Read by QxMD icon Read

Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

Hannah Legg, Anna Tickle
The purpose of this article is to systematically identify, appraise and synthesise qualitative research concerning UK parents' experiences of their child receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. In total, 11 articles were located through a systematic search of five databases, reference lists, citations and grey literature. These were critically appraised and their results synthesised using meta-ethnography. The quality scores given to included studies were variable, so suggestions are made to improve reporting of future research...
April 17, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Leslie A Rescorla, Courtney Given, Siobhan Glynn, Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas M Achenbach
This study tested international similarities and differences in scores on a scale comprising 12 items identified by international mental health experts as being very consistent with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) category of autism spectrum disorder. Participants were 19,850 preschoolers in 24 societies rated by parents on the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5; 10,521 preschoolers from 15 societies rated by caregivers/teachers on the Caregiver-Teacher Report Form, and 7380 children from 13 societies rated by both types of informant...
April 17, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Sigan L Hartley, Emily J Hickey, Leann DaWalt, Geovanna Rodriguez
The broader autism phenotype refers to sub-clinical autism spectrum disorder characteristics involving socially and emotionally aloof and rigid personality traits and social communication difficulties. Relatives of individuals with autism spectrum disorder, including parents, evidence an increased rate of broader autism phenotype. The goal of this study was to evaluate the association between actor (one's own) and partner (their partner's) broader autism phenotype and the self-reported, observed, and physiological (i...
April 17, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Sami M Klebanoff, Kashia A Rosenau, Jeffrey J Wood
Little is known about the alliance between therapists and children with autism spectrum disorder who are receiving psychological therapies in outpatient treatment settings. This study examined the therapeutic alliance in children with autism spectrum disorder and clinical anxiety, who were receiving cognitive behavioral therapy in a randomized, controlled trial. The Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children was administered to a sample of children and youth with autism spectrum disorder and anxiety ( N = 64; aged 7-14) as well as to their parents and therapists...
April 8, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Caroline Croteau, Laurent Mottron, Marc Dorais, Jean-Eric Tarride, Sylvie Perreault
A number of cross-sectional studies report extensive use of psychiatric services and high healthcare costs in autistic youths. However, little is known about how the use of these services evolves from the time of diagnosis, as children grow up. Our objectives were to investigate the use, costs, and predictors of psychiatric services following autism spectrum diagnosis. We built a cohort of 1227 newly diagnosed autism spectrum individuals identified in the Quebec (Canada) Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec administrative database (January 1998 to December 2010)...
April 4, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Cari-Lène Mul, Flavia Cardini, Steven D Stagg, Shabnam Sadeghi Esfahlani, Dimitrios Kiourtsoglou, Pasquale Cardellicchio, Jane Elizabeth Aspell
There is some evidence that disordered self-processing in autism spectrum disorders is linked to the social impairments characteristic of the condition. To investigate whether bodily self-consciousness is altered in autism spectrum disorders as a result of multisensory processing differences, we tested responses to the full body illusion and measured peripersonal space in 22 adults with autism spectrum disorders and 29 neurotypical adults. In the full body illusion set-up, participants wore a head-mounted display showing a view of their 'virtual body' being stroked synchronously or asynchronously with respect to felt stroking on their back...
April 3, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Nidal Daou, Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz, Steven K Kapp, Rita Obeid, Patricia J Brooks, Fumio Someki, Nava Silton, Rudy Abi-Habib
Although stigma negatively impacts autistic people globally, the degree of stigma varies across cultures. Prior research suggests that stigma may be higher in cultures with more collectivistic orientations. This study aimed to identify cultural values and other individual differences that contribute to cross-cultural differences in autism stigma (assessed with a social distance scale) between college students in Lebanon ( n = 556) and those in the United States ( n = 520). Replicating prior work, stigma was lower in women than men and in the United States relative to Lebanon...
April 3, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Christina Nicolaidis, Dora Raymaker, Steven K Kapp, Amelia Baggs, E Ashkenazy, Katherine McDonald, Michael Weiner, Joelle Maslak, Morrigan Hunter, Andrea Joyce
As interest in autism in adulthood grows, so does the need for methods to promote the inclusion of autistic adults in research. Our objective was to create practice-based guidelines for the inclusion of autistic adults, both as research team members and as study participants. We conducted an institutional ethnography of three closely related research partnerships that used participatory methods with autistic adults over the years 2006-2018. We used an iterative approach which combined discussions with community and academic partners and artifact review...
April 3, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Judy Flax, Christine Gwin, Sherri Wilson, Yuli Fradkin, Steve Buyske, Linda Brzustowicz
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' (5th ed.) Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder is meant to capture the social elements of communication dysfunction in children who do not meet autism spectrum disorder criteria. It is unclear whether Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder captures these elements without overlapping with Autism Spectrum Disorder or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' (5th ed.) Language Disorder. Standardized behavioral assessments administered during a family genetics study were used to evaluate the social communication impairment and the restricted interests and repetitive behaviors in persons with autism spectrum disorder, language impairment, or neither...
April 1, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Jamal M Al Khateeb, Louise Kaczmarek, Muna S Al Hadidi
Four databases were searched to identify studies published by Arab researchers on parents' perceptions of autism spectrum disorder and studies conducted by US researchers and published in systematic reviews of this topic. The electronic search resulted in 14 studies published by Arab researchers and 55 studies published by US researchers. The results showed that autism spectrum disorder has many of the same effects on Arab and American families. Six major areas were identified in the results. Financial difficulties associated with raising children with autism spectrum disorder were mentioned more in Arab studies than in US studies...
