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Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova

O M Razumnikova, A A Yashanina
Changes of the alpha1 and alpha2 rhythms during convergent (addition in the mind) and divergent (heuristic task solving) thinking due to rational and irrational cognitive styles were studied. It is shown that the functional activity of the cerebral cortex during convergent thinking was associated with rational style and presented in parietal low-frequency alpha1 biopotentials whereas during divergent thinking - with the irrational, and this effect was produced by widespread regional and frequency differences of alpha1 and alpha2 oscillations in posterior cortex...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
V N Kalaev, V B Artyukhov, M S Nechaeva
The frequency of cells with abnormal nuclear morphology (micronuclei, perinuclear vacuo-les, notches, protrusions, such as «tongue» and «broken egg») in the buccal epithelium of wrestlers on different days of the competition period was identified. The largest number of violations observed on the 3rd day after the competition. It was conducted psychological testing of athletes and it was determined 16 psychological characteristics associated with the aggressiveness of athletes. It was revealed the effect of psychoemotional state on the cytogenetic apparatus athletes...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
O S Veselkina, N N Petrishchev, L V Vasina, M E Borovitov, A V Seljutin, S V Chepanov
The effects of the Nothrombel on the formation of platelet-leukocyte complexes (PLCs) induced by thrombin was studied. It was shown, that Nothrombel dose-dependently inhibited the formation of PLCs. Its activity is higher than the activity of the comparison compounds Aspirin. The half maximal effective concentration (EC50) for Nothrombel is 1.75 mMol/mL, for Aspirin is much more than 2.5 mMol/mL. The inhibition mechanism of the PLCs formation by Nothrombel caused by the ability of this drug to inhibit the P-selectin translocation on the platelet membrane, the expression of membrane complex GPIb-IX-V, the mobilization of cytoplasmic calcium in platelets, as well as, apparently, its inhibitory effect on platelet P2Y12 purine receptors...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
K A Nikolskaya, M V Kondashevskaya
We study the dependence of the mitogen-induced cytokine secretion by splenocytes from the character of the behavior of F1 (C57BL/6XDBA/2) mice in environments with different degrees of spatial complexity: simple in the form of home box, enriched box and maze. Suppression of in-terleukins IL-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 expression, regardless of their structural and functional properties, was observed only in an enriched environment when aggressive and neurotic manifestations were increased. The opposite effect in the form of significant increase of the productions in all studied cytokines was observed in the case of the stereotypical goal-directed behavior in a maze...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
V E Gmiro, S E Serdyuk, O S Veselkina
IEM-2062 [1-(6-aminohexylamino)-1-phenylcyclohexyl dihydrochloride], causing a combined block NMDA and AMPA receptors, after chronic oral administration in doses, respectively, 0.3 and 3 mg/kg, induce maximal anticonvulsant effect in the pentylenetetrazol kindling rats because decrease the number of completely kindling rats by 100 %, and also decrease in 2.5-3.3 times the average severity of clonic-tonic kindling seizures. IEM-2062 causes significant anticon- 299 vulsant effects in the widest range of doses, 1-48 mg/kg, which is 24-22 times more than that of memantine (12-20 mg/kg) and sodium valproate (100-200 mg/kg)...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
T V Iakovleva
Reduced insulin sensitivity plays an important role in the pathogenesis of type II diabetes. Est-radiol increases sensitivity to insulin. Effect of estradiol may be due to the influence on gene expression, level of proteins or activity of insulin signaling pathway components and insulin target proteins. Effect of estradiol also may be due to the influence on GLUT4 translocation in the cell membrane. Effects of estradiol on insulin receptor substrate, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, protein kinase B, glucose transporter type 4, glucose-6-phosphatase most often examined...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
M V Shvedova, Ya D Anfinogenova, I A Schepetkin, D N Atochin
The article reviews the literature regarding the role of c-Jun-N-terminal kinases (JNK) and its inhibitors in brain damage in the settings of ischemia and reperfusion injury. The implication of JNK in signaling mechanisms involved in ischemia-reperfusion-induced cerebral injury are discussed. Described effects associated with JNK inhibition using synthetic and natural substances in experimental models of ischemic and reperfusion injury of the brain. Results of experimental studies demonstrated that JNK represent promising therapeutic targets for brain protection against ischemic stroke...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
I V Orlov, Yu K Stolbkov, Yu P Gerasimenko
Unlike prosthetic hearing, which develops technology for more than 30 years, the problem of the vestibular prosthesis developed a little more than one and half decades. Meanwhile, the involvement of the vestibular system in ensuring the normal functioning of the visual, motor and other systems of the body determines its decisive contribution to the spatial orientation of humans and animals. In case of damage of the vestibular apparatus (the labyrinth), there are serious violations of posture control, stabilization of sight, spatial orientation, psychological status, that is, in the aggregate quality of human life deteriorates...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
A V Krylatov, O E Vaizova, M V Belousov, S V Poznyakova, P G Madonov
Activation of m-, d1-, d2- and k1-opioid receptors increases cardiac resistance to ischemia-reperfusion. The cardioprotective effect of opioids in many cases appears to be associated with the activation of the peripheral OR. However, when it comes to non-peptide agonists OR able to cross the blood-brain barrier, we cannot exclude the involvement of central opioid receptors in cardioprotection. Endogenous opioids are not involved in the regulation of cardiac tolerance to ischemia- reperfusion in non-adapted animals...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
E A Korneva, S N Shanin, N S Novikova, V A Pugach
The review represents a modern concept about cells-molecular basis of mechanisms of neuro-immune interactions, the data on the effects of destabilizing factors (electric pain stimulation, rotation, cold and psychoemotional stress) on the functioning of neurons and immune cells. It must be underlined, that under the stress conditions take place the alterations of ligand-receptors interactions on the membrane of lymphocyte. In particular the reaction of these cells to regulating signal - application of Interleikin-1 grow up after mild stress, but it falls down after an influence of severe stress factors...
