journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38845391/practice-based-research-from-the-frontlines-selected-strategies-for-reducing-health-disparities-and-accelerating-progress-toward-health-equity-in-the-united-states
#1
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey E Hall, Gulzar H Shah, Janice V Bowie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38842264/-public-health-reports-in-2023-continued-impact-factor-increase-new-article-collections-on-mental-health-and-about-phr-historical-content-on-editors-in-chief-and-contribution-to-covid-19-publication-science
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832678/association-between-covid-19-and-planned-and-postponed-cancer-screenings-among-american-indian-adults-residing-in-california-and-oklahoma-march-december-2020
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julie H T Dang, Sixia Chen, Spencer Hall, Janis E Campbell, Moon S Chen, Mark P Doescher
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how the COVID-19 pandemic affected cancer screenings among American Indian people residing in California and Oklahoma, 2 states with the largest American Indian populations. We assessed rates and factors associated with cancer screenings among American Indian adults during the pandemic. METHODS: From October 2020 through January 2021, we surveyed 767 American Indian adults residing in California and Oklahoma. We asked participants whether they had planned to obtain screenings for breast cancer, cervical cancer, and colorectal cancer (CRC) from March through December 2020 and whether screening was postponed because of COVID-19...
June 4, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832672/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-routine-outreach-and-catch-up-campaign-strategies-for-measles-mumps-and-rubella-vaccination-in-chuuk-federated-states-of-micronesia
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mehreen Meghani, Jamison Pike, Ashley Tippins, Andrew J Leidner
OBJECTIVE: The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) experience periodic outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Our objective was to assess the cost-effectiveness of routine outreach and catch-up campaign strategies for increasing vaccination coverage for the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine among children aged 12 months through 6 years in Chuuk, FSM. METHODS: We used a cost-effectiveness model to assess 4 MMR vaccination strategies from a public health perspective: routine outreach conducted 4 times per year (quarterly routine outreach), routine outreach conducted 2 times per year (biannual routine outreach), catch-up campaigns conducted once per year (annual catch-up campaign), and catch-up campaigns conducted every 2 years with quarterly routine outreach in non-catch-up campaign years (status quo)...
June 4, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38822672/enhancements-to-the-national-hiv-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-2023
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anna Satcher Johnson, Anne Peruski, Alexandra M Oster, Alexandra Balaji, Azfar-E-Alam Siddiqi, Patricia Sweeney, Angela L Hernandez
HIV infection is monitored through the National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS) to help improve the health of people with HIV and reduce transmission. NHSS data are routinely used at federal, state, and local levels to monitor the distribution and transmission of HIV, plan and evaluate prevention and care programs, allocate resources, inform policy development, and identify and respond to rapid transmission in the United States. We describe the expanded use of HIV surveillance data since the 2013 NHSS status update, during which time the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) coordinated to revise the HIV surveillance case definition to support the detection of early infection and reporting of laboratory data, expanded data collection to include information on sexual orientation and gender identity, enhanced data deduplication processes to improve quality, and expanded reporting to include social determinants of health and health equity measures...
June 1, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818719/contributions-of-the-community-based-organization-program-funded-by-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-to-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mariette Marano-Lee, Weston Williams, Songli Xu, Jonny Andia, Ekaterine Shapatava
OBJECTIVE: Linkage to HIV medical care is important in the continuum of HIV care and health outcomes for people with HIV. The objective of this analysis was to identify how the community-based organization (CBO) program contributes to linkage to HIV medical care among people with newly diagnosed HIV in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) HIV testing program. METHODS: We analyzed HIV linkage-to-care data submitted to CDC from 2019 through 2021...
May 31, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817017/legal-work-of-public-health-professionals-the-case-for-better-professional-education
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Scott Burris, Micah Berman, Ross Silverman, Marice Ashe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38807371/the-launch-of-massachusetts-community-health-worker-certification-findings-from-the-massachusetts-community-health-worker-workforce-surveys
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Victoria M Nielsen, W W Sanouri Ursprung, Glory Song, Gail Hirsch, Theresa Mason, Claire Santarelli, Erica Guimaraes, Erica Marshall, Caitlin G Allen, Pei-Pei Lei, Diane Brown, Bittie Behl-Chadha
OBJECTIVES: The launch of state certification for community health workers (CHWs) in Massachusetts in 2018 aimed to promote and champion this critical workforce. However, concerns exist about unintentional adverse effects of certification. Given this, we conducted 2 cross-sectional surveys to evaluate this certification policy. METHODS: We conducted surveys of CHW employers and CHWs in 3 sample frames: community health centers and federally qualified health centers, acute-care hospitals, and community-based organizations...
