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Public Health Reports

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721641/syndromic-surveillance-of-emergency-department-visits-for-acute-adverse-effects-of-marijuana-tri-county-health-department-colorado-2016-2017
#1
Grace E Marx, Yushiuan Chen, Michele Askenazi, Bernadette A Albanese
OBJECTIVES: In Colorado, legalization of recreational marijuana in 2014 increased public access to marijuana and might also have led to an increase in emergency department (ED) visits. We examined the validity of using syndromic surveillance data to detect marijuana-associated ED visits by comparing the performance of surveillance queries with physician-reviewed medical records. METHODS: We developed queries of combinations of marijuana-specific International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) diagnostic codes or keywords...
February 5, 2019: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699304/a-novel-measure-to-assess-variation-in-hepatitis-c-prevalence-among-homeless-and-unstably-housed-veterans-2011-2016
#2
Thomas Byrne, Lara Troszak, Amanda M Midboe, B Graeme Fincke, Michael Shwartz, Allen L Gifford, D Keith McInnes
We constructed a novel measure of homelessness to examine differences in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence across 3 categories of unstably housed and homeless veterans and across US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center facilities. We used Veterans Affairs administrative data to classify a cohort of 434 240 veterans as at risk of homelessness, currently homeless, or formerly homeless, and we examined variation in HCV prevalence by using descriptive measures and mixed-effect logistic regression models...
January 30, 2019: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699303/application-of-an-implementation-science-framework-to-policies-on-immediate-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#3
Carla L DeSisto, Charlan D Kroelinger, Cameron Estrich, Alisa Velonis, Keriann Uesugi, David A Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Sanaa Akbarali, Kristin M Rankin
OBJECTIVES: Implementation science provides useful tools for guiding and evaluating the integration of evidence-based interventions with standard practice. The objective of our study was to demonstrate the usefulness of applying an implementation science framework-the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)-to increase understanding of implementation of complex statewide public health initiatives, using the example of Medicaid immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) policies...
January 30, 2019: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657732/three-changes-public-health-scientists-can-make-to-help-build-a-culture-of-reproducible-research
#4
Jenine K Harris, Todd B Combs, Kimberly J Johnson, Bobbi J Carothers, Douglas A Luke, Xiaoyan Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2019: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657730/local-decision-making-for-implementing-social-distancing-in-response-to-outbreaks
#5
Rebecca Katz, Andrea Vaught, Samuel J Simmens
OBJECTIVES: Social distancing is the practice of restricting contact among persons to prevent the spread of infection. This study sought to (1) identify key features of preparedness and the primary concerns of local public health officials in deciding to implement social distancing measures and (2) determine whether any particular factor could explain the widespread variation among health departments in responses to past outbreaks. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of health departments in the United States in 2015 to understand factors influencing health departments' decision making when choosing whether to implement social distancing measures...
January 18, 2019: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644797/who-me-ideas-for-faculty-who-never-expected-to-be-teaching-public-health-students-to-write
#6
Thomas A Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644791/medical-legal-partnership-a-powerful-tool-for-public-health-and-health-justice
#7
Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler, Joel B Teitelbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30593261/comparing-usual-dietary-intakes-among-subgroups-of-mothers-in-the-year-before-pregnancy
#8
Suzan L Carmichael, Chen Ma, Marcia L Feldkamp, Gary M Shaw
OBJECTIVE: The quantity and quality of dietary intake among women of reproductive age has important public health implications for nutritional status during pregnancy. We described dietary intake during the year before pregnancy among a large, diverse group of US mothers. METHODS: We examined data from 11 109 mothers who gave birth from 1997 through 2011 and participated in a population-based case-control study, the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, as controls (mothers who had babies without major birth defects)...
December 28, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30592901/stewart-v-azar-and-the-purpose-of-medicaid-work-as-a-condition-of-enrollment
#9
Nicole Huberfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30526313/blood-donation-sexual-practices-and-self-perceived-risk-for-hiv-in-the-united-states-among-young-adult-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Anna E Wentz, Roland C Merchant, Melissa A Clark, Tao Liu, Joshua G Rosenberger, José A Bauermeister, Kenneth H Mayer
OBJECTIVES: In the United States, all men who have sex with men (MSM) were banned from donating blood from 1985 through 2015. In 2016, the guideline was amended such that men who had sexual contact with other men within the previous 12 months could not donate blood. We aimed to identify blood donation practices and their relationship with HIV risk and testing among young adult MSM (YMSM) at risk for having HIV. METHODS: In 2014, we recruited HIV-negative non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white YMSM aged 18-24 from across the United States through social media platforms to complete an online survey...
December 7, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30521763/geospatial-analysis-of-birth-records-to-target-programming-for-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-michigan-2013
#11
Elizabeth MacQuillan, Amy Curtis, Kathleen Baker, Rajib Paul
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the United States has increased during the past several decades. The objective of this study was to use birth records and a combination of statistical and geographic information system (GIS) analyses to evaluate GDM rates among subgroups of pregnant women in Michigan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained data on maternal demographic and health-related characteristics and regions of residence from 2013 Michigan birth records...