March 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
L I Irzhak, E A Dudnikova
The degree of heart rate (HR) and of duration PP, PT and TP elements electrocardiogram (ECG) before and after physical exercises (PE) depends on their value in the control, in healthy young girls (n = 21), aged 18.1 ± 0.7 years, body weight 56.5 ± 4.0 kg. The 300 cardiocycles by ECG at II standard lead were registered. Рower of PE was 1 W/kg. The growth of the HR after PE at the time of depolarization and repolarization (PT interval) remains practically unchanged, whereas the duration of the isopotential state of the myocardium (segment TP) is revealed...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
O N Titova, N A Kuzubova, E S Lebedeva, T N Preobrazhenskaya, E A Surkova, I V Dvorakovskaya
The effect of the tetrapeptide bronchogen on the structural and functional state of the bronchial epithelium and inflammatory activity in the lungs was studied in the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) model, created in rats by a 60-day intermittent exposure to nitrogen dioxide. The cell composition and cytokine-enzyme profile of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), the content of secretory immunoglobulin A and surfactant protein B in BALF were determined. Following the course of peptide treatment the decreased activity of neutrophilic inflammation with the normalization of cellular composition and profile of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enzymes in the bronchoalveolar space was observed...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
N A Kuzubova, A N Fedin, E S Lebedeva, O N Titova
In model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease induced in rats by 60-day intermittent exposure to nitrogen dioxide mast cells participation in the mechanism of bronchial smooth muscle contractile activity patterns was evaluated. Since the 31st day, one group of rats was inhaled with sodium cromoglycate every day before the nitrogen dioxide exposure to stabilize the mast cell membrane. The other group (control) hasn’t been treated. Isometric contraction of the bronchial isolated preparations in response to nerve or smooth muscle stimulation were determined...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
O P Komkova, T T Podvigina, L P Filaretova
The present work was focused on the development of experimental models, in which we can observe the transformation of gastroprotective effect of stress into the proulcerogenic one. For this aim the effect chronic stress on the formation of indomethacin (35 mg/kg)-induced gastric erosion or cold restrain (10 or 6 °C)-induced gastric erosion was investigated in rats. For chronic stress rats were repeatedly restrained for 14 days daily (1 h or 4 h mild restrain or 1 h intensive restrain) and examined on day 14...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
A V Chajka, D R Khusainov, I V Cheretaev, I I Koreniuk, A D Nozdracev
The article is devoted to investigation of influence of chronic D2-receptor blockade by haloperidol on behavior low depressive rats. It is shown that chronic D2-receptor blockade by haloperidol (2.5 mg/kg) causes pro-depressant effect on behavior of low depressive rats and leads to the formation of the depressed state. In control and experimental groups, identified circaseptan and circasemiseptan rhythms in the dynamics of the index of depression, characterized by a phase shift relative to each other.
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
M A Tur, I V Belozertseva
Vibrissae loss associated with the peculiarities of the intragroup social interaction may be an important factor affecting the animals’ performance in various behavioral tests. To evaluate the influence of spontaneous partial sensory deprivation as a consequence of the barbering activity of a cage mate, the battery of tests was conducted in male C57Bl/6N mice. The results indicate that the behavior of mice without vibrissae significantly differs from control animals in the tube, open field, social interaction and forced swim tests...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
M Yu Sintsov, D S Suchkov, M G Minlebaev
Recordings of the intrinsic optical signal (IOS) are widely used in the functional imaging of the central nervous system in vivo. However, the IOS technique has been mainly described in the adult brain and the possibility of using IOS for the robust functional imaging of the immature brain and the optimal parameters for IOS recording and analysis in the analysis in the immature brain tissue remain largely unknown. Here, we show that the use of the near to infrared light and automatic PCA enable efficient detection of IOS in the neonatal rat pups’ whisker-related somato- sensory cortex during the first three weeks after the birth...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
M M Saltykova
The article provides an overview of the literature that focuses on the main types of human adaptation to cold and mechanisms for increasing heat production. It is shown that the studies in recent years, aimed at studying the molecular mechanisms of adaptation to cold, confirmed the results of previous physiological studies have demonstrated that the major contribution to adaptive thermogenesis during cooling made by oxidative fibers in skeletal muscle (birds, marsupials, large placental and people) and brown adipose tissue (small placenta, especially rodents)...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
K A Rubina, V A Tkachuk
In normal conditions vascular system is in equilibrium, the processes of angiogenesis and vascular regression are precisely regulated. The mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular and cancer diseases are the insufficient or excessive angiogenesis, correspondingly. Understanding the mechanisms of angiogenesis is necessary for the development of new approaches to cure these diseases. The fundamental knowledge of the vascular growth and maturation mechanisms formed the basis for the strategy of «therapeutic angiogenesis», which is one of the rapidly developing technologies in regenerative medicine in the world...
February 2017: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
A P Shein, G A Krivoruchko, S O Ryabykh
The aim of the study was the electroneuromyographic evaluation of the spinal cord pyramidal structures reactivity and resistance in response to the impact of intraoperative factors associated with the application of technologies instrumental correction of spinal deformities of various etiologies and degrees of severity, realized with the help of submersible transpedicular fixation systems. Before treatment and 4-31 (9.6 ± 0.3) days after surgery using methods of global and stimulation (M-responses) electroneuromyography were examined 135 patients 8-50 (16...
December 2016: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
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