expectations. The purpose of this review is to more specifically examine how the timing of when exercise is performed in relation to meals can modify changes in glucose concentrations or insulin sensitivity. When possible, studies in type 2 diabetes are emphasized, but recent research in type 1 diabetes, obesity, and athletes is also considered...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37057671/low-carbohydrate-availability-impairs-hypertrophy-and-anaerobic-performance
#79
REVIEW
Lee M Margolis, Stefan M Pasiakos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Highlight contemporary evidence examining the effects of carbohydrate restriction on the intracellular regulation of muscle mass and anaerobic performance. RECENT FINDINGS: Low carbohydrate diets increase fat oxidation and decrease fat mass. Emerging evidence suggests that dietary carbohydrate restriction increases protein oxidation, thereby limiting essential amino acid availability necessary to stimulate optimal muscle protein synthesis and promote muscle recovery...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37057659/dietary-carbohydrates-in-the-management-of-epilepsy
#80
REVIEW
Babitha Haridas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The role of dietary carbohydrates in the management of epilepsy is intrinsically linked to the ketogenic diet. The ketogenic diet has been in use for well over a century now. There have been numerous adaptations to the diet. It is crucial to understand the indications and role of the ketogenic diet in the management of epilepsy. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been new studies that have looked at the role of ketogenic ratios in seizure control. In addition, there has been new evidence in the role of using the ketogenic diet therapy instead of antiseizure medications...
July 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
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