Jianmin Zhu, Xiuming Miao, Xin Li, Yang Zhang, Yuan Lou, Hanhan Chen, Xiaofei Liu
Granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM) is a benign and infrequent chronic breast ailment. Although this lesion can be clinically and radiographically mistaken for early-onset breast cancer, it is a rare occurrence for the two to coexist. This report describes three such cases. In all three patients, the primary signs and symptoms were related to the formation of diffuse breast masses or abscesses. Breast ultrasound and MRI revealed glandular edema and dilated breast ducts. The biopsies of all lesions exhibited both granulomatous inflammation confined to the lobules of the breast, abundant interstitial inflammatory cell infiltrates, and apparently cancerous cells located in dilated ducts with intact basement membranes...
November 24, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Yulong He, Lei Zhao, Xiaorong Tang, Qinling Jiang, Xianling Zhao, Yilin Cao
BACKGROUND: The correlation between the expression of immunohistochemical markers and the clinicopathological characteristics of pulmonary high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas (HGNEC) and its impact on the clinical outcomes of individuals with HGNEC has not yet been explored. METHODS: This study enrolled patients diagnosed with HGNEC between April 2015 and July 2023. Based on the expression levels of synaptophysin (Syn), the neural cell adhesion molecule (CD56), thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), and Ki-67, a comprehensive analysis was conducted...
November 22, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Fabiola A Righi, Richard S Vander Heide, Rondell P Graham, Marie Christine Aubry, Jorge A Trejo-Lopez, Melanie C Bois, Anja C Roden, Ross Reichard, Joseph J Maleszewski, Mariam P Alexander, Reade A Quinton, Sarah M Jenkins, Christopher P Hartley, Catherine E Hagen
BACKGROUND: Although severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is most well-known for causing pulmonary injury, a significant proportion of patients experience hepatic dysfunction. The mechanism by which SARS-CoV2 causes liver injury is not fully understood. The goal of this study was to describe the hepatic pathology in a large cohort of deceased patients with COVID-19 as compared to a control group of deceased patients without COVID-19...
November 20, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Richard B Mertens, Elias P Makhoul, Xiaomo Li, Farnaz Dadmanesh
BACKGROUND: Sacituzumab govitecan, targeting trophoblast cell-surface antigen 2 (TROP2), is approved for the treatment of triple-negative and hormone receptor-positive/HER2-negative breast cancers. However, detailed studies comparing TROP2 protein expression in the different molecular subtypes of breast cancer are limited, and definitive evidence supporting the use of TROP2 as a biomarker for predicting response to this agent in patients with breast cancer is currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare the expression of TROP2 in the different molecular subtypes of breast cancer...
November 11, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Kotaro Takeda, Sheldon Bastacky, Rajiv Dhir, Maedeh Mohebnasab, Gabriela M Quiroga-Garza
SET-domain containing 2 (SETD2) and BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1), both chromatin remodeling genes, are frequently mutated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and involved in tumor progression and metastasis. Herein, we studied clinicopathologic features of 7 cases of locally advanced ccRCC with single SETD2 mutation, and compared to 7 cases of locally advanced ccRCC with single BAP1 mutation. SETD2-mutated ccRCC showed high-grade transformation, comprising of enlarged tumor cells with voluminous clear cytoplasm, enlarged irregular nuclei with prominent nucleoli, eosinophilic cytoplasmic granules, arranged in various architectural patterns such as large nested, tubular, tubulopapillary and solid...
November 4, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Georgi Galev, Richard A Prayson
INTRODUCTION: Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a rare, predominantly pediatric epilepsy disorder of unknown etiology. It classically affects one of the cerebral hemispheres and histologically shows cortical chronic inflammation, gliosis, and neuronal loss. The etiopathogenesis of RE remains unknown, with genetic, infectious, and autoimmune factors all speculated to play a role. Although the histologic findings in RE are well described, few studies have investigated a large cohort of cases looking for the coexistence of RE with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD)...
November 3, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Padmajaa Krishnan, Thayalan Dineshkumar, Bose Divya, Rajkumar Krishnan, Annasamy Rameshkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Yanan Gao, Yi Pan, Ye Luo, Runfen Cheng, Qiongli Zhai
OBJECTIVE: Intrathyroid thymic carcinoma (ITTC) is a rare malignancy. The current understanding of ITTC is inadequate, and there is no standard treatment for ITTC. In the present study, we aimed to explore the clinicopathological characteristics of ITTC and identify potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: The clinicopathological characteristics of 22 ITTC patients at our institution were reviewed. The expression of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins and PD-L1 in ITTC were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
October 28, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Saira Fatima, Arsalan Ahmed, Sehar Suleman, Nasir Ud Din
Salivary gland tumors are diverse in morphology and both benign and malignant tumors may pose diagnostic challenges especially in small biopsies. Secretory carcinoma (SC) is histologically characterized by microcysts, follicles, solid growth pattern and occasional papillary structures, and absence of zymogen granules. SC is molecularly defined by the presence of novel gene fusion ETV6::NTRK3. Among the positive stains (S100 and mammaglobin), MUC4 is now another promising marker for the diagnosis of SC, that would enable the pathologists to exclude other morphologically close simulators...
October 28, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Yasir Rehman Khattak, Adnan Ali, Shahzal Atiq, Iftikhar Ahmad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Majid Mirhashemi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Narges Ghazi, Nasrollah Saghravanian, Mohsen Dehghani, Amin Aminian
CD44 as a marker of cancer stem cells (CSCs) may be correlated with tumor growth, cell migration, metastasis and chemo-radiotherapy resistance of cancers. However, the prognostic value of CD44 in oral squamous cell carcinoma(OSCC) remains controversial. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the correlation of CD44 expression with the prognosis of OSCC through a meta-analysis. We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Central databases for relevant studies up to November 2022...
