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Journals Journal of Toxicology and Envi...

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36748123/-trichoderma-after-crossing-kingdoms-infections-in-human-populations
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Uener Ribeiro Dos Santos, Jane Lima Dos Santos
Trichoderma is a saprophytic fungus that is used worldwide as a biocontrol and biofertilizer agent. Although considered nonpathogenic until recently, reports of human infections produced by members of the Trichoderma genus are increasing. Numerous sources of infection were proposed based upon patient data and phylogenetic analysis, including air, agriculture, and healthcare facilities, but the deficit of knowledge concerning Trichoderma infections makes patient treatment difficult. These issues are compounded by isolates that present profiles which exhibit high minimum inhibitory concentration values to available antifungal drugs...
February 6, 2023: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36748115/biomonitoring-of-firefighting-forces-a-review-on-biomarkers-of-exposure-to-health-relevant-pollutants-released-from-fires
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bela Barros, Marta Oliveira, Simone Morais
Occupational exposure as a firefighter has recently been classified as a carcinogen to humans by International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Biomonitoring has been increasingly used to characterize exposure of firefighting forces to contaminants. However, available data are dispersed and information on the most relevant and promising biomarkers in this context of firefighting is missing. This review presents a comprehensive summary and critical appraisal of existing biomarkers of exposure including volatile organic compounds such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, several other persistent other organic pollutants as well as heavy metals and metalloids detected in biological fluids of firefighters attending different fire scenarios...
February 6, 2023: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36692141/assessing-the-in-vitro-toxicity-of-airborne-nano-particles-to-the-human-respiratory-system-from-basic-to-advanced-models
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria João Bessa, Fátima Brandão, Fernanda Rosário, Luciana Moreira, Ana Teresa Reis, Vanessa Valdiglesias, Blanca Laffon, Sónia Fraga, João Paulo Teixeira
Several studies have been conducted to address the potential adverse health risks attributed to exposure to nanoscale materials. While in vivo studies are fundamental for identifying the relationship between dose and occurrence of adverse effects, in vitro model systems provide important information regarding the mechanism(s) of action at the molecular level. With a special focus on exposure to inhaled (nano)particulate material toxicity assessment, this review provides an overview of the available human respiratory models and exposure systems for in vitro testing, advantages, limitations, and existing investigations using models of different complexity...
January 24, 2023: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36617662/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-updated-aspects-of-their-determination-kinetics-in-the-human-body-and-toxicity
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fernando Barbosa, Bruno A Rocha, Marília C O Souza, Mariana Z Bocato, Lara F Azevedo, Joseph A Adeyemi, Anthony Santana, Andres D Campiglia
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are legacy pollutants of considerable public health concern. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons arise from natural and anthropogenic sources and are ubiquitously present in the environment. Several PAHs are highly toxic to humans with associated carcinogenic and mutagenic properties. Further, more severe harmful effects on human- and environmental health have been attributed to the presence of high molecular weight (HMW) PAHs, that is PAHs with molecular mass greater than 300 Da...
January 8, 2023: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36474307/nanomaterial-induced-toxicity-in-pathophysiological-models-representative-of-individuals-with-pre-existing-medical-conditions
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sreejesh Sreedharan, Georgios Zouganelis, Samantha J Drake, Gyanendra Tripathi, Ali Kermanizadeh
The integration of nanomaterials (NMs) into an ever-expanding number of daily used products has proven to be highly desirable in numerous industries and applications. Unfortunately, the same "nano" specific physicochemical properties, which make these materials attractive, may also contribute to hazards for individuals exposed to these materials. In 2021, it was estimated that 7 out of 10 deaths globally were accredited to chronic diseases, such as chronic liver disease, asthma, and cardiovascular-related illnesses...
December 6, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36351281/ecotoxicological-perspectives-of-microplastic-pollution-in-amphibians
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mario A Burgos-Aceves, Caterina Faggio, Miguel Betancourt-Lozano, Donají J González-Mille, César A Ilizaliturri-Hernández
Microplastics (MPs) are contaminants widely distributed in the environment and biota. Previously, most studies focused on identifying and characterizing microplastics in the marine environment, while their impact on freshwater ecosystems remains to be determined. This review summarizes recent findings regarding MPs physiological, immunological, and genetic effects on amphibians based upon the biological relevance of this species as indicators of freshwater pollution. Data demonstrated that MPs contamination may potentially alter various physiological processes in aquatic animals, mainly in the embryonic stages...
November 9, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36351256/a-comparison-of-fine-particulate-matter-pm-2-5-in-vivo-exposure-studies-incorporating-chemical-analysis
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Allie Sidwell, Samuel Cole Smith, Courtney Roper
The complex, variable mixtures present in fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) have been well established, and associations between chemical constituents and human health are expanding. In the past decade, there has been an increase in PM2.5 toxicology studies that include chemical analysis of samples. This investigation is a crucial component for identifying the causal constituents for observed adverse health effects following exposure to PM2.5 . In this review, investigations of PM2.5 that used both in vivo models were explored and chemical analysis with a focus on respiratory, cardiovascular, central nervous system, reproductive, and developmental toxicity was examined to determine if chemical constituents were considered in the interpretation of the toxicity findings...