May 28, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38801159/impact-of-in-home-handwashing-stations-on-hand-hygiene-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-unpiped-rural-alaska-native-homes
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olivia A Harmon, Tricia S Howe, Jacqualine D Schaeffer, Ramot Adeboyejo, Laura P Eichelberger
OBJECTIVES: More than 3300 rural Alaska Native homes lack piped water, impeding hand hygiene. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention partnered with 10 Tribal communities and regional Tribal health organizations to install a low-cost, intermediate-technology water and sanitation system, the Miniature Portable Alternative Sanitation System (Mini-PASS). We assessed the impact of the Mini-PASS handwashing station on handwashing, other water-related uses, and problems encountered over time...
May 27, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785343/association-between-lifetime-interpersonal-violence-and-post-covid-19-condition-among-women-in-kentucky-2020-2022
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ayşe Güler, Heather M Bush, Katie Schill, Nurlan Kussainov, Ann L Coker
OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic increased the risk of interpersonal violence. We investigated the association between lifetime interpersonal violence experience and risk of post-COVID-19 condition (the persistence of symptoms of COVID-19 and severity of health problems associated with COVID-19 that last a few weeks, months, or years) among women with lifetime interpersonal violence experience. METHODS: Women participants aged ≥18 years in Kentucky's Wellness, Health & You-COVID-19 study completed online quantitative surveys about the impacts of the pandemic, developing COVID-19, and symptoms of post-COVID-19 condition...
May 24, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785340/evaluation-of-mpox-exposures-and-outcomes-in-workplaces-6-jurisdictions-june-1-august-31-2022
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marie A de Perio, Libby Horter, William Still, Ie Meh, Nancy Persson, Abby L Berns, Andrea Salinas, Katherine Murphy, Allison G Lafferty, Daniel Daltry, Skyler Mackey, Denise C Sockwell, Jeremy Adams, Jenniffer Rivas, Nicholas J Somerville, Diana Valencia
OBJECTIVES: The risk for mpox virus (MPXV) transmission in most workplaces has not been thoroughly assessed in the context of the 2022 global mpox outbreak. Our objectives were to describe mpox case patients who worked while infectious and the subsequent workplace contact tracing efforts, risk assessments, and outcomes. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention requested information from health departments in the United States in September 2022 to identify people with confirmed or probable mpox who worked outside the home while infectious, either before or after diagnosis, from June 1 through August 31, 2022...
May 24, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785338/reporting-of-child-maltreatment-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-a-southern-state-in-the-united-states
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julia C Thome, Kathy Gracey, Richard A Epstein, Michael J Cull, Tarah Kuhn, Rameela Raman
OBJECTIVES: COVID-19-related stay-at-home orders (SAHOs) created an immediate physical barrier between children and professionals such as pediatricians and teachers, who are often first to identify and report signs of child maltreatment. Our objective was to determine how the SAHO in a southern state was associated with reports of child maltreatment and whether this association was modified by sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: We linked data on reports of child maltreatment from a southern state in the United States from October 1, 2018, through September 30, 2020, to data from the US Census Bureau to obtain data on county-level socioeconomic characteristics...