December 6, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30521762/writing-in-public-health-a-new-program-from-the-association-of-schools-and-programs-of-public-health
#12
Laura Magaña Valladares, Richard K Riegelman, Susan Albertine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30517057/a-demographic-analysis-of-racial-ethnic-minority-enrollment-into-hvtn-preventive-early-phase-hiv-vaccine-clinical-trials-conducted-in-the-united-states-2002-2016
#13
Katherine Foy Huamani, Barbara Metch, Gail Broder, Michele Andrasik
OBJECTIVES: Racial/ethnic minority communities in the United States are overrepresented among new HIV diagnoses, yet their inclusion in preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials is inadequate. An analysis of enrollment demographic characteristics from US preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials from 1988 through 2002 showed that enrollment of racial/ethnic minority groups increased. We analyzed enrollment in preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials from 2002 through 2016 and compared our data with data from the previous study, described demographic characteristics of trial participants, and assessed how well this distribution reflected the racial/ethnic distribution of new HIV diagnoses in the United States...
December 5, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30508497/mental-health-and-substance-use-related-hospitalizations-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-illinois-and-wisconsin
#14
Amanda C Bennett, Crystal Gibson, Angela M Rohan, Julia F Howland, Kristin M Rankin
INTRODUCTION: Mental health and substance use are growing public health concerns, but established surveillance methods do not measure the burden of these conditions among women of reproductive age. We developed a standardized indicator from administrative data to identify inpatient hospitalizations related to mental health or substance use (MHSU) among women of reproductive age, as well as co-occurrence of mental health and substance use conditions among those hospitalizations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used inpatient hospital discharge data from 2012-2014 for women aged 15-44 residing in Illinois and Wisconsin...
December 3, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30508493/short-term-incidence-of-sequelae-of-hcv-infection-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-in-oregon
#15
Kazuaki Jindai, Courtney Crawford, Ann R Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Given the known high morbidity and mortality of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Oregon, we sought to develop a practical method of estimating the severe sequelae of HCV infection among Medicaid beneficiaries in Oregon. METHODS: We assembled a retrospective cohort that identified all Oregon Medicaid beneficiaries with HCV infection enrolled for at least 1 year during 2009-2013. We linked this cohort to 3 data sets to identify HCV-related deaths, cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and first hospitalizations for advanced liver disease (ALD)...
December 3, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30508492/clarifying-indeterminate-results-on-the-rabies-direct-fluorescent-antibody-test-using-real-time-reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction
#16
Kim Appler, Scott Brunt, Jodie A Jarvis, April D Davis
OBJECTIVES: Each year, rabies virus infection results in the death of more than 50 000 persons worldwide. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 23 human rabies cases from May 1, 2008, through October 1, 2017. Although rabies testing in the United States is highly reliable, some specimens submitted to rabies laboratories do not have adequate tissues or may be substantially decomposed. In these instances, the specimen may be considered unsatisfactory for testing or produce indeterminate results using the gold standard direct fluorescent antibody test...
December 3, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30500307/graduation-and-academic-placement-of-underrepresented-racial-ethnic-minority-doctoral-recipients-in-public-health-disciplines-united-states-2003-2015
#17
Joanna R Jackson, Ann M Holmes, Elizabeth Golembiewski, Brittany L Brown-Podgorski, Nir Menachemi
OBJECTIVES: Given public health's emphasis on health disparities in underrepresented racial/ethnic minority communities, having a racially and ethnically diverse faculty is important to ensure adequate public health training. We examined trends in the number of underrepresented racial/ethnic minority (ie, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander) doctoral graduates from public health fields and determined the proportion of persons from underrepresented racial/ethnic minority groups who entered academia...
November 30, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30500306/the-changing-role-of-disease-intervention-specialists-in-modern-public-health-programs
#18
Anna B Cope, Victoria L Mobley, Erika Samoff, Kevin O'Connor, Thomas A Peterman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426830/elevated-blood-lead-levels-in-infants-and-children-in-haiti-2015
#19
Chris Carpenter, Brittany Potts, Julia von Oettingen, Ric Bonnell, Michele Sainvil, Viviane Lorgeat, Mie Christine Mascary, Xinshu She, Eddy Jean-Baptiste, Sean Palfrey, Alan D Woolf, Judith Palfrey
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have reported blood lead levels (BLLs) in Haitian children, despite the known presence of lead from environmental factors such as soil, water, leaded paint and gasoline, improperly discarded batteries, and earthquakes. We sought to determine the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (EBLLs) among healthy Haitian children. METHODS: We enrolled children aged 9 months to 6 years from 3 geographic areas in Haiti (coastal, urban, and mountain) from March 1 through June 30, 2015...
November 14, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426825/global-health-security-protecting-the-united-states-in-an-interconnected-world
#20
Rebecca E Bunnell, Zara Ahmed, Megan Ramsden, Karina Rapposelli, Madison Walter-Garcia, Eshita Sharmin, Nancy Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2018: Public Health Reports
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