Margaret Lloyd Sieger, Jennifer C Morin, Lisa M Budris, Melissa Sienna, Sharon Ostfeld-Johns, Lou Hart, Christopher Morosky
Mental health conditions including substance use disorder are the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in the U.S. Unfortunately, fears of child protective services' involvement interfere with maternal self-disclosure of substance use in pregnancy. Seeking to identify more mothers with substance use disorder in pregnancy or at delivery, and responsive to changes to the federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), Connecticut requires hospital personnel to submit a deidentified notification to CPS for all newborns with prenatal substance exposure...
March 27, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
J J P Mathijssen, E Dirks, H J A van Bakel
BACKGROUND: The complex identity changes women have to go through to become mothers makes it a challenging transitional period. Especially, mothers who have experienced childhood adversity (ACEs) may be vulnerable to poor adjustment to motherhood. However, support from a partner, family and friends can act as a buffer to cope with this challenging transitional period. Therefore, the aim was to study whether ACEs and experienced social support (partners, family, and friends) were related to the adjustment to motherhood or 'motherhood constellation' of women after the birth of their first child...
March 20, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Charles Oberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kentaro Haneda, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Keiya Fujimori, Seiji Yasumura, Hidekazu Nishigori, Masahito Kuse, Hyo Kyozuka, Hajime Maeda, Akiko Sato, Yuka Ogata, Koich Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, a high risk of developmental delay not only in very low birth weight infants and late preterm infants but also in early term infants (37-38 weeks) have increasingly been reported. However, in Japan, there are virtually no studies regarding the development delays in early term infants. METHODS: This study used the data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS), a birth cohort study conducted in Japan. Data were selected for analysis from the records of 104,065 fetal records...
March 11, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Gloria Nibogore, Mehmet Ali Eryurt
INTRODUCTION: Rwanda stands out in East Africa with the lowest infant mortality ratio at 29 per 1000 live births. It also leads in gender equality on the African continent, ranking sixth globally according to the 2022 Global Gender Gap Report. This makes Rwanda an ideal case for studying the link between women's empowerment and infant mortality. METHOD: This study aims to assess the impact of women's empowerment on infant mortality using data obtained from the Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2005, 2010, and 2015...
March 10, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Swetha Tummala, Michelle J Wang, Akanksha Srivastava, Lindsey Claus, Diana Abbas, Megan Alexander, Sara Young, Ashley Comfort, Christina Yarrington
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the association between GBS infection and maternal risk for obstetric hemorrhage (OBH) and OBH-related morbidities (OBH-M). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all deliveries with a documented GBS status at a single large academic medical center from 2018 to 2019. GBS status was determined by either urine culture or rectovaginal culture collected during the antepartum period. The primary outcomes were quantitative blood loss (QBL), OBH, and a composite of OBH-M...
March 10, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kalani Gates, Summer Chahin, Amy Damashek, Cheryl Dickson, Grace Lubwama, Debra Lenz, Terra Bautista, Catherine Kothari
OBJECTIVES: Sleep-related infant deaths are a common and preventable cause of infant mortality in the United States. Moreover, infants of color are at a greater risk of sleep-related deaths than are White infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published safe sleep guidelines to minimize the number of sleep-related infant deaths; however, many families face barriers to following these guidelines. Research on the role of psychosocial risk factors (i.e., depression, stress, domestic violence, substance use) in mothers' engagement in safe sleep practices is limited...
March 9, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Katherine McDonald, Haley L Cash McGinley, Delpihn Abraham, Stephanie F Kapiriel, Marcy Lorrin
INTRODUCTION: Increasing family planning xutilization in low-income countries to improve health outcomes of women and children is a global priority. The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) has poor maternal child health outcomes; therefore, this study aimed to examine family planning utilization in Pohnpei State, FSM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study sought to characterize family planning utilization in adult women of reproductive age and high school age adolescents in Pohnpei using representative survey data collected in 2019 (N = 570 and N = 1726, respectively)...
March 8, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Alexander M Saucedo, Methodius G Tuuli, W Thomas Gregory, Holly E Richter, Jerry L Lowder, Candice Woolfolk, Aaron B Caughey, Sindhu K Srinivas, Alan T N Tita, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill
OBJECTIVE: To determine intrapartum factors associated with perineal laceration at delivery. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized clinical trial of delayed versus immediate pushing among term nulliparous women in labor with neuraxial analgesia conducted in the United States. Intrapartum characteristics were extracted from the medical charts. The primary outcome was perineal laceration, defined as second degree or above, characterized at delivery in women participating in longer term pelvic floor assessments post-delivery...
March 5, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Mounika Polavarapu, Topista N Barasa, Shipra Singh, Matthew M Orbain, Safa Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Ohio ranks 43rd in the nation in infant mortality rates (IMR); with IMR among non-Hispanic black infants is three times higher than white infants. OBJECTIVE: To identify the social factors determining the vulnerability of Ohio counties to IMR and visualize the spatial association between relative social vulnerability and IMR at county and census tract levels. METHODS: The social vulnerability index (SVICDC ) is a measure of the relative social vulnerability of a geographic unit...
March 5, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Anna Heino, Joan K Morris, Ester Garne, Silvia Baldacci, Ingeborg Barisic, Clara Cavero-Carbonell, Laura García-Villodre, Joanne Given, Sue Jordan, Maria Loane, L Renée Lutke, Amanda J Neville, Michele Santoro, Ieuan Scanlon, Joachim Tan, Hermien E K de Walle, Sonja Kiuru-Kuhlefelt, Mika Gissler
OBJECTIVES: To compare 5-year survival rate and morbidity in children with spina bifida, transposition of great arteries (TGA), congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) or gastroschisis diagnosed prenatally with those diagnosed postnatally. METHODS: Population-based registers' data were linked to hospital and mortality databases. RESULTS: Children whose anomaly was diagnosed prenatally (n = 1088) had a lower mean gestational age than those diagnosed postnatally (n = 1698) ranging from 8 days for CDH to 4 days for TGA...