March 28, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Laura Crane, Lydia Jones, Rachel Prosser, Morvarid Taghrizi, Elizabeth Pellicano
The way an autism diagnosis is disclosed to parents has been found to play a crucial role in their acceptance of, and the way they cope with, their child's diagnosis. Yet, research into parents' subsequent experiences of disclosing a diagnosis to their children, and talking to their families about autism more generally, is limited. Using an online survey, the current study examined 558 parents' experiences of talking about autism with their autistic and non-autistic children. Results demonstrated that most parents ( n = 379, 67...
March 27, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Nicole A Stadnick, Rosemary D Meza, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Gregory A Aarons, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Aaron R Lyon, David S Mandell, Jill Locke
Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the education system is a public health priority. Leadership is a critical driver of EBP implementation but little is known about the types of leadership behaviors exhibited by school leaders and how this influences the context of EBP implementation, particularly for students with ASD. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the leadership profiles of principals involved in EBP implementation for students with ASD and (2) how these leadership profiles related to school characteristics and implementation climate...
March 27, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Rackeb Tesfaye, Valerie Courchesne, Afiqah Yusuf, Tal Savion-Lemieux, Ilina Singh, Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Pat Mirenda, Charlotte Waddell, Isabel M Smith, David Nicholas, Peter Szatmari, Terry Bennett, Eric Duku, Stelios Georgiades, Connor Kerns, Tracy Vaillancourt, Anat Zaidman-Zait, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Mayada Elsabbagh
Most research regarding youth with autism spectrum disorder has not focused on their first-person perspectives providing limited insight into methodologies best suited to eliciting their voices. We conducted a synthesis of methods previously used to obtain the first-person perspectives of youth with various disabilities, which may be applicable to youth with autism spectrum disorder. Two-hundred and eighty-four articles met the inclusion criteria of our scoping review. We identified six distinct primary methods (questionnaires, interviews, group discussion, narratives, diaries, and art) expressed through four communication output modalities (language, sign language and gestures, writing, and images)...
March 27, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Johan Isaksson, Mark J Taylor, Karl Lundin, Janina Neufeld, Sven Bölte
Alterations in social cognition are hypothesized to underlie social communication challenges in autism spectrum disorder. However, the etiologic underpinnings driving this association, as well as the impact of other psychiatric conditions on the association, remain unclear. Using a co-twin control design, we examined n = 308 twins (mean age = 16.63; 46% females) with autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, affective disorders, or typical development using the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test to operationalize social cognition ability...
March 21, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Gloria K Lee, Katarina Krizova, Carolyn M Shivers
This study investigated the relationships among caregiving strain, coping, and mental health among caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the mediational moderation of caregiver needs. One hundred and ninety-three caregivers of individuals with ASD completed an online survey. Results showed that maladaptive coping behaviors were significant in mediating the relationship between strain and mental health. Professional service and emotional caregiving needs moderated the relationship between maladaptive coping and mental health at times of high caregiving strain, but not involvement, health information, and instrumental support needs...
March 20, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Pamela Imm, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin
This study assessed potential under-ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder due to missing administrative information for Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black children within the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. We analyzed data from two Network sites (Colorado and Wisconsin) for surveillance years 2012 and 2014 to determine whether children excluded from autism spectrum disorder prevalence estimates due to missing residency and other information differed from those included by race and ethnicity...
March 20, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Hannah E Morton, Jennifer M Gillis, Richard E Mattson, Raymond G Romanczyk
Children with autism spectrum disorder experience bullying more frequently than their typical peers. Inconsistent definitions for and imprecise measurement of bullying in the literature impede a better understanding of this difference, and multiple types of bullying topographies create additional dimensions for analysis. In this study, participants rated the severity of bullying depicted in written vignettes of child-dyadic interactions. The vignettes varied across child age (4-15 years old) and described either one of four different types of bullying or non-bullying behavior...
March 19, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Emily J Solari, Ryan P Grimm, Nancy S McIntyre, Matthew Zajic, Peter C Mundy
The reading difficulties of individuals with autism spectrum disorders have been established in the literature, with particular attention drawn toward reading comprehension difficulties. Recent papers have highlighted the heterogeneous nature of reading abilities in this population by utilizing statistical methods that allow for investigations of unique reading profiles. This article extends this literature by investigating reading profiles longitudinally, to investigate the stability of reader profiles across time...
March 13, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Phil Reed, Ashleigh Giles, Shonagh White, Lisa A Osborne
Reaction to a child's diagnosis can strongly affect the parent, but little is known about the aspects of the diagnostic process associated with such reactions. The pre-diagnostic levels of anxiety, depression, and parenting stress of 67 volunteer mothers of children subsequently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder were assessed, along with the children's functioning. The speed and number of professionals involved in the diagnosis were recorded, and mothers completed a post-diagnosis assessment of their perceptions of the process...
March 12, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Kerrianne E Morrison, Kilee M DeBrabander, Daniel J Faso, Noah J Sasson
Previous work indicates that first impressions of autistic adults are more favorable when neurotypical raters know their clinical diagnosis and have high understanding about autism, suggesting that social experiences of autistic adults are affected by the knowledge and beliefs of the neurotypical individuals they encounter. Here, we examine these patterns in more detail by assessing variability in first impression ratings of autistic adults ( N = 20) by neurotypical raters ( N = 505). Variability in ratings was driven more by characteristics of raters than those of autistic adults, particularly for items related to "intentions to interact...
March 8, 2019: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"