November 9, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36250612/current-trends-in-read-across-applications-for-chemical-risk-assessments-and-chemical-registrations-in-the-republic-of-korea
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sang Hee Lee, Jongwoon Kim, Jinyong Kim, Jaehyun Park, Sanghee Park, Kyu-Bong Kim, Byung-Mu Lee, Seok Kwon
Read-across, an alternative approach for hazard assessment, has been widely adopted when in vivo data are unavailable for chemicals of interest. Read-across is enabled via in silico tools such as quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) modeling. In this study, the current status of structure activity relationship (SAR)-based read-across applications in the Republic of Korea (ROK) was examined considering both chemical risk assessments and chemical registrations from different sectors, including regulatory agencies, industry, and academia...
October 17, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36253946/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-what-do-we-know-about-the-role-of-occupational-and-environmental-determinants-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Pauchet, A Chaussavoine, J C Pairon, C Gabillon, A Didier, I Baldi, Y Esquirol
The objectives of this systematic review of original articles published up until August 2021 and meta-analyses were to identify the links between occupational and non-occupational environmental exposures, types of occupations and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Sixteen selected case-control studies were qualified as good level with Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale. Sensitivity analyses highlighted the role of choice of control group, tobacco adjustment and diagnostic tools. Significantly increased risks of IPF were observed (OR (95%CI): for metals (1...
October 3, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36154615/pulmonary-effects-of-e-liquid-flavors-a-systematic-review
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Felix Effah, Benjamin Taiwo, Deborah Baines, Alexis Bailey, Tim Marczylo
Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are purported to be tobacco harm-reduction products whose degree of harm has been highly debated. EC use is considered less hazardous than smoking but is not expected to be harmless. Following the banning of e-liquid flavors in countries such as the US, Finland, Ukraine, and Hungary, there are growing concerns regarding the safety profile of e-liquid flavors used in ECs. While these are employed extensively in the food industry and are generally regarded as safe (GRAS) when ingested, GRAS status after inhalation is unclear...
October 3, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35980104/principles-of-risk-decision-making
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Krewski, Patrick Saunders-Hastings, Patricia Larkin, Margit Westphal, Michael G Tyshenko, William Leiss, Maurice Dusseault, Michael Jerrett, Doug Coyle
Risk management decisions in public health require consideration of a number of complex, often conflicting factors. The aim of this review was to propose a set of 10 fundamental principles to guide risk decision-making. Although each of these principles is sound in its own right, the guidance provided by different principles might lead the decision-maker in different directions. For example, where the precautionary principle advocates for preemptive risk management action under situations of scientific uncertainty and potentially catastrophic consequences, the principle of risk-based decision-making encourages decision-makers to focus on established and modifiable risks, where a return on the investment in risk management is all but guaranteed in the near term...
August 18, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35975293/a-comprehensive-summary-of-disease-variants-implicated-in-metal-allergy
#32
REVIEW
Ka Roach, Jr Roberts
Allergic disease represents one of the most prominent global public health crises of the 21st century. Although many different substances are known to produce hypersensitivity responses, metals constitute one of the major classes of allergens responsible for a disproportionately large segment of the total burden of disease associated with allergy. Some of the most prevalent forms of metal allergy - including allergic contact dermatitis - are well-recognized; however, to our knowledge, a comprehensive review of the many unique disease variants implicated in human cases of metal allergy is not available within the current scientific literature...
August 18, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35758103/identification-of-effective-control-technologies-for-additive-manufacturing
#33
REVIEW
Johan du Plessis, Sonette du Preez, Aleksandr B Stefaniak
Additive manufacturing (AM) refers to several types of processes that join materials to build objects, often layer-by-layer, from a computer-aided design file. Many AM processes release potentially hazardous particles and gases during printing and associated tasks. There is limited understanding of the efficacy of controls including elimination, substitution, administrative, and personal protective technologies to reduce or remove emissions, which is an impediment to implementation of risk mitigation strategies...
July 4, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35676826/glyphosate-and-neurological-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review-of-animal-studies
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Virginia C Moser, Keith Morris-Schaffer, Jason R Richardson, Abby A Li
Studies of nervous system effects of glyphosate, a widely used herbicide, have not been critically examined. The aim of this paper was to systematically review glyphosate-induced neurotoxicity literature to determine its usefulness in regulatory decision-making. The review was restricted to mammalian studies of behavior, neuropathology, and neuropharmacology; in vitro and other biochemical studies were considered supplementary information. Glyphosate formulation studies were also considered, despite uncertainties regarding toxicities of the formulated products; no studies used a formulation vehicle as the control...
