journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640736/which-type-of-exercise-keeps-you-young
#1
Bente Klarlund Pedersen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robust epidemiological evidence exists that lifelong regular exercise contributes to longevity. The aim of this review is to discuss recent findings regarding, which dose and type of physical activity promotes a long healthy life, free of disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Meeting the currently recommended amounts of leisure time physical aerobic activity of moderate intensity of at least 150 min/week provides most of the longevity benefit. However, a higher duration and intensity augments the beneficial effect on cardiovascular health and metabolism...
January 14, 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30601175/nutrition-risk-screening-in-the-icu
#2
Jens Kondrup
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent studies that may help to identify patients in the ICU who benefit from nutrition support. RECENT FINDINGS: One recent controlled trial did not show any clinical benefit of nutrition support among a sample of ICU patients who were hitherto believed to benefit from nutrition support. Several recent observational studies suggest benefit of nutrition support among patients who have a high nutric score, in itself derived from an observational study...
December 28, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30601174/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults-and-children-where-do-we-stand
#3
Melinda H Spooner, Donald B Jump
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic fatty liver disease worldwide. The incidence of NAFLD parallels the prevalence of obesity. Moreover, NAFLD can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and primary hepatocellular cancer (HCC). As such, NAFLD has become a major public health concern. We discuss recent clinical trials and meta-analyses evaluating the efficacy of C20-22 ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to attenuate preexisting NAFLD in adults and children...
December 28, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30585801/sarcopenic-obesity-in-the-icu
#4
Michael Tieland, Carliene van Dronkelaar, Yves Boirie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sarcopenic obesity in older ICU patients may have a higher risk of poor recovery during and after ICU stay, which may lead to longer hospital stay and poor quality of life. In this review, causes, consequences, and nutrition strategies to combat sarcopenic obesity in the ICU are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Physical inactivity inflammation anabolic resistance as well as disturbances in hormone levels are important causes for the strongly accelerated decline in muscle mass and muscle strength and a potential increase in fat mass in ICU patients...
December 21, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30550386/editorial-introductions
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30550388/strategies-to-improve-bioavailability-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-from-ethyl-ester-concentrates
#6
Kevin C Maki, Mary R Dicklin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent strategies that have been developed to enhance absorption of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from dietary supplements. RECENT FINDINGS: The long-chain omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA have important physiologic functions, and numerous potential health benefits have been suggested by results from observational studies and randomized, controlled trials. EPA and DHA intakes in the average American diet are substantially below recommended levels...
December 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531479/the-emerging-role-of-ketogenic-diets-in-cancer-treatment
#7
Rainer Johannes Klement
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Altered glucose metabolism in cancer cells is an almost ubiquitous observation, yet hardly exploited therapeutically. However, ketogenic diets have gained growing attention in recent years as a nontoxic broad-spectrum approach to target this major metabolic difference between normal and cancer cells. Although much research still needs to be done, new knowledge has been gained about the optimal utilization of ketogenic diets for cancer treatment that this review aims to summarize...
December 10, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30648986/lipoprotein-lipase-new-roles-for-an-old-enzyme
#8
Chuchun L Chang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lipoprotein lipase (LpL) is well known for its lipolytic action in blood lipoprotein triglyceride catabolism. This article summarizes the recent mechanistic and molecular studies on elucidating the 'unconventional' roles of LpL in mediating biological events related to immune cell response and lipid transport in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and tissue degenerative disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Several approaches to inactivate the inhibitors that block LpL enzymatic activity have reestablished the importance of systemic LpL activity in reducing CVD risk...
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640737/editorial-introduction-to-the-2018-espen-guidelines-on-clinical-nutrition-in-the-intensive-care-unit-food-for-thought-and-valuable-directives-for-clinicians
#9
Stephen A McClave, Jayshil J Patel, Peter J M Weijs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30585805/nutritional-support-in-the-recovery-phase-of-critically-ill-children
#10
Koen F M Joosten, Renate D Eveleens, Sascha C A T Verbruggen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The metabolic stress response of a critically ill child evolves over time and thus it seems reasonable that nutritional requirements change during their course of illness as well. This review proposes strategies and considerations for nutritional support during the recovery phase to gain optimal (catch-up) growth with preservation of lean body mass. RECENT FINDINGS: Critical illness impairs nutritional status, muscle mass and function, and neurocognition, but early and high intakes of artificial nutrition during the acute phase cannot resolve this...
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30585804/can-exercise-and-nutrition-stimulate-muscle-protein-gain-in-the-icu-patient
#11
Martin Sundström-Rehal, Nicolas Tardif, Olav Rooyackers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The intended purpose of nutritional and exercise interventions during ICU stay is often to limit the muscle loss associated with critical illness. Unfortunately, direct measurements of muscle protein turnover or potential surrogates have often been neglected in clinical trials. RECENT FINDINGS: We discuss the potential advantages and drawbacks of common outcome measures for assessing changes in muscle structure and function over time, and how temporal changes in patient physiology require consideration...