March 4, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Shilpi S Mehta-Lee, Ghislaine C Echevarria, Sara G Brubaker, Yasaman Yaghoubian, Sara E Long, Cara D Dolin
OBJECTIVE: Both psychosocial stress and gestational weight gain are independently associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Studies of the association between psychosocial stress and gestational weight gain (GWG) have yielded mixed results. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between psychosocial stress and GWG in a large population-based cohort. METHODS: Data from the nationally representative Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Phase 7 questionnaire 2012-2015 was utilized...
March 1, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Laura Braun, Amy MacDougall, Trent Sumner, Zaida Adriano, Edna Viegas, Rassul Nalá, Joe Brown, Jackie Knee, Oliver Cumming
INTRODUCTION: Shared sanitation facilities are used by over 500 million people around the world. Most research evidence indicates that shared sanitation conveys higher risk than household sanitation for many adverse health outcomes. However, studies often fail to account for variation between different types of shared facilities. As informal housing development outpaces sanitation infrastructure, it is imperative to understand which components of shared facilities may mitigate the health risks of shared sanitation use...
March 1, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kate R Woodworth, Suzanne M Newton, Ayzsa Tannis, Megan R Reynolds, Emily O Olsen, Lindsey Sizemore, Heather Wingate, Lauren Orkis, Bethany Reynolds, Nicole Longcore, Nadia Thomas, Shin Y Kim, Lakshmi Panagiotakopoulos, Carolyn Wester, Dana Meaney Delman, Suzanne M Gilboa, Van T Tong
INTRODUCTION: There are limited and conflicting data regarding the impact of hepatitis C in pregnancy on adverse birth outcomes. METHODS: Using the Surveillance for Emerging Threats to Pregnant People and Infants Network (SET-NET), a large surveillance cohort, we describe birth outcomes among a cohort of people with HCV in pregnancy in total and by reported substance use. RESULTS: Among 1418 infants, 89% were born to people with reported substance use during pregnancy...
February 28, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Charles Oberg
PURPOSE: The Child Friendly Cities Initiative (CFCI) is a UNICEF framework based on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). CFCI was launched globally in 1996 to protect children?s rights throughout the world. There are child friendly cities in over 44 countries around the globe, but none presently in the United States. The purpose was to establish a Child Friendly City in the United States. DESCRIPTION: Child friendly cities are a child-rights and equity-based approach designed to ensure all children in a community reach their full potential for optimal health, development, and well-being...
February 28, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Suha J Patel, Samantha Truong, Samantha DeAndrade, Julianne Jacober, Matthew Medina, Khady Diouf, Audra Meadows, Nawal Nour, Julianna Schantz-Dunn
OBJECTIVE:  The purpose of this study is to understand experiences of respectful maternity care (RMC) from the perspective of birthing people in the United States from 2013 to 2018. METHODS:  We conducted an online cross-sectional survey of United States birthing people ages 18-50 in April 2018 using SurveyMonkey Audience. Quantitative survey data consisted of demographics and responses to RMC indicators. Qualitative data consisted of comments from individuals regarding their birth experiences...
February 26, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Giuditta Benincasa, Claudio Napoli, Dawn L DeMeo
INTRODUCTION: The ability to identify early epigenetic signatures underlying the inheritance of cardiovascular risk, including trans- and intergenerational effects, may help to stratify people before cardiac symptoms occur. METHODS: Prospective and retrospective cohorts and case-control studies focusing on DNA methylation and maternal/paternal effects were searched in Pubmed from 1997 to 2023 by using the following keywords: DNA methylation, genomic imprinting, and network analysis in combination with transgenerational/intergenerational effects...
February 26, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Caroline E Chandler, Laura Louison, Nancy Madenyika, Nakenge Robertson, Brie Hardy, Sarah Allin, Dan Kimberg, W Oscar Fleming
PURPOSE: Quality improvement (QI) processes provide a framework for systematically examining target outcomes and what changes can be made to result in improvement and ensure equity. We present a case study of how QI processes were used as a means of partnership building to enhance equity in designing materials for a Medicaid pilot program, North Carolina Integrated Care for Kids (NC InCK). DESCRIPTION: The NC InCK model addresses social determinants of health by providing structured care integration across core child health and social service areas and using an alternative payment model to incentivize high quality child outcomes...
February 26, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Catherine M Albright, Laura Sienas, Mindy Pike, Suzan Walker, Jane Hitti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between hypertensive (HTN) disorders and severe maternal morbidity (SMM). To understand whether there is differential prevalence of HTN disorders by race and whether the relationship between HTN disorders and SMM is modified by race and ethnicity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using patient-level rates of SMM for pregnancies at all 61 non-military hospitals in Washington State from 10/2015 to 9/2016. Data were obtained from the Washington State Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting System...
February 26, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lauren Caton, Nicole Short, Amy Goetzinger, Brooke Chidgey, Anna Austin
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to understand connections between pain, caregiving, physical and behavioral health treatment needs, and motivations for prescription opioid use among child caregiving women with chronic pain. METHODS: We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 12 women (average age 48 years; 58% Black) in child caregiving roles, including women who were pregnant or trying to become pregnant and were caring for children or grandchildren < 18 years, and who received treatment at an outpatient pain management clinic...
February 24, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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