May 24, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38783528/changes-in-state-laws-on-suicide-prevention-training-for-school-staff-2002-2022
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kyle Rosenblum, Christopher Dunphy, Jing Wang, Kessa Frantz, Rachel Hulkower, Sharon Wong
OBJECTIVES: Youth suicide is an urgent public health problem. Gatekeeper training aims to prevent suicide by training people to identify warning signs and make referrals to appropriate services. Many states in the United States have enacted gatekeeper training laws (GTLs) to train school staff in suicide prevention. The objectives of this study were to describe the development of a dataset on GTLs and use the dataset to summarize trends in uptake of GTLs from 2002 through 2022 as well as differences in characteristics (eg, frequency and duration of training) of GTLs...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780028/community-engagement-equity-and-cross-sector-public-health-practice
#14
REVIEW
Patricia M Nickel, Cerise Hunt
In this topical review, we integrate 3 concepts-public health practice, community engagement, and cross-sector governance-to consider the following question: What is the underlying relationship between public health and cross-sector governance according to which the field can understand the role of community engagement in achieving health equity? We begin with an overview of public health practice and the practice of community engagement. Next, we position these practices in the broader turn toward cross-sector governance...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780024/disparities-in-smoking-and-heavy-drinking-behaviors-by-disability-status-and-age-of-disability-onset-secondary-analysis-of-national-health-interview-survey-data
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cristina A Sarmiento, Anna Furniss, Megan A Morris, Michelle L Stransky, Darcy A Thompson
OBJECTIVES: People with childhood-onset disabilities are living into adulthood, and the prevalence of smoking and illicit drug use among adults with disabilities is high. We evaluated the relationship between disability status and age of disability onset, current cigarette smoking status, and heavy alcohol drinking. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a US survey on illness and disability. Among 2020 NHIS participants aged 22-80 years (n = 28 225), we compared self-reported prevalence of current cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol drinking among those with and without disabilities and among those with childhood- versus adult-onset disabilities...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780023/prevalence-of-cigarette-smoking-e-cigarette-use-and-dual-use-among-urban-and-rural-women-during-the-peripartum-period-prams-2015-2020
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nazish Masud, Whitney Hamilton, Yelena Tarasenko
OBJECTIVES: Evidence has emerged on the health dangers of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among pregnant women and neonates. We examined whether rural residence is a risk factor for smoking and e-cigarette use among women during the peripartum period in the United States. METHODS: This study was based on pooled cross-sectional 2015-2020 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. The outcome was exclusive smoking, exclusive e-cigarette use, and use of both products (ie, dual use) versus use of neither tobacco product by women with live infants aged 2 to 6 months...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780017/syndromic-surveillance-of-emergency-department-visits-related-to-unintentional-drowning-united-states-2019-2022
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Briana Moreland, Tessa Clemens, Nimi Idaikkadar
OBJECTIVES: To improve national drowning surveillance efforts, we developed and evaluated a definition for unintentional drowning for use in the National Syndromic Surveillance Program's ESSENCE platform (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics) and described drowning-related emergency department (ED) visits from 2019 through 2022 using the new definition. METHODS: We adapted an unintentional drowning definition from a previous version, which included all drowning-related ED visits regardless of intent (including drowning related to assault and suicide, as well as unintentional drowning)...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780015/associations-between-social-networks-and-covid-19-vaccine-uptake-in-4-rural-alabama-counties-survey-findings
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Greer McCollum, Ashleigh Allgood, April Agne, Dave Cleveland, Cicily Gray, Eric Ford, Stefan Baral, Michael Mugavero, Allyson G Hall
OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated how vaccination decisions are influenced by misinformation, disinformation, and social pressures, leading to varied and inequitable uptake rates. In this study, we examined how COVID-19 vaccine messages received via social networks were associated with vaccine uptake in rural Alabama. METHODS: From November 2021 through March 2022, we collected 700 responses to a telephone survey administered in 4 rural Alabama counties...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780006/advancing-evidence-based-public-health-policy-how-core-component-thinking-can-illuminate-the-multilevel-nature-of-public-health-policy
#19
REVIEW
Richard W Puddy, Megan A Kelly, Christopher Nelson, Alexandra H Ntazinda, Sameer Siddiqi, Diane Hall, Christian T Murray, James E Kucik
A growing body of literature uses the concept of core components to better understand small-scale programmatic interventions. Instead of interventions being viewed as unitary "black boxes," interventions are viewed as configurations of core components, which are the parts of interventions that carry their causal potential and therefore need to be reproduced with fidelity to produce the intended effect. To date, the concept of core components has not been as widely applied to public health policy interventions as it has to programmatic interventions...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38779998/experience-of-public-health-departments-in-implementation-of-covid-19-case-investigation-and-contact-tracing-programs
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Colleen Staatz, Penny S Loosier, Ruth Hsu, Michelle Fiscus, Reena Gupta, E Rain Sabin, Divya Vohra, Holly Matulewicz, Melanie M Taylor, Elise C Caruso, Nickolas DeLuca, Patrick K Moonan, John E Oeltmann, Phoebe Thorpe
OBJECTIVE: Case investigation and contact tracing (CI/CT) are fundamental public health efforts widely used during the COVID-19 pandemic to mitigate transmission. This study investigated how state, local, and tribal public health departments used CI/CT during the COVID-19 pandemic, including CI/CT methodology, staffing models, training and support, and efforts to identify or prioritize populations disproportionately affected by COVID-19. METHODS: During March and April 2022, we conducted key informant interviews with up to 3 public health officials from 43 state, local, and tribal public health departments...
May 23, 2024: Public Health Reports
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