June 8, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35094673/regional-variation-in-percutaneous-absorption-in-in-vitro-human-models-a-systematic-review
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aileen M Feschuk, Nadia Kashetsky, Chavy Chiang, Anuk Burli, Halie Burdick, Howard I Maibach
Percutaneous absorption is of importance given its role in topical medicaments, transdermal drug systems, and dermatotoxicology. Many factors influence percutaneous penetration, including anatomical region, although little is currently known regarding this parameter. Hence, the aim of this study was to summarize existing data on regional variation in percutaneous penetration in in vitro human models. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and US patent literature were explored, and relevant data collected. Eight eligible articles were identified, which together, explored 15 anatomical locations...
April 3, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35291916/methyl-tert-butyl-ether-mtbe-integration-of-rat-and-mouse-carcinogenicity-data-with-mode-of-action-and-human-and-rodent-bioassay-dosimetry-and-toxicokinetics-indicates-mtbe-is-not-a-plausible-human-carcinogen
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James S Bus, B Bhaskar Gollapudi, Gordon C Hard
Methyl- tert- butyl ether (MTBE) is a fuel oxygenate used in non-United States geographies. Multiple health reviews conclude that MTBE is not a human-relevant carcinogen, and this review provides updated mode of action (MOA), exposure, dosimetry and risk perspectives supporting those conclusions. MTBE is non-genotoxic and has large margins of exposure between blood concentrations at the overall rat 400 ppm inhalation NOAEL and blood concentrations in typical workplace or general population exposures. Non-cancer and threshold cancer hazard quotients range from a high of 0...
March 15, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35220912/the-wash-in-effect-and-its-significance-for-mass-casualty-decontamination
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thomas James, Lydia Izon-Cooper, Samuel Collins, Haydn Cole, Tim Marczylo
Decontamination of skin by washing may increase dermal absorption, a phenomenon known as the wash-in effect. The wash-in effect is frequently discussed in studies investigating casualty decontamination where potentially life-saving interventions may enhance the dermal penetration of toxic chemicals, leading to an increase in incidence of morbidity and rates of mortality. However, the wash-in effect is seldom investigated within the context of mass casualty decontamination and real-life consequences are therefore poorly understood...
February 27, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34979876/genetic-variants-affecting-chemical-mediated-skin-immunotoxicity
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Isisdoris Rodrigues de Souza, Patrícia Savio de Araujo-Souza, Daniela Morais Leme
The skin is an immune-competent organ and this function may be impaired by exposure to chemicals, which may ultimately result in immune-mediated dermal disorders. Interindividual variability to chemical-induced skin immune reactions is associated with intrinsic individual characteristics and their genomes. In the last 30-40 years, several genes influencing susceptibility to skin immune reactions were identified. The aim of this review is to provide information regarding common genetic variations affecting skin immunotoxicity...
January 3, 2022: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34930098/the-transplacental-transfer-efficiency-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas-a-first-meta-analysis
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mareike Appel, Martin Forsthuber, Romualdo Ramos, Raimund Widhalm, Sebastian Granitzer, Maria Uhl, Markus Hengstschläger, Tanja Stamm, Claudia Gundacker
Per- and polyfluorinated substances (PFAS), ubiquitously present in the environment and biota, are transferred to the fetus via the placenta. PFAS can be distinguished, among other things, by their different carbon chain lengths and functional groups. The aim of this study was to provide comprehensive evidence on PFAS transfer rates across the human placental barrier by means of a meta-analysis based upon a systematic review. The available literature up to April 2021 was reviewed and transplacental transfer efficiencies (TTEs) of PFAS assessed...
December 20, 2021: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34542016/a-review-of-the-toxicology-of-oil-in-vertebrates-what-we-have-learned-following-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill
#40
REVIEW
Ryan Takeshita, Steven J Bursian, Kathleen M Colegrove, Tracy K Collier, Kristina Deak, Karen M Dean, Sylvain De Guise, Lisa M DiPinto, Cornelis J Elferink, Andrew J Esbaugh, Robert J Griffitt, Martin Grosell, Kendal E Harr, John P Incardona, Richard K Kwok, Joshua Lipton, Carys L Mitchelmore, Jeffrey M Morris, Edward S Peters, Aaron P Roberts, Teresa K Rowles, Jennifer A Rusiecki, Lori H Schwacke, Cynthia R Smith, Dana L Wetzel, Michael H Ziccardi, Ailsa J Hall
In the wake of the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill, a number of government agencies, academic institutions, consultants, and nonprofit organizations conducted lab- and field-based research to understand the toxic effects of the oil. Lab testing was performed with a variety of fish, birds, turtles, and vertebrate cell lines (as well as invertebrates); field biologists conducted observations on fish, birds, turtles, and marine mammals; and epidemiologists carried out observational studies in humans. Eight years after the spill, scientists and resource managers held a workshop to summarize the similarities and differences in the effects of DWH oil on vertebrate taxa and to identify remaining gaps in our understanding of oil toxicity in wildlife and humans, building upon the cross-taxonomic synthesis initiated during the Natural Resource Damage Assessment...
November 17, 2021: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
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