October 17, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Parul Mehrotra, Gayatri Ravikumar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Xanthogranulomatous inflammation (XGI) is a rare form of chronic inflammation that affects the female genital tract (FGT). The absence of a standard lexicon in the literature has contributed to the relative obscurity of this condition. We attempt to study this lesion with its various clinicopathological associations. METHODOLOGY: We conducted an 11-year retrospective study of cases diagnosed with XGI of the FGT, analyzing relevant clinical and pathological parameters...
October 14, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Michele Donati, Daniel Nosek, Shantel Olivares, Julie Lemahieu, Siebe Loontiens, Boulos Mansour, Pedram Gerami, Dmitry V Kazakov
Spitz tumors are melanocytic neoplasms morphologically characterized by spindled and/or epithelioid cells and specific stromal and epidermal changes associated with mutually exclusive fusion kinases involving ALK, ROS1, NTRK1, NTRK2, NTRK3, MET and RET, BRAF and MAP3K8 genes or, less commonly, HRAS mutation. RAF1 fusions have been recently detected in cutaneous melanocytic neoplasms, including conventional melanoma, congenital nevus and BAP-1 inactivated tumors. We report herewith three Spitz neoplasms with a RAF1 fusion, including a previously reported CTDSPL::RAF1 fusion and two novel PPAP2B::RAF1 and ATP2B4::RAF1 fusions...
October 5, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Mahmoud A Khalifa, Brooke Gagner, Liam Chen, Paari Murugan, Molly E Klein, Emilian Racila, Khalid Amin, Daniel Miller, Jimmie Stewart, Yanli Ding, Mariya Farooqui, Sandhyarani Dasaraju, Oyedele A Adeyi
There are immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF) panels described in the literature and established by personal and institutional experiences that are in common use by pathologists in their daily practice. Stewardship is a difficult discussion because IHC utilization is influenced by many factors including the pathologist's experience, background, practice setting, personal bias, and medicolegal culture. We developed the methodology to audit the IHC/IF utilization in our academic subspecialty practice...
September 28, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Padmajaa Krishnan, Thayalan Dineshkumar, Bose Divya, Rajkumar Krishnan, Annasamy Rameshkumar
Ganglion cyst of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an uncommon pathology with uncertain etiology. There is no consensus on their management. The current systematic review aimed to discuss the clinical and histopathological features of ganglion cysts of TMJ, to aid in appropriate treatment. A literature search was done and a total of 20 cases were retrieved from published databases such as PubMed, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar. The cyst presented with swelling in all the cases followed by pain (50 %) and trismus (35 %) as other common symptoms...
September 20, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Alexis Trecourt, Pierre-Jean Cottinet, Marie Donzel, Marion Favretto, Béatrice Bancel, Myriam Decaussin-Petrucci, Alexandra Traverse-Glehen, Mojgan Devouassoux-Shisheboran, David Meyronet, Geneviève Belleannée, Anne Rullier, Minh-Quyen Lê, Guilhem Rival, Daniel Grinberg, Cyprien Tilmant, Lucie Gaillot-Durand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Dusan Rasic, Niels Korsgaard, Niels Marcussen, Eva Magrethe Precht Jensen
BACKGROUND: Pathologists face ongoing challenges distinguishing between benign and malignant melanocytic tumors. PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in Melanoma) has a demonstrated value distinguishing between these types of lesions. However, the sensitivity of single immunohistochemistry is variable. HMB-45 is another valuable marker, but on its own, has a limited ability in setting of primary melanocytic tumors. This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic potential of a dual panel combining PRAME and HMB-45 in the assessment of primary melanocytic tumors...
September 13, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Jingli Shi, Kunkun Sun, Fangzhou Kong, Danhua Shen
Epithelioid gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare and may be confused with other tumors with epithelioid morphology. Therefore, herein, we collected 12 epithelioid GIST samples and summarized their morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics. Through genetic testing, we explored the correlation between morphology and gene mutations. The results showed that eight tumors showed focal or diffuse myxoid stromal changes with less cohesively arranged rhabdoid tumor cells; among these, five showed platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha gene (PDGFRA) mutations...
September 7, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Cristina Díaz Del Arco, Luis Ortega Medina, Lourdes Estrada Muñoz, Elena Molina Roldán, Soledad García Gómez de Las Heras, M Jesús Fernández Aceñero
INTRODUCTION: Lymph node (LN) involvement is one of the most critical prognostic factors in resected gastric cancer (GC). Some analyses, mainly conducted in Asian populations, have found that patients with a higher number of total lymph nodes (NTLN) and/or negative lymph nodes (NNLN) have a better prognosis, although other authors have failed to confirm these results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study including all patients with GC resected in a tertiary hospital in Spain between 2001 and 2019 (n = 315)...
September 7, 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Lu Zhang, Jiaxin Bi, Xuewen Yu, Xia Li, Xia Liu, Xin Weng, Mumin Shao
Phyllodes tumors (PTs) are biphasic fibroepithelial lesions that occur in the breast. Diagnosing and grading PTs remains a challenge in a small proportion of cases, due to the lack of reliable specific biomarkers. We screened a potential marker versican core protein (VCAN) through microproteomics analysis, validated its role for the grading of PTs by immunohistochemistry, and analyzed the correlation between VCAN expression and clinicopathological characteristics. Cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for VCAN was identified in all benign PT samples, among which 40 (93...
October 2023: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
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