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30585800/editorial-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-an-update
#12
Philip C Calder, Richard J Deckelbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30585799/intravenous-n-3-fatty-acids-in-the-critically-ill
#13
Konstantin Mayer, Martina B Schaefer, Matthias Hecker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lipid emulsions are an integral part of parenteral nutrition. Enteral nutrition is the preferred route to feed critically ill patients and parenteral nutrition is used in case of contraindications or when enteral nutrition does not reach the nutritional goals. n-3 Lipids are included into some newer lipid emulsions including fish oil or may be added by a fish oil-based lipid emulsion to lipid emulsion without fish oil. This review focuses on recent clinical trials, metaanalyses, and guidelines of parenteral nutrition with n-3 lipids in critically ill patients...
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30550387/vitamin-k-a-nutrient-which-plays-a-little-known-role-in-glucose-metabolism
#14
Olivier Bourron, Franck Phan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 2 diabetes is one of the most important public health diseases. Type 2 diabetes pathophysiology involves multiple pathways, in which micronutrients could play a role. Among them, interest has grown concerning vitamin K. The purpose of this review is to expose the latest studies on the role of vitamin K in glucose metabolism, a poorly known function of this vitamin. RECENT FINDINGS: Animal experimentations and human observational and interventional studies were analyzed to evaluate the role of this vitamin in glucose metabolism...
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30550385/special-commentary-is-diet-management-helpful-in-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#15
Samuel S Gidding
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic condition where low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor defects cause severe elevations of LDL cholesterol. As significant LDL-lowering effects are needed, medication is considered the cornerstone of therapy, and dietary therapy has received less emphasis. This review will re-visit older studies of diet intervention and new insights from genetic and mechanistic studies to determine the value of diet management for familial hypercholesterolemia patients...
March 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30489401/beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate-and-sarcopenia-from-biological-plausibility-to-clinical-evidence
#16
Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Emanuele Marzetti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Given the role of leucine as a major regulator of muscle protein turnover, the consumption of protein sources enhanced with this essential amino acid, or its metabolite beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB), is assumed to give the greatest benefit in terms of maintenance of muscle mass and function during aging. The aim of this review is to discuss recent literature about HMB metabolism, its pharmacokinetics compared with the metabolite leucine, effectiveness of HMB to improve outcomes in older adults, and novel approaches for HMB use...
January 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30489400/dysphagia-and-pharmacotherapy-in-older-adults
#17
Rainer Wirth, Rainer Dziewas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review summarizes current knowledge and recent findings about how to practically apply medication in patients with dysphagia and how swallowing function may be positively or negatively affected by drugs. RECENT FINDINGS: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a major health problem in older persons and was recently classified as a geriatric syndrome. Although the knowledge about an effective diagnostic approach increased during the last years, comparatively little is known about how to effectively manage and treat dysphagia and hardly anything is implemented in clinical routine...
January 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30489399/the-intestinal-microbiome-and-its-relevance-for-functionality-in-older-persons
#18
Andrea Ticinesi, Claudio Tana, Antonio Nouvenne
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the advances of research on the role of the intestinal microbiota in influencing sarcopenia, frailty, and cognitive dysfunction in older individuals, and thus its relevance for healthy active ageing. RECENT FINDINGS: Age-related alterations of intestinal microbiota composition may negatively influence muscle protein synthesis and function by promoting chronic systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, oxidative stress, and reducing nutrient bioavailability...
January 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30461451/sarcopenia-and-obesity
#19
Mauro Zamboni, Sofia Rubele, Andrea P Rossi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Together with age-related body composition changes, the increased prevalence of obesity observed in the past few decades in older individuals has led to a condition called sarcopenic obesity, characterized by a mismatch between muscle mass and fat mass. The operative definition of sarcopenic obesity is still under discussion and creates difficulties in clinical practice. Muscle weakness, rather than low muscle mass, was previously proposed as an alternative criterion and, more recently, the dynapenic abdominal obese phenotype is of increasing interest because of its unfavorable health consequences and usability in clinical practice...
January 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30461449/contraction-and-nutrition-interaction-promotes-anabolism-in-cachectic-muscle
#20
Filippo Giorgio Di Girolamo, Martina Guadagni, Nicola Fiotti, Roberta Situlin, Gianni Biolo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cachexia is a disease-related multifactorial syndrome characterized by inflammation, massive muscle protein catabolism and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disorder.Several studies tried to define the impact of either nutrition or physical exercise (single approach strategy) or their combination (multimodal approach strategy) on prevention and/or treatment of muscle wasting in cachectic patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Single approach strategies (i...
January 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
journal
journal
32949
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"